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deliverance; for, thought he, if I first brute this, | his merciless victory. My mind is, therefore, that the tidings that shall come after, will all be swal- we resolve, to the last man, to resist him, and not lowed up of this; for what else will Mansoul say, to believe him upon any terms; for in at that door when they shall hear that they must be delivered, will come our danger. But shall we be flattered The place of
but that the true meaning is, Shaddai out of our lives? I hope you know more of the hearing and of intends to destroy them; wherefore, he rudiments of politics than to suffer yourselves so cousidering
summons the whole town into the pitifully to be served. market-place, and there, with deceitful tongue, thus But
he should, if he gets us to yield, he addresses himself unto them:
save some of our lives, or the lives of some of them * Gentlemen, and my very good friends, You are that are underlings in Mansoul, what help will that all, as you know, my legal subjects, and men of be to you that are the chief of the town; especially the famous town of Mansoul; you know how, from of you whom I have set up, and whose greatness the first day that I have been with you until now, has been procured by you through your faithful I have behaved myself among you, and what liberty, sticking to me? And suppose again,
Lying language. and great privileges you have enjoyed under my that he should give quarter to every government, I hope to your honour, and mine, and one of you, be sure he will bring you into that
I also to your content and delight. Now, my famous bondage under which you were captivated before, Mansoul, a noise of trouble there is abroad, of or a worse; and then what good will your lives do trouble to the town of Mansoul, sorry I am there you ? Shall you with him live in pleasure as you of for your sakes. For I have received but now do now? No, no, you must be bound by laws that by the post
my lord Lucifer—and he useth will pinch you, and be made to do that which at to have good intelligence—that your old king present is hateful to you; I am for you,
if Shaddai is raising of an army to come against you, for me, and it is better to die valiantly, than to to destroy you root and branch:2 and this, 0 Man- live like pitiful slaves. But I say, the life of a soul, is now the cause that at this time I have slave will be counted a life too good He is afraid of called you together; namely, to advise what in this for Mansoul now; blood, blood, no- losing of Man juncture is best to be done; for my part, I am but thing but blood is in every blast of one, and can with ease shift for myself, did I list Shaddai's trumpet against poor Mansoul now." to seek my own ease, and to leave my Mansoul in Pray, bo concerned, I hear he is coming up; and all the danger. But my heart is so firmly united stand to your arms, that now while you have any to you, and so unwilling am I to leave you, that I leisure, I may learn you some feats of war.
Aram willing to stand and fall with you, to the utmost mour for you I have, and by me it is; yea, and it hazard that shall befall me.3 What say you, O my is sufficient for Mansoul from top to toe; nor can Mansoul? Will
you now desert
your old friend, or you be hurt by what his force can do, if you shall do you think of standing by me?' Then as one keep it well girt and fastened about you. Come man, with one mouth, they cried out together, 'Let therefore to my castle, and welcome,
He puts them him die the death that will not.'
and harness yourselves for the war. Then said Diabolus again, “It is in vain for us to There is helmet, breastplate, sword, Very deceivable hope for quarter, for this king knows and shield, and what not, that will make you fight language.
not how to show it: true, perhaps, he like men. at his first sitting down before us will talk of, and •1. My helmet, otherwise called an head-piece, pretend to, mercy, that thereby, with the more ease, is hope of doing well at last, what lives and less trouble, he may again make himself the soever you live. This is that which master of Mansoul. Whatever therefore he shall they had, who said, that they should have peace say, believe not one syllable or tittle of it, for all though they walked in the wickedness of their such language is but to overcome us, and to make heart, to add drunkenness to thirst.' De. xxix. 19. us, while we wallow in our blood, the trophies of A piece of approved armour this is, and whoever
has it and can hold it, so long no arrow, dart, I 'Brute;' generally spelt · bruit;' report, rumour, fame.Imp. Dic.—(Ed.)
upon arming themselves.
4 The strength of Satan's kingdom lies in preventing men 2 This is one of the great lies with which Satan and his from thinking or examining for themselves.-(ED.). cmissaries would keep sinners in bondage, by leading them to • How do the most wretched slaves, even the devil's dirtiest think that Christ came not to save, but to destroy, and that drudges, hug their chains, and try to imagine themselves free. true religion is a dull, melancholy, pnrsuit, tending only to The believer alone knows what liberty is; Christ's service is misery and melancholy; the very reverse of all Christian perfect freedom, and his ways—all his ways, and none but experience and truth.-(ED.)
his ways-are pleasantness and peace.—(ED.) 3 Well may Satau be called the father of lies; all his object 6 Without the shedding of blood there is no remission of is to destroy souls. He is a merciless tyrant; his service is sins; but with the blood-shedding of Jesus, the gospel of peace the vilest drudgery; his wages are pain, sorrow, sickness, and salvation is brought to the guilty conscience. How maligtemporal, and eternal death. O for that spiritual wisdom nantly the father of lies can pervert the plainest gospel truths. from heaven by which alone we can detect his devices.-(En.) | -(ED.)
Ile backs all
Ja. iii. 3-5.
sword, or shield can hurt him; this therefore keep would be mine; I know you are stout men, on, and thou wilt keep off many a blow, my Man- sure that I have clad you with that which is armour
of proof; wherefore to cry to Shaddai for mercy, let •2. My breastplate is a breastplate of iron; 1 that be far from you. Besides all this, I have a
had it forged in mine own country, and maul, fire-brands, arrows and death, all good handII's breast; late.
my soldiers are armed therewith ; weapons, and such as will do execution.' in plain language it is an hard heart, an heart as After he had thus furnished his men hard as iron, and as much past feeling as a stone; with armour and arms, he addressed
with a speech the which if you get, and keep, neither mercy himself to them in such like words as shall win you, nor judgment fright you. Re. ix. 9. these:— Remember,' quoth he, “that I am your This, therefore, is a piece of armour most necessary rightful king, and that you have taken an oath, and for all to put on that hate Shaddai, and that would entered into covenant to be true to me and my fight against him under my banner. .
cause; I say, remember this, and show yourselves *3. My sword is a tongue that is set on fire of stout and valiant men of Mansoul. Remember also
hell, Ps. Ivii. 4, and that can bend itself the kindness that I have always showed to you,
to speak evil of Shaddai, his Son, his and that without your petition: I have granted to ways, and people. Ps. lxiv. 3. Use this; it has been you external things, wherefore the privileges, tried a thousand times twice told; whoever hath grants, immunities, profits and honours wherewith I it, keeps it, and makes that use of it as I would endowed yon, do call for at your hands returns of have him, can never be conquered by mine enemy. loyalty, my lion-like men of Mansoul; and when
so fit a time to show it as when another shall seek • 4. My shield is unbelief, or calling into question to take my dominion over you, into their own
the truth of the Word, or all the say- hands? One word more, and I have done, Can
ings that speak of the judgment that we but stand, and overcome this one shock or Shaddai has appointed for wicked men. Use this brunt, I doubt not but in little time all the world shield. Job xv. 26. Many attempts he has made upon will be ours; and when that day comes, my true it, and sometimes, it is true, it has been bruised. hearts, I will make you kings, princes, and cap
But they that have writ of the wars of tains, and what brave days shall we have then ?' Emmanuel against my servants, have testified that Diabolus having thus armed, and fore-armed his he could do no mighty work there because of their servants and vassals in Mansoul, against their good unbelief. Mar. vi. 5, 6. Now, to handle this weapon and lawful king Shaddai; in the next place, he of mine aright, it is not to believe things because doubleth his guards at the gates of the town, and they are true, of what sort or by whomsoever as he takes himself to the castle, which was his strong serted. If he speak of judgment, care not for it; hold. His vassals also, to show their They of Man if le speak of mercy, care not for it; if he pro- wills, and supposed, but ignoble, gal- loyalty to the mise, if he swear that he would do to Mansoul, lantry, exercise themselves in their giant." if it turn, no hurt but good, regard not what is arms every day, and teach one ancther feats of said ; question the truth of all; for this is to wield war; they also defied their enemies, and sang up the shield of unbelief ariglit, and as my servants the praises of their tyrant; they threatened also ought and do; and he that doth otherwise loves what men they would be, if ever things should rise me not, nor do I count him but an enemy to me.? so high as a war between Shaddai and their king:
5. Another part or piece,' said Diabolus, 'of mine excellent armour is a dumb and prayerless 4 Reader, we have here presented to our view the whole spirit—a spirit that scorns to cry for mercy; where-armour of the devil-presuinption, hardness of heart, a blas
phemous tongue, unbelief, and a prayerless spirit. This is fore be you, my Mansoul, sure that you make use of Satan's armour; the very reverse of that which God has prothis,3 What !
6 Thus Satan deceiveth the world, promising liberty and
pleasure, while slavery and destruction are his only aim..All How many baptized infidels perish in a vain hope that these things,' said he to our Lord, 'will I give thee, if thou Divine mercy will be extended to impenitent, unawakened wilt worship me.' O that we may be enabled to say, 'Get sinners; forgetting that 'a God all mercy, is a God unjust.' thee behind me, Satan.'—(Burder.) Satan first beguiles, then -(ED.)
destroys, and lastly torments; he flatters only to betray aud This shield of the devil is used to an extent that few ruin.-(Mason.) persons imagine. All the impenitent disbelieve the punish. 6 Reader, having accompanied Bunyan thus far in his Holy inent of sin, and use this shield to ward off conviction ; and War, pause and consider whether you understand his spiritual how many of the children of God, when in a state of doubt, meaning: the original perfection of human nature the use the same shield, to prevent the entrance of those pro- temptations of the enemy of souls—the loss of innocencymises which would bring consolation to their wounded souls! the admission of Diabolus into the heart of Mansoul-his Strangely has sin perverted the faculties of Mansoul.-(ED.) reign of sin--the first intimations of Divine mercy-Satan's
How skilfully Satan plies his suggestions, to keep poor precautions to prevent it—to resist the grace of God and to sinners from their kuces. He knows that he cannot withstand keep the soul in slavery,--have I felt all this in my own cxgodly, fervent, prayer.—(Ev.)
for the reco
The words of
captain was Captain Conviction ; to him was also
given ten thousand men. Ilis ensign's name was [CONTENTS:—Shaddai sends an army of forty thonsand to re
duce Mansoul, under the direction of four captains, Boa- Mr. Sorrow; he did bear the pale colours, and his nerges, Conviction, Judgment, and Execution, who address escutcheon was the book of the law wide open, the inhabitants with great energy, but to little purpose— from whence issued a flame of fire. De. xxxii. 2. The Diabolus, Incredulity, Illpause, and others, interfere to third captain was Captain Judgment; to him was prevent submission - Prejudice defends Eargate with a given ten thousand men. His ensign's name was guard of sixty deaf men.]
Mr. Terror; he bare the red colours, and his esNow all this time, the good King, the King cutcheon was a burning fiery furnace. Mat. xiii. 40, 41.
Shaddai was preparing to send an The fourth captain was Captain Execution; to him eth an arniy army to recover the town of Mansoul
was given ten thousand men. His ensign was one very of Ma: again, from under the tyranny of their Mr. Justice; he also bare the red colours, and his soul.
pretended king Diabolus. But he escutcheon was a fruitless tree, with an axe lying thought good, at the first, not to send them by the at the root thereof. Nint. iii. 10. hand and conduct of brave Emmanuel his Son, These four captains, as I said, had every one of but under the hand of some of his servants, to see them under his command ten thousand men; all first, by them, the temper of Mansoul; and whether of good fidelity to the King, and stout at their
by them they would be won to the military actions.”
obedience of their King. The army Well, the captains, and their forces, their men consisted of above forty thousand, all true men; and under-officers, being had upon a day by Shadfor they came from the King's own court, and dai into the field, and there called all over by their were those of his own choosing.
names, were then and there put into such harness They came up to Mansoul under the conduct of
as became their degree, and that service that now four stout generals, each man being a captain of they were going about for their King.” The captains' ten thousand men, and these are their
Now, when the King had mustered his forcesnames, and their signs. The name of for it is he that mustereth the host to the battlethe first was Boanerges; the name of the second he gave unto the captains their several commissions, was Captain Conviction; the name of the third with charge and commandment, in the audience of was Captain Judgment; and the name of the fourth all the soldiers, that they should take heed faithwas Captain Execution. These were the captains fully and courageously to do and execute the same. that Shaddai sent to regain Mansoul."
Their commissions were, for the substance of then, These four captains, as was said, the King the same in form; though as to name, title, place, thought fit, in the first place, to send to Mansoul, to and degree of the captains, there might be some, make an attempt upon it; for indeed, generally in but very small variation. And here let me give all his wars he did use to send these four captains you an account of the matter and sum contained in the van, for they were very stout and rough in their commission. hewn men, men that were fit to break the ice, and to make their way by dint of sword, and their men d commission from the great Shaddai, King of Manwere like themselves.? Ps. Ix. 4.
soul, to his trusty and noble captain, the Captain To each of these captains the King gave a ban- Boanerges, for his making war upon the town ner that it might be displayed, because of the good- of Mansoul. ness of his cause, and because of the right that he had to Mansoul. First to Captain Boanerges, for
• 0 thou Boanerges, one of my stout and thundering captains, over
one ten Their commuis. he was the chief ; to him, I say, was given ten thousand men.
thousand of my valiant and faithful His ensign was Mr. Thunder; he bare the black colours, and his escutcheon was s Boanerges,' a powerful awakening ministry; ' Conviction, three burning thunderbolts. Mar. lii. 17. The second an awful display of the requirements of the law; 'Judgment,'
the dreadful expectation of the great day; ‘Execution,' the
destruction of impenitent sinners. These are means of con1 lhe army of forty thousand terrors of the law was not so viction, although in many cases, as that of Lydia, the heart is fearful as one threatening of the new covenant. Read care- gently opened to admit Emmanuel.- (Ed.) Tully Grace Abounding, No. 246.-(E1).)
+ "llarness ;' dress or eqnipments for tighting men, or for 2 Mansoul's spirit is first to be broken by the terrors of the horses.-(ED.) law; there is no difficulty in understanding the very appro
• These are the usual means of conviction and conversion, priate names of the captains. But why forty thousand con- but not the only means. Some are gently led to the Saviour, victions and terrors, unless from that number of valiant men to others in a dream, in a vision of the night; he openeth the “prepared for war,' that went up with Joshua, who was feared ears of men, and sealeth their instruction. Job xxxii. 15, 16. as they fcared Moses ?' Jos. iv. 13. The margin says, “The The great question is, Do I love the Lord? Does that love words of God.' There are in the Bible 810,697 words, so lead to obedience ?--(Ev.) that the 40,000 and above may refer to the number of those 6 A son of thunder, meaning a powerful proclamation of the passages intended to convince of sin, of righteousness, and of gospel, which, when made effectual in the heart by the Holy jndyment to come.-(Ed.)
Ghost, becomes the power of God to salvation.-(Mason.)
The world are
ed life of the
servants; go thou in my name, with this thy | when they saw, the captains could for their hearts force, to the miserable town of Mansoul; and do no less than for a while bewail the condition of when thou comest thither, offer them first con- the town, for they quickly saw how that it was ditions of peace, Mat. x. 11. Luke x. 5. and command prostrate to the will of Diabolus, and to his ways them, that casting off the yoke and tyranny of and designs. Well, to be short, the captains came the wicked Diabolus, they return to me, their up before the town, march up to Eargate, sit down rightful Prince and Lord; command them, also, that there, for that was the place of hearing. So, when they cleanse themselves from all that is bis in the they had pitched their tents and intrenched themtown of Mansoul, and look to thyself that thou hast selves, they addressed themselves to make their good satisfaction touching the truth of their obed assault. ience. Thus when thou hast commanded them, if Now the townsfolk at first, beholding so gal. they in truth submit thereto, then do thou, to the lant a company, so bravely accoutered, uttermost of thy power, what in thee lies, to set and so excellently disciplined, hav- convinced by up for me a garrison in the famous town of Man- ing on their glittering armour, and soul ; nor do thou hurt the least native that moveth displaying of their flying colours,
godly. or breatheth therein, if they will submit themselves could not but come out of their houses and gaze. to me, but treat thou such as if they were thy friend But the cunning fox, Diabolus, fearing that the or brother—for all such I love, and they shall be people, after this sight, should on a sudden sumdear unto me—and tell them that I will take a mons, open the gates to the captains, came down time to come unto them, and to let them know that with all haste from the castle, and made them I am merciful. 1 Th. ii. 7–11.
retire into the body of the town, who, when he • But if they shall notwithstanding thy sum- had them there, made this lying and deceivable
— mons, and the production of thy authority-resist, speech unto them :stand out against thee, and rebel, then do I com- • Gentlemen,' quoth he, although you are my mand thee to make use of all thy cunning, power, trusty and well-beloved friends, yet I might, and force, to bring them under by strength cannot but a little chide you for your ates their minds vf hand. Farewell.'
late uncircumspect action, in going Thus you see the sum of their commissions, for, out to gaze on that great and mighty force that as I said before, for the substance of them they but yesterday sat down before, and have now inwere the same that the rest of the noble captains trenched themselves, in order to the maintaining had.
of a siege against, the famous town of Mansoul. Wherefore they having received each commander Do you know who they are, whence they come, his authority, at the hand of their King, the day and what is their purpose in setting down before They prepare for being appointed, and the place of their the town of Mansoul? They are they That's false, sa
rendezvous prefixed, each commander of whom I have told you long ago, appeared in such gallantry as became his cause that they would come to destroy this town, and and calling. So, after a new entertainment from against whom I have been at the cost to arm you Shaddai, with flying colours, they set forward to with cap-a-pie 3 for your body, besides great fortimarch towards the famous town of Mansoul. Cap-fications for your
mind, Wherefore, then,
you tain Boanerges led the van; Captain Conviction and not rather, even at the first appearance of them, Captain Judgment made up the main body, and cry out, fire the beacons, and give the
greatly Captain Execution brought up the rear. Eph. ii. 13, whole town an alarm concerning them,
that 17. They then having a long way to go, for the that we might all have been in a pos- they will get town of Mansoul was far off from the court of Shad-ture of defence, and been ready to
gainst him. dai, they marched through the regions and countries have received them with the highest of many people, not hurting or abusing any, but acts of defiance, then had you showed yourselves blessing wherever they came. They also lived upon men to my liking; whereas, by what you have the King's cost in all the way they went. done, you have made me half-afraid; I say half
Having travelled thus for many days, at last afraid, that when they and we shall come to push they came within sight of Mansoul; the which, a pike, I shall find you want courage to stand it
Although Bunyan was not a hireling preacher, but for a of God, he is now the image of the devil; instead of being the great portion of his life maintained himself and his family by citizen of heaven, he is the bond-slave of hell; having no one the labour of bis hands, yet he plainly intimates that itinerating part of his former purity and cleanness, but is altogether spotted and missionary labourers in the Lord's vineyard must be main and defiled, and is nothing but a lump of sin, and condemned tained at the King's cost while away from home.—(Ev.) to everlasting death. What strange ideas must pass over the
2 The distance to which man has fallen from God, is well mind of an unconverted clergyman, who prides himself on the sct forth in the Church Homily on the Nativity: 'Before he dignity of human nature, and yet reads this to his congregawas beloved, now he is abhorred; before he was most beautiful tion.-(Ed.) and precious, now he is vile and wretched. Instead of the image 3 . Cap-a-pie;' armed all over froin head to fect.—(Imp. Dic.)
He went up
out any longer. Wherefore have I commanded a | also how he had spend. Whereat the captain was watch, and that you should double your guards at grieved, but bid the trumpeter go to his tent. the gates ?
Wherefore have I endeavoured to Again Captain Boanerges sendeth his trumpeter make you as hard as iron, and your hearts as a to Eargate, to sound, as before, for a A second sum. piece of the nether millstone? Was it, think you, hearing. But they again kept close,
, monsrepulseil. that you might show yourselves women, and that came not out, nor would they give him an answer, you might go out like a company of innocents to so observant were they of the command of Diabolus Flestirs them up gaze on your mortal foes? Fy, fv, their king.” to biti defiance totle ministers put yourselves into a posture of de- Then the captains, and other field-officers, called of the Word fence, beat up the drum, gather to- a council of war,; to consider what
A council of war. gether in warlike manner, that our foes may further was to be done for the gaining know that, before they shall conquer this corpor- of the town of Mansoul, and, after some close and ation there are valiant men in Mansoul.
thorough debate upon the contents of their commis•I will leave off now to chide, and will not further sions, they concluded yet to give to the town, by rebuke
you; but I charge you that henceforwards the hand of the fore-named trumpeter, another you let me see no more such actions. Let not summons to hear; but if that shall be refused, henceforward a man of you, without order first said they, and that the town shall stand it out obtained from me, so much as show his head over still, then they determined, and bid the trumpeter the wall of the town of Mansoul. You have now tell them so, that they would endeavour, by what heard me, do as I have commanded, and you shall means they could, to compel them by force to the cause me that I dwell securely with you, and that obedience of their King. Lu. xiv. 23. I take care as for myself, so for your safety and So Captain Boanerges commanded his trumhonour also. Farewell.'l
peter to go up to Eargate again, and, a third sunNow were the townsmen strangely altered ; they in the name of the great King Shaddai, were as men stricken with a panic fear; they ran to give it a very loud summons, to come down with
to and fro through the streets of the out delay to Eargate, there to give audience to hearken to sa- town of Mansoul, crying out, 'Help, the King's most noble captains. So the trumpeter tan, they bel'in ay rage help! the men that turn the world went and did as he was commanded. against godli
. upside down are come hither also ;' to Eargate and sounded his trumpet, and gave a
nor could any of them be quiet after, third summons to Mansoul; he said, moreover, but still, as men bereft of wit, they cried out, “The that if this they should still refuse to do, the capdestroyers of our peace and people are come. This tains of his Prince would with might come down went down with Diabolus.
• Aye!' quoth he to upon them, and endeavour to reduce them to their himself, “this I like well, now it is as I would obedience by force. Is. Iviii. 1. have it; now you show your obedience to your Then stood up my Lord Will-be-will, who was prince, hold you but here, and then let them take the governor of the town; this Will. the town if they can.'
be-will was that apostate of whom will his speech
to the trumpeter. Well, before the King's forces had sat before mention was made before, and the Mansoul three days, Captain Boanerges commanded keeper of the gates of Mansoul. He, therefore, The King's trum.
his trumpeter to go down to Eargate, with big and ruthling words, demanded of the pet sounded at and there, in the name of the great trumpeter who he was, whence he came, and Eargate.
Shaddai, to summons Mansoul to give what was the cause of his making so hideous a audience to the message that he, in his Master's noise at the gate, and speaking such insufferable name, was to them commanded to deliver. So the words against the town of Mansoul ? trumpeter, whose name was Take-heed-what-you- The trumpeter answered, “I am servant to the hear, went up, as he was commanded, to Ear-gate, most noble captain, Captain Boanerges,
The trumpeter. and there sounded his trumpet for a hearing; but general of the forces of the great King They will not there was none that appeared that Shaddai, against whom both thyself, with the whole gave answer or regard; for so had town of Mansoul, have rebelled, and lift up
the heel; Diabolus commanded. So the trumpeter returned and my master, the captain, hath a special mesto liis captain, and told him what he had done, and
The Lord Will-be
2. Faith cometh by hearing;' but, alas ! how often, at the 1 To alarm and to persuade are the two principal means by instigation of Satan, is the ear shut against the messages of which the devil tempts men; and it is not uncommon among grace. The Christian inquirer's duty is to hear and search all Christians to feel the influence of both on one occasion. Now, things, and hold fast that which is good.—(ED.) as two things so dissimilar are not likely to arise out of the 3 The knowledge which Bunyan displays upon all subjects self-same mind, is not this an evidence of the power of some is very surprising. He had an opportunity, when in the army, foreign and infernal influence over the human heart? Let us, of hearing about councils of war, at which, in that day, captains then, be always awake to a sense of our danger, and put on may have assisted; but now a captain is not called ' a fieldthe whole armour of God.-(Mason.)