with us.

es up to the town, and calis for audience.


nothing that was in its primitive state was at all that was designed by this stratagem to be deamazing to them. Then they proceeded to the stroyed was one Mr. Resistance, otherwise called third thing, which was,

Captain Resistance. And a great man

or Capt. Resist. Third. Whether they had best to show their in- in Mansoul this Captain Resistance The third pro

tentions or the design of his coming was; and a man that the giant Diabolus posal. to Mansoul, or no. This also was and his band more feared than they feared the whole answered in the negative, because of the weight town of Mansoul besides. Now who should be that was in the former reasons, to wit, for tliat the actor to do the murder, that was the next, Mansoul were a strong people, a strong people and they appointed one Tisiphone, a fury of the in a strong town, whose wall and gates were im- lake, to do it. pregnable, to say nothing of their castle, nor can They thus having ended their council of war, they by any means be won but by their own con- rose up, and essayed to do as they The result of sent. Besides, said Legion’ (for he gave answer had determined. They marched to their council. to this), a discovery of our intentions may make wards Mansoul, but all in a manner invisible, them send to their King for aid, and if that be save one, only one ; nor did he approach the town done, I know quickly what time of day it will be in his own likeness, but under the shape and in

Therefore let us assault them in all pre- the body of the dragon. tended fairness, covering of our intentions with all So they drew up, and sat down before Ear-gate, manner of lies, flatteries, delusive words ; feigning for that was the place of hearing for all without of things that never will be, and promising of that the town, as Eye-gate was the place of perspection. to them that they shall never find. This is the So, as I said, he came up with his Diabolus narcir. way to win Mansoul, and to make them, of them- train to the gate, and laid his ambusselves, to open their gates to us ; yea, and to desire cado for Captain Resistance within us too, to come in to them.

bow-shot of the town, This done, the giant And the reason why I think that this project ascended up close to the gate, and called to the towal will do is, because the people of Mansoul now of Mansoul for audience. Nor took he any with are every one simple and innocent ; all honest and him, but one All-pause, who was his orator in alltrue ; nor do they as yet know what it is to be difficult matters. Now, as I said, he being come assaulted with fraud, guile, and hypocrisy. They up to the gate, as the manner of those times was,

are strangers to lying and dissembling sounded his trumpet for audience. At which tho

lips ; wherefore we cannot, if thus we chief of the town of Mansoul, such as be disguised, by them at all be discerned; our lies my Lord Innocent, my Lord Will-beshall go for true sayings, and our dissimulations will,


Lord Mayor, Mr. Recorder,? for upright dealings. What we promise them, and Captain Resistance came down to the wall to they will in that believe us, especially if in all see who was there, and what was the matter. our lies and feigned words we pretend great love And my Lord Will-be-will, when he had looked over to them, and that our design is only their advan- and saw who stood at the gate, demanded what tage and honour.

Now there was not one bit of he was, wherefore he was come, and why he roused a reply against this; this went as current down as the town of Mansoul with so unusual a sound, doth the water down a steep descent; wherefore DIAB. Diabolus then, as if he had been a lamb, they go to consider of the last proposal, which was, began his oration, and said ; GentleFourth. Whether they had not best to give out men of the fainous town of Mansoul,

orders to some of their company, to I am, as you may perceive, no far dweller from posal.

shoot some one or more of the prin- you, but near, and one that is bound by the King cipal of the townsmen, if they judge that their to do you my homage, and what service I can ; cause may be promoted thereby.

wherefore, that I may be faithful to myself, and to This was carried in the affirmative, and the man you, I have somewhat of concern to impart unto

you. Wherefore grant me your audience, and 1 In this infernal conference the names are well chosen. hear me patiently. And, first, I will assure you, A pollyon siguifies the Destroyer; Beelzebub, the Prince of Devils; Lucifer, the Morning Star, a fallen angel, the arch- 4 "The dragon ;' a scriptural name of the devil; see Re. xii. devil; Alecto, a heathen name of one of the furies, whose head xij.—(Ed.) was covered with snakes, and who was full of vengeance; * In the early editions this dangerous enemy is called AllTisiphone, another of the furies.—(Burder.)

pause when first introduced, but always afterwards Ill-pause. 2 Legion;' a military term. Among the Romans, five -(Ed.) thousand men. An indefinite number. Mar. v. 9.-(Mason.) 8 The will by which we determine for or against an action. 3 Resistance to the first sin is of the utınost importance :- ? The Recorder is conscience, by which we judge of an action Sin will at first, just like a bezgar, crave

as good or bad, according to the light we enjoy, whether by One penny or one halfpenny w have;

the law of nature or by the written law. Conscience records And, if you grant its first suit, 't will aspire From pence to pounds, and so will still mount higher

our actions; and, in the day of judgment, the book of conTo the whole soul.'-- Bunyan's Caution, vol. ii. p. 575.) science is one of those which shall be opened.-(Burder.)

The Lords of Mansoul appeared.


Diabolus's oration.

The fourth


The old

old story of the Sergent


ance slain.

of lies.

it is not myself, but you; not mine, but your ad- | both in bondage and slavery, and that by a grievvantage that I seek, by what I now do, as will full ous threat; no reason being annexed, but so I will well be made manifest by that I have opened my have it, so it shall be. And is it not grievous to inind unto you. For, gentlemen, I am, to tell you think on, that that very thing that you are forthe truth, come to show you how you may obtain bidden to do, might you but do it, would yield you great and ample deliverance from a bondage that, both wisdom and honour; for then your eyes will unawares to yourselves, you are captivated and be opened, and you shall be as gods. Now, since enslaved under. At this the town of Mansoul this is thus, quoth he, can you be kept by any

Mansoul began to prick up its ears, and what prince in more slavery, and in greater bondage, engaged.

is it, pray, what is it, thought they; than you are under this day? You are made unand he said, I have somewhat to say to you con- derlings, and are wrapped up in inconveniencies, cerning your King, concerning his law, and also as I have well made appear. For what bondage touching yourselves. Touching your King, I know greater than to be kept in blindness? Will not

I he is great and potent, but yet all that he hath reason tell you that it is better to have eyes than to said to you is neither true, nor yet for your advan- be without them; and so to be at liberty, to be bettage. 1. It is not true, for that wherewith he ter than to be shut up in a dark and stinking cave. liath hitherto awed you shall not come to pass, And just now, while Diabolus was speaking nor be fulfilled, though you do the thing that he these words to Mansoul, Tisiphone Captain Resisthath forbidden. But if there was danger, what a shot at Captain Resistance, where he

. slavery is it to live always in fear of the greatest stood on the gate, and mortally wounded him in of punishments, for doing so small and trivial a the head; so that he, to the amazement of the thing as eating of a little fruit is? 2. Touching townsmen, and the encouragement of Diabolus, Diabolus's sub

his laws, this I say further, they are fell down dead quite over the wall.Now, when tlety made up both unreasonable, intricate, and in- Captain Resistance was dead, and he was the only

tolerable. Unreasonable, as was hinted man of war in the town, poor Mansoul was wholly before, for that the punishment is not proportioned left naked of courage, nor had she now any heart to the offence. There is great difference and dis- to resist. But this was as the devil would have proportion betwixt the life and an apple; yet the it. Then stood forth that ne, Mr. Mr. Illpause's one must go for the other, by the law of your Illpause, that Diabolus brought with speeclor torte Shaddai. But it is also intricate, in that he saith, him, who was his orator, 4 and he adfirst, you may eat of all; and yet after, forbids dressed himself to speak to the town of Mansoul: the eating of one. And then, in the last place, it the tenor of whose speech here follows. must needs be intolerable, forasmuch as that fruit ILLPAUSE. Gentlemen, quoth he, it is my maswhich you are forbidden to eat of, if you are for- ter's happiness that he has this day a quiet and bidden any, is that, and that alone, which is able, teachable auditory, and it is hoped by us that by your eating, to minister to you a good as yet we shall prevail with you not to cast off good unknown by you.

This is manifest by the very advice; my master has a very great love for you, name of the tree; it is called the tree of knowledge and although, as he very well knows, that he runs of good and evil; and have you that knowledge as the hazard of the anger of King Shaddai, yet love yet? No, no, nor can you conceive how good, how to you will make him do more than that. Nor pleasant, and how much to be desired to make one doth there need that a word more should be spoken wise it is, so long as you stand by your king's to confirm for truth what he hath said; there is commandment. Why should you be holden in not a word but carries with it self-evidence in its ignorance and blindness? Why should you not bowels; the very name of the tree may put an be enlarged in knowledge and understanding? end to all controversy in this matter. I therefore And now, ah! ye inhabitants of the famous town of Mansoul, to speak more particularly to your dern author would say, “That fellow, Mr. Ipause.— (Ed.)

of thy sort.' Bunyan uses it as a mark of contempt. A mo. selves, you are not a free people! You are kept 4 Resistance failed in our first mother. She paused, and it

was an Ill-pause ; whatever contradicts God's Word should be 1 Satan may tempt, but cannot force the soul to sin, Ja. i. 14; instantly resisted as diabolical.—(Burder.) we are therefore commanded to resist the devil, that he may The most imminent danger to the soul is when Satan finds Dee from us. To destroy this resistance, therefore, must be a a death-like, quiet, teachable auditory. So it was when Whit. Ercat point with the enemy.--(Burder.)

field and Wesley, on their godlike mission, roused the people; The artful speech of Diabolus is founded upon the scrip- who, to a frightful extent, were slumbering on the brink of tural account of the first temptation. 'Ye shall not surely eternal torments.-(Ed.) die,' said the father of lies, and he still persists in it. God 6 Beware of flattery and hypocrisy, especially of that cuoning says, Sinner, thou shalt die; Satan says, Thou shalt not die. crastiness of false teachers whereby they lie in wait to deceive Which of these ought we to believe?-(Burder.)

unwary souls, and keep them in darkness. The white devil 3 ‘That 11.' According to Tyrwhitt, p. 113, he was pre- that elates the sinner with vain confidence, is much more fixed to proper names by the Saxons emphatically. Shakspeare dangerous than the black one who instigates to lust, profanethus uses it: 'I stand to auswer thee, or any he the proudest / ness, and despair.-(Mason.)

town of Man. soul.


He is enter-
tained for their


of the castle,
and fortified at
for himselt.


at this time shall only add this advice to you, thereof, to make his conquest as sure as he could,
under, and by the leave of my lord (and with that and finding by this time the affections of the people
he made Diabolus a very low congé). Consider warmly inclining to him, be, as thinking it was
his words, look on the tree, and the promising best striking while the iron is hot, made this
fruit thereof; remember also that yet you know further deceivable speech unto them, saying, Alas,
but little, and that this is the way to know more; my poor Mansoul! I have done thee indeed this
and if your reasons be not conquered to accept of service, as to promote thee to honour, and to
such good counsel, you are not the men that I took greaten thy liberty, but alas! alas! poor Man-
you to be. But when the towns-folk saw that the soul, thou wantest now one to defend thee, for
tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant assure thyself that when Shaddai shall hear what
to the eye, and a tree to be desired to make one is done, he will come; for sorry will he be that
wise, they did as old Illpause advised, they took thou hast broken his bonds, and cast his cords
and did eat thereof. Now this I should have told away from thee. What wilt thou do-wilt thou
you before, that even then, when this Illpause after enlargement suffer thy privileges to be in-
was making of his speech to the townsmen, my vaded and taken away? or what wilt resolve with
My Lord Inno. Lord Innocency–whether by a shot thyself? Then they all with one consent said to
cency's death. from the camp of the giant, or from this bramble, Do thou reign over us.
some sinking qualm that suddenly took him, or So he accepted the motion, and be-
whether by the stinking breath of that treacherous came the king of the town of Mansoul.
villain old Illpause, for so I am most apt to think – This being done, the next thing was to give him
sunk down in the place where he stood, nor could possession of the castle, and so of the whole
he be brought to life again. Thus these two strength of the town. Wherefore into He is possessed
brave men died; brave men I call them, for they the castle he goes—it was that which
were the beauty and glory of Mansoul, so long as Shaddai built in Mansoul for his own
they lived therein; nor did there now renain any delight and pleasure—this now was become a den
moro a noble spirit in Mansoul, they all fell down, and hold for the giarit Diabolus.*
and yielded obedience to Diabolus, and became his Now having got possession of this stately palace
slaves and vassals, as you shall hear.?

or castle, what doth he but make it a garrison for Now these being dead, what do the rest of the himself, and strengthens and fortifies it with all The town taken, towns-folk, but as men that had found a sorts of provision against the King Shaddai, or

fool's paradise, they presently, as afore those that should endeavour the regaining of it to was hinted, fall to prove the truth of the giant's him and his obedience again. words; and first they did as Illpause had taught This done, but not thinking himself yet secure them, they looked, they considered, they were enough, in the next place, he bethinks taken with the forbidden fruit, they took thereof, himself of new-modelling the town; Jeth the town. and did eat; and having eaten, they became imme- and so he does, setting up one, and putting down diately drunken therewith ; so they opened the gate, another at pleasure.” Wherefore my Lord Mayor, both Eargate and Eyegate, and let in Diabolus whose name was my Lord Understanding, and with all his bands, quite forgetting their good Shad- Mr. Recorder, whose name was Mr. Conscience, viai, his law, and the judgment that he had annexed those he puts out of place and power. with solemn threatening to the breach thereof.” As for my Lord Mayor, though he was an in

derstanding man, and one too that [CHAPTER II.)

My Lord Mayor

had complied with the rest of the put [CONTENTS:-Diabolus takes possession of the castle—The town of Mansoul in admitting of the

place. Lord Mayor, Mr. Understanding, is deposed, and a wall giant into the town, yet Diabolus thought not fit built before his house, to darken it-Mr. Conscience, the Recorder, is put out of office, and becomes very obnoxious

Then peace expired, both to Diabolus and to the inhabitants—My Lord Will. be-will, heartily espousing the cause of Diabolus, is made

And every grace fell slaughter'd round her tomb.

---(Swain's Redemption.) the principal governor of the town-The image of Shad

Her rash hand, in evil hour, dai defaced, and that of Diabolus set up in its stead

Forth reaching to the fruit, she pluck'd, she ate: Mr. Lustings is made Lord Mayor, and Mr. Forget-good, Earth felt the wound, and nature, from her seat, Recorder-New aldermen appointed— Three forts built Sighing through all her works, gave signs of wue, to defend the town against Shaddai.]

That all was lost.-(Paradise Lost, B. ix.) DIABOLUS, liaving now obtained entrance in at * His noble passions, once the blissful scat the gates of the town, marches up to the middle

Of eachi celestial grace, became the deu

Of fiends infernal.---(Swain.) 1 The breath of temptation, entertained for a moment, admits 6 God's image of holiness being obliterated, Satan, with all uubelief, and destroys primitive innocence. In a spiritual his horrid crew of lusts and vile affections, gained admittauce ; sense, man died; and, by the offence of one, judgment caine the understanding was perverted, and the affections estranged. upou all to condemnation. Re. v. 18.-(Burder.)


and how.

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He more de. bauched than before.

The town taken


The put

Recorder out

to let him abide in luis furmer lustre and glory, and also like thunder-claps. Since therefore the because he was a seeing man. Wherefore he giant could not make liim wholly his own, what darkened it not only by taking from him his office doth he do but studies all that he could to debauch and power, but by building of a high and strong the old gentleman; and by debauchery to stupify tower, just between the sun's reflections, and the his mind, and more harden his heart in ways of windows of my lord's palace, 2 Co. I. 4,5; by which vanity. And as he attempted, so he accomplished means his house and all, and the whole of his his design ; he debauched the man, habitation, was made as dark as darkness itself. and by little and little so drew him into And thus being alienated from the light, he be- sin and wickelness, that at last lie came as one that was born blind. Ep. iv. 18, 19. To was not only debauched as at first, and so by conthis his house my lord was confined, as to a sequence defiled, but was almost, at last, I say, prison; nor might he upon his parole go further past all conscience of sin. And this was the than within his own bounds. And now had he furthest Diabolus could go. Wherefore he behad a heart to do for Mansoul, what could he thinks him of another project; and that was to do for it or wherein could he be profitable to her? persuade the men of the town that Mr. Recorder So then, so long as Mansoul was under the power was mad, and so not to be regarded : and for this and government of Diabolus—and so long it was he urged his fits, and said, If he be himself, why under him as it was obedient to him; which was doth he not do thus always? but, quoth he, as all even until by a war it was rescued out of his mad folks have their fits, and in them their raving hands—so long my Lord Mayor was rather an language, so hath this old and doating gentleman. impediment in, than advantage to, the famous Thus, by one means or another, he town of Mansoul.

quickly got Mansoul to slight, neglect, off from hevdAs for Mr. Recorder, before the town was taken and despise whatever Mr. Recordering of him. he was a man well read in the laws of his King, could say. For besides what already you have and also a man of courage and faithfulness, to heard, Diabolus had a way to make the old gentlespeak truth at every occasion; and he had a tongue man, when he was merry, unsay and deuy what as bravely hung as he had an head filled with he in his fits had affirmed ; and, indeed, this was

judgment. Now this man, Diabolus the next way to make himself ridiculous, and to

of could by no means abide, because, cause that no man should regard bim. Also, now place.

though he gave his consent to his he never spake freely for King Shaddai, but always coming into the town, yet he could not, by all by force and constraint ; besides, he would at one wiles, trials, stratagems, and devices that he could time be hot against that at which at How conscience use, make him wholly his own. True, he was another he would hold his peace, so much degenerated from his former King, and also uneven was he now in his doings.. with much pleased with many of the giant's laws and Sometimes he would be as if fast service; but all this would not do, forasmuch as asleep, and again sometimes as dead, even then lie was not wholly his. He would now and then when the whole town of Mansoul was in her career

think upon Shaddai, and have dread after vanity, and in her dance after the giant's lle sometimes speaks for his of his law upon him, and then he pipe. first King.

would speak with a voice as great Wherefore, sometimes, when Mansoul did use against Diabolus as when a lion roareth ;7 yea, to be frightened with the thundering voice of the and would also at certain times when his fits were Recorder that was, and when they did tell Diabolus upon him—for you must know that sometimes he of it, he would answer that what the old gentlehad terrible fits—[he would) make the whole town man said was neither of love to him nor pity to of Mansoul shake with his voice : and, there-them, but of a foolish fondness that he had to be fore, the now king of Mansoul could not abide prating; and so would hush, still, and put all to him.?

quiet again. And that he might leave no arguDiabolus therefore feared the Recorder more ment unurged that might tend to make them than any that was left alive in the town of Man- secure, he said, and said it often, O Mansoul! consoul, because, as I said, his words did shake the sider that notwithstanding the old gentleman's whole town ; they were like the rattling thunder, rage, and the rattle of his high and thundering

words, you hear nothing of Shaddai himself, when, 10 sinner, listen now to the voice of conscience, before his liar and deceiver that he was, every outcry of awful suggestions drive thee to despair.

Mr. Recorder against the sin of Mansoul was the
O give it leave to speak,
For it will speak ere long! O hear it now,

While useful its advice, its accents mild.'-—(Young.) $ This is the old device of Satan. It was thus he treated 2 The office and power of conscience, the old recorder, is poor Christian, in the Pilgrim's Progress, when first alarmed beautifully described." Ile will sometimes speak, yea, war aloud, for his soul's welfare-They thought that some frenzy distestifying for God, and agaiust sin.—(Burder.)

temper had got into his head.'-(E..)

becomes so ridiculous as

carnu men it is.


Satanical rhetoric.

The will.

1 .



His flatteries.



voice of God in him to them. But le goes ou and But to leave Mr. Recorder, and to come to my

says, You see that he values not the Lord Will-be-will, another of the gentry

loss, nor rebellion of the town of Man of the famous town of Mansoul. This soul, nor will he trouble himself with calling of his Will-be-will was as high-born as any man in Mantown to a reckoning for their giving of themselves soul, and was as much, if not more, a freeholder to me.

He knows that though ye were his, now than many of them were: besides, if I remember you are lawfully mine; so, leaving us one to another, my tale aright, he had some privilege peculiar to le now hath shaken his hands of us.

himself in the famous town of Mansoul. Now, Moreover, 0 Mansoul! quoth he, consider how together with these, he was man of great I have served you, even to the uttermost of my strength, resolution, and courage; nor in his ocpower; and that with the best that I have, could casion could any turn him away. But I say, get, or procure


in all the world: besides, whether he was proud of his estate, privileges, I dare say, that the laws and customs that you strength, or what—but sure it was through pride now are under, and by which you do homage to of something—he scorns now to be a slave in Manme, do yield you more solace and content than did soul; and therefore resolves to bear office under the paradise that at first you possessed. Your Diabolus, that he might, such an one as he was, liberty also, as yourselves do very well know, has be a petty ruler and governor in Mansoul. And,

been greatly widened and enlarged by headstrong man that he was, thus he began be

me; whereas I found you a pent-up times; for this man, when Diabolus did make his people. I have not laid any restraint upon you ; oration at Ear-gate, was one of the first that was you have no law, statute, or judgment of mine to for consenting to his words, and for accepting of frighten you; I call none of you to account for his counsel as wholesome, and that was for the

your doings, except the madman (you opening of the gate, and for letting him into the

know who I mean). I have granted town: wherefore Diabolus had a kindness for him, you to live, each man, like a prince, in his own, and therefore he designed for him a place; and even with as little control from me as I myself perceiving the valour and stoutness of the man, he have from you.

coveted to have him for one of his great ones, to And thus would Diabolus hush up, and quiet the act and do in matters of the highest concern.“

town of Mansoul, when the Recorder, So he sent for him, and talked with him of that angry with their that was, did at times molest them; secret matter that lay in his breast, yea, and with such cursed orations but there needed not much persuasion place

Diabolus. as these would set the whole town in a rage and in the case; for as at first he was fury against the old gentleman; yea, the rascal willing that Diabolus should be let into the town, crew at some times would be for destroying of him.

so now he was as willing to serve him there. They have often wished, in my hearing, that he | When the tyrant therefore perceived the willinghad lived a thousand miles off from them: his uess of my lord to serve him, and that his mind company, his words, yea, the sight of him, and stood bending that way, he forth with made especially when they remembered how in old times him the captain of the castle, governor of the flesh. he did use to threaten and condemn them- for all wall, and keeper of the gates of Mansoul ; lie was now so debauchied—did terrify and afflict yea, there was a clause in his commission that them sore.

nothing without him should be done in all the But all wishes were vain; for I do not know town of Mansoul. So that now, next to Diabolus how, unless by the power of Shaddai, and his himself, who but my lord Will-be-will in all the wisdom, he was preserved in being amongst them. town of Mansoul; nor could anything now be

Besides, his house was as strong as a done, but at his will and pleasure, throughout the II thoughts. castle, and stood hard to a stronghold town of Mansoul. He had also one Mr. Mind, my

Lord's clerk. of the town. Moreover, if at any time any of the Mr. Mindó for his clerk, a man to crew or rabble attempted to make him away, he speak on, every way like his master; for he and

could pull up the sluices, and let in such
floods, as would drown all round about him.

3 The will scorns to be a slave, but plunges into the worst of slavery—that to Satan and to sin; and in that slavery must

perish, unless emancipated and redeemed by Christ.-(Ev.) ? Liars onght to have good memories; just before this the 4 The will is a lord, a person of great importauce, a govern. devil said, 'When Shaddai shall hear what is done, he willing faculty; and there could be no sin till the will consented come. Now he tells them, ‘lle hath shaken his hands of us,' to the temptation. In fallen man, it is not subject to the law or entirely given us up.-(Ed.)

of God, but obstinately opposed to it, and therefore a fit deputy 2 Conscience, in natural men, is very unequal and irregular for the devil.—(Burder.) in its opposition to sin ; yet by fits and starts he will cry out, The mind or judgment, whereby we distinguish between and so frighten the sinner, that he wishes him 'a thousand good and evil, lawful and unlawful. 2 Co. iii. 14. Tit. i. 15.miles off,' so as to give bim no disturbance. The powers of (Mason.) How awfully has sin fettered man, and made him a conscience cannot be utterly defuced.-(Burder.)


Men sometimes


The will takes




Of fears.



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