Representing Reality: Discourse, Rhetoric and Social Construction
SAGE, 1996年8月13日 - 264 頁
`This is an admirable book which can be recommended to students with confidence, and is likely also to become an indispensable source of reference for those researching fact construction' - Discourse & Society
How is reality manufactured? The idea of social construction has become a commonplace of much social research, yet precisely what is constructed, and how, and even what constructionism means, is often unclear or taken for granted. In this major work, Jonathan Potter offers a fascinating tour of the central themes raised by these questions.
Representing Reality overviews the different traditions in constructionist thought. Points are illustrated throughout with varied and engaging examples taken from newspaper stories, relationship counselling sessions, accounts of the paranormal, social workers' assessments of violent parents, informal talk between programme makers, political arguments and everyday conversations. Ranging across the social and human sciences, this book provides a lucid introduction to several key strands of work that have overturned the way we think about facts and descriptions, including: the sociology of scientific knowledge; conversation analysis and ethnomethodology; and semiotics, post-structuralism and postmodernism.
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For example, if a finding is consistent with a well-established body of theory, it is
more likely to be accepted without discussion than if it is thought to contradict an
established theory. An 'observation' of 'dark matter' in space is more likely to be ...
What is distinctive and provocative in the theory of social interest is the emphasis
it places on the role of scientists' background culture and broader social
allegiances - their group memberships and political viewpoints. And it is this
aspect of ...
Wynne claims that the theory of ether was drawn on by its proponents at
Cambridge University as a part of a moral discourse to legitimate their own social
ideals. Ether theory reflected their general social and religious beliefs which
Nevertheless, this is an ambitious theory, and one of the most successful existing
attempts to relate the content of scientific knowledge to the broader social climate
in which those ideas were produced. Realism, Relativism and Rhetoric I have ...
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Working up Representations