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1 have used similitudes.'-Hosca xii, 10.


London : Printed for Dorman Newman, at the King's Arms in the Poultry; and Benjamin Alsop,

at the Angel and Bible in the Poultry, 1682.


Bunyan's account of the Holy War is indeed an as the Pilgrim's Progress.' This would naturally extraordinary book, manifesting a degree of genius, arise from the Pilgrimage being a more simple research, and spiritual knowledge, exceeding even narrative. It is a journey full of the most striking that displayed in the Pilgrim's Progress. To use scenery and incidents, which is read with the deepest the words of Mr. J. Montgomery, 'It is a work of interest by all classes, from the children in a workthat master intelligence, which was privileged to house to the profoundest Christian philosopher. arouse kindred spirits from torpor and inactivity, The facts which are intended to be impressed upon to zeal, diligence, and success.

the mind by the force of the allegory, are seen and It was first published in 1682, in a small octavo appreciated by the Christian without requiring volume, and, like the first edition of the Pilgrim, much investigation; while the Holy War'is carried it was printed in a very superior manner to all the on under an allegorical representation by no means subsequent editions, to a recent period. The por- so transparent. Man's soul is figured under the trait of the author, by White, which faced the title- simile of a town, which having surrendered to an page, is without doubt the best likeness that has insidious and mortal enemy, is besieged by its ever appeared of our great allegorist. In addition lawful Sovereign with all the 'pomp and circumto this is a whole length figure of the author, with stances' of war; the arch-enemy is driven out, a representation of Heart-castle on his left breast; the town retaken, new-modelled, and garrisoved the town of Mansoul, behind, being partly seen by Emmanuel. through him; Emmanuel and his army on the To the Christian, whose aim and end is peace, heart side, and Diabolus with his dragons on his war presents a most forbidding aspect. He loves right. From the publication of this popular book not to see the garnients rolled in blood, nor to hear in 1682, it has been constantly kept in print, so the dying groans of the wounded, nor the heartthat it is impossible to calculate the numbers that rending cries of the bereaved, especially those of have been circulated. As time rolls on, the ‘Holy the widow and the orphan. Spoliation and robWar,' allegorized by John Bunyan, becomes more bery are not the pastimes of the child of God, vor and more popular; nor can there be a doubt, but is cruelty the element of his happiness or peace. that so long as the internal conflict and spiritual To read of such scenes, produces painfully interwarfare between the renewed soul and its deadly esting sensations; but even these are not so strong enemies are maintained, this book will become in- or intense as those delightful feelings which percreasingly popular.

vade the mind while watching the poor pilgrim in The 'Holy War,' although so very extraordinary his struggles to get through the Slough of Despond, an allegory, has not been translated into so many his terror under the flames of Mount Sinai, his languages, nor has it been so much read in English, passing unhurt the darts from Beelzebub's castle,

and his finding refuge at the Wicket Gate. It is ? The original drawing by White, from which he engraved true, that the most delicate Christian must become the portrait, is preserved in the print department of the British Museum. An accurate copy from it is prefixed to this edition

a stern warrior—the most sensitive ear must be of his Works.

alarmed with the sound of Diabolus's drum, and



at times feel those inward groanings which cannot I have already, in my long Introduction to the be uttered-pass through the fiery trial,' and 'Pilgrim's Progress,' noticed the peculiar genius ‘endure hardness, as a good soldier of Jesus and originality which are conspicuous in all BunChrist;' while at other periods of his experience, yan's works, and which most resplendently appear flushed with victory, he will cry out, .Who shall in his allegorical writings. That genius became separate us from the love of Christ?' We must hallowed and sanctified by prison discipline, by fight the good fight of faith, or we can never an intense study of the Sacred Scriptures, and lay hold on eternal life. We must be engaged in by his controversies with great men of various this holy war, and fight or PERISH. There is no sects and parties. In the 'Holy War' Bunyan's neutrality, no excuse that can be awaiting at the peculiar genius shines forth in its most beauteous day of judgment. The servant of Christ is there- lustre; the whole is new, genuine, flowing forth fore found trusting in the Captain of salvation, from his own deep and rich experience. It is, in furnished with the whole armour of God, with fact, the same narrative that he had published which his soul is clothed by the Holy Spirit — under the title of 'Grace Abounding to the Chief having the shield of faith, the helmet, the breast- of Sinners, or a brief and faithful relation of the plate, the two-edged sword. It was being thus exceeding mercy of God, in Christ, to his poor sermysteriously, invulnerably armed, that gave the vant John Bunyan.' This simple, heart-affecting delicate, learned, pious Lady Anne Askew strength narrative, is here related under the allegorical reto triumph over her agonies, when the Papists dis presentation of the Holy War.' In this, all the jointed every boạe and sinew of her body on the circumstances of his conviction of sin, and his conrack. Her spiritual armour enabled her with version to God, are narrated with startling interest patience to bless God at the stake, when, for re- from the first alarm—his being roused from a state fusing to worship Antichrist, she was burned in of death-like lethargy, his opposition to the grace Smithfield, and her soul ascended to heaven in a of God, his refusals of the invitations of Emmanflaming fiery chariot. It is the same spiritual uel, and his being at length conquered to become armour, the same Captain to guide, the same a monument of Divine mercy–a temple of the Spirit to sanctify, the same Father to bless us, Holy Ghost. Then came his declension by carnal by which alone we can become more than con- security, and his misery in that state, until he was querors over our vigilant and powerful enemies. finally reconquered; and his heart is permanently The Holy war is in this volume presented to us by occupied by Emmanuel. The 'Grace Abounding,' an old, experienced, faithful warrior; it is an alle- aided by the marginal notes of the author to the gorical narrative, written by a master hand, guided | • Holy War,' forms a very valuable key to the mysby deeply penetrating, searching powers of mind. teries of this allegory; without their aid some It is his own severe brunts with the great enemy, passages would be found deeply mysterious, and who is aided by his army of pomps, vanities, lusts, hard to be understood. Nor can this be considered and allurements, many lurking within, disguised to extraordinary, when it is recollected that the wholo appear like angels, while under their masquerade of the allegory is a revelation of scenes, feelings, dress they are very devils. It is written by one hopes, fears, and enjoyments, which are unknown, who possessed almost boundless resources of im- unfelt, and invisible to all except to those whose agination. It is more profound, more deeply minds are enlightened by Divine truth; and even spiritual than the pilgrimage from Destruction to of these, very few have had the deep and trying the Celestial City; and to understand its hidden experience with which the author was exercised. meaning, requires the close and mature application That the Holy War' allegorically represents of the renewed mind. There are, alas! compara- Bunyan's personal feelings, is clearly declared by tively few that are blessed with spiritual discern- him in the poetical Introduction or Address to the ment; and even of these, there are but few inclined Reader, prefixed to the book. He adverts to to mental investigation and research. These are books of fiction, and solemnly declares reasons why it has not been so popular a book

- I have somewhat else to do, as the Pilgrim's Progress.' To aid those whose Than with vain stories thus to trouble you, time for reading is limited, notes are given, by For my part, I (myself) was in the town, which obsolete words and customs are explained,

Both when 'twas set up, and when pulling down;

I saw Diabolus in his possession, and the reader assisted to appreciate the beauties,

Yea, I was there when she own'd him for lord.' and to understand the meaning of this allegory. It

A remarkable verse describes his state before is earnestly hoped that many will richly enjoy the

conversion comforts, instructions, consolations, and strength which the author ardently wished to convey to

"When Mansoul trampled upon things Divine,

And wallowed in filth as doth a swine; Zion's warriors, by the study of this important When she betook herself unto her arms, subject.

Fought her Emmanuel, despis'd his charms, * comunla,



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Then I was there, and did rejoice to see

The form and order of the narrative is exceed. Diabolus and Mansoul so agree.'

ingly beautiful, and deeply interesting to those who Some editor, imagining that Bunyan could never have been engaged in a similar warfare. Passing have so rejoiced, forgetting his own words in the over the short and vivid narration of the fall of fourth section of his .Grace Abounding '— It was man, our personal feelings are excited by witnessmy delight to be taken captive by the devil, at his ing the methods of grace, adapted by a covenantwill '-altered these words to

keeping God and Father, to rescue his people from "Then I was there, and grieved for to sce

their natural state of Diabolonian slavery. Many Diabolus and Mansoul so agree.'

of the incidents will bring, to the enlightened This alteration, which perverts the author's reader's recollection, the solemn and powerful immeaning, appears in a London edition, 1752, and pressions under which he struggled, when opposing has been copied into many modern editions, even the invitations of Emmanuel. His holy joy, when into those by Mason and Burder.

a sense of pardoning love and mercy came over The author having in the above lines described his soul; and his anxieties, when in conflict with his unconverted state, goes on to delineate his doubts, and fears, and blood-men. convictions in these words:

Our young readers must be cautioned not to - What is here in view,

give way to doubts and fears for their soul's safety, Of mine oron knowledge, I dare say is true.

because they have never passed through the same I saw the Prince's armed men come down,

feelings which fitted Bunyan for a sphere of I saw the captains, heard the trumpets sound; extraordinary usefulness. God brings his lambs Yea, how they set themselves in battle-ray,

and sheep into the fold by such means as are I shall remember to my dying day.'

agreeable to his infinite wisdom and


Some The whole of this address is descriptive of what surrender at the first summons; others hold out the author saw, felt, or heard

during a long and distressing siege. "God's ways "What shall I say? I heard the people's cries,

are not our ways.' All our anxious inquiries And saw the Prince wipe tears from Mansoul's eyes;

should be, Is Emmanuel in Heart-castle? is he I heard the groans, and saw the joy of many,

• formed in me the hope of glory?' do I live and Tell you of all, I neither will, nor can I;

believe in him who has immutably decreed that But by what here I say, you well may see

• whosoever '—be he rich or poor, learned or unThat Mansoul's matchless wars no fables be.'

learned—if he liveth and believeth in me, shall The narrative of this eventful war is authenti- never die?' It matters not, as to my salvation, cated by his personal feelings while under the whether the siege was long or short. The vital chastising, correcting, hand of his heavenly Father; question is, Has my heart been conquered; do in his new birth and subsequent experience; in i love Emmanuel ? "If I do, it is because he first bringing his soul from darkness to marvellous light, loved me, and he changeth not. In proportion to and from the wretched bondage of sin to the the trouble that I gave to my Conqueror, so should glorious liberty of the gospel. This address is be my zealous, holy, happy obedience to his comclosed with a very important notice, which all our mands. Much is expected from those to whom readers should keep constantly in mind-it is to much has been forgiven. The Conqueror, by his attend to the author's key to the allegory, and victory, fits us for those peculiar duties to which that is his marginal notes

he intends to devote us in extending his kingdom. "Nor do thou go to work without my key,

In the history of this war, the reader's attention (In mysteries men soon do lose their way), will be naturally arrested by the fact that ManAnd also turn it right, if thou would’st know soul, having voluntarily surrendered to the dominion My riddle, and would'st with my heifer plough. of Satan, made no effort to relieve herself. No

It lies there in the window,* fare thee well, margent. My next may be to ring thy passing-bell.'

spiritual feelings lurked in the walls to disturb the

reign of Diabolus ; not even a prayer or a sigh The last line strongly reminds us of the author's breaks forth from her heart for deliverance; she difficulty to quit the gin and beer-drinking practice felt not her degradation nor her danger; she was of bell-ringing, to which in his youth he was so dead while she yet lived—dead in sin; and from much addicted. It is recorded in his .Grace this state would have sunk, as thousands have, Abounding,' Nos. 33 and 34.”

from spiritual and temporal death into eternal and

irretrievable ruin. The first conception of a scheme 1 These words were correctly given in an edition that I for her deliverance from such awful danger, arises published in 1806.-(ED.)

in the celestial court of her Creator; grace lays 2 How strange to hear a sermon, on the day of sacred rest, the foundation, and raises the top-stone. All the from the words, 'Keep holy the Sabbath day,' accompanied by redeemed of God will unite in one song, ‘Not unto 'a trible-bob grandsire,' the men labouring and sweating most violently.-(Ed.)

us, O Lord; not unto us, but unto thy name give

• The

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