appear to be greater extortioners than our men. I have taken the liberty of dividing this longThe instructions, exhortations, and scriptural pre- continued dialogue into chapters, for the greater cepts and examples to enforce honest dealing, in facility of reference, and as periods in the history, terspersed as reflections throughout this narrative, where the reader may conveniently rest in his proare invaluable, and will, I trust, prove beneficial to gress through this deeply interesting narrative. every reader.

Geo. Oppor.


As a curious and interesting illustration of the form and manner in which the Life of Badman was

first published, facsimiles of the five engravings that accompanied the first edition are given on this and the following page. These woodcuts are accurately copied from a fine set in the first edition, in the Editor's library. Very few of these rare volumes are found with the cuts, the reverse of each being blank. They are in the later copies, with letter-press on the reverse ; excepting the folio editions, which have the five engraved on one copper-plate, the designs being reversed.- ED.

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to go into several families, and not to arrest some, COURTEOUS Reader,

as for the king's messenger to rush into a house As I was considering with myself what I had full of traitors, and find none but honest men written concerning the Progress of the Pilgri:n there. I cannot but think that this shot will light from this world to glory, and how it had been upon many, since our fields are so full of this acceptable to many in this nation, it came again game; but how many it will kill to Mr. Badman's into my mind to write, as then, of him that was course, and make alive to the Pilgrim's Progress, going to heaven, so now, of the life and death of that is not in me to determine; this secret is with the ungodly, and of their travel from this world to the Lord our God only, and he alone knows to hell. The which in this I have done, and have whom he will bless it to so good and so blessed put it, as thou seest, under the name and title of an end. However, I have put fire to the pan,* and Mr. Badman, a name very proper for such a sub- doubt not but the report will quickly be heard. ject. I have also put it into the form of a dialogue, I told you before that Mr. Badman had left that I might with more ease to myself, and pleasure many of his friends and relations behind him, but to the reader, perform the work. And although, if I survive them, as that is a great question to me, as I said, I have put it forth in this method, yet I may also write of their lives; however, whether have I as little as may be gone out of the road of my life be longer or shorter, this is iny prayer at mine own observation of things. Yea, I think I present, that God will stir up witnesses against may truly say that to the best of my remembrance, them, that may either convert or confound them; all the things that here I discourse of, I mean as for wherever they live, and roll in their wickedness, to matter of fact, have been acted upon the stage they are the pest and plague of that country. of this world, even many times before mine eyes. England shakes and totters already, by reason of

Here therefore, courteous reader, I present thee the burden that Mr. Badman and his friends have with the life and death of Mr. Badman indeed; wickedly laid upon it. Yea, our earth reels and yea, I do trace him in his life, from his childhood staggereth to and fro like a drunkard, the transto his death; that thou mayest, as in a glass, be- gression thereof is heavy upon it. hold with thine own eyes the steps that take hold Courteous reader, I will treat thee now, even at of hell; and also discern, while thou art reading the door and threshold of this house, but only with of Mr. Badman's death, whether thou thyself art this intelligence, that Mr. Badman lies dead within. treading in liis path thereto. And let me entreat Be pleased therefore, if thy leisure will serve thee, thee to forbear quirking and mocking, for that I to enter in, and behold the state in which he is say Mr. Badman is dead; but rather gravely in- laid, betwixt his death-bed and the grave. He is quire concerning thyself by the Word, whether thou not buried as yet, nor doth he stink, as is designed art one of his lineage or no; for Mr. Badman has he shall, before he lies down in oblivion. Now as left many of his relations behind him; yea, the others have bad their funerals solemnized, accordvery world is overspread with his kindred. True, ing to their greatness and grandeur in the world, some of his relations, as he, are gone to their place so likewise Mr. Badman, forasmuch as he deserveth and long home, but thousands of thousands are not to go down to liis grave with silence, has his left behind ; as brothers, sisters, cousins, nephews, funeral state according to his deserts. besides innumerable of his friends and associates. Four things are usual at great men's funerals, I may say, and yet speak nothing but too much which we will take leave, and I hope without truth in so saying, that there is scarce a fellowship, offence, to allude to, in the funeral of Mr. Badman. a community, or fraternity of men in the world, but Firs. They are sumetimes, when dead, presome of Mr. Badınan's relations are there; yea, sented to their friends, by their completely wrought rarely can we find a family or household in a town, images, as lively as by cunning men's hands they where he has not left behind liim either a brother, can be; that the remembrance of them may be nephew, or friend.

renewed to their survivors, the remembrance of The butt? therefore, that at this time I shoot at, is wide; and it will be as impossible for this book

3 The office of a Christian minister is like that of a king's messenger, not only to comfort and reward the king's friends,

but to arrest his enemies. England was then overrun with 1 Quirk, an artful or subtle evasion of a truthtul home-thrust. the latter 'game.' Alas! there are too many of them now. - (Ed.)

May the revival of this shot light upon many.'-(Ev.) • Butt, a mark set up to shoot at. Some are always exposed * Fire to the par,' alluding to the mode of using fire-arms, to the wit and raillery of their wellwishers, pelted by friends and by applying a lighted match to the pan, before the fire-lock fues, in a word, staud as butts.'--Spectator, No. 47.-(ED.) was invented.-(Ed.)

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them and their deeds; and this I have endeavoureil | neither skin nor bone above ground, but shail set to answer in my discourse of Mr. Badman, and a sign by it till the buriers have buried it in the therefore I have drawn him forth in his features valley of Hamon-gog. Eze. xxxix. and actions from his childhood to his


hairs. Fourth. At funerals there does use to be mourn. Here therefore, thou hast him lively set forth as in ing and lamentation, but here also Mr. Badman cuts; both as to the minority, flower, and seniority differs from others; his familiars cannot lament of his age, together with those actions of his life, his departure, for they have not sense of his damthat he was most capable of doing, in and under nable state; they rather ring him, and sing him to those present circumstances of time, place, strength; hell in the sleep of death, in which he goes thither. and the opportunities that did attend him in these. Good men count him no loss to the world, his placo

Second. There is also usual at great men's fune- can well be without him, his loss is only his own, rals, those badges and escutcheons of their honour, and it is too late for him to recover that damage that they have received from their ancestors, or or loss by a sea of bloody tears, could he shed them. have been thought worthy of for the deeds and Yea, God has said he will laugh at his destruction ; exploits they have done in their life; and here Mr. who then shall lament for him, saying, Ah! my Badman has his, but such as vary from all men of brother. He was but a stinking weed in his life; worth, but so much the more agreeing with the nor was he better at all in his death; such mny merit of his doings. They all have descended in well be thrown over the wall without sorrow, when state, he only as an abominable branch. His once God lias plucked them up by the roots in luis deserts are the deserts of sin, and therefore the wrath. escutcheons of honour that he has, are only that Reader, if thou art of the race, lineage, stock, bo died without honour, ‘and at his end became a or fraternity of Mr. Badman, I tell thee, before thou fool.' • Thou shalt not be joined with them in readest this book, thou wilt neither brook the author burial.' • The seed of evil doers shall never be nor it, because he hath writ of Mr. Badman as ho renowned.' ls. xir. 20.

lias. For he that condemueth the wicked that die The funeral pomp therefore of Mr. Bailman, is so, passeth also the sentence upon the wicked that to wear upon his hearse the badges of a dis- live. I therefore expect neither credit of, nor honourable and wicked life; since his bones are countenance from thee, for this narration of thy full of the sin of his youth, which shall lie down,' kinsman's life. For thy old love to thy friend, his as Job sajs, ‘with him in the dust.' Nor is it fit ways, doings, &c., will stir up in thee enmity rather that any should be bis attendants, now at his in thy very heart against me. I shali therefore death, but such as withi hiim conspired against their incline to think of thee, that thou wilt rend, burii, own souls in their life; persons whose transgres- or throw it away in contempt; yea, and wish also, sions liave made them infamous to all that have that for writing so notorious a trutlı, some mischief or shall know what they have done.

may befal me.

I look also to be loaded by thee Some notice therefore I have also here in this with disdain, scorn, and contempt; yea, that thou little discourse given the reader, of them who were shouldest railingly and vilifyingly say I lie, and his confederates in his life, and attendants at his am a bespatterer of honest men's lives and deaths. death; with a hint, either of some high villany For Mr. Badman, when bimself was alive, could committed by then, as also of those judgments not abide to be counted a knave, though his actions that have overtaken and fallen upon them from the told all that went by, that indeed he was such an just and revenging hand of God. All which are How then should his brethren that survive things either fully known by me, as being eye and him, and that tread in his very steps, approve of ear-witness thereto, or that I have received from the sentence that by this book is pronounced against such bands, whose relation, as to this, I am bound him? Will they not rather imitate Korab, Dathan, to believe. And that the reader may know them and Abiram's friends, even rail at me for condemfrom other things and passages herein contained, ning him, as they did at Moses for doing execution? I have pointed at then in the margin, as with a I know it is ill puddling in the cockatrice's den, finger, thus: S

and that they run hazards that hunt the wild boar Third. The tunerals of persons of quality have The man also that writeth Mr. Badman's life had been solemnized with some suitable sermon at the need be fenced with a coat of mail, and with the time and place of their burial; but that I am not staff of a spear, for that his surviving friends will come to as yet, having got no further than to Mr. know what lie doth; but I have adventured to do Badman's death; but forasmuch as he must be it, and to play, at this time, at the hole of these buried, after he hath stunk out his time before his asps; if they bite, they bite; if they sting, they beholders, I doubt not but some such that we read sting. Christ sends liis lambs in the midst of are appointed to be at the burial of Gog, will do wolves, not to do like them, but to suffer by them this work in my stead; such as shall leave him for bearing plain testimony against their bad deeds.


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But liad one not need to walk with a guard, and change that place for heaven and glury. What to have a sentinel stand at one's door for this ? sayst thou, O wicked man? Would such an one, Verily, the flesh would be glad of such help; yea, thinkest thou, run again into the same course of a spiritual man, could he tell how to get it. Ac. xxiíilife as before, and venture the damnation that for But I am stript naked of these, and yet am com- sin he had already been in? Would he choose manded to be faithful in my service for Christ. again to lead that cursed life that afresh woulul Well then, I have spoken what I have spoken, and kindle the flames of hell upon him, and that would now come on me what will.' Job xiii. 13. True, the bind him up under the heavy wrath of Gou? 0! text say, Rebuke a scorner and he will hate thee; he would not, he would not; Lu. xvi. insinuates it; and that he that reprovetli a wicked man getteth yea, reason itself awake would abhor it, and himself a blot and shame. But what then? Open tremble at such a thought. rebuke is better than secret love, and he that 3. Suppose again, that thou that livest an:1 receives it shall find it so afterwards.

rollest iu thy sin, and that as yet hast known 10So then, whether Mr. Badman's friends shall thing but the pleasure thereof, shouldest be by rage or laugh at what I have writ, I know that an angel conveyed to some place, where, with conthe better end of the statiis mine. My endeavour venience, from thence tbou nightest have a view is to stop a liellish course of life, and to “save a of heaven and hell, of the joys of the one and the soul from death.' Joh. v. 20. And if for so duing I torments of the other; I say, suppose that from meet with envy from them, from whom in reason thence thou mightest have such a view thereof as I should have thanks, I must remember the man would convinco thy reason that both heaven and in the dream," that cut his way through his armed hell are such realities as by the Word they are enemies, and so got into the beauteous palace; I declared to be; wouldest thou, thinkest thon, when must, I say, remember him, and do myself likewise. brought to thy home again, choose to thyself thy

Yet four things I will propound to the consider- former life, to wit, to return to thy folly again? ation of Mr. Badman's friends before I turn my No; if belief of what thou sawest remained with back upon them.

thee thou wouldest eat fire and brimstone first. 1. Suppose that there be a hell in very dced ; 4. I will propound again. Suppose that there not that I do question it any more than I do was amongst us such a law, and such a magistrate whether there be a sun to shine, but I suppose it to inflict the penalty, that for every open

wickedfor argument sake with Mr. Badman's friends. Iness committed by thee, so much of thy flesh should say, suppose there be a hell, and that too such an with burning pincers bo plucked from thy bones, one as the Scripture speaks of, one at the remotest wouldest thou then go on in thy open way of lying, distance from God and life eternal, one where the swearing, drinking, and whoring, as thou with worm of a guilty conscience never dics, and where delight doest now? Surely, surely, no. The fear the fire of the wrath of God is not quenched. Sup- of the punishment would make thee forbear; yea, pose,

I say, that there is such a hell, prepared of would make theo tremble, even then when thy God—as there is indeed—for the body and soul of lusts were powerful, to think what a punishment the ungodly world after this life to be tormented thou wast sure to sustain so soon as the pleasure in; I say, do but with thyself suppose it, and then

But 0! the folly, the madness, the tell me is it not prepared for thee, thou being a desperate madness that is in the hearts of Mr. wicked man? Let thiy conscience speak, I say, Badman's friends, who, in despite of the threatenis it not prepared for thee, thou being an un- ings of a holy and sin-revenging God, and of tho godly man?

And dost thou think, wast thou outcrics and warnings of all good men, yea, that there now, that thou art able to wrestle with the will, in despite of the groans and torments of those judgment of God? Why then do the fallen angels that are now in bell for sin, go on in a sinful course tremble there? Thy hands cannot be strong, nor of life, yea, though every sin is also a step of can thy heart endure, in that day when God shall descent down to that infernal cave. Lu. xvi. 21, 28. deal with thee. Eze. xxii. It.

O how true is that saying of Solomon, • Thc heart 2. Suppose that some one that is now a soul in of the sons of men is full of evil, and madness is hell for sin, was permitted to come hither again m their heart while they live, and after that they to dwell, and that they had a grant also, that, go to the dead.' Ee. ix. 8. To the dead! that is, to upon amendment of life, next time they die, to the deal in hell

, to the damned dead, the place to

which those that have died bad men are gone, and ' In the single combat of quarter-staff, he who held the that those that live bad men are like to go to, best end of the staff usually gained the victory.-(ED.) when a little more sin, like stolen waters, hatlı

? Pilgrim's Progress, Interpreter's House, p. 100. This been imbibed by their sinful souls. is a remarkable illustration of a dillicult part of the allegoryfaithful adınonitions repaid by inurderous revenge, but over

That which has made me publish this book is, coinc by Christiau courage.--(ED.)

1. For that wickedness, like a flood, is like to


was over.


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