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bottomless pit, darken protestants understanding the XXVIII. By this printing in folio a man may have
recourse for satisfaction in a case of conscience to any
trying most London booksellers, and before that given
XXIX. All these things, or half of them, beside
cannot see but it is an absolute duty. XXVI. Antichristian people are diligent to preserve
XXX. And lastly (pardon me, if I speak too great a
considered; that is, his own former profaneness, poverty,
Your Christian brother,
(FOR TIIE PRECEDING PRESERVATION OF MR. JOHN BUNYAN'S LABOURS IN FOLIO) TIIISKS IT MAY
ANSWER TIE DESIRES OF MASY TO GIVE THE FOLLOWING TELATION :
And after a little time, baving a gift of utterance, I do here as a further duty presume to give you, and love to the conviction of sinners, preached about according to my understanding, a relation in three parts, the country the same salvation he found by experience concerning our eminent author, Mr. John Bunyan, and himself stood in need of, by faith and repentance, and his labours.
worked at his tinkering trade for a livelihood, whereby 1. The author's parentage, imprisonment, times, and the reigning grace of God appeared the more sovereign manner of his life and death, &c.
and glorious in this choice, even as it shone in the
First, Our excellent author, by the abundant grace of them tradesmen, and of whom most excellent things
brothers, whereat he worked about that people, and put him in Bedford jail, and there be conby his book of country,' being also very profane and poor, tinued about six years, and then was let out again, intä uled, Grace even when married, &c.
1666, being the year of the burning of London, and, a Abounding, &c.
But it pleased God, by bis irresistible little after his release, they took him again at a meeting, grace, to work in him some convictions and fears of and put him in the same jail
, where be lay six years
his Epistle 10
prison, he writ several of his published books, as by
1 As doth appear
many of their epistles appears, as 'Pray by the Spirit,' And however some subtilly and vain-gloriously pre. 'Holy City,' • Resurrection,' Grace Abounding,' and tend to be the only lawful successors of the apostles, others, also 'The Pilgrim's Progress,' as himself and yet certain I am, from safer reasons of faith, that our many others have said.
author Bunyan was really, sincerely, and effectually a The pastor of Bedford congregation died, and, after lawful successor of the apostles, and as lawful as any some years' vacancy, John Bunyan, though a prisoner, have been above this thousand years. Nay, may I say, was, by the church, called to the pastoral office, De- he was a second Paul; for that his conversion was in a cember 21, 1671, and as it pleased the Lord to rule great measure like that great apostle's, who, of a great the rage
men, it proved in or about the last year of enemy to godliness, was, by strong and irresistible his twelve years' imprisonment. And, being out, he workings of sovereign grace, made a great minister of, preached the gospel publicly at Bedford, and about the and sufferer for, the gospel. Thousands of Christians counties, and at London, with very great success, being in country and city, can testify that their comfort under mightily followed everywhere. And it pleased the Lord his ministry has been to admiration, so that their jor to preserve him out of the hands of his enemies in the hath showed itself by much weeping. severe persecution at the latter end of king Charles the To the eye of carnal reason it may seem that the Second's reign, though they often searched and laid great apostle Paul's imprisonment was a contradiction wait for him, and sometimes narrowly missed him. to his commission of effectually preaching the gospel to
In 1688, he published six books, being the time of many countries; especially considering his commission king James the Second's liberty of conscience, and was was strengthened by his miraculous conversion, from seized with a sweating distemper, which, after his some the glory and call of the Lord Jesus from heaven, for weeks going about, proved his death, at his very loving the making of him such a great gospel preacher. And friend's, Mr. Strudwick’s, a grocer, at Holborn Bridge, yet God suffered it so to be, and we have reason to beLondon, on August 31, 1688, and in the 60th year of lieve for the best; because God usually works those his age, and was buried in Finsbury burying-ground, seeming contrary things to his own end and glory, where
niany London dissenting ministers are laid; and And the effect was, the saints were strengthened thereit proved some days above a month before our great by, and several epistles were written thereby, which gospel deliverance was begun by the Prince of Orange's hath preserved much of the gospel in writing to the landing, whom the Lord of his continued blessing bath ages after, and even for our very great and needful since made our preserving king, William the Third. help.
And as to his family, he left his widow, Elizabeth, And I reckon I shall not be out of the way, if I oband three sons, John, Thomas, and Joseph, and three serve and say—What hath the devil or his agents gotten daughters, Elizabeth, Sarah, and Mary; but his blind by putting our great gospel-minister, Bunyan, in prison? daughter he writes of in his 'Grace Abounding' died for in prison, as before mentioned, he wrote many ex. some years before him, and his widow died 1690-1. cellent books, that have published to the world his great
Secondly, Concerning lis labours; God did give of grace, and great truth, and great judgment, and great inliis extraordinary grace of the gospel to our author, genuity; and to instance in one, the Pilgrim's Progress, Bunyan, and it is worthy our observation, for thereby he hath suited to the life of a traveller so exactly and pleaGod
may have due honour, his people comfort, and ad-santly, and to the life of a Christian, that this very book, versaries confuted in their several corrupt notions, besides the rest, hath done the superstitious sort of especially that of only them that have school education men and their practice more larm, or rather good, as I are fitly qualified for ministers of the glorious gospel may call it, than if he had been let alone at his meeting of Jesus Christ. And also hereby the superstitious at Bedford, to preach the gospel to his own auditory, man is confounded in his way of worship, as were his as it might have fallen out; for none but priest-ridden predecessors, the rulers of the Jews, in the case of people know how to cavil at it, it wins so smoothly Peter and John, saying, Whence bad these men this upon their affections, and so insensibly distils the gosknowledge, seeing they are unlearned? but there was pel into them, and hath been printed in France, Holland, and is a reason beyond their false rules of education New England, and in Welsh, and about a hundred for they had been with Jesus.
thousand in England, whereby they are made some This is also apt to convince sincere-hearted Christians means of grace, and the author become famous; and that God can, when he will, make a minister of his may be the cause of spreading his other gospel-books gospel
, and send him forth in the power of his Spirit, over the European and American world, and in process and defend him, nay, may I say, it is God's prerogative of time may be so to the whole universe. to make his gospel-ministers, and he makes them When Mr. Bunyan preached in London, if there effectual to all the ends of his gospel, to preach, as the were but one day's notice given, there would be more great apostle saith, in season and out of season, to abase people come together to hear him preach than the and abound, &c. He that can make the dry bones live meeting-house would hold. I have seen to hear hiin (as in Eze. xxxvii.), what can he not do? yea, they shall preach, by my computation, about twelve hundred at a live, and become a great host, and antichristian arts morning lecture, by seven o'clock, on a working day, in must fall; for the Lord doth make his servants, as he the dark winter time. I also computed about three did Jeremials, as brazen walls against people and priests. thousand that came to licar him one Lord's-day, at Lon
don, at a town's end meeting-house; so that half were Thirdly, concerning this folio, &c. I have struggled fain to go back again for want of room, and then him to bring about this great good work; and it had sucself was fain, at a back door, to be pulled almost over ceeded in Mr. Bunyan's lifetime, even all his labours in people to get upstairs to his pulpit.
folio, but that an interested bookseller opposed it ; and
notwithstanding the many discouragements I have met Mr. Bunyan's dispute with a scholar to this effect.
with in my struggles in this so great a work, we have As Mr. Bunyan was upon the road near Cambridge, and I may believe by the blessing of the Lord —zotthere overtakes him a scholar that bad observed him a ten about four hundred subscriptions, whereof about preacher, and said to bim, How dare you preach, seeing thirty are ministers; which also shows the great esteem you have not the original, being not a scholar? our author's labours are in among Christian people.
Then said Mr. Bunyan, Have you the original ? And that the reasonableness and duty of the preservaYes, said the scholar,
tion of his labours in folio, by subscription, may be conNay, but, said Mr. Bunyan, have you the very self-tinued to memory, I have also added my reasons, which same original copies that were written by the penmen I distributed in my late struggles to effect this work. of the scriptures, prophets and apostles ?
His effigies was cut in copper, * from an original paint No, said the scholar, but we have the true copies of done to the life, by bis very good friend, a limner; and those originals.
those who desire it single, to put in a frame, may have How do you kuow that? said Mr. Bunyan.
it at this bookseller's—Mr. Marshal; and also the cataHow? said the scholar. Why, we believe wbat we logue-table. The epistle is writ by two ministers, Mr. have is a true copy of the original.
Wilson of Hichin, in Hertfordshire, and Mr. Chandler, Then, said Mr. Bunyan, so do I believe our English who succeeds Mr. Bunyan at Bedford. Bible is a true copy of the original.
And Mr. Burton, that writ the epistle to Some Gosrid the scholar.
pel-truths Opened, being the first book Mr. Bunyan writ,
was minister at Bedford. Another dispute with a scholar.
Note. I would not charge the following running. As Mr. Bunyan was preaching in a barn, and slow. titles upon our author, Budyan; because they were ing the fewness of those that should be saved, there added in the proposals, for want of running titles and stood one of the learned to take advantage of his the knowledge of them, and the copies being at Bedwords; and having done preaching, the schoolman said ford when the proposals were drawn up at London; to him, You are a deceiver, a person of no charity, and and also because, perhaps, he designed some other like therefore not fit to preach; for he that in effect con- running-titles : demneth the greatest part of his hearers hath no cha
Pauls departure and crown. rity, and therefore not fit to preach.
Israel's hope encouraged. Then Mr. Bunyan answered— The Lord Jesus Christ
The saint's privilege and profil. preached in a ship to his hearers on the shore, Mat. xiii.;
Christ a complete Saviour. and showed that they were as four sorts of ground
The saint's knoucledge of Christ's love. The high-way, The stony, The Thorny, and The good
Of the Trinity and a Christian. ground ; whereof the good ground was the only per
Of the Law and a Christian. sons to be saved.
Notes And your position is that he that in effect con
the Inder, Scot demneth the greatest part of his hearers hath no charity, I did intend to print a complete table of all the texts and therefore not fit to preach the gospel.
of Scriptures used in our author's labours, that from But here the Lord Jesus Christ did so; then your thence, looking into his book, his sense might be easily conclusion is— The Lord Jesus Christ wanted charity, found upon any text; so his labours might have been and therefore not fit to preach the gospel.
also in the nature of an exposition upon the whole Horrid blasphemy; away with your hellish logic, and Bible; but I have delayed till some other opportunity, speak Scripture.
it may be of the next folio, and whenever it falls I inThen replied the learned : 'Tis blasphemy to call tend to give notice. logic hellish, which is our reason—the gift of God; for Because I and other subscribers, especially ministers, that which distinguisheth a man from a beast is the were willing this folio should be commoded with an ingift of God.
dex, I have, as a Christian, exposed myself and made But Mr. Bunyan replied: Sin doth distinguish a man one, and that without money for my lahour of writing from a beast; is sin therefore the gift of God ? &c. it, though I confess it might have seemed some other They parted.
men's duty; yet being ignorant of the man that had the I once asked him his opinion in a common religious opportunity, and would have done it, unless paid for it, point, and offered some arguments to prove my opinion I was necessitated to effect it; and if the bookseller Lad for the general of it; but he answered, that where the Scripture is silent we ought to forbear our opinions ; and so he forebore to affirm either for or against, the folio volume, 1692.- ED.
* Alluding to the portrait published as a frontispiece to the Scripture being altogether silent in this point,
† The Index accompanying the first folio.-ED.
paid for it, he would have lessened the number of 140 | antichrist the black-lettered word in some places is lar. sheets of Mr. Bunyan’s labours in this folio at ten shil. lot, and for apostles the black-letter word sometimes is lings. Excuse this fault in me, if it be one.
twelve, because the word apostle is not in that part of I could have collected abundance more of excellent the folio, though intended by twelve. matter in this table; and I have placed an Italic-lettereà Also note. The plırase in the table is not always the word in every paragraph in the table, to be the guide- very same, word for word, in the book, because the deword to the same word in the folio, which is a black sign of the table is to give matter in short saying, as lettered word in the folio, latter part; that is, those well as most commonly a complete sentence; and, there. books formerly printed, where the printer hath not fore, they that would have Mr. Bunyan's entire, confailed to make it so, and also in the manuscript, fore- plete, and full sense of the matter, let them look out of part, a guide-word to the same word under which I the table into the book, and there take all its connechave drawn a black line, in as many folios as opportu- tion together. Also, I have to keep the table as short nity and time would permit me to do, because I had as I well could; and yet, to direct well to the matter not time and conveniency before this folio was printed in the book, placed one part of the matter under one to mark the manuscripts for to be a black-lettered word, word, in alphabetical order, and another part of the as I had time for the formerly printed books.* Also same matter in another following paragraph, under annote, the book, though marked, doth not always refer other word in the table; so that, by finding one word to the table, but the table to the book, is the intent; in the table, you may often find in the same paragraph, and because the word in the book doth not always, in the book, before or after that word, other matter though very often, fall in alphabetical order, therefore thereto relating.t some other like word is put in its place in the table. I had but about two years' acquaintance with our
Also note, sometimes many principal words are in author, and, therefore, have said but little of him, beone paragraph, and then, though the matter be not to cause of bastening this to the press; yet if any more be found in the table by the word, that some perhaps comes to my memory, I intend to put it at the end of may expect, yet it may be found by another word, be- the index. cause several words are so united that one cannot well
Your Christian brother, part them; and it would be too large a table to put
C. D. them all in severally in alphabetical order—as soul, sinner, saved, salvation, justification, Christ, God, &c. + The table to which Charles Doe here refers is only to twenty
Also note. When to the table-phrase more than one of Mr Buuyan's books. It is diffuse, and badly arranged. The number is placed, then expect not that the same black. Index given with this first complete edition of all the admirable letter word is always to be found in the book to the last result of a careful reading of every treatise, extracting a notice of
works of our great pilytim forefather, is entirely new. It is like number, as is to the first number, but it may be some such things as the editor conceived to be most deeply interesting, other black or marked word of like meaning; as for These extracts were then arranged, in order to furnish a useru
index to all the works of Bunyan. It has been attended wila • This is as originally printed. Mr. Doe means, he had not very great labour, and some delay to the publication; but a time to mark in the manuscript such words as the printer should sacrifice is too great, in order to render Bunyan's works as comput in black letter. Ed.
plete as possible.
Τ THE INDE X.
[Articles marked with an asterisk refer to the Pilgrim's Progress.]
against Christ, why? i. 95–His maul or club, a sense of
sin, i. 96-Chained so as not to follow us too fast, i. 168–
Has a suit with the Christian, i.175—Evil thoughts, Satan's
suggestions, the fumes of his stinking breath, i. 210— As-
saults the best saints, i. 214–Ever trying to get us into
his sieve, i. 214–Atheistical surgestions of Satan, i. 223-
Counsellors attempt to murder souls, i. 278—Roar hideous
the eyes of his posterity, i. 505_Hides himself, yet volun- pel, i. 322—And that ceremonies are the gospel, i. 323-
and shapes to gull poor mortals of life, i. 683—Satan's de-
of heaven is for the heirs, i. 377–Christ the author, i. than, ii. 5— Metamorphoses all things, ii. 28, 32-Dialogue
mercy, i. 602-Chastisements a sign of sonship, ii. 693. grace, ii. 152—The faith of devils, ii. 152—Especially the
new birth, ii. 197—Employs his ministers as angels of
light to contend for forms of divine worship, ii. 436-
people cause those who hate godliness to skip for joy, i. bub's castle near the wicket-gate, iii. 96, 181–*Satan
-Diabolus, king of the blacks, assails Mansoul, iii. 256-
Was their fall after the creation of man? iii. 257, note-
and Apollyon fierce lords of Diabolus, iii. 257—Lucifer,
his advice for taking Mansoul, iii. 257-Dialogue and con-
tain Resistance, iii. 259— Rhetoric and flattery, iii. 262-
Keeps the Bible from Mansoul, iii. 266-Armour for sin-
Their only peculiar joy the conversion of sinners, i. 79- unbelief, and a prayerless spirit, iii. 268—Offers to set up
ii. 41-A pretended friend, but real enemy, ii. 45
- The son of hell, several features by which he is known,
mented, i. 6—Operates by despair, i. 9, No. 25-37—Quotes first midwifed this devil into the world, ii. 46-His