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God. God will now, when he returneth to Jeru- was figured forth by the throne of Solomon, in the salem, bring his seat with him to signify his sit-days when that city was in its prosperity ; which ting down in the midst of his people, to be their throne, to show the majesty and commanding company-keeper for ever.
awe that then that city had over all, both far and [Import of the word THRONE.] •But the throne near, it had, for the bearers of the steps, twelve of God - shall be in it.' By this word. throne,' we lions, six on this side, and six on that side of the are to understand yet further these particular throne. 1 Ki. 10, 18–20. This city shall then be the things—
head and chief, but the tail and reproach no more. First
. How blessed a state this city will be in Glorious things are spoken of thee, O city of God.' at all times for the answer of prayer! The throne Ps. lxxxvii. 3. of God will be in the midst of them; the throne of
* And his servants shall serve him.' That is, grace, the mercy-seat, they will be open now to all HIM ONLY. Indeed his servants serve him always, the inhabitants of this city; yea, the fame thereof but yet withal they do too too often serve with the shall so spread that it shall be rumoured among all wills and lusts of men, even in their service and the nations that in Jerusalem God will be found worshipping God; that is, they serve him in much speedily; that in Jerusalem the God of heaven and affliction, temptation, fear, and persecution; but eternal mercy is found at all times by them that then they shall serve him without any of these. seek his face. “Mine house,' said he, “shall be Yea, 'they shall take them captives, whose capcalled a house of prayer for all people. Is. Ivi. 7. tives they were, and they shall rule over their Yea, many people, and strong nations, shall at that oppressors. And it shall come to pass in the day day come to seek the Lord at Jerusalem, and to (O city) that the Lord shall give thee rest from thy pray before the Lord. And at that day the very sorrow, - and from the hard bondage wherein thou fasts of the house of God shall be to the house wast made to serve,' Is. xiv. 2, 3, and thou shalt serve of Judah joy and gladness, and cheerful feasts; the Lord thy God without fear, in holiness and therefore, love the truth and peace.' Zec. viii. 19–22. righteousness before him all the days of thy life.'
Second. The throne of God being now established Lu. i. 74, 75. in this city, what a government, what rule, what * And they shall see his face.' This also argueth a life of holiness and godliness, what dread and a very great dispensation of grace and mercy to majesty will now be in the hearts of all the sons this Jerusalem. When God did deliver up his of this city! How to a hair's-breadth will he people into the hand of the king of Babylon, he command and guide them with his eye at all times, said it should be done in fury and in anger, and that when they should either turn to the right hand or for their wickedness he would hide his face from to the left. What wisdom, I say, what holiness, his city. De. xxi, 17. Je. xxxiii. 5. Wherefore, by the what grace and life will be found in all their words sight of his face here, we are to understand that and actions? Is. xlviii. 17. The throne of God is glorious visible appearance of God that then will among them, from which there will come continual be for this city and people in the face of all the influence, light, and splendour, into all their hearts. world. 1 Pe. iii. 12. For by the face of God we are • Hear ye the word of the Lord, O ye nations, and to understand the discovery of his severity, provideclare it in the isles afar off, and say, He that dences, and wonderful outgoings among the sous scattereth Israel will gather him and keep him, as of men. Job vi. 8–13. As also the glorious breaking a shepherd doth his sheep. For the Lord hath forth of grace, mercy, and forgiveness through redeemed Jacob, and ransomed him from the hand Christ Jesus, all which the people of God shall of him that was stronger than he. Therefore they then most marvellously see and behold. Ile. i 1–3. shall come and sing in the height of Zion, and shall 2 Co. iv. 6. flow together to the goodness of the Lord, for First. They shall see his severity and judgments wheat, and for wine, and for oil, and for the young upon the whore. of the flock, and of the herd, and their soul shall Second. They shall see how God, by his strange be as a watered garden, and they shall not sorrow judgments and works of wonder, hath brought any more at all.' Je. xxxi. 10–12.
this about. • Who shall not fear thee, O Lord, Third. The throne of God being in this city, and glorify thy name? for thou only art holy: for there is also thereby discovered what sway and all nations shall come and worship before thce, for commanding an authority this city will have at thy judgments are made manifest.' Re. xv. 4. • They this day, as I have already showed you, over all that are delivered from the noise of archers in the the earth. Is. ii. 9, 10. •The Lord also shall roar places of drawing water, there shall they rehearse out of Zion and utter his voice from Jerusalem, and the righteous acts of the Lord, even the righteous the heavens and the earth shall shake, but the acts towards the inhabitants of his villages in Israel.' Lord will be the hope of his people, and the Ja. v. 11. strength of the children of Israel.' Joel iii. 16. This Third. And as for his mercy, they shall see that
their horn is exalted, and that they are near to calf and the young lion and the fatling together,
and a little child shall lead them. - The lion shall • And his name shall be in their foreheads.' eat straw like the ox. And the suckling shall And his name.' That is, his fear and image, it play on the hole of the asp, and the weaned child shall appear in all their doings. Sometimes he shall put his hand on the cockatrice' den. They saith he will write his fear and law in their hearts shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain, and minds. Which fear and law is all one with saith the Lord.' Is. xi. 6–9; lvi. 3—5. that which in this place he calleth his name in Blessed is he whose lot it will be to see this holy their foreheads. The forehead of a man is the city descending and lighting upon the place that place above all parts of the body that is most shall be prepared for her situation and rest! Then naked and plain to be beheld of all that pass by: will be a golden world; wickedness shall then be wherefore, when he saith their Father's name shall ashamed, especially that which persecutes the be in their foreheads, it is as if he had said, the church. Holiness, goodness, and truth, shall then, ,
, profession of my people shall now be open, and the with great boldness, countenance, and reverence, beauty of it apparent to all beholders; ‘I will make' walk upon the face of all the earth. “From the them, saith God, a name and a praise among all rising of the sun, even unto the going down of the people of the earth, when I turn back your cap- same, my name shall be great among the Gentiles ; tivity before your eyes.' Zep. iii. 20. Every face and in every place incense shall be offered unto my shall then shine with oil, as well as every heart be name, and a pure offering: for my name shall be replenished with milk and wine. This was held great among the heathen, saith the Lord of hosts.' forth by the memorial that the Israelites were to Mal. i. 11. It will be then always summer, always wear, at God's command, between their eyes; sunshine, always pleasant, green, fruitful, and which memorial was the doctrine of unleavened beautiful to the sons of God. And it shall come bread and of the paschal lamb, the doctrine of to pass in that day that the mountains shall drop faith and holiness. Ex. xiii. 6–9. 1 Co. v. 8. Wherefore, down new wine, and the hills shall flow with milk, by name here, he means the faith and holiness of and all the rivers of Judah shall flow with waters, the gospel, which in those days shall walk openly and a fountain shall come forth of the house of the with honour, with reverence, and esteem before Lord, and shall water the valley of Shittim. - And
At this day the world will, as I have Judah shall dwell for ever, and Jerusalem from said, be so far off from opposing and persecuting, generation to generation.' Joel fi. 18, 20. And the that they shall wonder, and tremble, and fear before name of the city from that day shall be, The Lord this people; yea, be taken, affected, and pleased is there.' Eze. xlvili. 35. O blessedness! And he with the welfare of this beloved. • The mountains said unto me, These sayings are faithful and true: and the hills shall break forth before her into sing and the Lord God of the holy prophets sent his ing, and all the trees of the field shall clap their angel to show unto his servants the things that hands.' Is. Iv. 12. All nations shall call them must shortly be done.' Re. xxii. 6. blessed, for they shall be a delightsome land, saith I conclude therefore with that earnest groan of the Lord of hosts. Mal. iii. 12. The waters of Noah Moses, the man of God, ‘0 satisfy us early with shall now be no more, the tumultuous multitudes thy mercy, that we may rejoice and be glad all shall now be gone, and there will be no more sea. our days. - Make us glad according to the days Is. liv. 9. Ps. Ixv. 7; lxxxix. 9. Re. xxi. 1, 2. Now therefore the wherein thou hast afflicted us, and the
may be gathering their olive-branches, and in we have seen evil. Let thy work appear unto also find rest for the soles of their feet, while the thy servants, and thy glory unto their children. ark shall rest upon the mountains of Ararat. And let the beauty of the Lord our God be upon Ge. viii. 4, 5.
us; and establish thou the work of our hands upon • The wolf also shall (now) dwell with the lamb, us; yea, the work of our hands establish thou it.' and the leopard shall lie down with the kid ; the Pr, xc. 14–17.
SOLOMON'S TEMPLE SPIRITUALIZED;
GOSPEL LIGHT FETCHED OUT OF THE TEMPLE AT JERUSALEM,
TO LET US MORE EASILY INTO TIIE GLORY OF NEW TESTAMENT TRUTHIS.
'Thou son of man, sher the house to the house of Israel; sher them the form of the house, and the fashion thereof, and
the goings out thereof, and the comings in thereof, and all the forms thereof, and all the ordinances thereof, and all the forms thereof, and all the laws thereof.'—Ezek. xliii. 10, 11.
Londun : Printed for, and sold by George Larkin, at the Two Swans without Bishopgate, 1688.
ADVERTISEMENT BY THE EDITOR.
Or all the wonders of the world, the temple of talents of silver ; brass and iron without weight, Solomon was beyond comparison the greatest and timber and stone also, and all manner of cunning the most magnificent. It was a type of that workmen.' 1 Ch. xxii. And lest his heart should temple not made with hands, eternal in the heavens, fail before a work so vast, • David said to Soloof that city whose builder and maker is God, and mon, Be strong and of good courage, and do it; which, at the consummation of all things, shall fear not, nor be dismayed: for the Lord God, even descend from heaven with gates of pearl and street my God, will be with thee; he will not fail thee, of pure gold as shining glass, and into which none nor forsake thee, until thou hast finished all the but the ransomed of the Lord shall enter. Jesus, work for the service of the house of the Lord.' the Lamb of God, shall be its light and glory and xxviii. 20. Thus furnished with wisdom from above, temple; within its walls the Israel of God, with with materials and with cunning workmen, and, the honour of the Gentiles, shall be brought in a above all, with the approbation and protection of state of infinite purity. No unclean thing will be his God, Solomon commenced, and eventually able to exist in that dazzling and refulgent bright- finished, this amazing structure, and fitted it to ness which will arise from the perfection of holiness receive the sacred implements, all of which, to the in the immediate presence of Jehovah; and of this, minutest particular, had been made by Moses, as well as of the whole Christian dispensation, the after their pattern, which was shewed him in the temple of Solomon was a type or figure. It would mount.' El. XXV. 40. have been impossible for the united ingenuity of Every part of the building, including the founall mankind, or the utmost stretch of human pride, dation, its altar, its courts, the holy of holies, all to have devised such a building, or to have con- the utensils, and the ark, were types of that more ceived the possibility of its erection. The plan, glorious system which, in the fulness of time, apthe elevation, the whole arrangement of this peared as the antitype, and perfected the Divine gorgeous temple, proceeded from the Divine Archi- revelation.
The temple becomes therefore an tect. Ile who created the wondrous universe of object of our special attention as a light to guide nature condescended to furnish the plan, the detail, us while searching into gospel truths. the ornaments, and even the fashion of the utensils Under the peculiar aid of Divine guidance and of this stately building. “David gave to Solomon protection, this sumptuous structure was finished, his son the pattern of the porch, and of the houses and most deeply impressive were the ceremonies thereof, and of the treasuries thereof, and of the on the day of its consecration. Solomon had upper chambers thereof, and of the inner parlours made to himself an everlasting name, and it would thereof, and of the place of the mercy seat, and be natural to expect that in such a scene of splenthe pattern of all that he had bY THE SPIRIT, of did triumph he would have felt exalted to the the courts of the house of the Lord, and of all proudest height that human nature was capable of the chambers round about, of the treasuries of the attaining. But Solomon had not only heard of house of God, and of the treasuries of the dedicated God by the hearing of the car, but by internal things.' 1 Ch. xxviii. 11, 12. • Now, behold I have pre-communion had seen and conversed with him. He pared for the house of the Lord an hundred thou- could say with Job, when he had been restored sand talents of gold, and a thousand thousand from the deepest abasement to an elevated posi
tion, · Mine eye seeth thee, wherefore I abhor all not only without fear, but with solemn joy. myself, and repent in dust and ashes.' Thus, in The cost of Solomon's temple has been estimated Solomon's beautiful prayer on the dedication of at eight hundred thousand millions of money: if this gorgeous temple, he humbly inquires, . Will this is true, still how infinitely inferior is that vast God in very deed dwell with men on the earth? sum to the inconceivable cost of the eternal temple, behold, heaven and the heaven of heavens cannot with its myriads of worshippers, for which the Son contain thee; how much less this house that I of God paid the ransom, when he made the atonehave built?' 2 Ch. vi. 18. Thus was completed the ment for transgression, and built that imperishmost perfect, splendid, and magnificent building able temple which neither human nor satanic that was ever erected by human hands. Still it malevolence can ever destroy, and in which every was only a type of that infinitely more glorious spiritual worshipper will be crowned with an everantitype, the Christian dispensation. «Most stately lasting weight of glory. and magnificent is the fabric of God's house, While we cannot doubt but that the temple and yielding admirable delight to such whom free its services contained many types highly illustrative grace has vouchsafed to give spiritual eyes to dis- of the Christian dispensation, incautious attempts cern it; far surpassing the splendour of its ancient to find them may lead to fanciful interpretations type, the temple of Solomon, which was once the which tend to cloud, rather than to elucidate gospel wonder of the world. A greater than Solomon truths. Bunyan very properly warns his readers is here.' "The Branch he shall build the temple against giving the reins to their imaginations and of the Lord'—the more glorious, spiritual, eternal indulging in speculations like those fathers, who in temple. Zec. vi. 12.
every nail, pin, stone, stair, knife, pot, and in alIn a few hundred years after the temple of most every feather of a sacrificed bird could discern Solomon was finished, this sumptuous structure strange, distinct, and peculiar mysteries. The was doomed to destruction, like all the fading same remark applies to the Jewish rabbies, who in handiwork of man. Sin enervated the nation which their Talmud are full of mysterious shadows. From should have protected it; while the immensity of these rabbinical flints some have thought to extract its riches excited the cupidity of a neighbouring choice mystical oil to supple the wheels of their royal robber. It was plundered, and then set on fancy-to use a homely expression. Such Jewish fire; the truth of the declaration made by Job rabbies and Christian fathers limped and danced upon the perishable works of man was eminently upon one learned leg, to the amazement of all bedisplayed — For man to labour he is born, and holders, but not to their edification; their lucubrathe sons of the burning coal they mount up flut- tions may amuse those who have patience to read tering. "? In a few days the labour of years, aided them, but they afford no instruction. Even the by unbounded wealth and resources, was reduced learned Samuel Lee, whose work on the templo to a heap of ashes. And now, after a lapse of abounds with valuable information, has strongly about twenty-five centuries, accompanied by John tinctured it with pedantry. It is seldom that a more Bunyan, 'a cunning workman,' as our guide, we curious jumble is found than in the following paraare enabled to contemplate the account given us graph:—The waxen comb of the ancient figures of this amazing edifice recorded in the volume of and typical eels is fully matted and rolled up in truth, and to compare that utmost perfection of shining tapers, to illuminate temple students in human art, aided from heaven, with the infinitely finding out the honey that couches in the carcass superior temple in which every Christian is called of the slain Lion of the tribe of Judah.' There is to worship—to enter by the blood of the everlast- no fear of Bunyan's indulging his readers with the ing covenant into the holiest of all, the way con- vagaries of the Jewish rabbies or Christian fathers secrated by the cross and sufferings of Christ, -his converse was limited to the prophets and without the intervention of priest or lordly prelate apostles. His object is to make us familiar with —without expensive victims to offer as a type of those types exhibited in the temple and alluded to expiation—without limit of time, or space, or by the inspired writers of the New Testament; to place, the poorest and most abject, with the use a Puritan expression, he would enable us to wealthiest—the humbled beggar and the humbled plough with our spiritual Samson's heifer to exmonarch have equal access to the mercy seat, pound the riddle, and thus discover the dark patterns sacrificing those sinful propensities which are the of heavenly things, He. ix. 23, 24, Among the many cause of misery, and pleading the Saviour's merits striking objects to which Bunyan directs our wonbefore the eternal Jehovah. Christ has conse- dering eyes, a few should excite our deeper attencrated the way, and we enter into the holiest of tion while we accompany him in viewing this mar
vellous temple. Lee's Solomon's Temple portrayed by Scripture Light. Dedication. ? Job v. 7, literally translated from the Hebrew.
3 Lee's Solomon's Temple, p. 173. 4 Ibid. p. 166.
1. All the materials that were used required pre- of the prophets and apostles, Jesus Christ being paration. The stones must be quarried, squared, the chief corner stone. Reject all the inventions and fitted for the building with many a hard knock of man and all human authority in the worship and cutting of the chisel. So must you and I, my of God. readers, pass through the new birth, and be prepared 5. The temple was so built that the worshippers by the Holy Spirit to fit us for the spiritual build- looked to the west toward the holy of holies. All ing composed of living stones; and if not made the superstitions and idolatrous notions of man lead meet for that building, we shall be eventually found him to turn to the east, to worship the rising sun. lifting up our eyes in torment.
• The heathen made the chief gates of their temples 2. Very solemn is the consideration insisted on towards the west, that these stupid worshippers, by our author—that all sons are servants to assist drawing nigh to their blind, deaf, and dumb deities, in building this spiritual edifice, but all servants might have their idols rising upon them out of the are not sons to inherit a place in it; an awful east.’l The temple as a type, and Christianity as thought, that there have been and now are servants the antitype, run counter to such idolatrous absuremployed in the conversion of sinners, and in build- dities and folly. ing up the saints, who never did nor never will 6. Christian, be content with whatever may be worship in that temple. Let us examine ourselves your lot, however humble your place in the church before we enter that dreary abode, to which we are and world. Soon will it be changed for the better. hastening; 'for there is no work nor device, nor In this world we are working men, and must be knowledge, nor wisdom in the grave, whither thou content to be clad and fed as such, that we may goest.' Ec. ix. 10.
be fitted for our solemn aud joyful change. Soon 3. Are we zealously affected to forward the work, we shall put on our church-going holiday suit and be careful then as to the materials we use, 'living | partake all the dainties of the heavenly feast, the stones' not wood, hay, or stubble. May all our glories of the New Jerusalem. Reader, these are persuasions be constantly used to bring poor samples of the prominent truths which will occupy thoughtless sinners to repentance but introduce your attention, while accompanying Bunyan in them not as members of that house until you have your interesting visit to Solomon's Temple. May a scriptural hope that they have passed from death you richly enjoy your survey of that astonishing unto life—that they are believers in Jesus, and have building, under so trusty and experienced a guide. brought forth fruit meet for repentance.
Geo. Ofror. 4. All the foundation, the superstructure, the furniture, must be according to the written word
Lee's Solomon's Temple, p. 232.
TO THE CHRISTIAN READER.
COURTEOUS CHRISTIAN READER,
enjoined on others, are dead, may minister light to
And hence the New Testament ministers, as I have, as thou by this little book mayest see, ad- the apostles, made much use of Old Testament ventured, at this time, to do my endeavour to show language, and ceremonial institutions, as to their thee something of the gospel-glory of Solomon's signification, to help the faith of the godly in their temple: that is, of what it, with its utensils, was preaching of the gospel of Christ. a type of; and, as such, how instructing it was to I may say that God did in a manner tie up the our fathers, and also is to us their children. The church of the Jews to types, figures, and similiwhich, that I might do the more distinctly, I have tudes; I mean, to be butted and bounded” by them handled particulars one by one, to the number of in all external parts of worship. Yea, not only threescore and ten; namely, all that of them I the Levitical law and temple, but, as it seems to could call to mind; because, as I believe, there was me, the whole land of Canaan, the place of their not one of them but had its signification, and so lot to dwell in, was to them as ceremonial, or a something profitable for us to know.
figure. Their land was a type of heaven, their For, though we are not now to worship God in passage over Jordan into it a similitude of our these methods, or by such ordinances, as once the going to heaven by death. He. iii. 5–10. The fruit of old church did: yet to know their methods, and their land was said to be uncircumcised. Le. xix. 28. to understand the nature and signification of their ordinances, when compared with the gospel, may,
? Legal terms to define the boundaries of an estate, butted even now, when themselves, as to what they once property of another person.—(Ed.)
upon a cominon or high road or river, and bounded by the