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This petition as was touched afore, was handed charge of that gate—that the gate should not be by the Lord Secretary, and carried to the court by opened unto him, nor to the men that followed the brave and most stout Captain Credence. Now after him. He said, moreover, that Mansoul, when he carried it out at Mouthgate, for that, as I said, she had suffered awhile, should be made perfect, was the sally-port of the town; and he went and strengthened, settled. 1 Pe. v. 10. came to Enımanuel with it. Now how it came out, Then said Diabolus, Deliver me then the men I do not know, but for certain it did, and that so that have petitioned against me, espe- Satan far as to reach the ears of Diabolus. Thus I con- cially Captain Credence that carried it clude, because that the tyrant had it presently by to your Prince; deliver that varlet into my hands, the end, and charged the town of Mansoul with it, and I will depart from the town. saying, Thou rebellious and stubborn-hearted Man- Then up starts a Diabolonian, whose name was Eatan cannot soul, I will make thee to leave oft Mr. Fooling, and said, My lord offer

Mr. Fooling. abide prayer. petitioning; art thou yet for petition- eth you fair, it is better for you

that ing? I will make thee to leave. Yea, he also knew one man perish, than that your whole Mansoul who the messenger was that carried the petition should be undone. to the Prince, and it made him both to fear and But Mr. Godly-fear made him this replication, rage.

How long will Mansoul be kept out of the dungeon, Wherefore he commanded that his drum should when she hath given up her faith to Diabolus? As be beat again, a thing that Mansoul could not good lose the town as lose Captain Credence; for abide to bear; but when Diabolus will have his if one be gone, the other must follow. But to drum beat, Mansoul must abide the noise. Well, that Mr. Fooling said nothing. the drum was beat, and the Diabolonians were Then did my Lord Mayor reply, and said, O thou gathered together.

devouring tyrant, be it known unto thee, we shall Then said Diabolus, 0 ye stout Diabolonians, hearken to none of thy words; we are resolved to be it known unto you that there is treachery resist thee as long as a captain, a man, a sling, hatched against us in the rebellious town of Man and a stone to throw at thee, shall be found in the soul; for albeit the town is in our possession, as town of Mansoul. But Diabolus answered, Do you you see, yet these miserable Mansoulians have at hope, do you wait, do you look for help tempted to dare, and have been so hardy as yet to and deliverance? You have sent to send to the court to Emmanuel for help. This I Emmanuel, but your wickedness sticks too close in give you to understand, that ye may yet know how your skirts, to let innocent prayers come out of your to carry it to the wretched town of Mansoul. lips.* Think


that shall be prevailers and Wherefore, O my trusty Diabolonians, I command prosper in this design? You will fail in your wish,

that yet more and more ye distress you will fail in your attempts; for it is not only I,

this town of Mansoul, and vex it with but your Emmanuel is against you. Ps. xli. 10. Yea, your wiles, ravish their women, deflower their vir- it is he that hath sent me against you to subdue gins, slay their children, brain their ancients, fire you; for what then do you hope, or by what means their town, and what other mischief you can; and will you escape ? let this be the reward of the Mansoulians from me, Then said the Lord Mayor, We have sinned infor their desperate rebellions against me.? deed, but that shall be no help to thee,

The Lord May. This you see was the charge, but something for our Emmunuel hath said it, and or's speech just stepped in betwist that and execution, for as yet that in great faithfulness: ' And him there was but little more done than to rage. that cometh to me I will in no wise Captain Cre

Moreover, when Diabolus had done thus, he went cast out.' He hath also told us, o the next way up to the castle-gates, and demanded our enemy, that all manner of sin and blasphemy that, upon pain of death, the gates should be shall be forgiven to the sons of men. Therefore opened to him, and that entrance should be given we dare not despair, but will look for, wait for, him and his men that followed after. To whom and hope for deliverance still.“ Mr. Godly-fear replied—for he it was that had the Now by this time Captain Credence was returned

When temptations beset, sin invades, lusts rage, evil and come from the court from Emmanuel to the tempers arise, and we are in danger of falling, then is the time 4 How true is this remark of the enemy of souls ! Our to look np and cry, Lord save, or I perish.-(Mason.) These holiest services must be sanctified in the name of the Redeemer. vexations are the holy thoughts and feelings, which Diabolus Diabolus can tell truth when it is to his purpose, in distressing and his crew prevent or suppress. This is explained in the a saint, or destroying a sinner.-(ED.) margin, p. 350.-(ED.)

• Portions of Seripture were the weapons with which our Alluding to the sufferings of Christian and Hopeful in Lord conquered Satan, when tempted in the wilderness. Poor the dungeon of Giant Despair, in Doubting Castle.—(ED.) tried soul, you may rely with the most perfect confidence on

* When the shield of faith is wanting, the soul is exposed the Scriptures for support in the most trying hour. Though to all the fiery darts of the wicked one. This is the victory, it tarry, wait for it; becanse it will surely come.' Hab. ii. 3. even our faith.'—(Mason.)

Any other support is but like a broken reed.-(Ed.) VOL. III.



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castle of Mansoul, and he returned to them with a of Mansoul, and that shortly his lordship should packet. So my Lord Mayor hearing that Captain have his reward. Credence was come, withdrew himself from the The third note came out for the subordinate noise of the roaring of the tyrant, and left him to Preacher, wherein was signified, That yell at the wall of the town, or against the gates his Prince took it well from him that

Preacher. of the castle. So he came up to the captain's he had so honestly and so faithfully lodgings, and saluting him, he asked him of his performed his office, and executed the trust comwelfare, and what was the best news at court ? mitted to him by his Lord while he exhorted, reBut when he asked Captain Credence that, the buked, and fore-warned Mansoul according to the water stood in his eyes. Then said the captain, laws of the town. He signified moreover, that he Cheer up, my Lord, for all will be well in time; took well at his hand that he called to fasting, to and with that he first produced his packet, and laid sackcloth and ashes, when Mansoul was under her A sign of good- it by, but that the Lord Mayor and the revolt. Also that he called for the aid of the Cap

rest of the captains took for a sign of tain Boanerges to help in so weighty a work, and good tidings. Now a season of grace being come, that shortly he also should receive his reward. ho sent for all the captains and elders of the town The fourth note came out for Mr. Godly-fear that were here and there in their lodgings in the wherein his Lord thus signified, That A note for Mr. castle, and upon their guard, to let them know that his Lordship observed that he was the

Godly-sear. Captain Credence was returned from the court, and first of all the men in Mansoul that detected Mr. that he had something in general, and something Carnal-security, as the only one that through his in special to communicate to them. So they all subtilty and cunning had obtained for Diabolus, a came up to him, and saluted him, and asked him | defection and decay of goodness in the blessed town concerning his journey, and what was the best news of Mansoul. Moreover, his Lord gave him to unat the court ? And he answered them as he had derstand that he still remembered his tears and done the Lord Mayor before, that all would be well mourning for the state of Mansoul.

It was also at last. Now when the captain had thus saluted observed by the same note, that his Lord took The packet them, he opened his packet, and notice of his detecting of this Mr. Carnal security,

opened. thence did draw out his several notes at his own table among his guests, in his own for those that he had sent for. And the first note house, and that in the midst of his jolliness, even was for my Lord Mayor, wherein was signified: while he was seeking to perfect his villainies That the Prince Emmanuel had taken it well against the town of Mansoul. Emmanuel also took

Lord Mayor had been so true notice that this reverend person, Mr. Godly-fear, Lord Mayor. and trusty in his office, and the great stood stoutly to it at the gates of the castle, against concerns that lay upon him for the town and all the threats and attempts of the tyrant, and people of Mansoul; also he bid him to know that that he had put the townsmen in a way to make he took it well that he had been so bold for his their petition to their Prince, so as that he might Prince Emmanuel, and had engaged so faithfully accept thereof, and as that they might obtain an in his cause against Diabolus. He also signified answer of peace; and that therefore shortly he at the close of his letter, that he should shortly should reeeive his reward. receive his reward.

After all this, there was yet produced a noto The second note that came out was for the noble which was written to the whole town

Lord Will-be-will, wherein there was of Mansoul, whereby they perceived town of ManLord Will-be- signified, That his Prince Emmanuel that their Lord took notice of their so

did well understand how valiant and often repeating of petitions to him, and that they courageous he had been for the honour of his Lord, should see more of the fruits of such their doings now in his absence, and when his name was under in time to come. Their Prince did also therein contempt by Diabolus. There was signified also tell them, That he took it well, that their heart that his Prince had taken it well that he had been and mind now at last abode fixed upon.

him and so faithful to the town of Mansoul in his keeping his ways, though Diabolus had made such inroads of so strict a hand and eye over, and so strict a upon them, and that neither flatteries on the ono rein upon the necks of the Diabolonians that did hand, nor hardships on the other, could make them still lie lurking in their several holes in the famous yield to serve his cruel designs. There was also town of Mansoul.

inserted at the bottom of this note, That his LordHe signified, moreover, how that he understood ship had left the town of Mansoul in the hands of that my lord had with his own hand done great the Lord Secretary, and under the conduct of Capcxecution upon some of the chief of the rebels tain Credence, saying, Beware that you yet yield there, to the great discouragement of the adverse yourselves unto their governance, and in due time party, and to the good example of the whole town you shall receive your reward.

that my

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ant over all the


So after the brave Captain Credence had de- able secrecy, because the foes had yet great

livered his notes to those to whom strength in the town. But, to return to our story Captain Credence retires they belonged, he retired himself to again:

Secretary's my Lord Secretary's lodgings, and lodgings. there spends time in conversing with

[CHAPTER XVI.] him; for they two were very great one with another, [Contents:-A new plot is laid to ruin the town by riches and did indeed know more how things would go and prosperity-Emmanuel, according to his promise, with Mansoul than did all the townsmen besides.

appears in the field, to assist the forces of Mansoul, The Lord Secretary also loved the Captain Cre- whereby the whole army of Doubters is completely routed dence dearly; yea, many a good bit was sent him -Emmanuel enters the town amidst the joyful acclamafrom

tions of the inhabitants.] my Lord's table; also he might have a show of countenance when the rest of Mansoul lay un- When Diabolus saw himself thus boldly conder the clouds; so after some time for converse was fronted by the Lord Mayor, and perceived the spent the Captain betook himself to his chambers stoutness of Mr. Godly-fear, he fell

Diabolus rages. to rest. But it was not long after but my Lord did into a rage, and forthwith called a send for the captain again. So the captain came council of war, that he might be revenged on Man. to him, and they greeted one another with usual soul. So all the princes of the pit came together, salutations. Then said the captain to the Lord and old Incredulity in the head of them, with all Secretary, What hath my Lord to say to his ser- the captains of his army. So they consult what vant ? So the Lord Secretary took him, and had to do. Now the effect and conclusion of the council him a-to-side, and after a sign or two of more that day, was how they might take the castle; be

favour, he said, I have made thee the cause they could not conclude themselves masters Captain dence made the Lord's lieutenant over all the forces in of the town, so long as that was in the possession of Lord's lieuten.

Mansoul, so that from this day for their enemies. So one advised this way, and another forces in Mau. ward, all men in Mansoul shall be at advised that; but when they could not agree in

thy word, and thou shalt be he that their verdict, Apollyon, that president of the counshall lead in, and that shalt lead out Mansoul. cil, stood up, and thus he began: My brotherhood Thou shalt therefore manage, according to thy quoth he, I have two things to propound unto you, place, the war for thy Prince, and for the town of and my first is this; let us withdraw ourselves from Mansoul, against the force and power of Diabolus, the town into the plain again, for our presence and at thy command shall the rest of the captains here will do us no good, because the castle is yet be.

in our enemy's hands; nor is it possible that we Now the townsmen began to perceive what in- should take that so long as so many brave captains terest the captain had, both with the court, and are in it, and that this bold fellow Godly-fear is also with the Lord Secretary in Mansoul; for no made the keeper of the gates of it. man before could speed when sent, nor bring such Now when we have withdrawn ourselves into the good news from Emmanuel as he. Wherefore what plain, they, of their own accord, will be glad of do they, after some lamentation that they made no some little ease; and it may be, of their own acmore use of him in their distresses, but send by cord, they again may begin to be remiss;' and even their subordinate Preacher to the Lord Secretary, their so being, will give them a bigger Look toit, Manto desire him that all that ever they were and had, blow than we can possibly give them might be put under the government, care, custody, ourselves. But if that should fail, our going forth and conduct of Captain Credence.?

of the town may draw the captains out after us, So their preacher went and did his errand, and and you know what it cost them, when we fought

received this answer from the mouth them in the field before. Besides, can we but draw The town of Mansoul craves of his Lord, that Captain Credence them out into the field, we may lay an ambush bethat she may he should be the great doer in all the hind the town, which shall, when they are come under condnet of Captain King's army, against the King's ene- forth abroad, rush in, and take possession of the

mies, and also for the welfare of Man- castle. But Beelzebub stood up, and replied, soul. So he bowed to the ground, and thanked his saying, It is impossible to draw them all off from Lordship, and returned and told his news to the the castle; some you may be sure will lie there to townsfolk. But all this was done with all imagin- keep that; wherefore it will be but in vain thus to

attempt, unless we were sure that they will all come A-to-side,' obsolete, aside, in private, or out of hearing. out. He therefore concluded that what was done, -(ED.)

must be done by some other means. And the most 2 The design of this is to show that the soul is to live by faith, and not by sense. The Spirit of God puts honour upon 3 A state of spiritual ease and prosperity has its dangers ; faith, and makes him chief-captain of the town. This is a we must, by the Word and Spirit, in the strength of Jesus, prelude to victory over the Doubters.--(Barder.)

fight every inch of our way to heaven and glory.-(Mason.)


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for ever.

likely means that the greatest of their heads could | but for half the worth. Now, let those that thus invent, was that which Apollyon had advised to shall trade in their market, be those that are witty

before, to wit, to get the townsmen and true to us, and I will lay my crown to pawn it

again to sin. For, said he, it is not will do. There are two that are come to my our being in the town, nor in the field, nor our fight- thoughts already, that I think will be arch at this ing, nor our killing of their men, that can make us work, and they are Mr. Penny-wise-pound-foolish, the masters of Mansoul; for so long as one in the and Mr. Get-i'th’- hundred-and-lose-i'th’-shire ;3 town is able to lift up his finger against us, Em- nor is this man with the long name at all inferior manuel will take their parts; and if he shall take to the other. What also if you join with them Mr. their parts, we know what time a-day, it will be Sweet-world, and Mr. Present-good; they are men with us.? Wherefore, for my part, quoth he, there that are civil and cunning, but our true

Look to it. is, in my judgment, no way to bring them into friends and helpers. Let these with bondage to us, like inventing a way to make them as many more engage in this business for us, and sin. 2 Pe, ii. 18–21. Had we, said he, left all our let Mansoul be taken up in much business, and let Doubters at home, we had done as well as we have them grow full and rich, and this is the way done now, unless we could have made them the ground of them; remember ye not that thus we masters and governors of the castle ; for Doubters prevailed upon Laodicea, and how many at present Look to it, Man- at a distance, are but like objections do we hold in this snare ? Re. iii. 17. Now when they

refelled with arguments. Indeed can begin to grow full, they will forget their misery, we but get them into the hold, and make them and if we shall not affright them they possessors of that, the day will be our own. Let may happen to fall asleep, and so be us therefore withdraw ourselves into the plain (not got to neglect their town-watch, their castle-watch, expecting that the captains in Mansoul should as well as their watch at the gates. follow us), but yet, I say, let us do this, and before Yea, may we not by this means so cumber Manwe so do, let us advise again with our trusty Dia- soul with abundance, that they shall be forced to bolonians that are yet in their holds of Mansoul, make of their castle a warehouse instead of a garand set them to work to betray the town to us; rison fortified against us, and a receptacle for men for they indeed must do it, or it will be left undone of war. Thus if we get our goods, and commo,

By these sayings of Beelzebub—for Idities thither, I reckon that the castle is more than think it was he that gave this counsel—the whole half ours. Besides, could we so order it, that it Look to it, conclave was forced to be of his opinion, should be filled with such kind of wares, then if we

to wit, that the way to get the castle was made a sudden assault upon them, it would be to get the town to sin. Then they fell to invent- hard for the captains to take shelter there. Do ing by what means to do this thing. 2

you know that of the parable, The deceitfulness Then Lucifer stood up and said, The counsel of riches choke the word. Lu. viii. 14. And again, of Beelzebub is pertitent; now the way to bring When the heart is overcharged with surfeiting and this to pass, in mine opinion, is this: Let us with drunkenness, and the cares of this life, all mischief draw our force from the town of Mansoul, let us do comes upon them at unawares. Lu. xxi. 34–36. this and let us terrify them no more, either with Furthermore, my lords, quoth he, you very well summons or threats, or with the noise of our drum, know that it is not easy for a people to be filled or any other awakening means. Only let us lie in with our things, and not to have some of our Diathe field at a distance, and be as if we regarded bolonians as retainers to their houses and services. them not; for frights I see do but awaken them, Where is a Mansoulian that is full of this world, and make them stand more to their arms. I have that has not for his servants, and waiting-men, also another stratagem in my head: You know Mr. Profuse, or Mr. Prodigality, or some other of Mansoul is a market town; and a town that de- our Diabolonian gang, as Mr. Voluptuous, Mr. lights in commerce; what therefore if some of our Pragmatical, Mr. Ostentation, or the like ? Now Diabolonians shall feign themselves far country- these can take the castle of Mansoul, or blow it up, men, and shall go out and bring to the market of or make it unfit for a garrison for Em- Look toit, Man. Mansoul some of our wares to sell; and what matter manuel; and any of these will do. at what rates they sell their wares, though it be Yea, these, for aught I know, may do it for us

sooner than an army of twenty thousand men. 1 Satan trembles when he sees The meanest saint upon his knees.'

meaning that as a shire or county contains many divisions * The great object of Satan is to allure Mansoul to sin. called hundreds, it would be foolish to lose a county for the He can never win the heart, or castle, unless sin opens the sake of gaining a small part of a county called a hundred. gates.-(ED.)

(ED.) Penny-wise and pound-foolish' is a well-known proverb, * Great is the danger when the heart, here called the showing the folly of those who lose a pound to gain a penny castle, which should be the temple of the Lord, is turned into "Get i'ih' hundred and lose i' th’shire' is an obsolete proverb, I a warehouse. --Burder.




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Wherefore, to end as I began, my advice is, that me. He told them moreover, what by himself, we quietly withdraw ourselves, not offering any and by them, must be done to answer the mind of further force, or forcible attempts upon the castle, their Lord. Then were the captains glad, and at least at this time, and let us set on foot our new Captain Credence commanded that all project, and lets see if that will not make them the King's trumpeters should ascend made by the destroy themselves.

to the battlements of the castle,


and This advice was highly applauded by them all, there in the audience of Diabolus, and of the whole and was accounted the very master-piece of hell; town of Mansoul, make the best music that heart to wit, to choke Mansoul with a fulness of this could invent. The trumpeters then did as they world, and to surfeit her heart with the good things were commanded. They got themselves up to the

thereof. But see how things meet to- top of the castle, and thus they began to sound;

gether; just as this Diabolonian coun- then did Diabolus start, and said, What can be the Captain

Crescil was broken up, Captain Credence meaning of this, they neither sound boot and saddle, that from his received a letter from Emmanuel, the nor horse and away, nor a charge? What do these be understand contents of which was this, That upon mad men mean, that yet they should be so merry

the third day he would meet him in and glad? Then answered him one of themselves the field in the plains about Mansoul. Meet me in and said, This is for joy that their Prince Emmanuel the field ! quoth the captain, what meaneth my is coming to relieve the town of Mansoul; that to Lord by this ? I know not what he meaneth by this end he is at the head of an army, and that this meeting of me in the field. So he took the note relief is near. in his hand, and did carry it to my Lord Secretary, The men of Mansoul also were greatly concerned to ask his thoughts thereupon ; for my Lord was a at this melodious charm of the trumpets. They seer in all matters concerning the King, and also said, yea, they answered one another, saying, This for the good and comfort of the town of Mansoul. can be no harm to us; surely this can be no harm So he showed my Lord the note, and desired his to us. Then said the Diabolonians, opinion thereof: for my part, quoth Captain Cre- What had we best to do? And it was

town, and why. dence, I know not the meaning thereof. So my answered, It was best to quit the town; Lord did take and read it, and after a little pause he and that, said may

do in


your said, The Diabolonians have had against Mansoul last council, and by so doing, also be better ablo a great consultation to-day; they have, I say, this to give the enemy battle, should an army from day been contriving the utter ruin of the town; and without come upon us. So on the second day they the result of their council is, to set Mansoul into withdrew themselves from Mansoul, and abode in such a way, which, if taken, will surely make her the plains without; but they encamped themselves destroy herself. And to this end they are making before Eyegate, in what terrene and terrible manner ready for their own departure out of the town, in- they could. The reason why they would not abide tending to betake themselves to the field again, in the town, besides the reasons that were debated and there to lie till they shall see whether this their in their late conclave, was, for that they were not project will take or no. But be thou ready, with possessed of the stronghold, and because, said the men of thy Lord, for on the third day they will they, we shall have more convenience to fight, and be in the plain; there to fall upon the Diabolonians; also to fly, if need be, when we are encamped in the for the Prince will by that time be in the field; open plains. Besides, the town would have been a The riddle ex. yea, by that it is break of day, sun- pit for them rather than a place of defence, had the Captain Cre. rising, or before, and that with a Prince come up, and enclosed them fast therein.

mighty force against them. So he Therefore they betook themselves to the field, that shall be before them, and thou shalt be behind they might also be out of the reach of the slings, them, and betwixt you both their army shall be by which they were much annoyed all the while destroyed.

that they were in the town. When Captain Credence heard this, away goes Well, the time that the captains were to fall he to the rest of the captains, and tells them what upon the Diabolonians being coine,

a note he had a while since received they eagerly prepared themselves for for the captụus The captains are

to fight them. gladded to from the hand of Emmanuel. And, action ; for Captain Credence had

said he, that which was dark therein, told the captains over night that they should meet has my Lord, the Lord Secretary, expounded unto their Prince in the field to-morrow. This there

fore made them yet far more desirous to be enga“. Well may Bunyan say, 'Look to it, Mansoul!' How ing the enemy, for, You shall see the Prince in the rarely do men grow rich and prosperous without entertaining these Diabolonians—profusion, prodigality, pride, &c.! These 2 Terrene and terrible,' dreadful to mortals.—(Ed.) are more destructive to the soul than an army of external foes. s Portions from the Bible, probably meaning the epistles -(Burder.)

of the New Testament.-(ED.)



The time come


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