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we shall make our assault upon them to swallow CERB. But does he intend to go against them Take heed, Man. them up. Yea, that may cause that himself.
their mighty Shaddai himself may cast Prof. Does he ! Ay, and he will take along them out of his protection; yea, and send for his with him more than twenty thousand, The land from captains and soldiers home, with his slings and all sturdy Doubters,and men of the blesh tille rams, and leave them naked and bare, and then war, picked men, from the land of the town of Mansoul will of itself open to us, and Doubting, to serve him in the expedition. fall as the fig into the mouth of the eater. Na. iii. 12. CERB. Then was Cerberus glad, and said, And Yea, to be sure that we then with a great deal of is there such brave preparations a-making to go ease shall come upon her and overcome her. against the miserable town of Mansoul; and would
• As to the time of our coming upon Mansoul, we I might be put at the head of a thousand of them, as yet have not fully resolved upon that, though at that I might also show my valour against the fampresent sonre of us think as you, that a market-day, ous town of Mansoul.3 or a market-day at night, will certainly be the best. Prof. Your wish may come to pass; you
look However do you be ready, and when you shall hear like one that has mettle enough, and my lord will our roaring drum without, do you be as busy to have with him those that are valiant and stout. make the most horrible confusion within. 1 Pe. v. 8. But my business requires haste. So shall Mansoul certainly be distressed before and CERB. Ay, so it does. Speed thee to the town behind, and shall not know which way to betake of Mansoul with all the deepest mischiefs that this herself for help. My Lord Lucifer, my Lord place can afford thee. And when thou shalt come Beelzebub, my Lord Apollyon, my Lord Legion, to the house of Mr. Mischief, the place where the with the rest salute you, as does also my Lord Dia- Diabolonians meet to plot, tell them that Cerberus bolus, and we wish both you, with all that you do doth wish them his service, and that if he may, he or shall possess, the very self-same fruit and suc- will with the army come up against the famous cess for their doing, as we ourselves at present en- town of Mansoul. joy for ours.
PROF. That I will. And I know that
lords * From our dreadful confines in the most fearful that are there will be glad to hear it, and to see Pit, we salute you, and so do those
many legions here with us, wishing you may be as
So after a few more such kind of compliments, hellishly prosperous as we desire to be our
Mr. Profane took his leave of his friend Cerberus, selves. By the Letter-carrier, Mr. Profane.' and Cerberus again, with a thousand of their pit
wishes, bid him haste with all speed to his masters. Then Mr. Profane addressed himself, for his re- The which when he had heard, he made obeisance, turn to Mansoul, with his errand from the horrible and began to gather up his heels to run.* pit to the Diabolonians that dwelt in that town. Thus therefore he returned, and went and came So he came up the stairs from the deep to the to Mansoul, and going as afore to the house of Mr. mouth of the cave where Cerberus was. Now when Mischief, there he found the Diabolonians asCerberus saw him, he asked how matters did go sembled, and waiting for his return. Now when below, about, and against the town of Mansoul. he was come, and had presented himself, he also
Prof. Things go as well as we can expect. delivered to them his letter, and adjoined this conMore talk be
The letter that I carried thither was pliment to them therewith: My Lords from the tween Profane highly approved, and well liked by all confines of the pit, the high and mighty princi
my lords, and I am returning to tell palities and powers of the den salute you here, the our Diabolonians so. I have an answer to it here true Diabolopians of the town of Mansoul. Wishin my bosom, that I am sure will make our masters ing you always the most proper of their benedicthat sent me glad; for the contents thereof is to tions, for the great service, high atencourage them to pursue their design to the ut- tempts, and brave achievements that again to most, and to be ready also to fall on within, when you have put yourselves upon, for the they shall see my Lord Diabolus beleaguering of restoring, to our prince Diabolus, the famous town the town of Mansoul.
This was therefore the present state of the miseri At the season when the affairs of the world fill the heart, beware of being 'overcharged with surfeiting, and drunken
3 According to Milton, Cerberus was the parent of Melanness, and cares of this world. Be sober, be vigilant, O my choly, a fit leader of Doubters. soul; attend to the author's repeated warning, “Take heed,
• Hence, loathed Melancholy, Mansoul l'—(Ed.)
or Cerberus and blackest Midnight born, 2 Some may imagine this to be an incredible number of
In Stygian caves forlorn,
'Mongst horrid shapes, and shricks, and sights unholy! doubts, but when the nine divisions of this army are presently
L'Allegro.-(ED.) enumerated, it will be readily acknowledged that our doubts 4 To 'gather up the heels,' or 'take to the heels,' implies are innumerablc.--(Ed.)
Profane return. ed Mansoul.
able town of Mansoul: she had offended her Prince, was, did go listening up and down in Mansoul to and he was gone; she had encouraged the powers see, and to hear, if at any time he night, whether of hell, by her foolishness, to come against her, to there was any design against it or no. The story of seek her utter destruction,
For he was always a jealous man, and
Mr. Prywell. True, the town of Mansoul was somewhat made feared some mischief sometime would befal it, either sensible of her sin, but the Diabolonians were got from the Diabolonians within, or from some power ten into her bowels; she cried, but Emmanuel was without. Now upon a time it so happened as Mr. gone, and her cries did not fetch him as yet again. Prywell went listening here and there, that he Besides she knew not now whether ever or never lighted upon a place called Vilehill in Mansoul, he would return and come to his Mansoul again, nor where Diabolonians used to meet; so hearing a did they know the power and industry of the enemy, muttering—you must know that it was in the night nor how forward they were to put in exccution that —he softly drew near to hear; nor had
The Diabolonian plot of hell that they had devised against her. he stood long under the house-end, for plot discovered,
and by whom. They did indeed still send petition after petition there stood a house there, but he heard to the Prince, but he answered all with silence. one confidently affirm that it was not or would They did neglect reformation, and that was as not be long before Diabolus should possess himself Diabolus would have it, for he knew, if they re- again of Mansoul, and that then the Diabolonians garded iniquity in their heart, their King would did intend to put all Mansoulians to the sword, and not hear their prayer; they therefore did still grow would kill and destroy the King's captains, and weaker and weaker, and were as a rolling thing drive all his soldiers out of the town.* before the whirlwind. They cried to their King He said, moreover, that he knew there were for belp, and laid Diabolonians in their bosoms, about twenty thousand fighting men prepared by what therefore should a King do to them ? Yea, Diabolus for the accomplishing of this design, and there seemed now to be a mixture in Mansoul, the that it would not be months before they all should Diabolonians and the Mansoulians would walk the see it. When Mr. Prywell had heard this story, streets together. Yea, they began to seek their he did quickly believe it was true, wherefore ho peace, for they thought that since the sickness had went forth with to my Lord Mayor's house, and acbeen so mortal in Mansoul, it was in vain to go to quainted him therewith; who, sending for the suborhandy-gripes? with them. Besides, the weakness dinate Preacher, brake the business to him, and of Mansoul was the strength of their enemies; and he as soon gave the alarm to the town Understanding. the sins of Mansoul the advantage of the Diabo--for he was now the chief preacher in lonians. The foes of Mansoul did also now begin Mansoul-because as yet my Lord Secretary was to promise themselves the town for a possession; ill at ease. And this was the way
that there was no great difference now betwixt Man- the subordinate Preacher did take to soulians and Diabolonians, both seemed to be mas- alarm the town therewith; the same ters of Mansoul. Yea, the Diabolonians increased hour he caused the Lecture-bell to be rung, so the Good thoughts, and grew, but the town of Mansoul people came together; he gave them then a short tionsgood
nulldininished greatly. There was more exhortation to watchfulness, and made Mr. Prydesires. than eleven thousand of men, women, well's news the argument thereof. For, said he, and children that died by the sickness in Mansoul." an horrible plot is contrived against Mansoul, even
to massacre us all in a day; nor is this story to be [CHAPTER XIV.]
slighted, for Mr. Prywell is the author thereof. [CONTENTS:—The plot discovered by Mr. Prywell—Prepara- | Mr. Prywell was always a lover of Mansoul, a
tions made for defence—More Diabolonians executed— sober and judicious man, a man that is no tattler, The army of Doubters approach the town-An assault nor raiser of false reports, but one that loves to made upon Eargate, which is repelled — The drummer look into the very bottom of matters, and talks beats a parley, which is disregarded - Diabolus attempts nothing of news but by very solid arguments. to deceive by flattery, but is answered by the Lord Mayor
I will call him, and you shall hear him your own- Jolly and Griggish, two young Diabolonians, executed -Gripe and Rakeall hanged— Anything and Loosefoot selves; so he called him, and he came imprisoned.]
Prywell and told his tale so punctually,
and But now, as Shaddai would have it, there was
affirmed its truth with such ample one whose name was Mr. Prywell, a great lover
3 Awful is the state of that soul, when it is difficult, by the of the people of Mansoul. And he, as his manner | conduct, to know whether it is a professor or one of the pro
fane. Alas, how common a case! Eleven thousand acts of This is an awful state, when we encourage evil thoughts piety, holy thoughts, and aspirations after God, were lost by and propensities in the leart, and pray to God against them. The wretched backslider.—(ED.) 'If I regard iniquity in my heart, the Lord will not hear me. 4 Mr. Prywell represents holy jealousy and careful selfPs. lxvi. 18.-(ED.)
examination; which, when prayerfully used, is sure to detect ? Hand-to-hand combat; wrestling.–(Ed.)
the plots of Satan.-(Ev.)
The subordinate Preacher an a. kened.
grounds, that Mansoul fell presently under a con- 2. The next thing was, that a strict search should viction of the truth of what he said. The Preacher be made for all kind of Diabolonians throughout did also back him, saying, Sirs, it is not irrational the whole town of Mansoul; and every man's for us to believe it, for we have provoked Shaddai to house, from top to bottom, should be looked into, anger, and have sinned Emmanuel out of the town; and that too, house by house, that if possible a we have had too much correspondence with Dia- further discovery might be made of all such among bolonians, and have forsaken our former mercies; them as had a hand in these designs. He. xii, 15, 16. no marvel then if the enemy, both within and with- 3. It was further concluded upon, that whereout, should plot our ruin; and what time like this soever or with whomsoever any of the Diabolonians to do it? The sickness is now in the town, and we were found, that even those of the town of Man
have been made weak thereby. Many soul that had given them house and harbour, should
a good meaning man is dead, and the to their shame, and the warning of others, take Diabolonians of late grow stronger and stronger. penance in the open place. Je. ii. 34 ; v. 26. Eze. xvi. 52.
Besides, quoth the subordinate Preacher, I have 4. It was moreover resolved by the famous town received from this good truth-teller this one ink- of Mansoul, that a public fast, and a day of humiling? further, that he understood by those that he liation should be kept throughout the whole coroverheard, that several letters have lately passed poration, to the justifying of their Prince, the between the Furies and the Diabolonians, in order abasing of themselves before him for their transto our destruction. When Mansoul heard all this, gressions against him, and against Shaddai his
and not being able to gainsay it, they Father. Joel i. 14; ii. 15, 16. It was further resolved, They take alarm.
up their voice and wept. Mr. Pry- that all such in Mansoul as did not on that day well did also, in the presence of the townsmen, endeavour to keep that fast, and to humble themconfirm all that their subordinate Preacher had selves for their faults, but that should mind their said. Wherefore they now set afresh to bewail worldly employs, or be found wandering up and their folly, and to a doubling of petitions to Shaddai down the streets, should be taken for Diabolonians, They tell the
and his Son. They also brake the and should suffer as Diabolonians for such their thing to the business to the captains, high com- wicked doings. captains.
manders, and men of war in the town 5. It was further concluded then, that with of Mansoul, entreating of them to use the means what speed, and with what warmth of mind they to be strong, and to take good courage, and that could, they would renew their humiliation for sin, they would look after their harness, and make and their petitions to Shaddai for help; they also themselves ready to give Diabolus battle, by night resolved to send tidings to the court of all that and by day, shall he come, as they are informed Mr. Prywell had told them. Je. xxxvii. 4, 5. he will, to beleaguers the town of Mansoul.
6. It was also determined that thanks should When the captains heard this, they being always be given by the town of Mansoul to Mr. Prywell true lovers of the town of Mansoul, what do they, for his diligent seeking of the welfare Mr. Prywell is They come to
but like so many Samsons, they shake of their town; and further, that forkether to con- themselves, and come together to con- asmuch as he was so naturally inclined
sult and contrive how to defeat those to seek their good, and also to undermine their bold and hellish contrivances that were upon the foes, they gave him a commission of Scout-masterwheel, by the means of Diabolus and his friends, general, for the good of the town of Mansoul.* against the now sickly, weakly, and much im- When the corporation, with their captains, had poverished town of Mansoul; and they agreed upon thus concluded, they did as they had said; they these following particulars
shut up their gates, they made for Diabolonians 1. That the gates of Mansoul should be kept strict search, they made those with whom any Their agree shut, and made fast with bars and were found to take penance in the open place.
locks; and that all persons that went They kept their fast, and renewed their petitions out, or came in, should be very strictly examined to their Prince, and Mr. Prywell managed his by the captains of the guards, 1 Co. xvi. 13; to the charge, and the trust that Mansoul had put in his end, said they, that those that are managers of hands, with great conscience, and good Mr. Prywell the plot amongst us may either, coming or going, fidelity; for he gave himself wholly goes a scouting, be taken; and that we may also find out who are up to his employ, and that not only within the the great contrivers amongst us of our ruin. town, but he went out to pry, to see, and to hear.
And not many days after, he provided for his
made Scout master - gene ral.
Lam, iii. 40.
1 A hint or intimation.—(Ed.)
follow them. Examine all things watchfully; scarch out evil ? Military dress and equipments.—(Ed.)
diligently. If evil thoughts have been harboured, let sincere 9 To beseige or environ with troops.-(Ed.)
penitence drive them out. Be humble, prayerful, thankful ; * Reader, how wise are these regulations ! seek carnestly to and you will be safe and happy.—(ED.)
be-will aud Mr.
journey, and went towards Irell-cate-hill, into the had changed his name to Prudent-thrifty. In my country where the Doubters were, where he heard Lord Will-be-will's house, one Lasciviousness was of all that had been talked of in Mansoul, and he i found; but he had changed his name to Harmlessperceived also that Diabolus was alınost ready for mirth. These two the captains and elders of the his march. So he came back with speed, and town of Mansoul took, and committed them to calling the captains and elders of Mansoul to- custody under the hand of Mr. Trueman the jailer; gether, he told them where he had been, what he and this man handled them so severely, and loaded He returns with had heard, and what he had seen. them so well with irons, that in time they both great news.
Particularly, he told them that Dia- fell into a very deep consumption, and died in the bolus was almost ready for his march, and that he prison-house;; their masters also, ac- The Lord Willhad made old Mr. Incredulity, that once brake cording to the agreement of the cap
Mind take pen. prison in Mansoul, the general of his army; that tains and elders, were brought to take his army consisted all of Doubters, and that their penance in the open place to their shame, and for number was above twenty thousand. He told, a warning to the rest of the town of Mansoul. moreover, that Diabolus did intend to bring with Now this was the manner of penance in those him the chief princes of the infernal pit, and that days. The persons offending, being
Penance, what. he would make them chief captains over his made sensible of the evil of their doDoubters. He told them, moreover, that it was ings, were enjoined open confession of their faults, certainly true that several of the black-den would and a strict annendment of their lives. * with Diabolus ride Reformades 2 to reduce the After this, the captains and elders of Mansoul town of Mansoul to the obedience of Diabolus their sought yet to find out more Diabolonians, wherprince.
ever they lurked, whether in dens, caves, holes, He said, moreover, that he understood by the vaults, or where else they could, in, or about the Doubters, among whom he had been, that the wall or town of Mansoul. But though they could reason why old Incredulity was made general of plainly see their footing, and so follow them, by the whole army, was because none truer than he their tract and smell, to their holds, even to the to the tyrant; and because he had an implacable mouths of their caves and dens, yet take them, spite against the welfare of the town of Mansoul. hold them, and do justice upon them, they could Besides, said he, he remembers the affronts that not, their ways were so crooked, their holds so Mansoul has given, and he is resolved to be re- strong, and they so quick to take sanctuary there. venged of them. But the black princes shall be But Mansoul did now with so stiff a hand rule made high comm
manders, only Incredulity shall be over the Diabolonians that were left, that they over them all, because, which I had almost forgot, were glad to shrink into corners. Time was when he can more easily, and more dexterously beleaguer they durst walk openly, and in the day, but now the town of Mansoul than can any of the princes they were forced to embrace privacy, and the night besides. He. xii. 1.
-time was when a Mansoulian was their com, Now when the captains of Mansoul, with the panion, but now they counted them deadly enemies. elders of the town, had heard the tidings that This good change did Mr. Prywell's intelligence Mr. Prywell did bring, they thought it expedient, make in the famous town of Mansoul.“ without further delay, to put into execution the By this time Diabolus had finished his army, laws that, against the Diabolonians, their Prince which he intended to bring with him for the ruin had made for them, and given them in command of Mansoul; and had set over them captains, and ment to manage against them. Wherefore, forth other field-officers, such as liked his furious stowith a diligent and impartial search was made in mach best. Himself was lord paramount, Increall houses in Mansoul for all and all manner of dulity was general of his army. Their highest
Diabolonians. Now in the house of captains shall be named afterwards, but now for jans taken in Mr. Mind, and in the house of the their officers, colours, and escutcheons. Mansoul and committed to great Lord Will-be-will were two 1. Their first captain was Captain Rage, he was prison. Diabolonians found. In Mr. Mind's captain over the Election-doubters;
Diabolus's army. house was one Lord Covetousness found, but he his were the red colours, his standard
Incredulity is general-in-chief of all the Doubters, to show This must not be mistaken for Popish or Protestant conthat incredulity, or unbelief, is the source of all the doubts fessions, penances, or absolutions. The narrative is entirely and fears that distress the Christian.-(Ed.)
spiritual and internal. Conscience, not man, accuses; the 2 Volunteers.-(ED.)
open confession is unreservedly to God, accompanied by godly $ If evil thoughts are subdued and kept in irons, i.e., checked sorrow, watchfulness, and prayer, with fruits meet for repentinstantly when they appear, they will die in such a prison. ance.-(Ed.). The idea was paturally suggested to the author by the number 6 How subtle and insidious is sin! in what holes and! of pions persons who perished in prison, in Bunyan's timne, for corners it conceals itself I breaking out occasionally when we conscience sake. The Quakers alone have a list of about four thought ourselves near to perfection, and making us cry out, hundred of their Society who thus perished.—(Ed.)
O wretched man that I am! who shall deliver mc ?'- (ED.)
Re, ix, 1.
xxvii. 20. Ps. xi. 6.
bearer was Mr. Destructive, and the great red the Lord Legion, the Lord Apollyon, the Lord dragon he had for his escutcheon. Re. xii. 3, 4, 13–17. Python, the Lord Cerberus, and the Lord Belial;
2. The second captain was Captain Fury, he was these seven he set over the captains, and Increducaptain over the Vocation-doubters; his standard-lity was lord-general, and Diabolus was king. bearer was Mr. Darkness, his colours were those The Reformades also, such as were like themthat were pale, and he had for his escutcheon tlie selves, were made some of them cap- Diabolus his ar. fiery flying serpent. Nu xxi.
tains of hundreds, and some of them my completed. 3. The third captain was Captain Damnation, captains of more, and thus was the army of Inhe was captain over the Grace-doubters; his were credulity completed. the red colours, Mr. Nolife bare them, and he So they set out at Hell-gate-hill, for there they had for his escutcheon the black den. Mat. xxii. 13. had their rendezvous, from whence they came with
a straight course upon their march toward the 4. The fourth captain was the Captain Insa- town of Mansoul. Now, as was hinted before, the tiable, he was captain over the Faith-doubters ; his town had, as Shaddai would have it, received from were the red colours, Mr. Devourer bare them, and the mouth of Mr. Prywell the alarm of their comhe had for an escutcheon the yawning jaws. Pr. ing before. Wherefore they set a strong watch
at the gates, and had also doubled their guards, 5. The fifth captain was Captain Brimstone, he they also mounted their slings in good places, was captain over the Perseverance-doubters; his where they might conveniently cast out their great also were the red colours, Mr. Burning bare them, stones, to the annoyance of the furious enemy. and his escutcheon was the blue and stinking Nor could those Diabolonians that were in the flame. Ps. xi. 6. Re. xiv. 11.
town do that hurt as was designed they should, for 6. The sixth captain was Captain Torment, he Mansoul was now awake. But, alas! poor people, was captain over the Resurrection-doubters; his they were sorely affrighted at the first appearance colours were those that were pale, Mr. Gnaw was of their foes, and at their sitting down before the his ancient-bearer, and he had the black worm for town, especially when they heard the roaring of his escutcheon. Mar. ix. 47–48.
their DRUM.” 1 Pe. v. 8. This, to speak truth, was 7. The seventh captain was Captain Noease, amazingly hideous to hear; it frighted all men he was captain over the Salvation-doubters; his seven miles round, if they were but awake and were the red colours, Mr. Restless bare them, and heard it.3 The streaming of their colours were his escutcheon was the ghastly picture of death. also terrible and dejecting to behold. Re. vi. 8.; xiv, 11.
When Diabolus was come up against the town, 8. The eighth captain was the Captain Sepulchre, first he made his approach to Eargate He makes an he was captain over the Glory-doubters; his also and gave it a furious assault, suppos- targate
, au moins were the pale colours, Mr. Corruption was his ing, as it seems, that his friends in repelled. ancient-bearer, and he had for his escutcheon a Mansoul had been ready to do the work within ; scull, and dead men's bones. Je. v. 16.; ü. 25. but care was taken of that before, by the vigilance
9. The ninth captain was Captain Pasthope, of the captains. Wherefore, missing of the help he was captain of those that are called the Feli- that he expected from them, and finding of his city-doubters; his ancient-bearer was Mr. Despair, army warmly attended with the stones that the his also were the red colours, and his escutcheon slingers did sling—for that I will say for the capwas the hot iron and the hard heart. 1 Tim. iv. 2. tains, that considering the weakness that yet was Ro, il 5.
upon them, by reason of the long sickness that had These were his captains, and these were their annoyed the town of Mansul, they did gallantly forces, these were their ancients, these were their behave themselves—he was forced to colours, and these were their escutcheons. Now, make some retreat from Mansoul, and entreuches hinuover these did the great Diabolus make superior to intrench himself and his men in the captains, and they were in number seven, as, field, without the reach of the slings of the town. namely, the Lord Beelzebub, the Lord Lucifer, Ja. iv. 7.
1 We are here presented with a very curious, but accurate, hurt the saints of God than has the noise of a drum. It may division into classes of all our doubts and fears, each under annoy, terrify, and drive us to the bosom of Christ, but it the most appropriate captain, ancient-bearer, or ensign, and cannot destroy.—(ED.) * It is for want of hope (a sound standard. As all Christians are more or less subject to their scriptural hope, arising from faith, and its purifying effects painful visits
, it will be useful to scrutinize our doubts ; and, upon the soul), that so many brisk professors, that have so having ascertained their nature or class, then prayerfully to boasted and made brags of their faith, have not been able to compare them with the sacred Oracles, and find that key which endure the drum in the day of alarm and aflliction.'—(Bunyan's opens all the gates in Doubting Castle.—(Ed.)
Israel's Hope Encouraged, vol. i. p. 580.) 2 .The roaring of the drum, alluding to that roaring lion 3 "Those tumultuous thoughts, that, like masterless hell. seeking whom he may devour. The roaring of a lion is a hounds, roar and bellow, and make a hideous noise withiu territic noise in the night; but Satan has no more power to me.'- Grace Abounding, No. 174.-(ED.)
He retreats and