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teousness is essential to that nature; so that one fectly so without it. IIere, then, is a righteous. may as easily cause the nature to be extinct, as to ness that Christ, as God, as man, as God-man, has separate its justice or righteousness from it. Of no need of, with reference to himself, and there. these righteousnesses, therefore, we are not made fore he can spare it ; a justifying righteousness, partakers, so as that they, or any of them, should that he for himself wanteth not, and therefore he be put upon us, that we might be made just, and giveth it away; hence it is called the gift of live thereby. Besides these, there is a righteous righteousness.' Ro. v. 17. This righteousness, since ness which this Person has, as these two natures Christ Jesus the Lord has made himself under the are joined in one: and this is not the righteousn
isness law, must be given away; for the law doth not of the Godhead, as distinguished from the man- only bind him that is under it ‘to do justly,' but hood ; nor the righteousness of the manhood, as to use charity. Wherefore he must, he ought, by distinguished from the Godhead; but a righteous- the law, if he hath two coats, to give one to him ness which standeth in the union of both natures, that hath none. Now, our Lord, indeed, hath two and may properly be called, the righteousness that coats, one for hinself, and one to spare; whereis essential to his being prepared of God to the fore he freely bestows one upon those that have capacity of the mediatory office, which he was to none. And thus, Christiona, and Mercy, and the be intrusted with. If he parts with his first rest of you that are here, doth your pardon como righteousness, he parts with his Godhead ; if he by deed, or by the work of another man. Your parts with his second righteousness, he parts with Lord Christ is he that has worked, and has given the purity of his manhood; if he parts with this away what he wrought for, to the next poor beggar third, he parts with that perfection that capacitates he meets.? him to the office of mediation. He has, therefore, But, again, in order to pardon by deed, there another righteousness, which standeth in perform- must something be paid to God as a price, as well ance, or obedience, to a revealed will; and that is as something prepared to cover us withal. Sin has it that he puts upon sinners, and that by which delivered us up to the just curse of a righteous their sins are covered. Wherefore he saith, “As law; •now, from this curse we must be justified by by one man's disobedience, many were made sin- way of redemption, a price being paid for the ners ; so by the obedience of one, shall many be harms we have done, Ro. iv. 24; and this is by the niade righteous.'? Ro. v. 19.
blood of your Lord, who came and stood in your CHRIST. But are the other righteousnesses of place and stead, and died your death for your no use to us?
transgressions. Ga. iii. 13.
Thus has he ransomed GREAT-HEART. Yes; for though they are essen- you from your transgressions by blood, and covered tial to his natures and office, and so cannot be your polluted and deformed souls with righteous. communicated unto another, yet it is by virtue of ness.
For the sake of which, God passeth by you, them, that the righteousness that justifies, is, for and will not hurt you, when he comes to judge the that purpose, efficacious. The righteousness of world. his Godhead gives virtue to his obedience ; the Christ. This is brave. Now, I see there was righteousness of his manhood giveth capability to something to be learned by our being Christiana afbis obedience to justify; and the righteousness pardoned by word and deed. Good the draw that standeth in the union of these two natures to Mercy, let us labour to keep this in redemption. his office, giveth authority to that righteousness to do the work for which it is ordained.
? Is there righteousness in Christ? That is mine, the So then, here is a righteousness that Christ, as believer may say. Did he bleed for sins ? It was for mine. God, has no need of, for he is God without it; is mine. And I do count this a most glorious life.—Some
Hath he overcome the law, the devil, and hell? The victory here is a righteousness that Christ, as man, has times (I bless the Lord) my soul hath this life not only no need of to make him so, for he is perfect man imputed to me, but the glory of it upon my spirit. Upon a without it; again, here is a righteousness that time, when I was under many condemnings of heart, and
fearing I should miss glory, methought I felt such a secret Christ, as God-man, has no need of, for he is per- motion as this—Thy righteousness is in heaven. The splen
dour and shiniug of the Spirit of grace upon my soul, gave • Here Bunyan gives a very clear and distinct account of me to see clearly that my righteousness, by which I should be that righteousness of Christ, as Mediator, which he wrought justified, was the Son of God himself representing me before out by his perfect obedience to the law of God for all his seed. the mercy-seat in his own person ; so that I saw clearly, that And by this righteousness, and no other, are they fully justified day and night, wherever I was, and whatever I was doing, from all condemnation in the sight of God. Reader, study there was my righteousness, just before the eyes of the Divine this point deeply, so as to be established in it. It is the glory, and continually at the right hand of God. At another essence of the gospel, enters into the life and joy of faith, time, whilst musing, being afraid to die, these words came brings relief to the conscience, and influence to the love of upon my soul, ‘Being justified freely by his grace, through the Lord our Righteousness; and so brings forth the fruits of the redemption which is in Christ. This stayed my heart. righteousness which are by him to the praise and glory of God, and thus is the sinner made alive from the dead, by being and administers Divine consolation in the hour of death.- justified through the righteousness of Christ, which is unto al (Mason.)
and upon all them that believe.-(Bunyan's Law and Grace)
fected with this
to were cut.
with Christ, and with what
mind; and my children, do you remember it also. I Wanton too. Surely, surely their hearts would be But, Sir, was not this it that made my good affected; nor could the fear of the one, nor the Christian’s burden fall from off his shoulder, and powerful lusts of the other, prevail with them to that made him give three leaps for joy? 1 go home again, and to refuse to become good
GREAT-EART. Yes, it was the belief of this, pilgrims.3 low the strings
that cut those strings, that could not GREAT-HEART. You speak now in the warmth of bound be cut by other means ; and it was to your affections. Will it, think you, be always Christian's bur
him give him a proof of the virtue of this, thus with you? Besides, this is not communicated
that he was suffered to carry his bur- to every one that did see your Jesus bleed. There den to the cross.
were that stood by, and that saw the blood run CHRIST. I thought so; for though my heart was from his heart to the ground, and yet were so far lightful and joyous before, yet it is ten times more off this, that, instead of lamenting, they laughed lightsome and joyous now. And I am persuaded at him; and, instead of becoming his disciples, by what I have felt, though I have felt but little did harden their hearts against him. So that all as yet, that if the most burdened man in the that you have, my daughters, you To be affected world was here, and did see and believe as I now have by a peculiar impression made do, it would make his heart the more merry and by a Divine contemplating upon what he has done, is blithe.?
I have spoken to you.
a thing special. GREAT-HEART. There is not only comfort, and that it was told you, that the hen, by her common
the ease of a burden brought to us, call, gives no meat to her chickens. This you to Christ is le by the sight and consideration of these, have, therefore, by a special grace. got in the soul.
but an endeared affection begot in us Now, I saw still in my dream, that they went on by it; for who can, if he doth but once think that until they were come to the place that
Simple, and pardon comes not only by promise, but thus, but Simple, and Sloth, and Presumption, Slotti, and be affected with the way and means of his re- lay and slept in, when Christian went hanged, and
why. demption, and so, with the man that hath wrought by on pilgrimage; and, behold, they it for him?
were hanged up in irons a little way off on tho Christ. True; methinks it makes my heart other side.
bleed to think that he should bleed MERCY. Then said Mercy to him that was their First Part, 0 thou loving One! 0
3 O brave Christiana! See what it is to have one's heart Cause of ad- thou blessed One! Thou deservest to inflamed with a sense of the love of Christ. Christiana thinks
have me; thou hast bought me; thou every one would naturally be affected as she was, if they were deservest to have me all; thou hast paid for me present; but she forgets that which she sees and feels is of ten thousand times more than I am worth! No have my sins and lose my soul ? Would not heaven be better
special, peculiar, distinguishing grace. (Mason.) Shall I marvel that this made the water stand in my to me than my sins ?—the company of God, Christ, saints, husband's eyes, and that it made him trudge so and angels, than the company of Cain
, Judas, Balaam, with
Canst thou now that nimbly on; I am persuaded he wished me with the devils, in the furnace of fire ?
readest, or hearest these lines, turn thy back, and go on in him; but, vile wretch that I was, I let him come thy sins ?-(Bunyan's Law and Grace, vol. i. p. 575.) Reader, all alone. O Mercy, that thy father and mother thus would Christiana plead with ungodly relatives and friends; were here; yea, and Mrs. Timorous also; nay, I and if thou art in such a case, wilt thou not listen to such a
plea ?-(Ed.) wish now with all my heart, that here was Madam
* Mind how tenderly Great-heart deals with warm-hearted
Christiana. He does not attempt to throw cold water upon 1 Sometimes I have been so loaden with my sins, that I the fire of her affections, but gently insinuates, 1. The peculiar could not tell where to rest, nor what to do; yea, at such frame of the mind she speaks from; 2. Suggests that she must times, I thought it would have taken away my senses; yet, at not always expect to be in such raptures; and, 3. Reminds that time, God through grace hath all on a sudden so effectu. her that her indulgences were of a peculiar nature, not comally applied the blood that was spilt at Mount Calvary out of mon to all, but bestowed upon the faithful in Christ only; the side of Jesus, unto my poor, wounded, guilty conscience, and that, therefore, amidst all her joyful feelings, she should that presently I have found such a sweet, solid, sober, heart- know to whom she was indebted for them, and give all the comforting peace, that I have been in a strait to think that I glory to the God of all grace.—(Mason.) should love and honour him no more. Sometimes my sins Simple, contented in gross ignorance; Sloth, an indolence have appeared as big as all the sins of all the men in the which smothers all conviction ; Presumption, carnal security nation—(reader, these things be not fancics, for I have smarted which hardens against reproof.—(Andronicus.) These are the for this experience); but yet the least stream of the heart- great opposers of vital religion. The end of these things is blood of Jesus hath vanished all away, and I have been de death.-(Burder.) livered up into sweet and heavenly peace and joy in the Holy 6 It was a custom, to a late period, to hang up marGhost.--(Bunyan's Law and Grace, vol. i. p. 549.)
derers in irons, uutil the body dropped to pieces; that such 2 While the soul lives upon the sweet impressions which terrible examples might deter others from the like crimes; are made by the application of the promises, it may be said to hence, under the old wood-cut illustrating this passage, is live upon frames and feelings ; for as its comforts abate, so will writtenits confidence. The heart can never be established in grace,
• Behold herc how the slothful are a signe, till the understanding is enlightened to discern what it is to
llung up, 'cuuse holy ways they did decline.' have pardon by the deed done.'—(J. B.)
turn out of the
doctrine in erroneous times.
guide and conductor, What are those three men ? | iron or brass, and left here, even where they did and for what are they hanged there?
their mischiefs, for a caution to other bad men ? GREAT-HEART. These three men were men of GREAT-HEART. So it is, as you well
may perceive, very bad qualities. They had no mind to be pil if you will go a little to the wall. grims themselves, and whosoever they could they Mercy. No, no; let them hang, and their names hindered. They were for sloth and folly themselves, rot, and their crimes live for ever against them. and whoever they could persuade with, they made I think it a high favour that they were hanged so too; and, withal, taught them to presume that before we came hither; who knows else what they they should do well at last. They were asleep when might have done to such poor women as we are ? Christian went by; and now you go by, they are Then she turned it into a song, sayinghanged."
Now then, yon three, hang there, and be a siga Mercy. But could they persuade any to be of To all that shall against the truth combine, their opinion ?
And let him that comes after fear this end,
And thou, my soul, of all such men bewarc,
That unto holiness opposers are. Who they pre- they persuaded to do as they. They vailed upon to
also prevailed with one Short-wind, Thus they went on, till they came at the foot way. with one No-heart, with one Linger- of the IIill Difficulty, where, again,
First Part, after-lust, and with one Sleepy-head, and with a their good friend, Mr. Great-heart, young woman, her name was Dull, to turn out of took an occasion to tell them of what It is difficult
getting of good the way, and become as they. Besides, they happened there when Christian himbrought up an ill report of your Lord, persuading self went by. So he had them first others that he was a taskmaster. They also to the spring. Lo, said he, this is the spring that brought up an evil report of the good land, saying Christian drank of, before he went up this hill; it was not half so good as some pretend it was. and then it was clear and good, but now it is dirty They also began to vilify his servants, and to count with the feet of some that are not desirous that the very best of them meddlesome, troublesome, pilgrims here should quench their thirst. Eze. xxxiv. 18. busybodies. Further, they could call the bread of Thereat Mercy said, And why so envious, trow? God husks; the comforts of his children, fancies; But, said their guide, it will do, if taken up,
and the travel and labour of pilgrims, things to no put into a vessel that is sweet and good; for then purpose.?
the dirt will sink to the bottom, and the water Cirist. Nay, said Christiana, if they were such, come out by itself more clear. Thus, therefore, they shall never be bewailed by me. They have Christiana and her companions were compelled to but what they deserve; and I think it is well that do. They took it up, and put it into an earthen they hang so near the highway, that others may pot, and so let it stand till the dirt was gone to the see and take warning. But had it not been well bottom, and then they drank thereof." if their crimes had been engraven on some plate of
difficult to flesh and blood than to be compelled, upon pain of 1 God, as it were, gibbets some professors, and causes their endless ruin, to think for ourselves on matters of religion. names and characters to be publicly exhibited, as a terror to The formalist and hypocrite follow the persuasions of man, others, and as a warning to his own people.-(Mason.) The and take an easier path, and are lost. The fear of man causee dreadful falls and awful deaths of some professors are to put some to abandon the ascent. Dr. Cheever has, in his Hill others upon their guard against superficial, slothful, and pre- Difficulty, very happily described the energy that is needful to sumptuous hopes. The real occasion of turning aside lies in enable the pilgrim to make the ascent. lle forcibly proves the concealed lusts of the heart.-(Scott.)
the utter impossibility of making the ascent by ceremonial ? Let us consider the characters of these three professors : observances, or while encumbered with worldly cares or pride 1. Here is a simple, a foolish credulous professor, ever learn- in trinkets of gold and costly array. He reminds ns of the ing, but never coming to the knowledge of the truth, so as to solemn advice of Peter, " be ye built up a spiritual house, a believe it, love it, and be established on it; hence liable to be holy priesthood to offer up spiritual sacrifice acceptable to God carried away by every wind of doctrine. 2. Sloth, a quiet, by Jesus Christ.”. Every weight must be set aside, and salvaeasy professor, who never disturbs any one by his diligence in tion must be worked out with fear and trembling.–(Ed.) the Word of God, nor his zeal for the truths and glory of 4 The river of life is pure and clear as crystal. Is the God. 3. Presumption, one who espects salvation in ihe end, doctrine offered to thce so? Or is it muddy, and mixed with without the means prescribed by God for attaining it. O the doctrines of men? Look, man, and sce, if the foot of the beware of these three sorts of professors, for they turn many worshippers of Baal be not there, and the water fouled thereby. aside !-(Mason.)
What water is fouled is not the water of life, or at least not in 3 What is meant by the Hill Difficulty ? Christiana has its clearness. Wherefore, if thou findest it not right, go up set out froin Destruction, been received and encouraged at the higher towards the spring-head, for nearer the spring the more wicket-gate, and directed on her jonmney. The path is com- pure and clear is the water.- (Bunyan’s Water of Life.) paratively easy, until she is about to put on a public profes- ó This represents to us that some preachers, as the prophet sion, by joiving a church. This is situated upon the summit says, foul the water with their feet, Eze. xxxiv. 18; that is, of this hill of difficult ascent. Is it intended to represent that though they preach somewhat about Christ, and salvation by prayerful, watchful, personal investigation into Divine truth, him, yet they so clog, mire, and pollute the stream of free which ought to precede church-fellowship? Nothing is more grace, with pre-requisites, terins, and conditious, that the poor