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CONTENTS OF No. CII.

Page. ART. I. The Law of Population : a Treatise in Six Books, in

Disproof of the Superfecundity of Human Beings,
and developing the real Principle of their Increase.
By Michael Thomas Sadler, M.P.

297

II. The Life of Richard Bentley, D.D. Master of Trinity

College, and Regius Professor of Divinity in the
University of Cambridge: with an account of his
Writings, and Anecdotes of many distinguished Cha-
racters during the period in which he flourished. By
James Henry Monk, D.D. Dean of Peterborough, 321

III. The History of Rome, by B. G. Niebuhr. Translated

by Julius Charles Hare, M.A., and Connop Thirl-
wall, M.A. Fellows of Trinity College, Cambridge, 358

IV. Memoir of the Life and Public Services of Sir Stam

ford Raffles, F.R.S., particularly in the Government
of Java in 1811-16; and of Bencoolen and its De-
pendencies, 1817-24. With Details of the Commerce
and Resources of the Eastern Archipelago ; and
Selections from his Correspondence. By his Widow, 396

V. Recherches sur le Commerce de la Hollande, .

. 418

VI. Women as they Are; or, the Manners of the Day, 444

VII. The First Book of the Iliad ; .the Parting of Hector

and Andromache ; and the Shield of Achilles ; Spe-
cimens of a New Version of Homer. By William
Sotheby,

463

Page.

ART. VIII. Abstract of the Bill for Establishing Courts of Local

Jurisdiction. Ordered by the House of Commons
to be printed 21st June, 1830,

478

IX. Memoirs, Correspondence, and Private Papers of Tho

mas Jefferson, late President of the United States;
now first published from the Original Manuscripts.
Edited by Thomas Jefferson Randolph, . 496

X. Library of C'seful Knowledge. Farmer's Series. Trea-
tise Seventh. The Farm,

. 526

XI. Researches into the Origin and Affinity of the Principal

Languages of Asia and Europe. By Lieutenant-
Colonel Vans Kennedy, of the Bombay Military
Establishment,

529

XII. The Country without a Government; or, Plain Ques

tions upon the Unhappy State of the Present Admi-
nistration,

• 564

Notice respecting Mr Brougham's Speech in the House of Commons, on the 13th July, on Colonial Slavery,

. 583

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Art. I.--The Law of Population : a Treatise in Six Books, in

Disproof of the Superfecundity of Human Beings, and develop-

ing the real Principle of their increase. By MICHAEL Thomas

SADLER, M.P. 2 vols. 8vo. London : 1830.

We did not oxpect a good book from Mr Sadler ; and it is

well that we did not ; for he has given us a very bad one.

The matter of his treatise is extraordinary; the manner more

extraordinary still. His arrangement is confused, his repeti-

tions endless, his style every thing wbich it ought not to be.

Instead of saying what he has to say with the perspicuity, the

precision, and the simplicity in which consists the eloquence pro-

per to scientific writing, he indulges without measure in vague,

bombastic declamation, made up of those fine things which

boys of fifteen admire, and which every body, who is not des-

tined to be a boy all his life, weeds vigorously out of his com-

positions after five-and-twenty. That portion of bis two thick

volumes which is not made up of statistical tables, consists prin-

cipally of ejaculations, apostrophes, metaphors, similes,—all the

worst of their respective kinds. His thoughts are dressed up in

this shabby finery with so much profusion and so little discri-

mination, that they remind us of a company of wretched stroll-

ing players, who have huddled on suits of ragged and faded

tinsel, taken from a common wardrobe, and fitting neither their

persons nor their parts; and who then exhibit themselves to the

laughing and pitying spectators, in a state of strutting, ranting,

painted, gilded beggary. Oh, rare Daniels !' • Political eco-

nomist, go and do thon likewise !' • Hear, ye political econo-

mists and anti-populationists !' • Population, if not proscribed

and worried down by the Cerberean dogs of this wretched and

VOL, LI. NO, CII,

cruel system, really does press against the level of the means of • subsistence, and still elevating that level, it continues thus

to urge society through advancing stages, till at length the * strong and resistless hand of necessity presses the secret spring • of human prosperity, and the portals of Providence fly open, 6 and disclose to the enraptured gaze the promised land of con6 tented and rewarded labour.'— These are specimens, taken at random, of Mr Sadler's eloquence. We could easily multiply them; but our readers, we fear, are already inclined to cry for mercy.

Much blank verse and much rhyme is also scattered through these volumes, sometimes rightly quoted, sometimes wrongly, sometimes good, sometimes insufferable,- sometimes taken from Shakspeare, and sometimes, for aught we know, Mr Sadler's own. Let man,' cries the philosopher, take heed how he

rashly violates his trust;' and thereupon he breaks forth into singing as follows:

• What myriads wait in destiny's dark womb,
Doubtful of life or an eternal tomb !
'Tis his to blot them from the book of fate,
Or, like a second Deity, create ;
To dry the stream of being in its source,
Or bid it, widening, win its restless course ;
While, earth and heaven replenishing, the flood

Rolls to its Ocean fount, and rests in God.' If these lines are not Mr Sadler's, we heartily beg his pardon for our suspicion—a suspicion which, we acknowledge, ought not to be lightly entertained of any human being. We can only say, that we never met with them before, and that we do not much care how long it may be before we meet with them, or with any others like them, again.

The spirit of this work is as bad as its style. We never met with a book which so strongly indicated that the writer was in a good humour with himself, and in a bad humour with every body else ;-which contained so much of that kind of reproach which is vulgarly said to be no slander, and of that kind of praise which is vulgarly said to be no commendation. Mr Malthus is attacked in language which it would be scarcely decent to employ respecting Titus Oates. Atrocious,' execrable, blasphemous, and other epithets of the same kind, are poured forth against that able, excellent, and honourable man, with a profusion which in the early part of the work excites indignation; but, after the first hundred pages, produces mere weariness and nausea. In the preface, Mr Sadler excuses himself on the plea of haste. Two-thirds of his book, he tells us, were written in a few months. If any terms have escaped him which can be construed into personal disrespect, he shall deeply regret that he had not more time to revise them. We must inform him that the tone of his book required a very different apology; and that a quarter of a year, though it is a short time for a man to be engaged in writing a book, is a very long time for a man to be in a passion.

The imputation of being in a passion Mr Sadler will not disclaim. His is a theme, he tells us, on which it were impious

to be calm ;' and he boasts that instead of conforming to the candour of the present age, he has imitated the honesty of pre• ceding ones, in expressing himself with the utmost plainness

and freedom throughout.' If Mr Sadler really wishes that the controversy about his new principle of population should be carried on with all the license of the seventeenth century, we can have no personal objections. We are quite as little afraid of a contest in which quarter shall be neither given nor taken as he can be. But we would advise him seriously to consider, before he publishes the promised continuation of his work, whether he be not one of that class of writers who stand peculiarly in need of the candour which he insults, and who would have most to fear from that unsparing severity which he practises and recommends.

There is only one excuse for the extreme acrimony with which this book is written, and that excuse is but a bad one. Mr Sadler imagines that the theory of Mr Malthus is inconsistent with Christianity, and even with the purer forms of Deism. Now even had this been the case, a greater degree of mildness and self-command than Mr Sadler has shown would have been becoming in a writer who had undertaken to defend the religion of charity. But in fact, the imputation which has been thrown on Mr Malthus and his followers, is so absurd as scarcely to deserve an answer. As it appears, however, in almost every page of Mr Sadler's book, we will say a few words respecting it.

Mr Sadler describes Mr Malthus's principle in the following words:

* It pronounces that there exists an evil in the principle of population; an evil, not accidental, but inherent; not of occasional occurrence, but in perpetual operation; not light, transient, or mitigated, but productive of miseries, compared with which all those inflicted by human institutions, that is to say, by the weakness and wickedness of man, however instigated, are “ light :” an evil, finally, for which there is no remedy save one, which had been long overlooked, and which is now enunciated in terms which evince any thing rather than confidence. It is a principle, moreover, preeminently bold, as well as “ clear.” With a presumption, to call it by no

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