his lord were in principle one, and in practice not far asunder. Ro. viii. 7. And now was Mansoul brought under to purpose, and made to fulfil the lusts of the will and of the mind.

But it will not out of my thoughts, what a desperate one this Will-be-will was, when power was put into his hand. First, he flatly denied that he owed any suit or service to his former prince and liege lord. This done, in the next place he took an oath, and swore fidelity to his great master Diabolus, and then, being stated and settled in his places, offices, advancements, and preferments, O! you cannot think, unless you had seen it, the strange work that this workman made in the town of Mansoul!

The carnal will



Vile-affection and Carnallust.

him Vile-affection. Now there was he, and one
Carnal-lust, the daughter of Mr. Mind Amatch betwixt
(like to like, quoth the devil to the
collier) that fell in love, and made a
match, and were married; and, as I take it, they
had several children, as Impudent, Blackmouth, and
Hate-reproof; these three were black boys. And
besides these they had three daughters, as Scorn-
truth, and Slightgod, and the name of the youngest
was Revenge; these were all married in the town,
and also begot and yielded many bad brats, too
many to be here inserted. But to pass by this.

What Notruth


When the giant had thus ingarrisoned himself in the town of Mansoul, and had put down and set up whom he thought good; he betakes himself to defacing. Now there was in the market-place in Mansoul, and also upon the gates of the castle, an image of the blessed King Shaddai; this image was so exactly engraven, and it was engraven in gold, that it did the most resemble Shaddai himself of anything that then was extant in the world. This he basely commanded to be defaced, and it was as basely done by the hand of Mr. Notruth. Now you must know, that as Diabolus had commanded, and that by the hand of Mr. Notruth, the image of Shaddai was defaced. He likewise gave order that the same Mr. Notruth should set up in its stead the horrid and formidable image of Diabolus; to the great contempt of the former King, and lebasing of his town of Mansoul. Moreover, Diabolus made havoc of all remains of the laws and statutes of Shaddai that could be found in the town of Mansoul; to wit, such as contained either the doctrines of morals, with all civil and natural documents. Also relative severities he sought to extinguish. To be short, there was nothing of the remains of good in Mansoul which he and Will-be-will sought not to destroy; for their design was to turn Mansoul into a brute, and to make it like to the sensual sow, by the hand of Mr. Notruth.*

First, he maligned Mr. Recorder to death; he would neither endure to see him, nor opposeth con- to hear the words of his mouth; he would shut his eyes when he saw him, and stop his ears when he heard him speak: also, he could not endure that so much as a fragment of the law of Shaddai should be anywhere seen in the town. For example, his clerk, Mr. Mind, had some old, rent, and torn parchments of the law of good Shaddai in his house, but when Will-be-will saw them, he cast them behind his back. Ne. ix. 2c. True, Mr. Recorder had some of the laws in his study, but Corrupt lord could by no means my loves & dark come at them: he also thought, and understanding. said, that the windows of my old Lord Mayor's house were always too light for the profit of the town of Mansoul. The light of a candle he could not endure. Now, nothing at all pleased Will-be-will but what pleased Diabolus his lord. There was none like him to trumpet about the streets the brave nature, the wise conduct, and great glory of the King Diabolus. He would range and rove throughout all the streets of Mansoul to cry up his illustrious lord, and would make himself even as an abject, among the base and rascal crew, to cry up his valiant prince. And I say, when and wheresoever he found these vassals, he would even make himself as one of them. In all ill courses he would act without bidding, and do mischief with--namely, to alienate Mansoul from Shaddai, her out commandment.

Vain thoughts.

The Lord Will-be-will also had a deputy under him, and his name was Mr. Affection; one that was also greatly debauched in his principles, and answerable thereto in his life. Ro. i. 25. He was

wholly given to the flesh, and therefore they called

The unawakened sinner has no pleasure in the Holy Scriptures; they are to him like old, rent, torn law parchments, which are written in a language that he cannot understand, and he casts them away.—(ED)

What a progeny! but they are the genuine fruits of sin, which is of an impudent, scornful, and revengeful nature; and they have made the soul an enemy to justice, mercy, and truth. -(Mason.)


All law books destroyed that could be so.

When he had destroyed what law and good orders he could, then, further to effect his design

king-he commands and they set up his own vain edicts, statutes, and commandments, in all places of resort or concourse in Mansoul; to wit, such as gave liberty to the lusts of the flesh, the lusts of

3 Relative severities are the duties we owe to God, to our

selves, and to man, as public and private prayer, obedience and affection to parents and relatives, and that duty so essential to our spirit's welfare-self-examination.' These being neglected, the sinner becomes to every good work reprobate.-(Mason.)

4 Satan would conceal or obliterate the sacred Scriptures, prevent the practice of duty to God or to our neighbour, and make man merely carnal and brutish. Awfully has he suc ceeded; so that man has become that motley monster, halfbeast, half-devil, uniting in himself the sensual appetites of the former with the diabolic temper of the latter.-(Burder.)

Lord Mayor


them new al-


Besides these, Diabolus made several burgesses
and aldermen in Mansoul; such as out He doth make
of whom the town, when it needed, dermen,
might choose them officers, governors,
and magistrates. And these are the names of the
chief of them, Mr. Incredulity, Mr. Haughty, Mr.
Swearing, Mr. Whoring, Mr. Hardheart, Mr. Piti-
less, Mr. Fury, Mr. Notruth, Mr. Stand-to-lies,
Mr. Falsepeace, Mr. Drunkenness, Mr. Cheating,
Mr. Atheism-thirteen in all. Mr. Incredulity is
the eldest, and Mr. Atheism the youngest, of the

the eyes, and the pride of life, which are not of common people in hurtful ways. For who doth
Shaddai, but of the world. 1 Jn. ii. 16. He encouraged, not perceive, but when those that sit aloft are vile.
countenanced, and promoted lasciviousness, and and corrupt themselves, they corrupt the whole
all ungodliness there. Yea, much more did Dia-region and country where they are ?*
bolus to encourage wickedness in the town of Man-
soul; he promised them peace, content, joy, and
bliss in doing his commands, and that they should
never be called to an account for their not doing
the contrary. And let this serve to give a taste
to them that love to hear tell of what is done be-
yond their knowledge, afar off in other countries.
Now Mansoul being wholly at his beck, and
brought wholly to his bow, nothing was heard or
seen therein but that which tended to set up him.
But now, he having disabled the Lord Mayor
They have a new and Mr. Recorder from bearing of
and a new ke- office in Mansoul, and seeing that the
town, before he came to it, was the
most ancient of corporations in the world; and
fearing, if he did not maintain greatness, they at
any time should object that he had done them an
injury, therefore, I say, that they might see that
he did not intend to lessen their grandeur, or to
take from them any of their advantageous things,
he did choose for them a Lord Mayor and a Re-
corder himself; and such as contented them at the
heart, and such also as pleased him wondrous well.
The name of the Mayor that was of Diabolus's
The new Lord making was the Lord Lustings; a
man that had neither eyes nor ears;
all that he did, whether as a man or as an officer,
he did it naturally, as doth the beast. And that
which made him yet the more ignoble, though
not to Mansoul, yet to them that beheld and were
grieved for its ruins, was, that he never could
savour good, but evil.



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1 Great is the the danger of seeking to be wise above what is written. The Bible is the limit of all real knowledge in matters of religion. To the law and to the testimony, if any doctrine or practice is not to be found there, reject it instantly and for ever; it is poisonous, and tends to death and hell.(ED.)

Neither eyes nor ears;' no regard to reason nor danger, but hurried on by mere appetite to every fleshly indulgence. -(Burder.) How degraded Man becomes a compound of devilish and beastly lusts. 'Lord, what is man that thou should be mindful of him.'-(ED.)

3 To 'grammar;' to instil into the mind.-(Ed.)

Nothing could evidence more intrepid faith ulness than this severe, but just, reflection upon the open licentiousness and debauchery of Charles II. and his courtiers. Nearly thirteen years of frightful imprisonment had not ehilled his faithful

There was also an election of common councilmen, and others; as bailiffs, sergeants, constables, and others; but all of them like to those aforenamed, being either fathers, brothers, cousins, or nephews to them; whose names, for brevity's sake, I omit to mention.


When the giant had thus far proceeded in his work, in the next place he betook He buildeth three himself to build some strongholds in stronger the town. And he built three that vernors. seemed to be impregnable. The first he called the Hold of Defiance, because it was made to command the whole town, and to keep it from the knowledge of its ancient King. The second he called Midnight-hold, because it was built on pur pose to keep Mansoul from the true knowledge of itself. The third was called Sweet-sin-hold, because by that he fortified Mansoul against all desires of good. The first of these holds stood close by Eyegate, that as much as might be light might be darkened there. The second was built hard to the old castle, to the end that that might be made more blind, if possible. And the third stood in the market-place."

He that Diabolus made governor over the first

spirit, nor cowed him in doing his duty. In serving God he
was a stranger to fear.-(ED.)

What a vile set of wretches!' the reader will exclaim; but
are you sure that they do not rule your heart? Unbelief is
the first, and how natural the gradation to Atheism, the last-
the scorner's seat.-(ED.)

'Christ purged his temple, so must thou thy heart.
All sinful thoughts are thieves, together met
To cozen thee.'-(Herbert.)

6 Thus Satan fixes his empire in the soul-1. By enmity
and aversion to Divine instruction; 2. By the blindness of
the understanding, and perverseness of the will, by which the
knowledge of its lamentable state and of God are concealed;
and, 3. By a habit and delight in sin, rolling it as a sweet
morsel under the tongue; all which, if grace prevent not, will
drown men in destruction and perdition.-(Mason.) Reader,
beware, these three strongholds are the greatest enemies to
human happiness:-1. Indifferent carelessness; 2. Ignorance
of the new birth and of spiritual religion, which is the strength
of superstition-the cruel persecutor of the saints; 3. Lusts,
which degrade the soul into slavery to Satan.—(Ed.)

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of these, was one Spitegod, a most blasphemous with grief, some say, or with being poisoned with wretch. He came with the whole rabble of them the stinking breath of one Illpause, as say others that came against Mansoul at first, and was him--at the hearing of his just lord and rightful self one of themselves. He that was made the prince Shaddai so abused by the mouth of so filthy governor of Midnight-hold, was one Love-no-light. a Diabolonian as that varlet Illpause was. The He was also of them that came first against the messenger further told, that after this Illpause town. And he that was made the governor of the had made a short oration to the townsmen, in hold called Sweet-sin-hold, was one whose name behalf of Diabolus his master, the simple town was Loveflesh; he was also a very lewd fellow, believing that what was said was true, with one but not of that country where the other are bound.1 consent did open Eargate, the chief gate of the This fellow could find more sweetness when he corporation, and did let him with his crew into a stood sucking of a lust, than he did in all the possession of the famous town of Mansoul. He paradise of God. further showed how Diabolus had served the Lord Mayor and Mr. Recorder, to wit, that he had put them from all place of power and trust. Item, He showed also that my Lord Will-be-will was turned a very rebel and renegade, and that so was one Mr. Mind, his clerk; and that they two did range and revel it all the town over, and teach the wicked ones their ways. He said, moreover, that this Will-be-will was put into great trust; and, particularly, that Diabolus had put into Will-be-will's hand all the strong places in Mansoul; and that Mr. Affection was made my Lord Will-be-will's deputy in his most rebellious affairs. Yea, said the messenger, this monster, Lord Willbe-will, has openly disavowed his King Shaddai, and hath horribly given his faith and plighted his troth to Diabolus.*

Diabolus has

And now Diabolus thought himself safe; he had taken Mansoul; he had ingarrisoned himself therein; he had put down the old officers, and had set up new ones; he had defaced | made his nest. the image of Shaddai, and had set up his own; he had spoiled the old law-books, and had promoted his own vain lies; he had made him new magistrates, and set up new aldermen; he had built him new holds, and had manned them for himself. And all this he did to make himself secure, in case the good Shaddai, or his Son, should come to make an incursion upon him.


[CONTENTS:-Information of the revolution carried to the court of King Shaddai-His great resentment of the rebellion -Ilis gracious intention of restoring Mansoul-Some intimations of this published-Care of Diabolus to suppress them—His artifices to secure the town, and prevent its return to Shaddai.]

what had hap


Now you may well think, that long before this time word, by some or other, could not Tidings carried to the court of but be carried to the good King Shadpened to Man- dai, how his Mansoul in the continent of Universe was lost; and that the renegade giant Diabolus, once one of his Majesty's servants, had, in rebellion against the King, made sure thereof for himself; yea, tidings were carried and brought to the King thereof, and that to a very circumstance.3

As first, How Diabolus came upon Mansoulthey being a simple people, and innocent-with craft, subtilty, lies, and guile. Item, That he had treacherously slain the right noble and valiant captain, their Captain Resistance, as he stood upon the gate, with the rest of the townsmen. Item, How brave Lord Innocent fell down dead


Loveflesh was one of the corrupted Mansoulians, and, therefore, not bound to the place whence Spitegod and Loveno-light came; these were Diabolonians.-(ED.)

2 How awful and complete is the revolution! The understanding is darkened, the conscience debauched, the will perverted, the image of God defaced, the law of God suppressed, and lusts triumphant; while the proud sinner defies God, loves midnight darkness, and wallows in sin. What an awful, but accurate, picture of apostate man! God, be merciful to us sinners. (Burder.)


'Also,' said the messenger, 'besides all this, the new king, or rather rebellious tyrant, over the once famous, but now perishing, town of Mansoul, has set up a Lord Mayor and a Recorder of his own. For Mayor, he has set up one Mr Lustings, and for Recorder, Mr. Forget-good; two of the vilest of all the town of Mansoul.' This faithful messenger also proceeded, and told what a sort of new burgesses Diabolus had made, also that he had builded several strong forts, towers, and strongholds in Mansoul. He told too, the which I had almost forgot, how Diabolus had put the town of Mansoul into arms, the better to capacitate them on his behalf to make resistance against Shaddai their king, should he come to reduce them to their former obedience.

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Let all men know who are concerned, That the

behold it, what sorrow and grief, and compunction | mined, and to cause that it should be published in of spirit, there was among all sorts, to think that all the corners of the kingdom of Universe. famous Mansoul was now taken; only the King, short breviat3 of the contents thereof you may, if and his Son foresaw all this long before, yea, and you please, take here as follows: sufficiently provided for the relief of Mansoul, though they told not everybody thereof. Yet, because they also would have a share in condoling of the misery of Mansoul, therefore they also did, and that at the rate of the highest degree, bewail the losing of Mansoul. The King said plainly, That it grieved him at his heart,' and you may be sure that his Son was not a whit behind him.


The Son of God.

Ge. vi. 5, 6. Thus gave they conviction to all about them, that they had love and compassion for the famous town of Mansoul. Well, when the King and his Son were retired into the privy-chamber, there they again consulted about what they had The secret of his designed before, to wit, that as Mansoul should in time be suffered to be lost, so as certainly it should be recovered again; recovered I say, in such a way as that both the King and his Son would get themselves eternal fame and glory thereby. Wherefore after this consult, the Son of Shaddai, a sweet and comely person, and one that had always great affection for those that were in affliction, but one that had mortal enmity in his heart against Diabolus, because he was designed for it, and because he sought his crown and dignity. This Son of Shaddai, I say, having stricken hands1 with his Father, and promised that he would be his servant to recover his Mansoul again, stood by his resolution, nor would he repent of the same. Is. xlix. 5. 1 Ti. i. 15. He. xiii. 14. The purport of which A brave design agreement was this: to wit, That at a on foot for the certain time prefixed by both, the King's Son should take a journey into the country of Universe; and there, in a way of justice and equity, by making of amends for the follies of Mansoul, he should lay a foundation of her perfect deliverance from Diabolus, and from his tyranny."

town of Man


Moreover, Emmanuel resolved to make, at a time convenient, a war upon the giant Diabolus, even while he was possessed of the town of ManBy the Holy soul; and that he would fairly, by Ghost. strength of hand, drive him out of his hold, his nest, and take it to himself, to be his habitation.

This now being resolved upon, order was given The Holy Scrip- to the Lord Chief Secretary, to draw tures. up a fair record of what was

Son of Shaddai, the great King, is The Contents.
engaged, by covenant to his Father, to
bring his Mansoul to him again; yea, and to put
Mansoul too, through the power of his matchless
love, into a far better, and more happy condition
than it was in before it was taken by Diabolus. '4

These papers, therefore, were published in several places, to the no little molestation of the tyrant Diabolus, for now, thought he, I shall be molested, and my habitation will be taken from me.

Among the

But when this matter, I mean this purpose of the King and his Son, did at first take air at court, who can tell how the high lords, chicf captains, and noble princes, that were there, were taken with the business. Angels. First, they whispered it one to another, and after that it began to ring out throughout the King's palace; all wondering at the glorious design that between the King and his Son was on foot for the miserable town of Mansoul. Yea, the courtiers could scarce do any thing, either for the King or kingdom, but they would mix with the doing thereof a noise of the love of the King and his Son, that they had for the town of Mansoul.

Diabolus perplexed at the

Nor could these lords, high captains, and princes, be content to keep this news at court, yea, before the records thereof were perfected, themselves came down and told it in Universe. At last it came to the ears, as I said, of Diabolus, to his no little discontent. For you must think it would perplex him to hear of such a design against him; well, but after a few casts in his mind, he concluded upon these four things.


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3 Breviat;' a summary or epitome; a word commonly used in Bunyan's time.--(ED.)

4 Early intimation was given to a lost world of God's deter-gracious designs in favour of rebel man. He was pleased to publish in his Word this benevolent purpose.—(Burder.)

1 To strike hands' means to enter into agreement, make a contract, or become security. Pr. xvii. 18.-(Ed.)


2 How astonishing is the Divine benignity! Who express it so well as in the words of Emmanuel himself, God so loved the world? So loved! How much he loved, no tongue can tell, no heart conceive. It is love unsought, unparalleled, frce, and everlasting.-(Burder.)

It is the interest of hell to keep men in ignorance of the gospel. His great instrument, in all ages and climes, has been a wicked priesteraft. All that tends to prevent anxious personal inquiry for salvation is from beneath, from the father of lies. I believe as the church believes, and the church believes as I believe,' is the wretched sophistry by which Satan entangles souls in his net.-(ED.)

First, How to

from Mansoul.

The will engag

out of town

of Mansoul.

Nor did the silly Mansoul stick or boggle at all at this most monstrous engagement, but, as if it had been a sprat in S the mouth of a whale, they swallowed it without any chewing. Were they troubled at it? Nay, they rather bragged and boasted of their so brave fidelity to the tyrant, their pretended King, swearing that they would never be changelings, nor forsake their old lord for a new.1

Now, to accomplish this his design, he renews | hell. Is. xxviii. 15. his flattery with my Lord Will-be-will, keep the news and also gives him strict charge and command, that he should keep watch by day and by night at all the gates of the town, especially Eargate and Eyegate. For I hear of a design, quoth he, a design to make us all traitors, and that Mansoul must be reduced to its first bondage again. I hope they are but flying stories, quoth he; however, let no such news ed against the by any means be let into Mansoul, lest gospel. the people be dejected thereat; I think, my lord, it can be no welcome news to you, I am Good thoughts sure it is none to me. And I think at the bet that at this time it should be all our wisdoms and care, to nip the head of all such rumours as shall tend to trouble our people. Wherefore, I desire, my lord, that you will in this matter do as I say, let there be strong guards daily kept at every gate of the town. Stop also and examine from whence such come, that you perceive do from far come hither to trade; nor let them by any means be admitted into Mansoul, unless you shall plainly perceive that they are favourers of All good thoughts our excellent government. I comthe town are to mand, moreover, said Diabolus, that be suppressed. there be spies continually walking up and down the town of Mansoul, and let them have power to suppress, and destroy, any that they shall perceive to be plotting against us, or that shall prate of what by Shaddai and Emmanuel is in

and words in


This, therefore, was accordingly done; my Lord Will-be-will hearkened to his lord and master, went willingly after the commandment, and, with all the diligence he could, kept any that would from going out abroad, or that sought to bring this tidings to Mansoul, from coming into the town.


new oath


Secondly. This done, in the next place, Diabolus, that he might make Mansoul as sure imposed upon as he could, frames and imposes a new oath and horrible covenant upon the townsfolk: to wit, That they should never desert him, nor his government, nor yet betray him, nor seek to alter his laws; but that they should own, confess, stand by, and acknowledge him for their rightful king, in defiance to any that do, or hereafter shall, by any pretence, law, or title whatever, lay claim to the town of Mansoul.' Thinking belike that Shaddai had not power to absolve them from this covenant with death, and agreement with

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Odious atheistical pamphlets, and filthy ballads and ro


Thus did Diabolus tie poor Mansoul fast; but jealousy, that never thinks itself strong enough, put him, in the next place, upon another exploit, which was yet more, if possible, to debauch this town of Mansoul. Wherefore he caused, by the hand of manres, full of one Mr. Filth, an odious, nasty, lascivious piece of beastliness to be drawn up in writing, and to be set upon the castle gates; whereby he granted and gave license to all his true and trusty sons in Mansoul, to do whatsoever their lustful appetites prompted them to do, and that no man was to let, hinder, or control them, upon pain of incurring the displeasure of their prince.

thus doing.

Now this he did for these reasons: 1. That the town of Mansoul might be yet made weaker and weaker, and so more un- Reasons of his able, should tiding come that their redemption was designed, to believe, hope, or consent to the truth thereof. For reason says, the bigger the sinner, the less grounds of hopes of mercy.3

2. The second reason was, If, perhaps, Emmanuel, the Son of Shaddai their king, by seeing the horrible and profane doings of the town of Mansoul, might repent, though entered into a covenant of redeeming them, of pursuing that covenant of their redemption; for he knew that Shaddai was holy, and that his Son Emmanuel was holy; yea, he knew it by woeful experience; for, for the iniquity and sin of Diabolus was he cast from the highest orbs. Wherefore, what more rational than for him to conclude, that thus for sin it might fare with Mansoul. But fearing also lest this knot should break, he bethinks himself of another, to wit:

3. To endeavour to possess all hearts in the town of Mansoul that Shaddai was raising of an army, to come to overthrow and utterly to destroy this town of Mansoul, and this he did to forestal any tidings that might come to their ears of their

publications affords a good criterion of the moral state of a ''Baldry;' obscenity. The abounding of such depraved country-China, very degraded; France, degraded; Italy, under the Pope's nose, most degraded; few, in comparison, are now to be found in England, and they hide themselves as Christian knowledge progresses. In Bunyan's time, under the depraved Charles II., they awfully abounded under the care of Mr. Filth.-(ED.)

3 Not so, says the Scripture, it is a saying worthy of all acceptation, that Christ came to save sinners, even the chief of sinners.-See Bunyan's Jerusalem Sinner Saved.—(ED.)

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