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of most experienced mine agents from different parts of the country, and the result of twenty-four hours' trial was the unprecedented performance of lifting 125 millions of pounds weight one foot high, with every bushel of coals consumed! The engine is of large size, the cylinder being eighty inches in diameter. The principle is that of Boulton and Watt, but improved in economising the heat when generated, so as in the greatest possible degree to apply it to the end of producing steam, and maintaining it until its work is performed. The engineer's name is West.
New Fire-Engine.-A very ingenious and efficacious novelty of this kind has been devised by a M. Vaucher, and called the Swiss Portable Fire-Engine, from its resemblance to the machines in which the Swiss, &c. carry liquids for sale on their backs. The form and lightness of the engine enable one man to carry it readily on his shoulders to the top of a house, and when worked by two men, it can discharge about twenty imperial gallons of water per minute to a distance of from sixty-five to seventy feet horizontally, and full forty-five feet in height. Modern buildings being now very generally furnished with reservoirs or cisterns on the upper floors, the importance of such an engine, upon any sudden emergency, is much increased, and we recommend a visit of inspection to Messrs. Bramah's to all whom such inventions concern and interest.
FROM OCTOBER 30, TO NOVEMBER 20, 1835, INCLUSIVE.
Oct. 30.-C. FLIGHT, St. James's-st., tailor. R. NOBLE, jun., Upper Belgrave-place, Pimlico, corn-chandler. J. TOPP, Charles-street, Commercial-road East, coal-dealer. W. and J. HOLMAN, Devonport, drapers. R. S. SAXBY, Chingford, Essex, miller. S. STOCKER, Baptist Mills, Gloucestershire, victualler. W. DAVIES and M. DAVIES, Oswestry, Salop, timber-merchants.
Nov. 3.-T. S. FLUDE, Trinity-square, winebroker. H. RICH, Lime-street, City, teabroker. D. FRAZER, Finsbury-square, shipowner. W. POLLEY, Union-street, Southwark, boot and shoe maker. J. LYNTON, Cambridge, innkeeper. R. C. HEIGHAM, Lakenham, Norwich, beer-brewer. W. HENDERSON, West Bromwich, Staffordshire, ironmaster. W. HUGHES, Cheltenham, hotelkeeper. H. COATES, Colchester, cattledealer. J. S. SHARPE, East Retford, spiritmerchant.
Nov. 6.-W. W. PIERCE, Northampton, cabinet-maker. J. GREENHILL, West Hamfrith,Forest-gate, near Stratford, Essex, farmer. G. BAKER, Birmingham, auctioneer. S. RoBINSON, Salford, Lancashire, flax-spinner. T. BISHTON, Kilsale, Shropshire, iron-master.
Nov. 10.-W. ROGERS, Watford, Hertfordshire, salesman. G. NEWMAN, Beulah Spa, Norwood, Surrey, wine-merchant. J. GIBSON, Northwich, Cheshire, tavern-keeper. W. WEARE, Leeds, turner. J. BEANLAND,
Nov. 17.-B RIDGE, Birmingham, general factor. J. BEVIL, Harleyford-place, Kennington, auctioneer. A. MOLONY, Sherrardstreet, Soho, wine-merchant. W. H. GUY, Stroud, Gloucestershire, woollen-draper. BARBER, Cambridge, grocer. C. COOPER, Liverpool, grocer. J. GARRETT, New-road, Brighton, builder. T. AINSWORTH, Liverpool, victualler. J. W. GOUGH, Dursley, Gloucestershire, stationer. J. GRIBBLE, Ashburton, Devonshire, scrivener. R. LUBBOCK, Great Yarmouth, ship-builder. J. C. BOND and W. BOND, Birmingham, factors. HEAP, Manchester, machine-maker. E. V. BLYTH and C. A. KELL, Birmingham, factors. J.TURLEY, Bilston, Staffordshire, iron-master.
Nov. 20.-J. JERMAIN, Air-street, Picca-
COMMERCIAL AND MONEY-MARKET REPORT.
THE general state of the trading and manufacturing interests of the country continues to present a very satisfactory aspect; the woollen manufacturers are in great activity, and the orders for cotton-yarn from Germany, and for piece goods for the East India and China Markets, are in such abundance, and so clash with each other, that it is not expected that the former can be fully executed before the period of the navigation of the North Seas being stopped; the silk-mills and looms are not quite in so lively a condition as they were lately. The iron trade, under the impulse given by the formation of so many Railways, is in a more prosperous state than it has experienced for many years past.
The Markets for Colonial produce have been somewhat dull of late; the principal exception to this is in West India Sugars, which maintain their prices with great firmness; the present quotations are for Jamaica, brown, 59s. to 60s.; middling to good, 61s. to 64s.; fine to very fine, 64s. to 678.
In Mauritius, East India, and Foreign Sugars, the transactions have lately been on a very limited scale, and without variation in the quotations.
The stock of West India Sugar on hands is 33.300 hhds., and trs., being less by 15,800 than that of the corresponding date of last year; the stock of Mauritius is 50,500 bags, showing a deficiency as compared with last year of 15,200 bags.
The last average price of West India Sugar is 17. 18s. 1d. per cwt.
The Refined Market shows some disposition to recover from the inanimate condition in which it was about the middle of the month; nine Crushed now readily brings 41s. per cwt.
There has been lately almost a panic in the Market for British Plantation Coffee; and a depreciation of not less than from 88. to 10s. per cwt., from the highest prices of the month, has occurred. The following are the quotations: Jamaica, ordinary to good ordinary, 80s. to 89s.; fine ordinary, 90s. to 96s.; middling to good, 96s. to 1068.; fine, 106s. to 113s. The Foreign and East India Coffees have undergone comparatively little change; St. Domingo, of fair quality, has lately brought 51s. to 528.; and Brazil, 51s. to 53s.
The sales of Rum of late have been considerable, and prices appear to tend Dec.-VOL. XLV. NO. CLXXX.
upwards, particularly for Jamaica ; in Brandy not much is doing, but the holders are firm against any relaxation in the quotations.
The Cotton Market is steady, and would doubtless show some considerable advance, but for the perseverance of the manufacturers in merely purchasing from hand to mouth; there has scarcely been a time when the stocks held by them have in the aggregate been so bare; so that, although the quantity warehoused in the various ports of the kingdom was recently estimated at an excess of 90,000 bales as compared with that of last year, the excess, taking in the interior of the kingdom as well as the ports, does not probably exceed a third of that quantity.
The Reports from various parts of the kingdom touching the harvest, lead to the conclusion, that although in all the Southern and Midland counties the highly favourable state of the weather had caused the crops to be got in in the best possible condition, still, in many places, the boisterous winds and rain which occurred about the end of June, and by which much grain was laid, have caused much of it to be thin and shrivelled, so that the aggregate quan tity will probably not exceed a fair average. The quality is generally excellent; but it is observed that there is an unusual quantity of smut in the Wheat this year.
The Money Market appears to be, at present, in a very wholesome state; although some little apprehension was felt lest the eagerness for speculating in Railway Companies should degene rate into a gambling mania, still as this disposition was not encouraged by a superabundance of unemployed capital, it seems to have received a timely and useful check; at the same time, the easy terms upon which money can be obtained in the legitimate channels of commercial intercourse have tended to maintain the national Securities free from all sudden and violent fluctuations.
The Foreign Market is little altered in the course of the past month, except in Spanish and Portuguese Securities, both of which have received a very material improvement from the confidence inspired by the liberal and judicious measures adopted by M. Mendizabal in the administration of the affairs of Spain.
No very material change has taken place in Railway Shares; such alteration as has occurred has been in the direction of depreciation; Greenwich, Great Western, and Brighton (Stephenson's), have declined from 17. 10s. to 21. per share. Somewhat more business is now doing in Mining Shares, which for a considerable time had been altogether neglected; in Real del Monte Shares a considerable rise has taken place.
The closing quotations of the various Securities negociable on the Stock Exchange, on the 26th, is subjoined :
Bank Stock, 210 11-Three per cent. Reduced, 90-Three per cent. Consols, 91-Three and a Half per Cent. Reduced, 99 - Three and a Half per Cent. New, 100 Long Annuities, 1860, 16-India Stock, 256 7— India Bonds, 5 7 - Exchequer Bills, 14 16-Ditto Small, 14 16—Consols for Account, 91 7-Omnium, 4 .
Montreal papers to the 4th of September contain the following comparative stament of arrivals, tonnage, and settlers at Quebec, to the 29th of September inclusive :
Less in 1825 27
Brazilian, Imperial, 29 31-Ditto d'El Rey, 51 61-Canada, 33 44-Colombian, 9 10-Real Del Monte, 20 1United Mexican, 4 London and Birmingham Railway, 46 8 pm-London and Greenwich ditto, 2637-London and Southampton ditto, 3 2 dis.- Great Western, 9 10 pm-London and Croydon dis par-London and Brighton, 34 pm-London and Black wall, 142-North Midland, 12-Danube Canal, 2.
Belgian, 5 per cent. 100-Brazilian, 1824, 5 per cent. 84-Chilian, 6 per cent. 43 4-Colombian, 1824, 6 per cent. 31 21-Danish, 3 per cent. 761-Dutch, 24 per cent. 551 Ditto, 5 per cent. 100 1-Mexican, 6 per cent. 37 8-Peruvian, 6 per cent. 25 6-Portuguese Regency, 5 per cent. 90-Ditto 1834, 6 per cent. 571Russian 01. sterling, 5 per cent. 1081 -Spanish, 1834, 471-Ditto,Deferred, 241-Ditto, Passive, 14 1
Jamaica.-At the Board of Commissioners of the Public Accounts a return of the number of persons imported into the island was presented, by which it appears that they amounted to 926 persons, viz:-From Germany, 567; from Madeira, 2; from the Western Isles, 24; from Scotland, 1; and from England, 338; at an expense of 13,0807.
The accounts from Swan River state that the fifth annual Report of the Agricultural Society had been published, and from this interesting document it appears that the flocks of sheep, cattle, horses, &c., were gradually on the increase. The flocks of sheep amounted to nearly 4000 head. The clip of wool is spoken of in very favourable terms, although in some districts the sheep had been affected with disease. The new pastures which had been found in the interior by the exploring parties are spoken of very favourably. In the uplands two crops of potatoes were grown in the year. The olive had been introduced and flourished. Vines were also in rapid growth. The report speaks most favourably of the capabilities of the soil and climate for the growth of most of the useful articles of Europe and Asia,
The Dutch Minister of Finance opened his Budget to the States-General on the 22nd of October. He has a surplus of 100,000 florins, about 8,3007., and he proposes to reduce the unpopular poll-tax 10 per cent. A measure for imposing a graduated scale of duties on foreign corn has been proposed for the benefit of the farmers. This is a departure from what, if we mistake not, has been hitherto the almost uniform policy of the Dutch Government, and one principal cause of that nation's wealth. If there is any country in Europe which should avoid measures likely to cripple foreign commerce, it is Holland; for how can she ever be anything but a trading country?
The Belgian budget of the expenditure of 1836 has been sent to the members of the Chamber of Representatives. The sums required for the several branches of the service amount to 84,379,849 francs. Among the items are, Department of Justice, 5,447,627 francs; Foreign Affairs, 647,000 francs; Marine, 659,000 francs; the Interior, 10,811,648 francs; War, ordinary charges, 25,000,000 francs; extraordinary charges 13,100,000 francs. Total 38,100,000 francs; Public Debt, 12,168,000 francs.
When it was proposed to put an end to the East India Company's monopoly of the trade to China, many persons apprehended that the result of the experiment would be to cut us off from all commercial intercourse with that country. We have no means of ascertaining the value of our exports since the opening of the trade, but we know enough to be assured, that the value of our manufactures introduced into Canton, since the overthrow of the monopoly, has been considerably greater. Upon the subject of our import from China, we have more precise information, and we have much gratification in presenting the following highly satisfactory state
Raw Silk from China, imported in each of the last eight years —
Two or three ships of 1834-5 are not yet arrived; their cargoes may amount to about two millions of pounds, and in that case the imports of the present season will exceed those of the last by thirteen and a half millions of pounds.
A decree has issued from Peru, declaring that slaves shall be imported, free of all duty, into that country. It says
"Considering-First, that it is of the utmost necessity that expiring agriculture should be assisted;
Secondly, That the principal cause of its disastrous state is the want of the necessary labourers;
"Thirdly, That in the actual state of our population, aided by the invincible force of custom, free labourers cannot be usefully employed;
"Fourthly, That it is unjust to suffer rural works to perish, and with them the most solid wealth of the country, merely from deference to the exaggerated principles of philanthropy, and that measures may be adopted to conciliate the two extremes;
"Fifthly, That the introduction of slaves found in America does not augment the traffic in negroes, nor aggravate the position in which they are placed;
"It is therefore decreed as follows;
"The introduction of slaves from America is permitted free from all duties !"
The colonists of Liberia have been attacked by some tribes of the native Africans, who stormed a frontier settlement called Port Cresson, and massacred a number of the inhabitants. Edina, another settlement, was expected to be the next point of attack.
The Portuguese settlement of Goa is represented as being in a deplorable state. The Government had been overthrown; and some insurgent Portuguese had gained the ascendency, whose object was supposed to be the exaction of as much money as possible, previously to their expected deposition by the Government at home. Many of the inhabitants had taken refuge in the British possessions.
BIOGRAPHICAL PARTICULARS OF CELEBRATED
Earl Nelson died on the 31st Oct., at his residence, Brukworth-house, near Salisbury. The Noble Earl was in the 49th year of his age. He is succeeded in his title and estates by his eldest son, Viscount Trafalgar, who is in the tenth year of his age. Earl Nelson was nephew of the renowned hero of Trafalgar. He had succeeded to the title only within the last few months.
LORD ROBERT MANNERS.
The death of this nobleman took place at Belvoir Castle on the 15th of November. Lord Robert Manners was third son of Charles, fourth Duke of Rutland, and the beautiful Mary Isabella, daughter of the fourth Duke of Beaufort. He was born December 14, 1781. He was a Major-General, and his lamented death causes a vacancy in the representation of North Leicestershire. His Lordship sat for the county in seven parliaments consecutively, previous to 1831, when he was replaced by Mr. Paget, on Reform principles. Lord Robert Manners was again elected in 1832. Lord R. Manners early made choice of the military profession, and was the companion in arms and intimate friend of the Duke of Wellington, under whom he served throughout the whole Peninsular War. His Lordship received a severe wound at Waterloo, which he concealed until the close of that "glorious and well-fought field." The Leicestershire Pitt Club presented him in 1815 with a gold medal.
Died at Wentworth-house, on the 8th November, after a short illness, Lord Viscount Milton, eldest son of the Right Hon. Earl Fitzwilliam, in his 24th year. Thus early has been removed from the hopes of his family