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Now supper was ready, the table spread, and what she could to dishearten me to it; the hardThey are at all things set on the board; so they ship and troubles that my husband met with in the
Supper. sat down and did eat, when one had way, but all this I got over pretty well. But a given thanks. And the Interpreter did usually dream that I had of two ill-looked ones, that I entertain those that lodged with him, with music thought did plot how to make me miscarry in my at meals; so the minstrels played. There was journey, that hath troubled me much; yea, it still also one that did sing, and a very fine voice he runs in my mind, and makes me afraid of every ono had. His song was this:
that I meet, lest they should meet me to do me a The Lord is only my support,
mischief, and to turn me out of the way. Yea, I And he that doth me feed;
Lord, though I would not have everyHow can I then want anything
body know it, that between this and the gate by Whereof I stand in need ?
which we got into the way, we were both so sorely When the song and music was ended, the In- assaulted that we were made to cry out, Murder! Talk at Supper. terpreter asked Christiana what it and the two that made this assault upon us were
was that at first did move her to betake like the two that I saw in my dream. A repetition of Christiana'sex- herself to a Pilgrim's life. Christiana Then said the Interpreter, Thy beginning is
answered, First, The loss of my hus. good, thy latter end shall greatly in. A question put band came into my mind, at which I was heartily crease. So he addressed himself to
to Mercy. grieved; but all that was but natural affection. Mercy, and said unto her, And what moved thee Then, after that, came the troubles and pilgrimage to come hither, sweet heart? of my husband into my mind, and also how like a Then Mercy blushed and trembled, and for a churl I had carried it to him as to that. So guilt while continued silent. took hold of my mind, and would have drawn me INTER. Then, said he, be not afraid, only believe, into the pond; but that opportunely I had a dream and speak thy mind. of the well-being of my husband, and a letter MERCY. So she began, and said, Truly, Sir, my sent me by the King of that country where my want of experience is that which
Mercy's answer. husband dwells, to come to him. The dream and makes me covet to be in silence, and the letter together so wrought upon my mind, that also that fills me with fears of coming short that they forced me to this way.
at last. I cannot tell of visions and dreams as INTER. But met you with no opposition before my friend Christiana can; nor know I what it is to you set out of doors ?
mourn for my refusing of the counsel of those that Christ. Yes, à neighbour of mine, one Mrs. were good relations." Timorous (she was akin to him that would have INTER. What was it then, dear heart, that hath persuaded my husband to go back, for fear of the prevailed with thee to do as thou hast done? lions). She all to befooled me for, as she called it, MERCY. Why, when our friend here was packing my intended desperate adventure; she also urged up to be gone from our town, I and another went
accidentally to see her; so we knocked at the door hearted sinner. Well, thank God, says many a self-confident, and went in. When we were within, and seeing whole-hearted Pharisee, it is far from being mine. We can only say this, he that knows most of his own superlatively what she was doing, we asked what was her deceitful and desperately wicked heart, suspects himself most, meaning. She said, she was sent for to go to her and exercises most godly jealousy over himself; while persons, husband; and then she up and told us how she who see least of themselves, are most self-confident and daring. Even Judas could as boldly ask, “Master, is it l' who shaii had seen him in a dream, dwelling in a curious betray thee? as any of the rest of his disciples.-(Mason.) place, among immortals, wearing a crown, playing
Mr. Ivimey supposes this to be intended by Mr. Bunyan to show his approbation of the practice of singing in public worship. It was then a custom which had been recently
Ah, Mrs. Timorous, how many professed pilgrims hast introduced, and was a subject of strong controversy. Soon thou befooled and turned back! How often does she attack arter Bunyan’s death, Benjamin Keach vindicated the prac- and affright many real pilgrims! I am sure she has often tice, by proving that singing is an ordinauce of Jesus Christ, made my poor heart ache with her ghastly looks and terrifyin answer to Marlowe's Discourse against Singing. It must ing speeches. O may we ever say to her, in our Lord's words, not be forgotten, that our pilgrim forefathers generally met in Get thee behind me, Satan; thou savourest not the things secret, and that singing would have exposed them to imminent that be of God, but those that be of men.' Mat. xvi. 23. — peril of their lives. Now we have no such fear; we can unite (Mason.) heart and voice in the language of Dr. Watts
: A very simple and artless confession. The Lord works • Lord, how derightíul 'tis to see
very differently upon his elect; but always to the same end, A whole assembly worship thee!
namely, to make us prize Christ, his salvation and his ways, At ouce they sing.'
and to abhor ourselves, the paths of sin, and to cast off all That is, when singing men or women do not prevent the self-righteous hopes. If this is effected in thy heart, reader, godly from uniting in this delightful part of Divine worship no matter whether thou canst tell of visions and dreams, and by introducing new tunes, to sing to the praise and glory of talk high of experiences. Where the soul is rooted and themselves. Let such as are guilty of this solemnly ask the grounded in the knowledge of Christ, and love to his ways, question, Was the late Mr. Huntingdon right in estimating though there may be many fears, yet this is an indubitablo their piety at less than twopence per dozen 7—(ED.)
proof of a real and sincere pilgrim.-(Mason.)
upon a harp, eating and drinking at his Prince's he to the damsel that first opened unto them, Take table, and singing praises to him for bringing him them and have them into the garden to the bath, thither, &c. Now, methought, while she was and there wash them, and make them clean from telling these things unto us, my heart burned the soil which they have gathered by travelling. within me; and I said in my heart, If this be true, Then Innocent the damsel took them, and had I will leave my father and my mother, and the land them into the garden, and brought of my nativity, and will, if I may, go along with them to the bath; so she told them Sanctification. Christiana.
that there they must wash and be clean, for so her So I asked her further of the truth of these master would have the women to do that called things, and if she would let me go with her; for I at his house, as they were going on pilgrimage. saw now that there was no dwelling, but with the They then went in and washed, yea, They wash in it. danger of ruin, any longer in our town. But yet they and the boys and all; and they I came
with a heavy heart, not for that I was came out of that bath, not only sweet and clean, unwilling to come away, but for that so many of but also much enlivened and strengthened in my relations were left behind.
their joints. So when they came in, they looked And I am come, with all the desire of my heart, fairer a deal than when they went out to the and will go, if I may, with Christiana, unto her washing. * husband, and his King.1
When they were returned out of the garden INTER. Thy setting out is good, for thou hast from the bath, the Interpreter took them, and given credit to the truth. Thou art a Ruth, who looked upon them, and said unto them, Fair as did, for the love she bare to Naomi, and to the the moon. Then he called for the
They are sealed. Lord her God, leave father and mother, and the seal, wherewith they used to be sealed land of her nativity, to come out, and go with a that were washed in his bath. So the seal was people that she knew not heretofore. • The Lord brought, and he set his mark upon them, that they recompense thy work, and a full reward be given might be known in the places whither they were thee of the Lord God of Israel, under whose wings yet to go. Now the seal was the contents and thou art come to trust.' Ru. ii. 12.
sum of the passover which the children of Israel Now supper was ended, and preparation was did eat when they came out from the land of They address
made for bed; the women were laid Egypt, and the mark was set between their eyes.” themselves singly alone, and the boys by them- This seal greatly added to their beauty, for it was
selves. Now when Mercy was in bed, an ornament to their faces. It also added to their she could not sleep for joy, for that now her doubts Mercy's good of missing at last, were removed
3 Mr. Ivimey considers that this bath in the garden refers night's rest. further from her than ever they were related their experience, as a publicly putting on" of Christ,
to the baptism of the pilgrims by immersion, after having before. So she lay blessing and praising God, who' And now why tartiest thou ? Arise, and be baptized, and had had such favour for her.
wash away thy sins, calling on the name of the Lord. Ac. In the morning they rose with the sun, and do ;" and they went out into the garden to the bath, and were
xxii. 16. Innocent says that her master would have them prepared themselves for their departure; but the much enlivened by it. Bunyan left it to the convert to act Interpreter would have them tarry awhile, for, said for himself as to water-baptism; all that he required, as a prehe, you must orderly go from hence. Then, said tism of the Holy Spirit. He calls this the ' bath of sanctifica
requisite to church-communion, was the new birth, or the bap
tion;' no Christian considers water-baptism a source of sancti. They who are acquainted with the manner in which per. fication; it is only the outward sign. It must be left to the sons are received into Congregational churches, by relating a reader's candid judgment to decide whether baptism, upon a verbal account of their experience, will recognize in this nar- profession of faith, is here intended by that that the master rative a resemblance to that practice. Christiana, a grave would have them do.—(ED.) matron, appears to have felt no difficulty in complying with • There is no travelling on pilgrimage without gathering the requisition; but Mercy, young and inexperienced, blushed soil. There are no pilgrims but daily need to have recourse and trembled, and for a while continued silent. Their profes-to this bath of sanctification — the blood of Jesus, which sion being approved, the readiness of the church to receive cleanses from all sin. 1 Jn. i. 7. Christ is the fountain opened them is expressed by the warmest wishes for their spiritual for sin and for uncleanness
. Zec. xiii. 1. Christ is the soul's prosperity.-(Ivimey.)
only bath. As all baths are for the purification of the body, Thou hast given credit to the truth;' what is this but such is this bath to our soul. But unless a bath be used, this faith-the faith of the operation of God ? But some may ask, cannot be effected; so, unless we have recourse to Christ, we What I is justifying, saving faith, nothing more than a belief cannot enjoy the purification of the soul; but the Holy Ghost, of the truth? If so, the very devils believe ; yea, more, they the Sanctifier, convinces us of sin, shows us our fresh-contracted tremble also. True; but mind how Mercy's faith wrought by spots and defilements, and leads us to the blood of the Lamb. her works. She fled for refuge to the hope set before her in o how does this enliven and strengthen our souls, by filling the gospel. She fled from sin, from the City of Destruction, our conscience with joy and peace in believing !-(Mason.) to Christ for salvation. Though she had not the joy of faith, Baptism and the Lord's Supper I receive and own as signs yet she followed on to know the Lord, walking in his ways, of the covenant of grace; the former as a sign of our engraftand hoping for comfort from the Lord in his due time. oi ing into Christ, and the latter to show forth his death, as an if thou hast a grain of this precious faith in thy heart, bless emblem or type of the benefits purchased thereby to his church Jesus for it, and go on thy way rejoicing.--(Mason.) and pcople. — (Philip Henry, altered by ED.)
A comment upon what was said at the Gate, or a discourse of our
gravity, and made their countenances more like
To move me for to watch and pray, them of angels.? Ex. xiii. 8–10.
To strive to be sincere ; Then said the Interpreter again to the damsel
To take my cross up day by day, that waited upon these women, Go into the restry
And serve the Lord with fear. and fetch out garments for these people; so she Now I saw in my dream, that they went on, They are
went and fetched out white raiment, and Great-heart went before them: so they went clothed.
and laid down before him; so he com- and came to the place where Christian's burden manded them to put it on. • It was fine liren, fell off his back, and tumbled into a sepulchre. white and clean.' When the women were thus Here then they made a pause ; and here also they adorned, they seemed to be a terror one .o the blessed God. Now, said Christiana, it comes to other; for that they could not see that glory each my mind, what was said to us at the gate, to wit, one on herself, which they could see in each other. that we should have pardon by word and deed ; by Now, therefore, they began to esteem each other word, that is, by the promise ; by deed, to wit, in
better than themselves. For you are the way it was obtained. What the promise is, of True humility.
fairer than I am,' said one; and you that I know something ; but what it is to have are more comely than I am,' said another. The pardon by deed, or in the way that it was obchildren also stood amazed to see into what fashion tained, Mr. Great-heart, I suppose you know; they were brought.
wherefore, if you please, let us hear you
discourse The Interpreter then called for a man-servant thereof. of his, one Great-heart, and bid him take sword, GREAT-HEART. Pardon by the deed done, is parand helmet, and shield; and take these my daugh- don obtained by sume one, for another ters, said he, and conduct them to the house called that hath need thereof: not by the Beautiful, at which place they will rest next.* So person pardoned, but in the way, saith
, he took his weapons and went before them; and another, in which I have obtained it. being justified the Interpreter said, God speed. Those also that So then, to speak to the question more
by Christ. belonged to the family, sent them away with many [at] large, the pardon that you and Mercy, and a good wish. So they went on their way and these boys have attained, was obtained by another, sang
to wit, by him that let you in at the gate; and This place has been our second stage;
he hath obtained it in this double way. He has Here we have heard and seen
performed righteousness to cover you, and spilt Those good things that, from age to age,
blood to wash
in.5 To others hid have been.
CHRIST. But if he parts with his righteousness The dunghill-raker, spider, hen,
to us, what will he have for himself ? The chicken, too, to me
GREAT-HEART. He has more righteousness than Hath taught a lesson; let me then
you have need of, or than he needeth himself. Conformed to it be.
CHRIST. Pray make that appear.
GREAT-HEART. With all my heart ; but first I
must premise, that he of whom we are now about to Also the rotten tree doth yield
speak is one that has not his fellow. He has two Me argument of weight;
natures in one person, plain to be distinguished,
impossible to be divided. Unto each of these 1 This means the sealing of the Spirit, whereby they were natures a righteousness belongeth, and each righsealed unto the day of redemption. Ep. iv. 30. O this is blessed sealing! None know the comfort and joy of it but 3 This is always the case when souls are clothed in the robe those who have experienced it. It confirms our faith, estab- of Christ's righteousness. They are little, low, and mean in lishes our hope, and inflames our affections to God the Father their own eyes, and they esteem each other better than themfor his everlasting love, to God the Son for his everlasting selves; whereas they who at all look to, or depend upon, their atonement and righteousness, and to God the Spirit for his own righteousness for their clothing and justification before enlightening mercy, regenerating grace, quickening, sanctify God, always look down with an air of supercilious contempt ing, testifying, and assuring influences, whereby we know that upon others who they think are not so righteous as them. we are the children of God; for the Spirit itself beareth wit- selves. Lord, hide self-righteous pride from my heart, and ness with our spirits, that we are the children of God. Ro. sink me into the depth of humility, that I may ever glory in vii. 16. All the comfort of our souls lies in keeping this seal thee, in whom I am perfectly righteous !-(Mason.) See also clear in our view. Therefore grieve not the Holy Spirit.- Ro. vi. 1-5, and Gal. iii. 27.- (Ivimey.) (Mason.)
4 The conductor, named Great-heart, is a gospel minister 2 They who have put on this raiment are clothed with under the direction of the Holy Spirit; courageous, armed humility; they readily perceive the excellence of other be with the sword of the Spirit, enjoying the hope of salvation, lievers, but can only discern their own in the glass of God's and defended by the shield of faith.-(Burder.) Word. At the same time, they become very observant of 6 This is the comfort, joy, and glorying of a pilgrim's their own defects, and severe in animadverting on them, but heart. Hath Jesus performed righteousness to cover us, and proportionally candid to their brethren ; and thus they learn spilled blood to wash us? Have we the faith of this ? O how the hard lesson of esteeming others better than themselves.- ought we to love him, rejoice in him, and study to glorify him (Scott.)
in every step of our pilgrimage !-(Mason.)