His Counsels.

Let no men,

"Tis strange to me, that they that love to tell
Things done of old, yea, and that do excel
Their equals in historiology,
Speak not of Mansoul's wars, but let them lie
Dead, like old fables, or such worthless things,
That to the reader no advantage brings :
WVhen men, let them make what they will their own,
Till they know this, are to themselves unknown.

Of stories I well know there's divers sorts,
Some foreign, some domestic; and reports
Are thereof made, as fancy leads the writers;
By books a man may guess at the inditers.

Some will again of that which never was,
Nor will be, feign, and that without a cause,
Such matter, raise such mountains, tell such things
Of men, of laws, of countries, and of kings :
And in their story seem to be so sage,
And with such gravity clothe ev'ry page,
That though their frontispiece say all is vain,
Yet to their way disciples they obtain.'
But, readers, I have somewhat else to do,

Than with vain stories thus to trouble you ;
What here I say, some men do know so well,

They can with tears and joy the story tell.
The town of Mansoul is well known to many,

Nor are her troubles doubted of by any Scriptures.

That are acquainted with those histories

That Mansoul, and her wars, anatomize. Then lend thine ear to what I do relate Touching the town of Mansoul and her state, How she was lost, took captive, made a slave; And how against him set, that should her save. Yea, how by hostile ways, Her Lord, and with his enemy did close. For they are true; he that will them deny Must needs the best of records vilify. For my part, I (myself) was in the town, Both when 'twas set up, and when pulling down, I saw Diabolus in his possession, And Mansoul also under his oppression. Yea, I was there when she own’d him for lord, And to him did submit with one accord.

When Mansoul trampled upon things Divine,
And wallowed in filth as doth a swine;
When she betook herself unto her arms,
Fought her Emmanuel, despis'd his charms,
Then I was there, and did rejoice to see
Diabolus and Mansoul so agree.'

then, count me a fable-maker,
Nor make my name or credit a partaker
Of their derision; what is here in view,
Of mine own knowledge, I dare say is true.

I saw the prince's armed men come down,
By troops, by thousands, to besiege the town.
I saw the captains, heard the trumpets sound,
And how his forces cover'd all the ground.
Yea, how they set themselves in battle-ray,
I shall remember to my dying day.

I saw the colours waving in the wind,
And they within to mischief how combin’d,
To ruin Mansoul, and to make away
Her primum mobile without delay.

Her Smil.
I saw the mounts cast up against the town,
And how the slings were placed to beat it down.
I heard the stones fly whizzing by mine ears,
What longer kept in mind than got in fears,
I heard them fall, and saw what work they made,
And how old Mors did cover with his shade
The face of Mansoul; and I heard her cry,
Woe worth the day, in dying I shall die !

I saw the battering rams, and how they play'd," To beat ope Ear-gate, and I was afraid Not only Ear-gate, but the very town, Would by those battering rams be beaten down.

I saw the fights, and heard the captains shout, And each in battle saw who faced about; I saw who wounded were, and who were slain; Lusts. And who, when dead, would come to life again.

I heard the cries of those that wounded were, While others fought like men bereft of fear, And while the cry, Kill, kill, was in mine ears, The gutters ran, not so with blood as tears.

Indeed, the captains did not always fight, But then they would molest us day and night;

True Christians.



she did oppose


? Bunyan, in his Grace Abounding, No. 4, thus records Very few persons can imagine what trumpery trash was that awful period of his experience— It was my delight to be circulated by hawkers and charmen in Bunyan's time, and taken captive by the devil at his will.' In 1752, and even in even to the period when the Tract Society was established. Burder's edition, the line is strangely altered toLying wonders and lewd stories were eagerly read, to the de

• Then I was there, and gricved for to see.'-(Ed.) struction of millions. Thanks to the piety of Sunday-school s Terms much used by writers in Bunyan's time, meaning, trachers, their supplications were heard, and our youth, when as stated in the margin," her soul?—Ed. taught to read, are now supplied with nutritious literary food, 4 “The battering rams' are the books of Holy Scripture ; by the aid of that invaluable society.—(Ed.)

see margin, p. 286.-(ED.)


Their cry, Up, fall on, let us take the town,

She saw the swords of fighting men made red,
Kept us from sleeping, or from lying down.

And heard the cries of those with them wounded;
I was there when the gates were broken ope, Must not her frights then be much more by far,
And saw how Mansoul then was stript of hope.' Than theirs that to such doings strangers are ?
I saw the captains march into the town,

Or theirs that hear the beating of a drum,
How there they fought, and did their foes cut down. But not made fly for fear from house and home ?
I heard the prince bid Boanerges go

Mansoul not only heard the trumpet sound,
Up to the castle, and there seize his foe,

But saw her gallants gasping on the ground;
And saw him and his fellows bring him down Wherefore, we must not think that she could rest,
In chains of great contempt quite through the town. With them, whose greatest earnest is but jest:
I saw Emmanuel when he possest

Or where the blust'ring threat’ning of great wars
His town of Mansoul, and how greatly blest

Do end in parleys, or in wording jars. A town, his gallant town of Mansoul was,

Mansoul, her mighty wars, they did portend When she received his pardon, lived his laws ! Her weal or woe, and that world without end; When the Diabolonians were caught,

Wherefore she must be more concerned than they When tried, and when to execution brought, Whose fears begin and end the self-same day: Then I was there; yea, I was standing by

Or where none other harm doth come to him When Mansoul did the rebels crucify.

That is engaged, but loss of life or limb,?
I also saw Mansoul clad all in white,

As all must needs confess that now do dwell
And heard her prince call her his heart's delight. In Universe, and can this story tell.
I saw him put upon her chains of gold,

Count me not then with them that to amaze
And rings, and bracelets, goodly to behold.

The people, set them on the stars to gaze,
What shall I say ?-I heard the people's cries, Insinuating with much confidence,
And saw the prince wipe tears from Mansoul's That each of them is now the residence 3

Of some brave creatures; yea, a world they will
I heard the groans, and saw the joy of many:

Have in each star, though it be past their skill Tell of all, I neither will, nor can I.

To make it manifest to any man, you But by what here I say, you


That reason hath, or tell his fingers can.' That Mansoul's matchless wars no fables be.

But I have too long held thee in the porch, Mansonl! the desire of both princes was,

And kept thee from the sunshine with a torch. One keep his gain would, t'other gain his loss; Well, now go forward, step within the door, Diabolus would cry, The town is mine;

And there behold five hundred times much more Emmanuel would plead a right Divine

Of all sorts of such inward rarities Unto his Mansoul; then to blows they go,

As please the mind will, and will feed the eyes And Mansoul cries, These wars will me undo.

With those, which if a Christian, thou wilt see Mansoul! her wars seem'd endless in her eyes,

Not small, but things of greatest moment be. She's lost by one, becomes another's prize.

Nor do thou go to work without my key And he again that lost her last would swear, (In mysteries men soon do lose their way), Have her I will, or her in pieces tear.

And also turn it right if thou wouldst know Mansoul, it was the very seat of war,

My riddle, and wouldst with my heifer plough. Wherefore her troubles greater were by far,

It lies there in the window, fare thee

The margent. 6 Than only where the noise of war is heard,

well, Or where the shaking of a sword is fear'd,

My next may be to ring thy passing-bell.

Or only where small skirmishes are fought,
Or where the fancy fighteth with a thought.

* It is not surprising that Bunyan wondered at the con

fidence with which these speculations were published. His 1 'I felt such a clogging and heat at my stomach, by reason krowledge of invisible things was drawn exclusively from the of my terrors, that I was, especially at some times, as if my Bible, which is silent upon the subject of a plarality of worlds. breast-bone would split asunder.'—(Grace Abounding, No.161.) He does not say there is no such thing, but that it canuot be

3 The death of the body, or loss of a limb, is as nothing demonstrated.—(Ed.) compared with the eternal loss of a never-dying soul.—(ED.) Bunyan intended his marginal notes as a key to the text.

3 This line, in the first edition, is at the bottom of a page. How strikingly does this illustrate the first page of his • Pil In many copies, viz., in that of 1752, printed both at London grim'—'I lighted on a certain place where was a den;' the and at Glasgow; that with Mason’s notes, 1782; and that margin is a key to show that it was written in the jail.' So, with Adam's notes, 1795, &c., this line is omitted, and one in the latter part of the Holy War,' the Diabolonians dashed inserted to make up the rhyme

young children in pieces; the margin explains this to meau “They are the on y men that have science.'

good and tender thoughts.'-(Ed.)

may see


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Mansoul. A town for its building so curious, for

its situation so commodious, for its [CONTENTS:- The original beauty and splendour of the town of Mansoul, while under the dominion of Shaddai — Its noble with reference to its original—that I may say of

privileges so advantageous—I mean castle described—Its five gates — The perfection of its inhabitants—The origin of Diabolus—lis pride and fall – it, as was said before of the continent in which it Revenge meditated—A council of war held to deliberate is placed, There is not its equal under the whole on the best means of seducing the town of Mansoul — heaven.” Diabolus marches to the town, and sits down before Eye- As to the situation of this town, it lieth just gate-His oration-Captain Resistance slain— My Lord between the two worlds, and the first founder, Innocence killed —The town taken.]

and builder of it, so far as by the

Scriptures. In my travels, as I walked through many regions best and most authentic records I and countries, it was my chance to happen in can gather, was one Shaddai; and he built it for that famous continent of Universe; a very large his own delight.: He made it the

The Almighty. and spacious country it is. It lieth between the mirror and glory of all that he made, two poles, and just amidst the four points of the even the top-piece, beyond anything else that he licavens. It is a place well-watered, and richly did in that country. Ge. i. 26. Yea, so goodly a adorned with hills and valleys, bravely situate ; town was Mansoul, when first built, that, it is said and for the most part (at least where I was) very by some, the gods, at the setting up

Created angels. fruitful, also well peopled, and a very sweet air. thereof, came down to see it, and sang

The people are not all of one complexion, nor for joy. And as he made it goodly to behold, so yet of one language, mode, or way of religion ; but also mighty to have dominion over all the country differ as much as, it is said, do the planets them- round about. Yea, all was commanded to acselves. Some are right, and some are wrong, knowledge Mansoul for their metropolitan, all was even as it happeneth to be in lesser regions. enjoined to do homage to it. Aye, the town itself

In this country, as I said, it was my lot to had positive commission and power from her King travel, and there travel I did ; and that so long, to demand service of all, and also to subdue any even till I learned much of their mother-tongue, that any ways denied to do it. together with the customs and manners of them There was reared up in the midst of this town

among whom I was. And to speak a most famous and stately palace. picaring to the truth, I was much delighted to see For strength, it might be called a

and hear many things which I saw castle; for pleasantness, a paradise ; for largeness, and lieard among them. Yea, I had (to be sure) a place so copious as to contain all the world. even lived and died a native among them, so was

This palace the King Shaddai intended I taken with them and their doings, had not my but for himself alone, and not another with him ;*

Master sent for me home to his house, partly because of his own delights, and partly

there to do business for him, and to because he would not that the terror of strangers over-see business done. 1

should be upon the town.

This place Now there is in this gallant country of Universe Shaddai made also a garrison of, but fair and delicate town, a corporation, called

3 The name nto, Shaddai, one of the names of God, means

'the pourer forth,' the source of existence, the all-bountiful, With what Christian simplicity is this most important the all-mighty, in whom we live, and move, and have our history introduced. The author, a traveller in the world, de- being. li be withhold his blessings, the universe must lighted with its customs, would have perished in his sins, but perish. ‘Lord, what is man, that thou shouldst be mindful of that God called him to his service and salvation.-(Ed.) him?'-(Ed.)

2 Mansoul, or, as the margin reads, man, so fearfully and • Professor, if thy heart be idolatrous, or devoted to the wonderfully made, was glorious in his original sinless state, world and thy lusts, thy religion is vain, thou deceivest thing but will be infinitely more glorious if saved to eternal bliss

, own soul. God says to all, My son, give me thine heart.' by union with Christ.–(En.)

Pr. xxiii. 26.-(Mason.)

A natural state

The heart.


Ec. iii. 11,


The powers

of the soul.


The five senses.

Mansvul at first.

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committed the keeping of it only to the men of best of his territories and dominions. This Diathe town.

bolus was made son of the morning, and a brave The wall of the town was well built, yea, so fast place he had of it. Is. xiv. 12. It brought him muclı and firm was it knit and compact together, that glory, and gave him much brightness, an income liad it not been for the townsmen themselves, they that might have contented his Luciferian heart, had could not have been shaken or broken for ever. it not been insatiable, and enlarged as hell itself. For here lay the excellent wisdom of him that Well, he seeing himself thus exalted to great

built Mansoul, that the walls could ness and honour, and raging in his mind for higher The Body.

never be broken down, nor hurt, by state and degree, what doth he but begins to the most mighty adverse potentate, unless the think with himself how he might be set up as townsmen gave consent thereto.

Lord over all, and have the sole power under This famous town of Mansoul had five gates in Shaddai! Now that did the King reserve for his at which to come, out at which to go, and these Son, yea, and had already bestowed it upon him. were made likewise answerable to the walls, to Wherefore he first consults with himself what had wit, impregnable, and such as could never be best to be done, and then breaks his mind to some opened nor forced but by the will and leave of other of his companions, to the which they also those within. The names of the gates were agreed. So, in fine, they came to this issue, that

these, Ear-gate, Eye-gate, Mouth - they should make an attempt upon the King's Son

gate, Nose-yate, and Feel-gate. to destroy him, that the inheritance might be Other things there were that belonged to the theirs. Well, to be short, the treason, as I said, town of Mansoul, which, if you adjoin to these, was concluded, the time appointed, the word given, will yet give further demonstration to all of the the rebels rendezvoused, and the assault attempted." The state of glory and strength of the place. It Now the King and his Son being all and always

had always a sufficiency of provision EYE, could not but discern all passages in his do

within its walls; it had the best, most minions; and he having always love for his Son as wholesome, and excellent law that then was extant for himself, could not, at what he saw, but be in the world. There was not a rascal, rogue, or greatly provoked and offended; wherefore, what traitorous person then within its walls. They were does he, but takes them in the very nick; and, first all true men, and fast joined together; and this, trip that they made towards their design, convicts you know, is a great matter. And to all these, them of the treason, horrid rebellion, and conspirit was always—so long as it had the goodness to acy that they had devised, and now attempted to keep true to Shaddai the king—his countenance, put into practice; and casts them altogether out liis protection, and it was his delight, &c. of all place of trust, benefit, honour, and prefer

Well, upon a time there was one ment. This done, he banishes them the court;

Diabolus,” a mighty giant, made an turns them down into the horrible pits, as fast assault

upon this famous town of Mansoul, to take bound in chains, never more to expect the least it, and make it his own habitation. This giant favour from his hands, but to abide the judgment Sinners,

was king of the blacks or negroes, 3 that he had appointed, and that for ever. 2 Pe. ii. 4; fallen angels. and a most raving prince he was. We will, if you please, first discourse of the origi- And yet, now, they being thus cast out of all

nal of this Diabolus, and then of his place of trust; profit, and honour, and also knowtaking of this famous town of Man- ing that they had lost their prince's favour for soul.

ever, being banished his courts, and cast down to This Diabolus is indeed a great and mighty the horrible pits, you may be sure they would now prince, and yet botlı poor and beggarly. As to add to their former pride what malice and rage his original, he was at first one of the servants against Shaddai, and against his Son, they couli. of King Shaddai, made, and taken, and put by him into most high and miglity place, yea, was negrocs ' mean'singers, the fallen angels.' Negro slaves were put into such principalities as belonged to the believed to be convicted criminals sold to the whites for trans.

portation. English convicts were, at that time, sold as slaves

to the planters in the West Indies. A man, for merely being 1 The five senses (see the margin) are the gates to Mansoul. a Quaker, was thus sold as a slave in New England. The While they were guarded, no enemy could injure the town; horrors that were disclosed in this diabolical trattic stamps a now they require a double watch.-(Ed.)

demon character upon every slave-dealer or holder. The prin* Arzßonos (Diabolus) is frequently used in the New Testa-cipal of these are negroes, who steal their fellows; and, like ment. It is translated 'a slanderer,' 'an accuser,' and 'ad- black devils, sell them to the white devils, who hold these poor versary;' and, in Mat. iv. 1; Re. xii. 9; xx 2, “The prince of creatures in slavery.—(ED.) devils.' It is the same as 100 (Satan), in Ilebrew.-(Ed.) 4. And there was war in heaven: Michael and his angels

It must not be supposed that this is a reflection upon the fought against the dragon, and the dragon fought, and his unhappy sons of Africa who had been sold into slavery. The angels, and prevailed not; neither was their place found any margin is the key to the meaning of the words; Wacks or more in hcaien.' Re, -. 7, 8.

The Devil.


Jude 6.

The orizinal of


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A council of war


Wherefore, roving and ranging in much fury from out its own consent.? Let therefore but few or place to place, if perhaps they might find some but one assault Mansoul, and in mine opinion, said thing that was the King's, to revenge (by spoiling Diabolus, let me be he. Wherefore to this they of that themselves) on him, 1 re. v. 8; at last they all agreed, and then to the second proposal they happened into this spacious country of Universe, came, namely, and steer their course towards the town of Man- Second. Whether they had best to go and sit soul; and considering that that town was one of down before Mansoul in their now The second the chief works and delights of King Shaddai, ragged and beggarly guise. To which posal what do they. but, after counsel taken, make an it was answered also in the negative, By no means ; assault


that! I say they knew that Mansoul and that because though the town of Mansoul had belonged unto Shaddai, for they were there when been made to know and to have to do, before now, he built it, and beautified it for himself. So with things that are invisible, they did never as when they had found the place, they shouted hor- yet see any of their fellow-creatures in so sad and ribly for joy, and roared on it as a lion upon the rascal condition as they. And this was the advice prey, saying, Now we have found the prize, and of that fierce Alecto.3 Then said

Alcctv-Apollyon. how to be revenged on King Shaddai Apollyon, the advico is pertinent, held by Diabo. for what he hath done to us. So for even one of us appearing to them as we are lows, against they sat down, and called a council now, must needs both beget and multiply such the town of of war, and considered with them- thoughts in them as will both put them into a

selves what ways and methods they consternation of spirit, and necessitate them to put had best to engage in, for the winning to them- themselves upon their guard. And if so, said he, selves this famous town of Mansoul ; and these four then, as my lord Alectosaid but now, it is in vain things were then propounded to be considered for us to think of taking the town. Then said of. First. Whether they had best, all of them, to that mighty giant Beelzebub, the advico

show themselves in this design to the that already is given is safe; for though I roposiils.

town of Mansoul. Second. Whether the men of Mansoul have seen such things as we they had best to go and sit down against Mansoul, once were, yet hitherto they did never behold such in their now ragged and beggarly guise. Third. things as we now are. And it is best, in mine Whether they had best to show to Mansoul their opinion, to come upon them in such a guise as is intentions, and what design they came about, or common to, and most familiar among them. To whether to assault it with words and ways of this, when they had consented, the next thing to bo deceit. Fourth. Whether they had not best, to considered was, in what shape, hue, or guise, Diasome of their companions, to give out private bolus had best to show himself, when he went orders to take the advantage, if they see one or about to make Mansoul his own. Then one said more of the principal townsmen, to shoot them ; if one thing, and another the contrary; at last Lucifer thereby they shall judge their cause and design answered, that in his opinion it was will the better be promoted.

best that his lordship should assure First. It was answered to the first of these pro- the body of some of those creatures that they of Tu the first pro- posals in the negative, to wit, that it the town had dominion over. For, quoth he, these

would not be best that all should show are not only familiar to them, but being under them, themselves before the town, because the appearance they will never imagine that an attempt should by of many of them might alarm and fright the town; them be made upon the town ; and, to blind all, whereas a few, or but one of them, was not so let him assume the body of one of these beasts likely to do it. And to enforce this advice to take that Mansoul deems to be wiser than any of tho place, it was added further, that if Mansoul was rest. Ge. iii. 1. Re. xx 1, 2. This advice was applaudfrighted, or did take the alarm, it is impossible, ed of all; so it was determined that the giant said Diabolus—for he spake now—that we should Diabolus should assume the dragon, for that he take the town ; for that none can enter into it with was in those days as familiar with the town of

Mansoul as now is the bird with the boy. For Mr. Burder supposes that the fall of the angels took place after the creation of man, because Job says that at the laying hair was a living suakc, ought rather to be a male than a

3 It is cvident that Bunyan thought that a fury, whose every the foundation of the world, “The morning stars sang together, female, as generally pictured ; but, query, was it in the original and the sons of God shouted for joy” (ķxxviii

. 7). But angels manuscript Diabolus, mistaken by the printer for Alecto. He in a fallen state had forfeited their high and exalted titles and had given this advice. Some editors have altered the name ; glory.-(ED.) ? This agrees with Milton as to the perfect frecdom of the

but as it is Alecto in all Bunyan's own editions, it is here will before the fall:


* If devils cordially unite in the work of destruction, how "God made thee perfect, not immutable;

ought Christians to unite in their efforts to promote the king. And good he made thee; but to persevere He left it in thy power; ordained thy will

dom of Christ. We should be wise as serpents,' while 'barın. By nature free. -Paradise Lost, B. v.) less as doves.'---(Ev.)






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