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Then said Mr. Contrite to them, Pray how fareth | Holy-Man. Then said Mr. Holy-man, There are it with you in your pilgrimage? How stands the two things that they have need to be Mr. Woly-man's country affected towards you?
possessed with, that go on pilgrimage; specch. Hox. It happens to us as it happeneth to way- courage, and an unspotted life. If they have not faring men; sometimes our way is clean, some- courage, they can never hold on their way; and if times foul, sometimes up hill, sometimes down hill; their lives be loose, they will make the very name we are seldom at a certainty; the wind is not of a Pilgrim stink. always on our backs, nor is every one a friend that Love-saint. Then said Mr. Love-saint, I hope we meet with in the way. We have met with some this caution is not needful amongst Mr. Love-saint's notable rubs already; and what are yet behind, we you. But truly, there are many that
speech. know not; but for the most part, we find it true, go upon the road, that rather declare themselves that has been talked of, of old, A good man must strangers to pilgrimage, than strangers and pilsuffer trouble.
grims in the earth. CONTRITE. You talk of rubs ; what rubs have DARE-NOT-LIE. Then said Mr. Dare-not-lie, It is you met withal ?
true, they neither have the pilgrim's Mr. Vare-notHon. Nay, ask Mr. Great-heart, our guide, for weed, nor the pilgrim's courage; they
lie's speechi. he can give the best account of that.
go not uprightly, but all awry with their feet; one GREAT-HEART. We have been beset three or four shoe goes inward, another outward, and their hosen times already. First, Christiana and her children out behind ; there a rag, and there a rent, to the were beset with two rushians, that they feared would disparagement of their Lord. a took away their lives. We were beset with Giant PENITENT. These things, said Mr. Penitent, Bloody-man, Giant Maul, and Giant Slay-good. they ought to be troubled for ; nor are Mr. Penitent's Indeed we did rather beset the last, than were the pilgrims like to have that grace
specch. beset of him. And thus it was: After we had been put upon them and their pilgrim's progress, as some time at the house of Gaius, mine host, and they desire, until the way is cleared of such spots of the whole church,' Ro. xvi. 23, we were minded and blemishes. upon a time to take our weapons with us, and so Thus they sat talking and spending the time, go see if we could light upon any of those that until supper was set upon the table; unto which were enemies to pilgrims (for we heard that there they went and refreshed their weary
bodies; so was a notable one thereabouts). Now Gaius knew they went to rest. Now they stayed in this fair his haunt better than I, because he dwelt there a great while, at the house of this Mr. Mnason, about; so we looked, and looked, till at last we who, in process of time, gave his daughter Grace discerned tbe mouth of his cave; then we were unto Samuel, Christiana's son, to wife, and his glad, and plucked up our spirits. So we ap- daughter Martha to Joseph. proached up to his den, and lo, when we came The time, as I said, that they lay here, was there, he had dragged, by mere force, into his net, long (for it was not now as in former times). this poor man, Mr. Feeble-mind, and was about to Wherefore the Pilgrims grew acquainted with many bring him to his end. But when he saw us, sup- of the good people of the town, and did them what posing, as we thought, he had had another prey, service they could. Mercy, as she was wont, he left the poor man in his hole, and came out. laboured much for the poor; wherefore their belSo we fell to it full sore, and he lustily laid about lies and backs blessed her, and she was there an him ; but in conclusion, he was brought down to ornament to her profession. And, to say the the ground, and his head cut off, and set up by the truth for Grace, Phebe, and Martha, they were all way-side, for a terror to such as should after of a very good nature, and did much good in their practise such ungodliness. That I tell you the place. They were also all of them very fruitful ; truth, here is the man himself to affirm it, who so that Christian's name, as was said before, was was as a lamb taken out of the mouth of the lion. like to live in the world.
FEEBLE-MIND. Then said Mr. Feeble-mind, I While they lay here, there came a monster out found this true, to my cost, and comfort; to my of the woods, and slew many of the cost, when he threatened to pick my bones every people of the town.
It would also moment; and to my cor ort, when I saw Mr. carry away their children, and teach them to suck Great-heart and his friends with their weapons, its whelps. Now, no man in the town durst so approach so near for my deliverance.
2 This monster is Antichrist. The devil is the head; the syna
gogue of Satan is the body; the wicked spirit of iniquity is the Kindness to the poor increases and builds up the church. soul. The devil made use of the church (the clergy) to midwifc It conquers the prejudices of the worldly, secures their coufi- this monster into the world. He had plums in his dragon's dence, and brings them under the preaching of the gospel. mouth, and so came in by flatteries. He metamorphosed himsef They rationally conclude that they cannot be bad people who into a beast, a man, or woman; and the inhabitants of the world do so much good.-(lvimey.)
loved the woman dearly, became her sons, and took up helmet --(ED.)
Re. xvii. 3.
much as face this monster; but all men fled when | fellows of great fame in this town; so that many they heard of the noise of his coming.
of the people that wanted their taste of things, yet The monster was like unto no one beast upon had a reverend esteem and respect for them." Ilis shape, his the earth; its body was like a dragon, Upon this account therefore it was, that these
and it had seven heads and ten horns. pilgrims got not much hurt here. True, there
It made great havoc of children, and were some of the baser sort, that could see no yet it was governed by a woman. This monster more than a mole, nor understand more than a propounded conditions to men, and such men as beast; these had no reverence for these men, nor loved their lives more than their souls, accepted of took they notice of their valour or adventures. those conditions. So they came under.?
Well, the time grew on that the Pilgrims must Now this Mr. Great-heart, together with these go on their way, wherefore they prepared for their that came to visit the pilgrims at Mr. Mnason's journey. They sent for their friends; they conhouse, entered into a covenant to go and engage ferred with them; they had some time set apart, this beast, if perhaps they might deliver the people therein to commit each other to the protection of of this town from the paws and mouth of this so their Prince. There were again, that brought devouring a serpent.
them of such things as they had, that were fit for Then did Mr. Great-heart, Mr. Contrite, Mr. the weak and the strong, for the women and the Ilow he is en. IIoly-man, Mr. Dare-not-lie, and Mr. men, and so laded them with such things as were gaged. Penitent, with their weapons go forth necessary. Ac. xxviii
. 10. to meet him. Now the monster, at first, was very Then they set forward on their way; and their rampant, and looked upon these enemies with great friends accompanying them so far as was convendisdain; but they so belaboured him, being sturdy ient, they again committed each other to the promen at arms, that they made him make a retreat; tection of their King, and parted. so they came home to Mr. Mnason's house again. They, therefore, that were of the Pilgrims' com
The monster, you must know, had his certain pany went on, and Mr. Great-heart went before seasons to come out in, and to make his attempts them. Now the women and children being weakly, upon the children of the people of the town; also they were forced to go as they could bear; by this these seasons did these valiant worthies watch him means Mr. Ready-to-halt and Mr. Feeble-mind had in, and did still continually assault him ; inso- more to sympathize with their condition. much, that in process of time he became not only When they were gone from the townsmen, and wounded, but lame; also he has not made that when their friends had bid them farewell; they havoc of the townsmen's children, as formerly he quickly came to the place where Faithful was put has done. And it is verily believed by some, that to death ; there therefore they made a stand, and this beast will die of his wounds.3
thanked Him that had enabled him to bear his This, therefore, made Mr. Great-heart and his cross so well; and the rather because they now
found that they had a benefit by such a manly and shield to defend her. She arrayed herself in flesh-taking ornaments-gold, and precions stones, like an harlot. She
suffering as his was. made the kings drunken, and they gave her the blood of saints
They went on, therefore, after this, a good way and martyrs until she was drunken, and did revel and roar. But when her cup is drunk ont, God will call her to such a 3 When nations have restored to the people the property reckoning, that all her clothes, pearls, and jewels shall not be of which they have been plundered, under the pretence of able to pay the shot. This beast is compared to the wild assisting to obtain the pardon of sin and the favour of God, Loar that comes out of the wood to devour the church of God. the monster will soon die; when neither role, nor honour, Ps.lxxx. 13. The temporal sword will kill its body, but spirit nor pelf is to be gained by hypocrisy:-(Ed.) can only be slain by spirit; the Lord the Spirit will slay its 4 This may refer to that noble band of eminent men who, soul.-(Bunyan on Antichrist, vol. ii. p. 47.) Is not Anti- in 1675, preached the morning exercises against Popery; clirist composed of all the State religions in the world ?—(Ed.) among others were Owen, Manton, Baxter, Doolittle, Jenkyn,
For this woman's name and costume see Re. xvii. 1-4. Poole, and many others. They were then, and ever will be, She has just sent one of her illegitimate sons to England under of great fame. –(En.), the impudent assumption of Archbishop of Westminster.-(Ed.) The plans of Charles II. and James II., to re-establish
3. And that you may be convinced of the truth of this, look Popery in England, were defeated by the union of the eminent back and compare Antichrist four hundred years ago, with Nonconformists with some decided enemies to Rome in the Antichrist as he now is, and you shall see what work the Lord Established Church; this brought them into esteem and respect. Jesus has begun to make with him; kingdoms and countries Mr. Scott's note on this passage is—The disinterested, and he hath taken from her. True, the fogs of Antichrist, and the bold decided conduct of many dissenters, on this occasion, prosmoke that came with him out of the bottomless pit, has cured considerable favour both to them and their brethren, with eclipsed the glorious light of the gospel; but you know, in the best friends of the nation; but the prejudices of others eclipses, when they are recovering, all the creatures upon the prevented them from reaping all the advantage from it that lace of the earth cannot put a stop to that course, until the sun they ought to have done.' –(ED.) or the moon have recovered their glory. And thus it shall be 6 David Hume, in his History of England, admitted the now, the Lord is returning to visit this people with his primi- invaluable services of the Puritans. By whom the precious tive lustre ; he will not go back until the light of the sun shall spark of liberty was kindled and preserved, and to whom the be sevenfold.—(Bunyan's Antichrist and his Ruin, vol. ii. English owe all the blessings of their excellent constitution.
further, talking of Christian and Faithful; and pleasant meadows, dainty flowers, variety of trees, how lIopeful joined himself to Christian after that and such as bear wholesome fruit ; fruit not like Faithful was dead.
that that Matthew ate of, that fell over the wall Now they were come up with the Hill Lucre, out of Beelzebub's garden ; but fruit that pro. First Part,
where the silver mine was, which took cureth health where there is none, and that con
Demas off from his pilgrimage, and tinueth and increaseth it where it is.? into which, as some think, By-ends fell and per- So they were content to commit their little ones ished; wherefore they considered that. But when to him; and that which was also an encouragethey were come to the old monument that stood ment to them so to do, was, for that all this was over against the hill Lucre, to wit, to the pillar of to be at the charge of the King, and so was as an salt that stood also within view of Sodom and its hospital for young children and orphans. stinking lake; they marvelled, as did Christian Now they went on; and when they were come before, that men of that knowledge and ripeness of to By-path Meadow, to the stile over
First Part, wit, as they were, should be so blinded as to turn which Christian went with his fellow aside here. Only they considered again, that Hopeful, when they were taken by They being come
to Bynature is not affected with the harms that others Giant Despair, and put into Doubting uave a mind to
a pluck have met with, especially if that thing upon which Castle; they sat down and consulted they look, has an attracting virtue upon the foolish what was best to be done; to wit, spair. eye.
now they were so strong, and had got such a man I saw now that they went on, till they came at as Mr. Great-heart for their conductor, whether First Part,
the river that was on this side of the they had not best to make an attempt upon the
Delectable Mountains. To the river Giant, demolish his castle, and, if there wero any where the fine trees grow on both sides; and whose pilgrims in it, to set them at liberty, before they leaves, if taken inwardly, are good against surfeits, went any further. So one said one thing, and where the meadows are green all the year long, another said the contrary. One questioned if it was and where they might lie down safely. Ps. xxiii. lawful to go upon unconsecrated ground; another
By this river side, in the meadow, there were said they might, provided their end was good; but cotes and folds for sheep, a house built for the Mr. Great-heart said, Though that assertion offered nourishing and bringing up of those lambs, the last cannot be universally true, yet I have a combabes of those women that go on pilgrimage. Ile. v. 2. mandment to resist sin, to overcome evil, to fight Also there was here one that was intrusted with the good fight of faith; and, I pray, with whom them, who could have compassion, and that could should I fight this good fight, if not with Giant gather these lambs with his arm, and carry them Despair ? I will, therefore, attempt the taking in his bosom, and that could gently lead those that away of his life, and the demolishing of Doubting were with young. Is. xl. 11. Now to the care of this Castle. Then said he, Who will go with me? Blan, Christiana admonished her four daughters to Then said old Honest, I will. And so will we commit their little ones, that by these waters they too, said Christiana's four sons, Matthew, Samuel, might be housed, harboured, succoured, and nour- James, and Joseph ; for they were young men and ished, and that none of them might be lacking in strong. 1 Jn. iii. 13, 14. So they left the women in time to come. This Man, if any of them go the road, and with them Mr. Feeble-mind and Mr. astray, or be lost, he will bring them again ; he Ready-to-halt with his crutches, to be their guard, will also bind up that which was broken, and will until they came back; for in that place though strengthen them that are sick. Eze. xxxiv. 11–16. Here Giant Despair dwelt so near, they keeping in the they will never want meat, and drink, and clothing; road, a little child might lead them. Is. xi. 6. here they will be kept from thieves and robbers ; So Mr. Great-heart, old IIonest, and the four for this Man will die before one of those committed young men, went to go up to Doubting Castle, to to his trust shall be lost. Je xxiii. 4. Besides, here look for Giant Despair. When they came at the they shall be sure to have good nurture and ad- Castle-gate, they knocked for entrance with an monition, and shall be taught to walk in right unusual noise. At that the old Giant comes to paths, and that you know is a favour of no small the gate, and Diffidence, his wife, follows. Then account. Also here, as you see, are delicate waters, said he, Who, and what is he that is so hardy, as
after this manner to molest the Giant Despair? 1 This is a most encouraging view of the tender care of the Saviour, to the children of believers committed to his care, by ? Here we frequently find onr author speaking of our God godly parents. Not by any ceremonial observance, but by con and Saviour as man; he escels in this. It is to be wished stant servent supplications to the throne of grace on their behalf, that authors and preachers wrote and spake of the manhood and by a consistent pious example to train them up in the way of Jesus, who was a perfect man, like unto ns in all things in which they should go, that when they are old they should except sin. The view and consideration of this is sweet to not depart from the new and living way.-(Ed.)
faith, and endcars our Saviour to our hearts. — (Mason.)
Mr. Great-heart replied, It is I, Great-heart, one road and to their companions they came, and showed of the King of the Celestial Country's conduc-them what they had done. Now when Feebletors of pilgrims to their place; and I demand of mind and Ready-to-halt saw that it was the headl thee that thou open thy gates for my entrance. of Giant Despair indeed, they were very jocund Prepare thyself also to fight, for I am come to and merry. Now Christiana, if need was, could take away thy head, and to demolish Doubting play upon the viol, and her daughter
They have music Castle.
Mercy upon the lute; so, since they
for joy. Now Giant Despair, because he was a giant, were so merry disposed, she played Despair has over thought no man could overcome him; them a lesson, and Ready-to-halt would dance. come angels.
and, again, thought he, since here- So he took Despondency's daughter, named Muchtofore I have made a conquest of angels, shall | afraid, by the hand, and to dancing they went in Great-heart make me afraid! So he harnessed the road. True, he could not dance without one himself, and went out. He had a cap of steel upon crutch in his hand; but, I promise you, he footed his head, a breast-plate of fire girded to him, and it well, Also the girl was to be commended, for he came out in iron shoes with a great club in his she answered the music handsomely. hand. Then these six men made up to him, and As for Mr. Despondency, the music was not beset him behind and before. Also when Diffi- much to him; he was for feeding rather than dence, the giantess, came up to help him, old Mr. dancing, for that he was almost starved. So Honest cut her down at one blow. Then they Christiana gave him some of her bottle of spirits, fought for their lives, and Giant Despair was for present relief, and then prepared him someDespair is loath brought down to the ground, but was thing to eat; and, in little time, the old gentleman
very loath to die. He struggled hard, came to himself, and began to be finely revived. and had, as they say, as many lives as a cat; but Now I saw in my dream, when all these things Great-heart was his death, for he left him not till were finished, Mr. Great-heart took the head of he had severed his head from his shoulders." Giant Despair, and set it upon a pole by the high
Then they fell to demolishing Doubting Castle, way side, right over against the pillar that ChrisDonltinz Castle
that you know might with ease be tian erected for a caution to pilgrims that came
done, since Giant Despair was dead. after, to take heed of entering into his grounds. They were seven days in destroying of that; and
Though Doubting Castle be demolish’d, in it of pilgrims they found one Mr. Despondency, And the Giant Despair hath lost his head, almost starved to death, and one Much-afraid, his Sin can rebuild the Castle, make't remain, laughter; these two they saved alive. But it And make Despair the Giant live again. would have made you a-wondered to have seen the Then he writ under it, upon a marble stone, dead bodies that lay here and there in the castle- these verses following: yard, and how full of dead men's bones the
This the head of him, whose name only dungeon was.
In former times did pilgrims terrily. When Mr. Great-lieart and his companions had Ilis Castle's down; and Diffidence, his wise, performed this exploit, they took Mr. Despondency, Brave Master Great-heart has berest of life. and his daughter Much-afraid, into their protec- Despondency, his daughter Much-afraid, tion; for they were honest people, though they
Great-heart for them also the man has play'd;
Who hereof doubts, if he'll but cast his eye were prisoners in Doubting Castle, to that tyrant
Up hither, may his scruples satisfy. Giant Despair. They, therefore, I say, took with
This head also, when doubting cripples dance, them the head of the Giant, for his body they had
Doth show from fears they have deliverance. buried under a heap of stones, and down to the
? How well does Mr. Bunyan describe the experience of the 1 What cannot Great-heart do ? what feats not perform ? Much-afraids, Ready-to-halts
, and the Feeble-minds, in the what victories not gain? Who can stand before Great-heart? Come and Welcome. Poor coming soul, thou art like the Diffidence shall fall, and Giant Despair be slain by the power
man that would ride full gallop, whose horse will hardly trot! of Great-heart, with the sword of the Spirit
, which is the Now, the desire of his mind is not to be judged of by the slow Word of God," Eph. vi. 17; even Despondency, though almost pace of the dull jade he rides on, but by the hitching, and kickstarved, shall be delivered, and his daughter Much-afraid shall ing, and spurring, as he sits on his back. Thy flesh is like be rescued. O for more of Great-heart's company !-(Mason.) this dull jade; it will not gallop after Christ, it will be backThe struggle with Despair may be dangerous, and painful, and ward, though thy soul and heaven lie at stake. But be of long.continued, but it shall be finally successful. I am per- good comfort, Christ judgeth according to the sincerity of the suaded,' saith the apostle, 'that neither death, nor life, nor heart.'-(Vol. i. p. 252.) angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor
3 This is the work and aim of every faithful minister of things to come, nor heighth, nor depth, nor any other creature, Christ, to destroy Giant Despair, and demolish Doubting shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Castle, in the hearts of God's children. A more awful character Christ Jesuis our Lord.' Paul demolished the castle, and slew is not in the world, than the man who assumes the ministerial the giant; but,
name and character, without understanding the nature of that "Sin can rebuild the castle, make't remain,
ministry of reconciliation which is committed to every one And make Despair the Giant live again.'- ED.
who is really called and sent of God.—(J. B.)
When these men had thus bravely showed them- So the feeble and weak went in, and Mr. Greatselves against Doubting Castle, and had slain heart and the rest did follow. When they were Giant Despair, they went forward; and went on also set down, the Shepherds said to those of the till they came to the Delectable Mountains, where weaker sort, What is it that you would have ? for, Christian and Hopeful refreshed themselves with said they, all things must be managed here to tho the varieties of the place. They also acquainted supporting of the weak, as well as the warning of themselves with the shepherds there, who welcomed the unruly. them, as they had done Christian before, unto the So they made them a feast of things easy of Delectable Mountains.
digestion, and that were pleasant to the palate, Now the Shepherds, seeing so great a train follow and nourishing; the which, when they had received, Mr. Great-heart, for with him they were well they went to their rest, each one respectively unto acquainted, they said unto him, Good Sir, you his proper place. When morning was come, behave got a goodly company here. Pray, where cause the mountains were high, and the day clear, did you find all these?
and because it was the custom of the Shepherds to Then Mr. Great-heart replied:
show to the Pilgrims, before their departure, some First, here is Christiana and her train,
rarities ;* therefore, after they were ready, and had Her sons, and her sons' wives, who like the wain, refreshed themselves, the Shepherds took them out Keep by the pole, and do by compass steer, into the fields, and showed them first what they
From sin to grace, else they had not been here; had showed to Christian before. The Guide's Next, here's old Honest come on pilgrimage, speech to the
Then they had them to some new places. The Shepherds. Ready-to-halt, too, who, I dare engage, True-hearted is, and so is Feeble-mind,
first was to Mount Marvel, where they
looked, and beheld a man at a dis-
mean? So they told them, that that man was We further go? Let's know whereon to trust.
a son of one Great-grace, of whom you read in the Then said the Shepherds, This is a comfortable First Part of the Records of the Pil.
First Part, Their entertain- company. You are welcome to us, grim's Progress. And he is set there
for we have [comfort] for the feeble as to teach pilgrims how to believe down, or to tumble for the strong. Our Prince has an eye to what out of their way, what difficulties they shall meet is done to the least of these; therefore infirmity with, by faith.” Mar. xi. 23, 24.
Then said Mr. Great. must not be a block to our entertainment. Mat. xxv. 40. heart, I know him. IIe is a man above many. So they had them to the palace door, and then Then they had them to another place, called said unto them, Come in, Mr. Feeble-mind; Come Mount Innocent; and there they saw in, Mr. Ready-to-halt; come in, Mr. Despondency, a man clothed all in white, and two and Mrs. Much-afraid, his daughter. These, Mr. men, Prejudice and Ill-will, continually casting dirt Great-heart, said the Shepherds to the guide, we upon him. Now, behold, the dirt, whatsoever they call in by name, for that they are most subject to cast at him, would in little time fall off again, and draw back; but as for you, and the rest that are his garments would look as clear as if no dirt had strong, we leave you to your wonted liberty. Then been cast thereat.6 said Mr. Great-heart, This day I see that grace doth shine in your faces, and that you are my althongh an ordinance, for the present to be prudently shunned, A description Lord's Shepherds indeed;
for the edification of the church. 'Love is more discovered for that
you of false sliep- have not pushed these diseased neither his children for want of water.'—(Bunyan on Baptism, vol. ii
. when we receive, for the sake of Christ, than when we refuse with side nor shoulder, but have p. 608.) When will such peaceful sentiments spread over the rather strewed their way into the palace with church?—(ED.)
, flowers, as you should.: Eze. xxxiv. 21.
4 There are things taught by the gospel, here called 'rarities,' which, thongh high and mysterious, will yet, when clearly
stated, prove the means of exciting Christians to live by faith, 1. The wain,' seven bright stars in the constellation of Ursa and to cultivate whatsoever things are lovely and of good Major, called by country people, the plough, or the wain, or report.-(Ivimey.). Charles I.'s chariot.-(ED.)
Strong faith, in the words of Christ, will ‘believe down' 2 Those ministers who exercise the greatest affection towards mountains of afflictions, or tumble them out of the Christiau's weak and upright Christians, are most according to the way. Though it will not perform miracles, it will remove description of pastors, after God's own heart, given in the difficulties resembling mountains.--(Ivimey.) Scriptures of truth.-(Ivimey.)
6 The history of Joseph, with that of Mr. Bunyan, and of » Bunyan was peculiarly tender with the weak ; they are thousands besides, proves, that charges against a godly, innoto be received, but not to doubtful disputations. Thus, with cent man, arising from the prejudice, ill-will
, and inalice of his regard to the great cause of separation among Christians, cnemies, shall eventually turn out to his honour, and to their he says, ' If water-baptism' (whether by sprinkling of infants, confusion. “Blessed are ye when men shall revile you, and or immersing of adults) 'trouble their peace, wound the con persecute you, and shall say all manner of evil against you sciences of the godly, and dismember their fellowships, it is ValsELY, for my sake.' Mat. v. 11.-1.p.)