xxiv, 20.

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drown our English world. It begins already to be nor judgments were all alike open; the sins of

. above the tops of the mountains; it has almost some were committed, and the judgments executed swallowed up all; our youth, middle age, old age, for them, only in a corner. Not to say that I and all, are almost carried away of this flood. 0 could not learn some of their names, for could I, debauchery, debauchery, what last thou done in I should not have made them public, for this England. Thou hast corrupted our young men, reason, (2.) Because I would not provoke those of and hast made our old men beasts; thou hast de- their relations that survive them; I would not flowered our virgins, and hast made matrons bawds. justly provoke them; and yet, as I think, I shoulil, Thou hast made our earth to reel to and fro like should I have entailed their punishment to their a drunkard ;' it is in danger to “be removed like a sins, and both to their names, and so have turned cottage,' yea, it is, because transgression is so them into the world. (3.) Nor would I lay them heavy upon it, like to fall and rise no more. Is. under disgrace and contempt, which would, as I

0! that I could mourn for England, and think, unavoidably have happened unto them had for the sins that are committed therein, even while I withal inserted their names. I see that, without repentance, the men of God's As for those whose names I mention, their wrath are about to deal with us, each having his crimes or judgments were manifest; public almost

slaughtering weapon in his hand.' Eze. ix. 1, 2. as anything of that nature that happeneth to Well, I have written, and by God's assistance mortal men. Such therefore have published their shall

pray that this flood may abate in England ; own shame by their sin, and God his anger, by and could I but see the tops of the mountains taking of open vengeance. As Job says, God has above it, I should think that these waters were struck .them as wicked men in the open sight of abating.

others.' Job xxxiv. 26. So that I cannot conceive, 2. It is the duty of those that can to cry out since their sin and judgment was so conspicuous, against this dendly plague, yea, to lift up their that my admonishing the world thereof should voice as with a trumpet against it, that men may turn to their detriment. For the publishing of bo awakened about it, fly from it, as from that these things are, so far as relation is concerned, which is the greatest of evils. Sin pulled angels intended for remembrances, that they may also out of heaven, pulls men down to hell, and over- betlink themselves, repent and turn to God, lest throweth kingdoms. Who, that sees a house on the judgments for their sins should prove

heredi. fire, will not give the alarm to them that dwell tary. For the God of heaven hath threatened to therein? Who, that sees the land invaded, will visit the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, not set the beacons on a flame. Who, that sees if they hate him, to the third and fourth generathe devils as roaring lions, continually devouring tion. Ex. IX. 5. souls, will not make an out-cry? But above all, Nebuchadnezzar's punishment for his pride bewhen we see sin, sinful sin, a swallowing up a ing open-for he was for his sin driven from his nation, sinking of a nation, and bringing its in- kingly dignity, and from among men too, to eat habitants to temporal, spiritual, and eternal ruin, grass like an ox, and to company with the beastsshall we not cry out and cry, They are drunk, but Daniel did not stick to tell Belshazzar his son to not with wine; they stagger, but not with strong his face thereof; nor to publish it that it might be drink; they are intoxicated with the deadly poison read and remembered by the generations to come. of sin, which will, if its malignity be not by whole- The same may be said of Judas and Ananias, &c., some means allayed, bring soul and body, and for their sin and punishment were known to all the estate, and country, and all, to ruin and destruction? dwellers at Jerusalem. Ac. i. 19. Nor is it a sign but

3. In and by this outcry I shall deliver myself of desperate impenitence and hardness of heart, from the ruins of them that perish ; for a man when the offspring or relations of those who have can do no more in this matter-I mean a man in fallen by open, fearful, and prodigious judgments, my capacity-than to detect and condemn the for their sin, shall overlook, forget, pass by, or wickedness, warn the evil doer of the judgment, take no notice of such high outgoings of God and fly therefrom myself. But 0! that I might against them and their house. Thus Daniel agnot only deliver myself! O that many would hear, gravates Belshazzar's crime, for that he hardened and turn at this my cry from sin! that they may his heart in pride, though he knew that for that be secured from the death and judgment that very sin and transgression his father was brought attend it.

down from his height, and made to be a companion Why I have handled the matter in this method for asses. And thou his son, 0 Belshazzar,' says is best known to myself. And why I have con- he, 'hast not humbled thine heart, though thou cealed most of the names of the persons whose knewest all this.' Da. V. 22. A home reproof, indeed, sins or punishments I here and there in this book but home (reproof) is most fit for an open and a make relation of is, (1.) For that neither the sins continued in transgression. VOL. 111.


Let those, then, that are the offspring or rela- | that do such things have the greater damnation, tions of such, who by their own sin, and the dread-Christian, make thy profession shine by a converful judgments of God, are made to become a sign, sation according to the gospel; or else thou wilt De. xvi. 9–12, having been swept as dung from off the damnify religion, bring scandal to thy brethren, face of the earth, leware, lest when judgment and give offence to the enemies; and it would kuocks at their door, for their sins, as it did before be better that a millstone was hanged about thy at the door of their progenitors, it falls also with as neck, and that thou, as so adorned, was cast into heavy a stroke as on them that went before them. the bottom of the sca, than so to do. Christian, Nu. xvi. 35--10. Lest, I say, they in that day, instead a profession according to the gospel is, in these of finding mercy, find for their high, daring, and days, a rare thing; scek then after it, put it on, judgment-affronting sins, judgment without mercy. and keep it without spot, and, as becomes thee,

To conclude; let those that would not die Bír. white, and clean, and thou shalt be a rare Christian. Badman's death, take heed of Mr. Badman's ways; The prophecy of the last times is, that protessfor his ways bring to his end. Wickedness will ing men, for so I understand the text, shall be not deliver him that is given to it; though they many of them base, 2 Ti. iii ; but continue thou in should cloak all with a profession of religion. If the things that thou hast learned, not of wantou it was a transgression of old for a man to wear a men, nor of licentious times, but of the Word and woman's apparel, surely it is a transgression now doctrine of God, that is, according to godliness ; for a sinner to wear a Christian profession for a and thou shalt walk with Christ in white. Now, cloak. Wolves in shcep's clothing swarm in Eng. God Almighty gave his people grace, not to hate land this day; wolves both as to doctrine, and as or malign sinners, nor yet to choose any of their to practice too. Some men make a profession, I ways, but to keep themselves pure from the blood doubt, on purpose that they may twist themselves of all men, by speaking and doing according to into a trade; and thence into an estate; yea, and that name and those rules that they profess to if need be, into an estate knavishly, by the ruins know and love; for Jesus Christ's sake. of their neighbour. Let such take beed, for those

John Buxyan.




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Chap. I. Badman's death and its awful consequences, 593 CHAP. XIII. He gets drunk and breaks his leg. God's This leads to the discourse of his life.

judgments upon drunkards,

648 II. Badman's wicked behaviour in childhood, . 594 XIV. His pretended repentings and promises of III. Badman's apprenticeship to a pious master, . 605

reform when death grimly starcs at him,

649 IV. lle gets a new master bad as himself, 614 XV. Death leaves him for a season, and he returns V. Badman in business; the tricks of a wicked

to his sins, like a sow that has been washed to tradesman, ·

her wallowing in the mire,

651 VI. His hypocritical courtship and marriage to a

XVI. His pious wife dies broken-hearted.

Her pious, rich, young lady,

deathbed charge to her family,

652 VII. He throws off the mask and cruelly treats his

XVII. He is tricked into a second marriage by a wife. Bunyan's rules for such as think of

woman as bad as himself,

654 marriage,

620 XVIII. He parts from his wife, diseases aitack him VIII. Badman is a bankrup', and gets by it hat

under Captain Consumption; he rots away and fuls of money,

dies in sinful security,

IX. Badman's fraudulent dealings to get money, 633 XIX. Future happiness not to be hoped from a
X. The simple Christian's views of extortion, 637

quiet, hardened death. Some remarkable inXI. Instructions for righteous trading,


600 XII. Badman's pride, atheism, infidelity, and

XX. Without godly repentance, the wicked man's envy,

hopes and life die together,


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sigh, of the which, as I see, you take notice. !

sighed at the remembrance of the death of that (BADMAN'S DEATH AND ITS AWFUL CONSEQUENCES.]

man for whom the bell tolled at our town yesterday. WISEMAN. Good morrow, my good neighbour, ATTEx. Why, I trow, Mr. Goodman your neigh. Mr. Attentive; whither are you walking so early bour is not dead. Indeed I did hear that he had this morning? Methinks you look as if you were been sick. concerned about something more than ordinary. WISE. No, no, it is not he. Had it been he, I Have


of your cattle, or what is the could not but have been concerned, but yet not as i matter?

am concerned now. If he had died, I should only ATTENTIVE. Good Sir, good morrow to you, I have been concerned for that the world had lost a have not as yet lost aught, but yet you give a light; but the man that I am concerned for now was right guess

of me, for I am, as you say, concerned one that never was good, therefore such an one who in my lieart, but it is because of the badness of the is not dead only, but damned. He died that he might times. And, Sir, you, as all our neighbours know, die, he went from life to death, and then from death are a very observing man, pray, therefore, what do to death, from death natural to death eternal. And you think of them?

as he spake this, the water stood in his eyes.? Wise. Why, I think, as you say, to wit, that ATTEN. Indeed, to go from a death-bed to hell is a they are bad times, and bad they will be, until men fearful thing to think on. But, good neighbour Wiseare better; for they are bad men that make bad man, be pleased to tell me who this man was, and times; if men, therefore, would mend, so would the why you conclude him so miserable in his death? times. It is a folly to look for good days so long Wise. Well, if you can stay, I will tell you who as sin is so high, and those that stud; its nourish- he was, and why I conclude thus concerning him. ment so many. God bring it down, and those that Atten. My leisure will admit me to stay, and I nourish it, to repentance, and then, my good neigh- am willing to hear you out. And I pray God your bour, you will be concerned, not as you are now; discourse may take hold on my heart, that I may now you are concerned because times are so bad, be bettered thereby. So they agreed to sit down but then you will be so because times are so good; under a tree. Then Mr. Wiseman proceeded as now you are concerned so as to be perplexed, but followeth :then you will be concerned so as to lift up your

WISE. The man that I mean is one Mr. Badvoice with shouting, for I dare say,


man; he has lived in our town a great while, and such days, they would make you slıout.

now, as I said, he is dead.

But the reason of my ATTEN. Ay, so they would; such times I have being so concerned at his death is, not for that lie prayed for, such times I have longed for; but I was at all related to me, or for that any good confear they will be worse before they be better. ditions died with him, for he was far from them,

WISE. Make no conclusions, man ; for he that but for that, as I greatly fear, he hath, as was hath the hearts of men in his hand can change hinted before, died two deaths at once. them from worse to better, and so bad times into Arten. I perceive what you mean by two deatlis good. God give long life to them that are good, at once; and to speak truth, it is a fearful thing and especially to those of them that are capable of thus to have ground to think of any: for although doing him service in the world. The ornament and the death of the ungodly and sinners is laid 10 a beauty of this lower world, next to God and his heart but of few, yet to die in such a state is more wonders, are the nien that spangle and shine in dreadful and fearful than any man can imagine. godliness.

Indeed if a man had no soni, if his state was not Now as Jr. Wiseman said this, he gave a great truly immortal, the matter would not be so much; sigh.

but for a man to be so disposed of by his Maker, Attex. Amen, amen, But why, good Sir, do

1. The unrighteons shall not inherit the kingdom of God.' you sigh so deeply; is it for ought else than that 1 Co. vi. 9. Instead of Christ, the Prince of peace, being for the which, as you have perceived, I myself am theirs, the prince of the power of the air is theirs; instead of concerned ?

the comforts of the gospel, the curses of the law are theirs ; Wise. I am concerned, with you, for the badness instead of heaven, hell is theirs, and an exclusion from God

and happiness for ever! Sinner, think now on these things. of the times; but that was not the causo of that|-(Mason.)

you see


as to be appointed a sensible being for ever, and WISE. The eldest, old in years, and old in sin; for him too to fall into the hands of revenging but the sinner that dies an hundred years old shall justice, that will be always, to the utmost extre- be accursed. mity that liis sin deserveth, punishing of him in Atten. Well, but what makes you think he is the dismal dungeon of hell, this must needs be gone to hell? unutterably sad, and lamentable.

Wise. His wicked life, and fearful death, espeWISE. There is no man, I think, that is sens- cially since the manner of his death was so correible of the worth of one soul, but must, when he sponding with his life. hears of the death of unconverted men, be stricken Atten. Pray let me know the manner of his with sorrow and grief: because, as you said well, death, if yourself did perfectly know it. that man's state is such that he has a sensible WISE. I was there when he died; but I desire being for ever. For it is sense that makes pun- not to see another such man, while I live, die in ishment heavy. But yet sense is not all that the such sort as he did. damned have, they have sense and reason too; so ATTEN. Pray therefore let me hear it. then, as sense receiveth punishment with sorrow, Wise. You say you have leisure and can stay, because it feels, and bleeds under the same, so by and therefore, if you please, we will discourse even reason, and the exercise thereof, in the midst of orderly of him. First, we will begin with his life, torment, all present affliction is aggravated, and and then proceed to his death: because a relation that three manner of ways:-1. Reason will con- of the first may the more affect you, when you sider thus with himself. For what am I thus tor. shall hear of the second. mented ? and will easily find it is for nothing but Atten. Did you then so well know his life? that base and filtlıy thing, sin; and now will vexa

WISE. I knew him of a child. I was a man, tion be mixed with punishment, and that will when he was but a boy, and I made special obgreatly heighten the aflliction. 2. Reason will servation of him from first to last. consider tlus with himself. How long must this Atten. Pray then let me hear from you an acbe my state? And will soon return to himself count of his life; but be as brief as you can, for I this answer: This must be my state for ever and long to hear of the manner of his death.

Now this will greatly increase the torment. 3. Reason will consider thus with himself. What

CHAPTER II have I lost more than present ease and quiet by my sins that I have committed? And will quickly

(BADMAN'S WICKED BEHAVIOUR IN CHILDITOOD.) return liimself this answer: I have lost communion Wise. I will endeavour to answer your desires, with God, Christ, saints, and angels, and a share and first, I will tell you, that from a child he was in heaven and eternal life: and this also must very bad; his very beginning was ominous, and needs greaten the misery of poor damned souls. presaged that no good end was, in likelihood, to And this is the case of Mr. Badman,

follow thereupon. There were several sins that ATTEN. I feel my heart even shake at the he was given to, when but a little one, that manithoughts of coming into such a state. Hell! who fested him to be notoriously infected with original knows that is yet alive, what the torments of hell corruption; for I dare say he learned none of them are? This word Hell gives a very dreadful sound. of his father and mother; nor was le admitted to

Wise. Ay, so it does in the ears of him that has go much abroad among other children that were a tender conscience. But if, as you say, and that vile, to learn to sin of them: nay, contrariwise, if truly, the very name of hell is so dreadful, what is at any time he did get abroad amongst others, he the place itself, and what are the punishments that would be as the inventor of bad words, and an exare there inflicted, and that without the least in- ample in bad actions. To them all he used to be, termission, upon the souls of damned men, for ever as we say, the ringleader, and master-sinner from and ever.

a child. Atten. Well, but passing this; my leisure will Atten. This was a bad · beginning indeed, and aclmit me to stay, and therefore pray tell me what did demonstrate that he was, as you say, polluted, it is that makes you think that Mr. Badman is very much polluted with original corruption. For

to speak my mind freely, I do confess Original sin is Wise. I will tell you. But first, do you know that it is mine opinion that children

tual transgres. which of the Badmans I mean?

come polluted with sin into the world, sion. Atten. Why, was there more of them than one? and that ofttimes the sins of their youth, especially

Wise. O yes, a great many, both brothers and while they are very youny, are rather by virtue of sisters, and yet all of them the children of a godly indwelling sin, than by examples that are set beparent, the more a great deal is the pity.

fore them by others. Not but that they learn to Arten. Which of them therefore was it that died? sin by example too, but example is not the root,


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but rather the temptation unto wickedness. The trained up in sin, and nursed therein for the devil root is sin within ; .for from within, out of the and hell. But it was otherwise with Mr. Badman, heart of men,' proceedeth sin. Mar. vii. 21.

for to my knowledge this his way of lying was a WISE. I am glad to hear that you are of this great grief to his parents, for their hearts were opinion, and to confirm what you have said by a much dejected at this begiuning of their son; nor few hints from the Word. Man in his birth is did there want counsel and correction from then compared to an ass, an unclean beast, and to a to him if that would have made hini better. He wretched infant in its blood. Job xi. 12. Eze. xvi. Be- wanted not to be told, in my hearing, and that sides, all the first-born of old that were offered over and over and over, that all liars The liar's por. unto the Lord, were to be redeemed at the age of shall have their part in the lake which a month, and that was before they were sinners by burneth with fire and brimstone;' and that .who. imitation. Ex. xili, 13; xxxiv. 20. The scripture also soever loveth and maketh a lie,' should not have affirmeth, that by the sin of one, judgment came any part in the new and heavenly Jerusalem. Re. upon all; and renders this reason, .for that all xxi. 8, 27; xxii. 15. But all availed nothing with him; have sinned.' Ro. v. 12. Nor is that objection worth when a fit, or an occasion to lie came upon him, a ruslı, that Christ by his death hath taken away he would invent, tell, and stand to his lie as stedoriginal sin. First. Because it is scriptureless. fastly as if it had been the biggest of truths that Secondly. Because it makes them incapable of he told, and that with that hardening of his heart salvation by Christ; for none but those that in and face, that it would be to those who stood by, their own persons are sinners are to have salvation a wonder. Nay, and this lie would do when under by him. Many other things might be added, but the rod of correction, which is appointed by God between persons so well agreed as you and I are, for parents to use, that thereby they miglit keep these may suffice at present.

But when an anta-their children from hell. Pr. xxii. 15; xxiii. 13, 14.1 gonist comes to deal with us about this matter, Atten. Truly it was, as I said, a bad beginthen we have for him often other strong argu- ning, he served the devil betimes; yea, he becamo ments, if be bo un antagonist worth the taking nurse to one of his brats, * for a spirit notice of,

of lying is the devil's brat, .for he is Atten. But, as was hinted before, he used to a liar and the father of it.' Jn. viii. 44. be the ring-leading sinner, or tlie master of mis- Wise. Right, he is the father of it indeed. A chief among other children; yet these are but lie is begot by the devil as the father, and is generals; pray therefore tell me in particular brought furth by the wicked heart as the mother; which were the sins of his childhood.

wherefore another scripture also saith, 'Why hath Wise. I will so. When he was but a child, he Satan filled thine heart to lie,' &c. Ac. v. 3, 4. Yea, Badman adlict.

so addicted to lying that bis be calleth the heart that is big with a lie, an heart % parents scarce knew when to believe that liath conceived, that is, by the devil

. Wliy he spake true; yea, he would invent, hast thou conceived this thing in thine heart? thou tell, and stand to the lies that he invented and hast not lied unto men, but unto God.' True, lis told, and that with such an audacious face, that lie was a lie of the highest nature, but every lie one might even read in his very countenance the bath the* same father and motlier as symptoms of a hard and desperate heart this way. had the lie last spoken of. •For he

ATTEN. This was an ill beginning indeed, and is a liar, and the father of it.' A lie argueth that he began to harden himself in sin then is the brat of hell, and it cannot be in the betimes. For a lie cannot be knowingly told and heartt before the person has comstood in, and I perceive that this was his manner mitted a kind of spiritual adultery with of way in lying, but he must as it were force his the devil. That soul therefore that telleth a known own heart unto it. Yea, he must make his * lie, has lien with, and conceived it by lying with • A lieknowing.

heart hard, and bold to do it. Yea, ly told demon- lie must be arrived to an exceeding · These Scriptures have often been perverted to justify the Lieart is despe- pitch of wickedness thus to do, since most cruel punishments inflicted on helpless children. 'The rately baru.

all this he did against that goud edu- word. zao, translated a rod,' is derived from the Hebrew cation, that before you seemed to hint he had or a staff, ihe emblems of government.

verb to govern,' and, as a noun, signifies a sceptre, a peu,

Brutal punishments, from his father and mother.

as practised in our army, navy, and schools, are not only inWise. The want of good education, as you have human and indecent, but have one direct tendency, that of intimated, is many times a cause why children do position. After bringing up a very large family, who are a

hardening the mind and instilling a vindictive ferocious disso easily, so soon, become bad; especially when blessing to their parents, I have yet to learn what part of the there is not only a want of that, but bad examples human body was created to be beaten. There are infinitely enough, as, the more is the pity, there is in many than that of bruising their flesh, or breaking their bones, ur

better modes of instructing, correctivg, and governing children, families; by virtue of which poor children are even of a box on the car.-(ED.)

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