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shell; and the wing of deatfy waved everywhere in the sulphureous atmosphere of the*battle.
It was past four o'clock when Pickett's brigade from Longstreet's division came to Hill's support. Pickett's regiments fought with the most determined valour. .At last, Whiting's division, composed of the "Old Third" and Texan brigades,, advanced at a double-quick, charged the batteries, and drove the enemy from his strong line of defence. The 4th Texas regiment was led by a gallant Virginian, Colonel Bra^fute Warwick. As the regiment was marching on with an irresistible impetuosity to the charge, he seized a battle-flag which had been abandoned by one of our regiments, and, hearing it aloft, he passed both of the enemy's breast-works in a most gallant style, and as he was about to plant the colours on a battery that the regiment captured, his right breast was pierced by a Minie ball, and he fell mortally wounded. . The works carried by our noble troops would have been invincible to the bayonet, had they been garrisoned by men less dastardly than the Ya» ees. All had been done on our side with the bullet and the >ayonet. For four hours had our in-feriour force, unaided 1 a single piece «of artillery, withstood over thirty thousand, assisted by twenty-six pieces of artillery.
To keep the track of the battle, which had swept around Richmond, we must have reference to some of the principal points of locality in the enemy's lines. It will be recollected that it was on Thursday evening wljen the attack was commenced upon the enemy near Meadow* Bridge. This locality is about six miles distant from the city, on a line almost due north. This position was the enemy's extreme right. His lines extended from here across the Chickahominy, near the Powhite Creek, two or three miles above the crossing of the York River railroad. From -Meadow Bridge to this railroad, the distance along the Chickahominy on the north side is about ten* miles. The different stages between the points indicated, along which the enemy were driven, are Mechanicsville, about a mile north of the Chickahominy; further on, Beaver Dam Creek, emptying into the Chickahominy; then the New Bridge road, on which Cold Harbour is located; and then Powhite Creek, where the enemy had made his last stand, and beeii repulsed from the field.
The York Riv^r railroad runs in an easterly direction,• intersecting the Chickahominy about ten mileS from the. city; South of the railroad-is the Williamsburg road, connecting with the Nine Mile road at Seven Pines. The former road connects with the New Bridge road, which turns off and crosses the Chiekabominy. From Seven Pines', where* the Nine Mile road joins the upper one, the road is known as the old Williamsburg road, and crosses the Chickahominy at Bottom's Bridge.
With the bearing of these localities in his mind, the reader will readily understand how it was 'that the enemy was driven from his original strongholds on the north side1 of the Chickahominy, and how, at the time of Friday-Vbattle, he* had been compelled to surrender the possession of the Fredericksburg and Central ^railroads, and had been pressed to a position where he was cut off from the principal avenues of supply and escape. The disposition of our.,forces was such as to cut off all communication between McClellan's army and the White House, on the Pamunkey river; he had- been driven completely from his northern line of defences; and it was supposed that be would be unable to extricate himself from hia position without a victory or capitulation.
On Sunday morning, it appears that our pickets, on the Nine-Mile road, having engaged some small detachments of the enemy and driven them beyond their fortifications, found them 'deserted. In a short while, it became known to our generals that McClellan, having massed his entire, force oi this side of the Chickahominy, was retreating towards James river.
. The entrenchments, which the enemy had deserted, were found to be formidable and elaborate. » That immediately
across'the railroad, at the six mile post, which had been supposed to be light earthwork, designed to sweep the railroad, lamed out to be an immense embrasured fortification, extending for hundreds of yards on either side of the track. Within this work were found great quantities of fixed .ammunition, which had apparently been prepared for ^moval arid then deserted. All the,cannon, as at* other entrenchments, had fceen carried off. i A dense cloud of smoke was «seen issuing from the woods two miles in advance of the battery and half & mile to the, right of the railroad. The smoke was found to proceed from#a perfect mountain of the enemy's commissary stores, consisting of sugar, coffee and bacon, prepared meats, vegetables, &c, which he had fired. The fields and woods around this spot were covered with every description of clothing and camp equipage. No indication was wanting that the #liemy had left this encampment in haste and disorder.
The enemy had been imperfectly watched at a conjuncture the most- critical ih the contest, and through an omission of fur guard—the Facts of which are yet the subject of some controversy—McClellan had succeeded in massing h% entire force, And taking up a line of retreat, by which he hoped to reach the cover of his gunboats on the James. But the riiost unfortunate circumstance to us was, that since the enemy had escaped from us in.his fortified camp, his<retreat was favoured fcy a country, the characteristics of which are unbroken forests and wide swamps, where it was impossible to pursue,him with rapidity, and ^xtremely difficult to reconnoitre his position so m to bring him to decisive battle.
:- In an official report of the situation of forces on the Richmond side of the Chiekahominy, General Magruder describes it as one of the gravest peril. He states that the forger portion of the enemy was on that side of the Chieka•feemiriy; that the bridges had all been destroyed, and but one rebuilt—the New Bridge—which was commanded fully by the enemy's guns; and that there were but twenty-five/thousand »en between McClellan's aPmy of one hundred thousand and Richmond. Referring to a situation so extremely* critical, he says: "Had MeClellan massed his whole force iri column, and advanced it against any point of our line of battle, as wa| done at Austerlitz under similar circumstances, by the great?est captain of any age, though the head of his columi) wouljf have suffered greatly, its momentum would have insured hin| success, and the occupation of our works about Richmond^ and, consequently, of the city, might have been his reward.* Taking this view of jhe situation, Genera] Magruder stai^ that his relief was great-when it was discovered the next day^ that the enemy had left our front and was continuing to rer treat.
The facts, however, are contrary to the theory of General Magruder and to the self-eangratulations which he derives from it. Our troops on the two sides of the -river were only sepa'r rated uifcil we succeeded in occupying the position near what is known as New Bridge, which occurred before 12 o'clock M., on Friday, June 27, and before the attack oa ■the enemy at Gaines' Mill. ' From the time we reached the position referred to, our-communications between the two wings of our army may be regarded as re-established. The bridge referred Uk and another about three-quarters of a mile ab >ve were ordered to be repaired before noun on Friday, and the new bridge wap sufficiently rebuilt to be passed. by artillery on Friday night, and the one above it was used tor the passage of wagpus, au$bulances and troops early on Satu day morning. Boides this, all oilier bridges above New jirulgo and all the lords above tiiat point were open to us.
T1IK Al^AlR AT 'SA-VMifi "TATIOV.
During Sunday, a portion of 'thu enemy' was eucjutiteretf. upjn the. York liver railroad, neus a pi;-u:t? called Savage Siix?-, tion, the troops engaged on our aitta hoi.hg the division of General McLijkvvd, consisting ot Genera 1b Keishaw and JSemtnea^ brigades, supported by General Griiiuh's brigade from Magru* der's division. Ta& Federals were found to be stiornjly eAxtreuched, and as &oon as our skirmishers came in vnjvf, they
were opened upon with a furious cannonade from a park of field pieces. Kemper's battery now went to the front, and for three hours the battle raged hotly,, when the discomfited Yankees again resumed their retreat. Early in the day, on reach-, ing the redoubts, General Griffith, of Mississippi, one of the heroes of Leesburg, was killed by the fragment of a shell. He was the only general officer killed on our side during, the whole of. the bloody week.
In this encounter with the enemy, the gallant 10th Georgia regiment suffered severely, engaging the enemy hand-to-hand, and leaving upon the field memorable evidences of their courage. The enemy, to use an expression of his prisoners, was ^mowed down" by the close fire of our adventurous troops; and the failure of the attempt of McClellan to break through our lines &t this point, left him to continue a hopeles? retreat,
THE BATTLE OF FRAYSER'S FARM.
By daybreak on Monday morning, the pursuit of the enemy was* actively resumed. D. H. Hill, Whiting and Ewell, under -Command of Jackson, crossed the Chickahominy by the Grapevine Bridge, and followed the enemy on their track by the Williamsburg road and Savage's Station. Longstreet, A. P. Hill, Huger and Magruder pursued the enemy by the .Charles City road, with the intention of cutting them off;
The divisions of Generals Hill and Longstreet were, during the who]e of the day, moving in the hunt for the enemy.. The disposition which was made of our forces brought JGen. LongStreet on the enemy's front, immediately supported bf General Hill's division, consisting of six brigades. The forces commanded by General Longstreet were his old division, consisting of six brigades.
The position of the enemy was about five miles northeast of
^arbytown, on the New Market road. The immediate scene
of the battle was a plain of sedge pines, in the cover of which
the enemy's forces were skilfully dispose9-^-the locality being
known as Fraysers farm. In advancing upon the enemy, bat