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Lu. xvi. 22.

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then and there, their eyes come to be opened.' | they plagued like other men ;' but go as securely Hence it is said of the rich man mentioned in out of the world as if they had never sinned against Luke, ' He died, and in hell he lifted up his eyes.' God, and put their own souls into danger of damna

Implying that he did not lift them up tion, There is no bands in their death.' They before; he neither saw what he had done, nor seem to go unbound, and set at liberty out of this whither he was going, till he came to the place of world, though they have lived notoriously wicked execution, even into hell. He died asleep in his all their days in it. The prisoner that is to die at soul; he died besotted, stupified, and so conse- the gallows for his wickedness, must first have his quently for quietness like a child or lamb, even as irons knocked off his legs; so he seems to go most Mr. Badman did. This was a sign of God's anger; at liberty, when indeed he is going to be executed he had a mind to damn him for his sins, and for his transgressions. Wicked men also have no therefore would not let him see nor have a heart bands in their death, they seem to be more at liberty to repent for them, lest he should convert; and his when they are even at the wind-up of their sinful damnation, which God had appointed, should be life, than at any time besides. frustrate. Lest they should be converted, and I •

Hence you shall have them boast of their faith should heal them.'

and hope in God's mercy when they lie upon their 3. The third thing I take notice of from hence death-bed; yea, you shall have them speak as con

is, that a sinful life and a quiet death fidently of their salvation as if they had served God Third proof.

annexed to it is the ready, the open, all their days; when the truth is, the bottom of this the beaten, the common highway to hell: there is their boasting is because they have no bands in their no surer sign of damnation than for a man to die death. Their sin and base life comes not into their quietly after a sinful life. I do not say that all mind to correct them, and bring them to repentance; wicked men that are molested at their death with but presumptuous thoughts, and a hope and faith a sense of sin and fears of hell do therefore go to of the spider's, the devil's, making, possesseth their heaven, for some are also made to see, and are soul, to their own eternal undoing. Job viii. 13, 14. left to despair, not converted by seeing, that they might go roaring out of this world to their place.

CHAPTER XX. But I say there is no surer sign of a man's damnation than to die quietly after a sinful life; than to (WITHOUT GODLY REPENTANCE, THE WICKED MAX'S sin and die with his eyes shut; than to sin and die

HOPE AND LIFE DIE TOGETHER.] with an heart that cannot repent. He hath Hence wicked men's hope is said to die, not blinded their eyes and hardened their heart, that before, but with them; they give up the ghost tothey should not see with their eyes, nor understand gether. And thus did Mr. Badman. His sins and with their heart.' Jn. xii. 40. No not so long as they his hope went with him to the gate, but there his are in this world, ‘Lest they should see with their hope left him, because he died there; but his sins eyes, and understand with their heart, and should went in with him, to be a worm to gnaw him in be converted, and I should heal them.' Ac. xxviii. conscience for ever and ever. 26, 27. Ro. ii. 1-5.

The opinion, therefore, of the common people God has a judgment for wicked men ; God will concerning this kind of dying is frivol- A frivolous opibe even with wicked men. God knows how to re- ous and vain; for Mr. Badman died serve the ungodly to the day of judgment to be like a lamb, or, as they call it, like a chrisom-child,” punished. 2 Pe. ii. And this is one of his ways by quietly and without fear. I speak not this with which he doth it. Thus it was with Mr. Badman. reference to the struggling of nature with death, 4. Fourthly, it is said in the book of Psalıns, but as to the struggling of the conscience with the

concerning the wicked, There are judgment of God. I know that nature will struggle Fourth proof.

no bands in their death, but their with death. I have seen a dog and sheep die hardly. strength is firm.' Ps. lxxiii. 4–6. By no bands heAnd thus may a wicked man do, because there is means no troubles, no gracious chastisements, an antipathy betwixt nature and death. But even no such corrections for sin as fall to be the lot while, even then, when death and nature are strugof God's people for theirs ; yea, that many times gling for mastery, the soul, the conscience, may be falls to be theirs at the time of their death. Therefore he adds concerning the wicked, “They 2 Chrism is a consecrated unguent, or oil, used in the bap

It is prepared with are not in trouble (then) as other men, neither are tism of infants in the Romish Church.

great ceremony on Holy Thursday. A linen cloth anointed with

this oil, called a chrisom cloth, is laid upon the baby's face. If | This is the most awful of all delusions. It is exemplified it dies within a month after these ceremonies, it was called a in the character of Ignorance, in the Pilgrim's Progress, who chrisom child. These incantations and charms are supposed to was ferried over death by Vain Confidence, but found that have power to save iis soul, and ease the pains of death. Bishop there was a way to hell, even from the gates of heaven.' Vol. Jeremy Taylor mentions the phantasms that make a chrisoin iii., p. 166.-(Ev.)

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child to smile at death. Holy Dying, chap. i., scct. 2.—(Ed.)

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Ps. lxxiii. 12.

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as besotted, as benumbed, as senseless and ignorant | far as I can sce, ariseth in their hearts from the of its miserable state, as the block or bed on which beholding of the quiet and lamb-like death of their the sick lies. And thus they may die like a chri- companions. •Behold these are the ungodly who som-child in show, but indeed like one who by the prosper in the world,' that is, by wicked ways; judgment of God is bound over to eternal damna- * they increase in riches.' tion; and that also by the same judgment is kept This therefore is a great judgment of God, both from seeing what they are, and whither they are upon that man that dieth in his sins, and also upon going, till they plunge down among the flames. his companion that beholdeth him so to die. He

And as it is a very great judgment of God on sinneth, he dieth in his sins, and yet dieth quietly. wicked men that so die, for it cuts them off from What shall bis companion say to this? What When a wicked all possibility of repentance, and so of judgment shall he make how God will deal with man dies in his salvation, so it is as great a judgment him, by beholding the lamb-like death of his comsins , it is a judgment upon those that are their companions panion? Be sure ho cannot, as from such a sight, luis wicked be that survive them, for by the manner say, Woe be to me, for judgment is before him.

of their death, they dying so quietly, He cannot gather that sin is a dreadful and a bitso like unto chrisom-children, as they call it, they ter thing, by the child-like death of Mr. Badman. are hardened, and take courage to go on in their But must rather, if he judgeth according to what

he sees, or according to his corrupted reason, conFor comparing their life with their death, their clude with the wicked ones of old, that every one sinful, cursed lives, with their childlike, lamblike that doth evil is good in the sight of the Lord, and death, they think that all is well, that no damna- he delighteth in them; or, Where is the God of tion is happened to them; though they lived like judgment ?' Mal ii. 17. devils incarnate, yet they died like harmless ones. Yea, this is enough to puzzle the wisest man. There was no whirlwind, no tempest, no band or David himself was put to a stand by beholding the plague in their death. They died as quietly as the quiet death of ungodly men. Verily,' says he, 'I most godly of them all, and had as great faith and have cleansed my heart in vain, and washed my hands hope of salvation, and would talk as boldly of sal- in innocency.' Ps. lxxiii. 13. They, to appearance, fare vation as if they had assurance of it. But as was better by far than I: “Their eyes stand out with fattheir hope in life, so was their death; their hope ness,' they have more than heart could wish. But was without trial, because it was none of God's all the day long have I been plagued, and chastened working, and their death was without molestation, every morning. This, I say, made David wonder, because so was the judgment of God concerning yea, and Job and Jeremiah too. But he goeth them.

into the sanctuary, and then he understands their But I say, at this their survivors take heart to end, nor could be understand it before. •I went tread their steps, and to continue to live in the into the sanctuary of God.' What place was that? breach of the law of God; yea, they carry it Why there where he might inquire of God, and by stately in their villainies ; for so it follows in the him he resolved of this matter ; . Then,' says he, Psalm; There are no bands in their death, but understood I their end.' Then I saw that thou their strength is firm,' &c. “Therefore pride com- hast • set them in slippery places,' and that thou passeth them,' the survivors, “about as a chain, castedst them down to destruction.' Castedst violence covereth them as a garment.' Ps. lxxiii. 6. them down, that is, suddenly, or, as the next words Therefore they take courage to do evil, therefore say, 'As in a moment they are utterly consumed they pride themselves in their iniquity. There with terrors ;' which terrors did not seize them on fore, wherefore? Why, because their fellows died, their sick-bed, for they had 'no bands’ in their death. after they had lived long in a most profane and The terrors, therefore, seized them there, where wicked lite, as quietly and as like to lambs as if also they are holden in them for ever. This he they had been innocent.

found out, I say, but not without great painfulness, Yea, they are bold, by seeing this, to conclude grief, and pricking in his reins; so deep, so hard, that God either does not, or will not, take notice and so difficult did he find it rightly to come to a of their sins. They speak wickedly, and speak determination in this matter. loftily.' Ps. lxxiii. 8. They speak wickedly of sin, for And, indeed, this is a deep judgment of God tothat they make it better than by the Word it is pro- wards ungodly sinners; it is enough to stagger a nounced to be. They speak wickedly concerning whole world, only the godly that are in the worlu oppression that they commend, and count it à have a sanctuary to go to, where the oracle and prudent act. They also speak loftily. They set Word of God is, by which bis judgments, and a their mouth against the heavens,' &c. And they say, How doth God know? and is there knowledge edition; they were corrected to ' seize' and ' seized' in Bunyau's

1 These two words are 'cease' and 'ceased in the first in the Most High ? Ps. lxxiii. 11. And all this, so second edition.—(Ed.)

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reason of many of them are made known to, and / slaughter, or as a fool to the correction of the understood by them.

stocks;' that is, both senselessly and securely. Atten. Indeed this is a staggering dispensation. 0! but being come at the gates of hell. 0! but It is full of the wisdom and anger of God. And I when they see those gates set open for them. believe, as you have said, that it is full of judg- but when they see that that is their home, and that ment to the world. Who would have imagined, they must go in thither, then their peace

and quietthat had not known Mr. Badman, and yet had seen ness flies away for ever. Then they roar like lions, him die, but that he had been a man of an holy yell like dragons, howl like dogs, and tremble at life and conversation, since he died so stilly, so their judgment, as do the devils themselves. 0! quietly, so like a lamb or a chrisom-child? Would when they see they must shoot the gulf and throat they not, I say, have concluded that he was a of hell! when they shall see that hell hath shut righteous man? or that if they had known him her ghastly jaws upon them, when they shall open and his life, yet to see him die so quietly, would their eyes and find themselves within the belly and they not have concluded that he had made his bowels of hell! Then they will mourn, and weep, peace with God? Nay farther, if some had known and hack, and gnash their teeth for pain. But this that he had died in his sins, and yet that he had must not be, or if it must, yet very rarely, till they died so like a lamb, would they not have concluded are gone out of the sight and hearing of those morthat either God doth not know our sins, or that he tals whom they do leave behind them alive in the likes them; or that he wants power, or will, or world. heart, or skill, to punish them; since Mr. Badman Atten. Well, my good neighbour Wiseman, I himself went from a sinful life so quietly, so peace- perceive that the sun grows low, and that you

have able, and so like a lamb as he did ?

come to a conclusion with Mr. Badman's life and WISE. Without controversy, this is a heavy death ; and, therefore, I will take my

leave of

you. judgment of God upon wicked men ; one goes to Only first, let me tell you, I am glad that I have hell in peace, another goes to hell in trouble ; one met with you to-day, and that our hap was to fall goes to hell, being sent thither by his own hands ; in with Mr. Badman's state. I also thank you for another goes to hell, being sent thither by the hand your freedom with me, in granting of me your reof his companion ; one goes thither with his eyes ply to all my questions. I would only beg your shut, and another goes thither with his eyes open ; prayers that God will give me much grace, that I one goes thither roaring, and another goes thither may neither live nor die as did Mr. Badman. boasting of heaven and happiness all the way he Wise. My good neighbour Attentive, I wish your goes. Job xxi. 23. One goes thither like Mr. Badman welfare in soul and body; and if aught that I have himself, and others go thither as did his brethren. said of Mr. Badman's life and death may be of But above all, Mr. Badman's death, as to the benefit unto you, I shall be heartily glad ; only I manner of dying, is the fullest of snares and traps desire you to thank God for it, and to pray heartily to wicked men ; therefore, they that die as he for me, that I with you may be kept by the power are the greatest stumble to the world. They go, of God through faith unto salvation. and go, they go on peaceably from youth to old ATTEN. Amen. Farewell. age, and thence to the grave, and so to hell, WISE. I wish you heartily farewell. without noise. • They go as an ox goeth to the

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VOL. III.

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OR. AY EXPOSITION OF THOSE WORDS IN THE SIXTEENTII OP LUKE, CONCERNING

THE RICII MAN AND THE BEGGAR.
WIE REIN IS DISCOVERED THE LAMENTABLE STATE OF THE DAMNED; TIIEIR CRIES, THEIR DESIRES IN THEIR DISTRESSES,

WITH THE DETERMINATION OF GOD UPON TIEM. A GOOD WARNING WORD TO SINNERS, BOTH OLD AND YOUNG, TO
TAKE INTO CONSIDERATION BETINES, AND TO SEEK, BY FAITH IN JESUS CUKIST, TO AVOID, LEST TUEY COME INTO THE
SAME PLACE OF TORMENT.
Also, a Brief Discourse touching the profitableness of the Scriptures for our instruction in the way of righteousness,

according to the tendency of the saiu parable.
DY TIIT POOR AND CONTEMPTILLE SERVANT OF JESUS CHRIST, JOHN BUNYAN.

* The wicked shall be turned into hell, and all the nations that forget God.'—Ps. ix. 17.
* And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire.'-Re, xx. 15.

London : Printed by Ralph Wood, for M. Wright, at the King's Head in the Old Bailey, 1653.1

ADVERTISEMENT BY THE EDITOR.

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How awful is that cry of anguish which has reached I came from the unseen world—from the bosom of us from beyond the tomb, even from the infernal | the Father-reveals them unto us. 0! that we realms, and on which Bunyan, with his singular and may not mistake that voice for thunder, which rare ability, fixes our attention. It is the voice of called upon a trembling world to 'HEAR HIM.' one who had received his good things in this fleet- The rich man personates all the thoughtless and ing life; who had fared sumptuously every day, unconverted who die in their sins, his wealth can without providing for eternity, and now cries for a neither bribe death nor hell; he is stricken, and drop of water to cool his parched tongue. Plunged descends to misery with the bitter, but unavailing into unutterable, inconceivable, and eternal tor- regret of having neglected the great salvation. Ile ments, he pleads that the poor afflicted beggar, bad taken no personal, prayerful pains to search who had lain at his gate, might be sent from the the sacred Scriptures for himself; he had disobeyed dead to warn his relatives, that they might escape, the gospel, lived in revelry, and carelessness of his and not aggravate his misery, by upbraiding him soul; he had ploughed iniquity and sown wickedas a cause of their destruction, by having neglected ness, and reaps the same. By the blast of God he to set them a pious example. He knows that there perishes, and is consumed by the breath of his is no hope for his own wretched soul, and expresses nostrils.' They have sown the wind, and they no wish that his family should pay for masses to shall reap

the whirlwind. ease his pangs. No, such tomfooleries are limited The opinion universally prevails, although the to this insane world. His poor request is one drop voice of infinite wisdom has declared it false, that of water, and a warning messenger to his relatives. miracles, or a messenger from the invisible world The answer is most decisive—there is a great, an could awake the dead in sin. The world's eyes are eternal gulf fixed—none can pass between heaven shut, and its ears are stopped from seeing and and hell; and as to your father's house, “They hearing that most illustrious celestial messenger of have Moses and the prophets;' and now it may be added, They have Jesus and his apostles; if they

1 There were nine eilitions of this book published during hear not them, “neither will they be persuaded the Author's life; all those subsequent to the first have the though one rose from the dead.' No; if Isaiah, with following title: Sighs from Hell, or the Groans of a Damned his mighty eloquence, again appeared among mor

Soul; discovering from the 16th of Luke the lamentable state

of the damned : and may titly serve as a waruing word to tals, again would his cry be heard, . Who hath sinuers, both old and young, by faith in Jesus Christ, to avoid believed our report??•What! seek the living among the same place of torment. With a discovery of the usefulthe dead? To the law, and to the testimony, saith ness of the Scriptures as our safe-conduct for avoiding the God.'

torments of hell. By John Bunyan. London: Printed for

F. Smith, at the Elephant and Castle, without Temple-bar, Picader, these are solemn realities. He who 'At ls. bound.

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mercy-God manifest in the flesh'-who still This was the third volume that Bunyan pubspeaks to us in his words. Ile revealed, and he lished, and, with modest timidity, he shelters himalone could have revealed, these solemn, these heart- self under a strong recommendatory preface by his stirring facts—IIe performed the most astonishing pastor, who, in the Grace Abounding, he calls . holy miracles—IIis doctrines were truth-He required Mr. Gifford.' So popular was it, as to pass through holiness of life to fit the soul for heaven; there- nine editions in the author's lifetime. The prefore He was despised, tortured, murdered. In the face, by John Gifford, was printed only with the face of all this, the poor wretch cries, 'send Lazarus.' first edition. As it gives a very interesting account What refined cruelty! He had borne the cross and of Bunyan, and his early labours in the ministry, received the crown. Uncrown him, and send him which has never been noticed by any of his biograback to lie at my brother's gate, and if he dares phers, and is extremely rare, it is liere reprinted to tell him the truth, that my soul was in hell, even from a fine copy in the British Museum, and must while the splendid funeral was carrying my body prove interesting to every admirer of John Bunyan. to the tomb, he will hurry him to death. Poor I close with two short extracts—may they leave an fool! are not thy kindred as hardened as thou wast? abiding impression upon our minds. God will Send Lazarus from the dead! That, as Bunyan have a time to meet with them that now do not justly says, would be to make a new Bible, to im- seek after him.' •0! regard, regard, for the judgprove the finished salvation. No, if they will not ment day is at hand, the graves are ready to fly hear Moses and the prophets, our Lord and his open, the trumpet is near the sounding, the sentence apostles, they must all likewise perish. This is a will ere long be passed, and then,' it will be seen very meagre outline of this solemn treatise; it is whether we belong to the class of Dives, who prefull of striking illustrations, eminently calculated ferred the world, or to that of Lazarus, who pre

arouse the thoughtless, and to convey solid ferred Christ; and thien, 0 then! time cannot bo instruction to tho thoughtful.

recalled.

GEO. OFfor.

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PREFACE, BY THE REV. JOHN GIFFORD, PASTOR OF THE CHURCH OF CHRIST AT BEDFORD, OP WIIICH JOAN BUNYAN WAS A MEMBER.

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But, certainly, a barn well fraught, a bag well TO THE READER.

filled, a back well clothed, and a body well fed, It is sad to see how the most of men neglect their will prove but poor comforts when men come to precious souls, turning their backs upon the glorious die, when death shall not only separate their souls gospel, and little minding a crucified Jesus, when, from their bodies, but both from their comforts. in the meanwhile, their boilies are well provided What will it then avail them that they have gained for, their estates much regarded, and the things of much? Or what will they give in exchange for this present life are highly prized, as if the darling their souls? Be wise, then (0 reader, to whose was of less value than a clod of earth; an immortal sight this may come), before it be too late, and soul, than a perishing body; a precious Saviour, thou repent, when repentance shall be hid from than unsatisfying creatures. Yea, though they thine eyes; also it will be as a dagger to thine heart have been often wooed with gracious entreaties, one day, to remember what a Christ, what a soul, glorious promises, and fresh bleeding wounds, to what a heaven thou hast lost for a few pleasures, make choice of the better part, that shall never be a little mirth, a short enjoyment of this present taken from them; yet, alas! such influence hath world; yea, and that after many warnings against this world, and the pleasures of it, and such is the many reproofs, and, notwithstanding the blindness of their understandings, that they con- ders of a full Christ, instead of those empty vanitinue still to hunt after those things which cannot ties which thy soul closed with, hunted after, and profit, nor be a help to them in the worst hour. would by no means be persuaded to part withal. Yea, that will prove no better than poison to No, but thou wouldst take thy time, and swim in their souls, and refuse that would be (if embraced) their happiness here, and their glory hereafter.

1 In the 'errata' to the first edition, Bunyan says-'At Such a strange stupidity hath seized upon the the first I thought to put out with this a discourse of the two

covenants, which since I thought to put forth in a piece by hearts of men, that they will venture the loss of itself.' 'This shows that his great work on the covenants was their immortal souls for a few dying comforts, the fourth volume which he wrote. In the second edition, the and will expose themselves to endless misery for author altered the arrangement of the text, by placing in his

comment on ver. 28 a considerable part of what in the first a moment's mirth, and short - lived pleasures. I edition formed the use and application.'

many ten

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