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so that the house of the forest of Lebanon was forty [First] I will therefore take it for granted that cubits
than was that called Solomon's temple: the house of the forest of Lebanon is a significative The breadth of Solomon's temple was twenty thing, yea, a figure of the church, as the temple cubits, but the breadth of the house of the forest at Jerusalem was, though not under the same conof Lebanon was fifty cubits: And as there is odds sideration. The temple was a figure of the church between threescore and fivescore, so there is also under the gospel, as she relateth to worship; but between twenty and fifty.
the house of the forest of Lebanon was a figure of As to their height, they were both alike; but that church as she is assaulted for her worship, as equality in height can no more make them the she is persecuted for the same. Or take it more same, than can a twenty years' age in two, make expressly thus: I take this house of the forest of them one and the same person.
Lebanon to be a type of the church in the wilderTheir porches also differed greatly; the porch of ness, or as she is in her sackcloth state. the temple was in length but twenty cubits, but the We read, before this house was built, that there length of that of the house of the forest of Lebanon was a church in the wilderness; and also, after this was fifty cubits. So that here also is thirty odds. house was demolished, that there would be a church The porch of the temple was but ten cubits broad; in the wilderness. Ac. vii. 38. Re. xii. 14. But we now but the porch of the house of the forest of Lebanon respect that wilderness state that the church of thirty cubits. Now, I say, who that considereth the New Testament is in, and conclude that this these disproportions, can conclude that the house house of the forest of Lebanon was a type and of the forest of Lebanon was none other than that figure of that; that is, of her wilderness state. called the temple of Jerusalem. For all this com- And, methinks, the very place where this house was pare i Ki. vi, 2, 3, with vii. 2, 6.
built does intimate such a thing; for this house was Third. If
you add to these the different makes not built in a town, a city, &c., as was that called of the houses, it will sufficiently appear that they the temple of the Lord, but was built in a kind were not one. Ine house of the forest of Lebanon of a wood, a wilderness; it was built in the forest
upon four rows of cedar pillars; but we of Lebanon, unto which that saying seems directly read of no such pillars upon which the temple stood. to answer. And to the woman,' the church, The windows of the house of the forest of Lebanon were given two wings of a great eagle, that sho stood in three rows, light against light; but we might ay into the wilderness into her place.' Re. read of no such thing in the temple. The temple xii. 14. A wilderness state is a desolate, a tempted, had two pillars before the door of its porch, but we an afflicted, a persecuted state. Je. ii. 6.
All which read not of thein before the door of the porch of is more than intimated by the witnesses wearing the house of the forest of Lebanon. In the sixth of, and prophesying in sackcloth, and also expresscd and seventh chapters of the first book of Kings, of by that Re, xii. these two houses, as to their make, are exactly set Answerable to this is that of the prophet conforth ; so that he thuc listeth may search and see, cerning this house of the forest of Lebanon, where if as to this I have not said the truth,
he says, 'Open thy doors, 0 Lebanon ! that the fire may devour thy cedars.' And again, *Howl,
What CHAP. II.
fir-tree; for the cedar is fallen.' Zec. xi. 1, 2.
can be more express ? The prophet here knocks at OF WHAT THE HOUSE OF THE FOREST OF LEBANON
the very door of the house of the forest of Lebanon,
and tells her that her cedars are designed for That the house of the forest of Lebanon was a fire; unto which also most plainly answer the flames house significant, I think is clear; also, if it had to which so many of the cedars of Lebanon,” God's not, we should not have had so particular an ac- saints, I mean, for many hundred years, have been count thereof in the holy Word of God: I read but delivered for their profession; and by which, as of four buildings wherein, in a particular manner, the houses or fabrics are, as to their manner of 2 The churches of Christ have snffered under bitter persebuilding, distinctly handled. The tabernacle is one, cution, and been in a wilderness state, from the primitive the temple another; the porch which he built for times, through Popish days, and under the relentless crueltics
suffered by the Covenanters and Nonconformists from the his throne, his throne for judgment; and this house Church of England. As the gospel spreads, it humanizes and of the forest of Lebanon is the fourth. Now the softens the hearts cvcu of the rebellious. The dread fire no three first, to wit, the tabernacle, the temple, the longer consumes the cedars of Lebanon. Still there remains porch and throne, wise men will say are typical; agaiust Christ and his spiritual seed. Not many years since
the contemptuous snecr, the scorn, the malice of the soul, and therefore so is this.
the two daughters of an evangelical clergyman, a D.D., came out, from strong and irresistible conviction, and united with
one of the straitest sects of Dissenters—the Plymouth Brethren. A common expression for difference.— What's the odds The unhappy parent could not brook the insult to his order, between us?'-(Ev.)
and died insane.-(ED.)
WAS A TYPE.
another prophet has it, for many days they have sertion, he calls those judgments the vijlence of fallen. Da xi. 33. Also when the king of Assyria Lebanon. That is, by way of comparison, such as came up with his army against Jerusalem, this was the violence done to Lebanon was. • The violence his vaunting, 'I am come - to the sides of Lebanon, of Lebanon shall cover thee; and the spoil of beasts and I will cut down the tall cedars thereof.' 18. Ixvii. 21. which made them (Lebanon) afraid, because of
What was this king of Assyria but a type of men’s blood, and for the violence of the land, of the beast made mention of in the New Testament? the city, and of all that dwell therein.' Hab. ii. 17. Now, saith he, I will cut down the cedars of Le- This is like that, .Reward her, even as she rebanon ; who
are, in our gospel times, the tall ones warded you, and double unto ber double according of the church of God. And I say again, in that to her works.' Re. xviii. 6. This the church doth by he particularly mentions Lebanon, he intends that her prayers. • The violence done to me and to house which Solomon built there, the which was my flesh be upon Babylon, shall the inhabitant of built as a fortification to defend the religion of the Zion say; and my blood upon the inhabitants of temple, as the saints now in the wilderness of the Chaldea, shall Jerusalem say.' Je. ll. 85. And then people are set for the defence of the gospel. But shall be fulfilled that which is written, Look what more of this anon.
they did unto Lebanon shall be done upto them. This house therefore was built to make assaults, Ob. 15. Eze. XXIV. 14, 15. and to be assaulted, as the church in the wilder- God has his time to return the evil that the eneness is; and hence the state of this house is com- mies do to his church, and he will do it when his pared to the condition of a woman in travail, time is come upon their own head; and this return struggling with her pains, as also we find the state is called the covering of them with the violence of of the church in the wilderness is—O inhabitant of Lebanon, or that violence showed to her in the day Lebanon, that makest thy nest in the cedars, how of her distress. It is yet further evident that gracious shalt thou be when pangs come upon this house of the forest of Lebanon was a type of thee, the pain as of a woman in travail!' Je. xii
. 23. the church in the wilderness :And again, “Verily, verily, I say unto you, That 1. For that she is called a tower, or place of forye
and lament,' and have sorrow, as a tification and defence; the same term that is given woman in travail. Jn. xvi. 20—22. Much answering to the church in a captivated state. Ca. vil.4. Ml. iv. 8–10. her case who, in her travails, and while 'pained to For as the church in the wilderness is compared be delivered,' was said even in this case to stand to a woman in travail, to show her fruitfulness to before the dragon, who with open mouth sought to God-ward in her most afflicted condition; so she is .destroy her fruit, so ‘soon as it was born.' Re. xii. 1–6. called a tower, to show her fortitude and courage,
Hence, again, when Christ calls his spouse out for God and his truth, against antichrist. I say to suffer, he calls or draws her out of his house in therefore, unto both these is she compared in that Lebanon, to look from the lions' dens, from the scripture last cited, the which you may peruse if mountains of the leopards,' to the things that are you please. A tower is a place of receipt for the invisible ; even as Paul said when he was in afflic. afflicted, and so is the church under the rage of tion, . We look not at the things which are seen.' antichrist; yea, and though it is the only place deCa. iv. 8. 2 Co. iv. 18. He draws them out thence, I signed by the enemy for ruin and destruction, yet say, as sheep appointed for the slaughter; yea, he it is the only place of safety in the world.? goeth before them, and they follow him thither. 2. This tower, this house of the forest of Le
Also, when the prophet foretells the affliction banon, it seems to be so built as to confront Damof the church, he expresses it by the fall of the ascus, the chief city of the king of Assyria ; and cedars of Lebanon, saying, The Lord shall cut in so doing it was a most excellent type of the down the thickets of the forest with iron; a little spirit and design of the church in the wilderness, afore called the axe and saw. And Lebanon shall who is raised up, and built to confront antichrist. fall by a mighty one. Is. I. 15, 34. And again, 'The Hence Christ calls some of the features of his earth mourneth and languisheth: Lebanon is church, and compares them to this. “Thy neck,' ashamed and hewn down.' Is. xxxiii. 9.
says he “is as a tower of ivory; thine eyes like the Do we think that the prophet prophesieth here fish-pools in Heshbon, by the gate of Bath-rabbim; against trees, against the natural cedars of Lebanon ? No, no, it is a prophecy touching the Bunyan not only experienced the richest enjoyments ini afflicted state of the church in the wilderness, of jail, but it is very probable that his life was saved for a few which Lebanon, I mean this house of the forest of years by his having lain in prison during the violent heat and
storm of persecution which raged in the early part of the reigu Lebanon, was a figure.
of Charles 11. Thus God mysteriously restrains the wrath of When God also threateneth the enemies of his man, and makes it to praise him. The damp unwholesome church in the wilderness with his judgments
, for dungeon, intended for his destruction, crowned him with pecu
liar honour, because, as in his Patmos, he there wrote his their cruel dealing with her in the day of her de- immortal book.—(Ed.)
OF THE LARGENESS OF THE IIOUSE OF THE FOREST
thy nose is as the tower of Lebanon which looketh subjoined in every particular place, where this toward Damascus.' Ca. vii. 4.
sorrow or joy of Lebanon is made mention of; for Thy nose, that great ornament of thy lovely coun- it is an usual thing with the Holy Ghost, when he tenance, is as a tower looking that way; so set, directs his speech to a man, to speak as if he as Christ says of his, as a flint. And this is a spake to a tree; and when he directs his voice to comely feature in the church, that her nose stands a king, to speak as if he intended the kingdom; so like a tower, or as he says in another place, like a when he speaks of the house, to speak as to the fenced brazen wall against Damascus, the metro forest of Lebanon, Instances many might be given. politan of her enemy: "for the head of Syria is Damascus.' Is. vii. 8.
CHAP. III. And as Christ thus compares his church, so she again returns, or compares the face of her Lord to the same, saying, “His legs are as pillars of marble, set upon sockets of fine gold: his countenance is The house of the forest of Lebanon was forty as Lebanon, excellent as the cedars.' Ca. v. 15. Thus cubits longer than was the temple at Jerusalem, to in Lebanon, in this brave house, is found the ex- show that the church in the wilderness would incellency of the church, and the beauty of Christ, crease more, and be far larger than she that had for that they are both as a rock, with glory and peace and prosperity. And as it was forty cubits majesty, bended against the enemies of the truth. longer, so it was thirty cubits wider, still showing • The face of the Lord is against them that do evil.' that every way she would abound. Hence they Pillars his legs are here compared to, and pillars that came out of great tribulation, when compared were they that upheld this house, this tower, which with others, are said to be a numberless number, thus bravely was built with its face confronting the or a multitude which no man could number, of all enemy's country.
nations, and kindreds, and people, and tongues. Second. That this house of the forest of Lebanon · These,' saith one, are they which came out of was a type of the church in affliction, yet further great tribulation, and have washed their robes, and appears, for that at the fall of Babylon her cedars made them white in the blood of the Lamb; theroare said to rejoice in special. The fir-trees rejoice fore are they before the throne of God.' Re. vii. 14, 15. at thee, and the cedars of Lebanon, saying, Since The church, as it respected temple-worship, was thou art laid down, no feller is come up against us.'confined to the land of Canaan ; but our New Tes
This is at the destruction of Babylon, the tament persecuted one is scattered among the type of that called antichrist.
nations, as a flock of sheep are scattered in a wood But why should Lebanon, the cedars in Lebanon, or wilderness. Hence they are said to be in the in an especial manner here, be said to rejoice at wilderness of the people,' fitly answering to this his downfall: doubtless to show that as the enemy house of the forest of Lebanon. Eze, xx. 95–37. made his inroad upon Jerusalem; so in a particular But though the house exceeded in length and manner Lebanon, and the house there, were made breadth the temple of Jerusalenı, yet as to their to smoke for it. Is. xxxvii, 24. Je. xxiL 23. Zec. xi. 1. This height they were the same, to show that what answereth to that, “Rejoice over her thou heaven; acts that in the wilderness doth, above what they and ye holy apostles and prophets, for God hath have been capable to do, that have not been in that avenged you of her.' Hence again, when he speaks condition; yet the nature of their grace is the same. of giving glory to his afflicted church, for all the Ro. IV. 27. 1 Pe. l. 1. sorrow which she hath sustained in her bearing But, I say, as for length and breadth, the church witness for the truth against antichrist, he calls it in the wilderness exceeds more than the house of the glory of Lebanon. That is, as I take it, the the forest of Lebanon did that of the temple at glory that belongs to her, for the afflictions which Jerusalem, as it is written; · More are the children she underwent for his name. • The glory of Le- of the desolate than the childreu of the married banon shall be given unto it.' Is. XXXV. 2. And again, wife, saith the Lord.' And again : “Thou shalt • The glory of Lebanon shall come unto thee. Is break forth on the right hand and on the left; and
These are promises to the church for her thy seed shall inherit the Gentiles, and make the suffering of affliction, and they are made unto her desolate cities to be inhabited.' Is. liv. 1–3. This is as she bears the name of Lebanon, who or which spoken of the church in the wilderness, that was was her type in those havocs made in it, when the made up chiefly of the Gentiles, of which the house enemy, as I said, assaulted the church of old. of the forest of Lebanon was a figure; and how she
Thus by these few lines I have showed you that at last shall recover herself from the yoke and tyrthere was a similitude betwixt this house in the forest anny of antichrist. And then she shall shoulder of Lebanon, and our gospel church in the wilderness. it with her adversary, saying, "Give place to mo, Nor necd we stumble because this word house is not that I may dwell.' Is. xlix. 20.
Ls. xiv. 8.
And I will add, it was not only thus magnificent die by the sword of the Spirit. But because the for length and breadth, but for terror; it wus weapons of the church, though none of them are compacted after the manner of a castle, or strong- carnal, be so talked of in the world, the blind are hold, as was said before. It was a tower built for yet more afraid of her than they in this manner an armoury, for Solomon put there his two hundred are like to be hurt by her, and therefore they of targets and three hundred shields of gold. 2 Ch. ix. old have peeled,and polled, and endeavoured to 15, 16.
This place therefore was a terror to the spoil her all along, sending their servants, and heathen, on that side of the church especially, saying to their bailiffs and sheriffs, •Go - to a because she stood with her nose so formidable nation scattered and peeled, to a people terrible against Damascus: no marvel therefore if the from their beginning, - a nation meted out and implacable cried out against them, Ilelp, 'men of trodden down, whose land the rivers have spoiled! Israel, help!' And, “Will ye rebel against the Is. xviit, 2. But this people shall prevail, though not king?' Ac. xxi. 28. Ne. ii. 19.
by worldly force; her God will deliver her. And For it is the terror, or majesty and fortitude, then, or at that time, shall the present be brought which God has put upon the church in the wilder- to the Lord of hosts of a people scattered and ness, that makes the Gentiles so bestir them to peeled, and from a people terrible from their have her under foot. Besides, they misapprehend beginning hitherto; a nation meted out and trodden concerning her, as if she was for destroying kings, under foot, whose land the rivers have spoiled, to for subverting kingdoms, and for bringing all to the place of the name of the Lord of hosts, the desolation, and so they set themselves against her, Mount Zion.' Is. xviii. 7. crying, These that have turned the world upside Now thus did the house of the forest of Lebanon down are come hither also; whom Jason hath provoke; it was built defensively, it had a tower, received: and these all do contrary to the decrees it had armour; its tower confronted the enemy's of Cæsar, saying that there is another king, one land. No marvel then, if the king of Assyria so
. Jesus.' Ac. xvii. 5–7. Indeed, the very name of threatened to lay his army on the sides of Lebanon Jesus is the very tower of the Christian church, and to cut down the tall cedars thereof. 18. xxxvii. 24. and that by which she frights the world, but not The largeness, therefore, and prowess of the designedly, but through their misunderstanding; church, by reason of her inherent fortitude and for neither she, nor her Jesus, is for doing them the valorous acts that she hath done by suffering, any hurt; however, this is that which renders her by prayer, by faith, and a constant enduring of yet in their eye' terrible as an army with banners.' hardship for the truth, doth force into the world a
How then could she escape persecution belief, through their own guilt and clamours of for a time, for it was the policy of Jeroboam. 1 Ki. conscience against them for their debaucheries,
And it is yet the policy of the nations that this house of the forest of Lebanon will destroy to secure themselves against this their imagined them all when she shall be delivered from her serdanger, and therefore to use all means, as Pharaoh vitude. • Come now, therefore,' saith Balak to did, to keep this people low enough, saying, 'Come Balaam, and curse me this people,' if peradvenon, let us deal wisely with them, lest they mul- ture I may overcome them: when he might have tiply, and it come to pass that when there falleth let them pass peaceably by, and they would not out any war, they join also to our enemies, and have lifted up a finger against him. Wherefore, fight against us, and so get them up out of the from all these things it appears that the house of land.' Ex. i. 10.
the forest of Lebanon was a type of the church in But could the house of Lebanon, though a for the wilderness. tified place, assault Damascus ? Could it remove from the place on which God had set it? It only
CHAP. IV. was a place of defence for Judah, or for the worship of the temple. And had the adversary let
FOREST OF LEBANON WAS MADE. the temple-worship and worshippers alone, the shields and targets in the house of the forest of The foundation of the house of the forest of Lebanon had not been uncovered, had not been Lebanon was of the same great stones which were made bare against them. The same may now be laid in the foundation of the temple of the Lord. said of the church in the wilderness, she moveth 1 Ki. vii. 2–11. And this shows that the church in no sedition, she abideth in her place; let her the wilderness has the same foundation and suptemple-worshippers but alone, and she will be as if port as had the temple that was at Jerusaleni, she were not in the world; but if you afflict her, though in a state of sackcloth, tears, and afflic• Fire proceedeth out of their mouth and devoureth their enemies; and if any man will hurt then, he pilled and polled by its own flocks.—South, Ser. 11. v. 5.)
Pill, to rob; poll, to eract, to extort." The church is must in this manner be killed.' Re. xi, á
Ca. vi. 10.
OF THE MATERIALS OF WHICH THE HOUSE OF THE
And so (ED.)
tion, the lot of the church in the wilderness ; for, and have fairly, and in cool blood, laid them down she, while there, is to how). Zec. xl. 2. Now since before the world, God, angels, and men, for the the foundation is the same, what is it but to show confirming of the truth which they have professed. also that she, though in an afflicted condition, shall Ac. IV. 26. Re. xii. 11. These are pillars, these are certainly stand; The gates of hell shall not pre- strong ones indeed. It is meet, therefore, that vail against it.' Mat. xvi. 18. Her confronting idola- the church in the wilderness, since she was to trous nations is therefore a sign of her troubles, resemble the house of the forest of Lebanon, should not any prediction of a fall. Her rock is stead-be furnished with these mighty ones.
. fast, not like the rock of her adversaries, the Cedars! the same that the holiest of all in the enemy being judges. De. xxxii. 31.
temple was covered within, and that house was a But that which in special I take notice of is, figure of heaven, to show that the church of God that I find, in a manner, in this house of the forest in the wilderness, how base and low soever in the of Lebanon, nothing but pillars, and beams, great judgment of the world, is yet the only heaven that timber, and thick beams, and of those was the God hath among the children of men. house builded; pillars to hold up, and thick beams many nations, many kingdoms, many countries, to couple together, and thus was the house finished. and many cities, but the church in the wilderness I read not here of any garnishing, either of the was but one, and she was the heaven that God has pillars, beams, doors, posts, walls, or any part of here; hence she is called, • Thou heaven. Rejoice the house; all was plain, without garnish, fitly over her thou heaven.' Re. xviii. 20. representing the state of the church in the wilder- when the combustion for religion is in the church ness, which was clothed with sackcloth, covered in the wilderness it is said to be in heaven— And with ashes, wearing her mourning weeds, with her there was war in heaven. Michael and his angels tears upon her cheeks, and a yoke or band about fought against the dragon; and the dragon fought, her neck. Is. lil. 1, 2; lxi. 3.
and his angels.' Re. xii. 7. By this kind of description we may also note The church therefore loseth not all her titles of with what kind of members this house, this church honour, no, not when at the lowest, she is God's is furnished. Here, as I said, that is, in the house heaven still; though she may not be called now a of the forest of Lebanon, you find pillars, pillars, crown of glory, yet she is still God's lily amongst so in the church in the wilderness. O the mighty thorns; though she may not be called the church ones of which this church was compacted! they of Jerusalem, yet she may the church in the wilwere all pillars, strong, bearing up the house derness; and though she may not be called Soloagainst wind and weather; nothing but fire and mon's temple, yet she may the house of the forest sword could dissolve them. As therefore this of Lebanon. Cedars! cedars are tall and sweet, house was made up of great timber, so this church and so are the menibers of the church in the in the wilderness was made of giants in grace. wilderness. O their smell, their scent, it hath These men had the faces of lions; no prince, no been as the wine of Lebanon.' Ho. xiv. 5–7, They king, no threat, no terror, no torment, could make that have gone before have left this smell still in them yield; they loved not their lives unto the the nostrils of their survivors, as that both fragrant death. They have laughed their enemies in the and precious. face, they have triumphed in the flames.
This house of the forest of Lebanon was builded They were pillars, they were pillars of cedar: upon four rows of cedar pillars.' 1 Ki vil. 2. These the cedar is the highest tree in the world ;' where-four rows were the bottom pillars, those upon which fore in that this house was made of cedar, it may the whole weight of the house did bear. The Holy be to denote that in the church in the wilderness, Ghost saith here four rows, but says not how many however contemned by men, was the highest per- were in a row. But we will suppose them to alludle fection of goodness, as of faith, love, prayer, holy to the twelve apostles, or to the apostles and proconversation, and affection for God and his truth. phets, upon whose foundation the church in the For indeed none ever showed the like, none ever wilderness is said to be built. Ep. ii. 20. showed higher cedars than those that were in Leb- then it shows that as the house of the forest of anon. None ever showed higher saints than were Lebanon stood upon these four rows of pillars, as they in the church in the wilderness. Others the names of the twelve tribes stood in four rows talked, these have suffered; others have said, these of precious stones upon Aaron's breastplate when have done ; these have voluntarily taken their lives he went into the holiest, so this house, or church in their hands, for they loved them not to the death; in the wilderness, stands upon the doctrine of the
apostles and prophets. Ex. xxvii. 17; xxxix. 10. But · Maundrel measured a cedar which was thirty-six feet six because it only saith it stood upon four rows, not inches in girth, and one hundred and eleren feet in the spread of its boughs; the foliage is ever green, and it mounts up to specifying any number, therefore as to this we may an enormous height.-(En.)
say nothing certain, yet I think such a conjecturo
And if so,