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Counsel.

Crimes.
lic minister, or for offences against the law Larceny,

116
of nations, shall have the benefit of coun- Perjury,

- 116
sel, -

118
Receivers of stolen goods, -

- 116
Counterfeiting public securities,

. 115
Subornation of perjury,

· 117
Courts of the United States.

Bribery,

117
Judicial power vested in one Supreme Court

Obstruction of process,

• 117
and such other courts as Congress may from Rescue of persons convicted - 117
time to time establish. Constitution of the Process against foreign ministers 118

United States, art. 3, sect. 1, 2, 3, 17 Violation of safe conduct of a foreign minis-
Extent of judicial power,

. 17
ter,

118
Original and appellate jurisdiction of the Su- Lists of jury and witnesses, and copy of in-
preme Court,

18 dictment, to be furnished to persons indicted
General powers of the courts of the United

for treason,

- 118
States,
81 No corruption of blood,

. 117
Equity powers,

In other capital cases, copy of indictment and
Circuit and District Courts to try issues of fact list of jury to be furnished, . - 118
and grant new trials,

83 Persons charged allowed counsel and process
Punish for contempt,
83 for witnesses,

118, 119
May from time to time make rules and orders Standing mute,

- 119
for proceedings and practice, not repugnant No benefit of clergy allowed,

- 119
to the laws of the United States, 335 Limitation of indictments for treason, or other
Organization of the courts of the United States. capital offences, except the offender flee, 119
Act of September 24, 1789,
73 Punishment of death to be by hanging,

119
Supreme Court-See Supreme Court.

Notes of cases of Treason, 112-Murder, 113
Circuit Court-See Circuit Court.

-Robbery, 114—Piracy, 114—Revolt, 115
District Court.-See District Court.

-Bribery, 117–Obstruction of process, 117
Courts of the several States.

- Process against foreign ministers, 118
Cases in which causes decided in the supreme Currency. See Mint of the United States Coins

courts of the States may be removed by of the United StatesForeign Coins.
writ of error to the Supreme Court of the Customs.-See Duties on Imports and Tonnage.
United States. Act of September 24,
1789. (Sect. 25.)

85 Damages,
Decisions of the Supreme Court of the United To be assessed by the courts in judgments on
States,

85
bonds, &c.,

82
Forms of process and proceedings in courts On writs of error to the Supreme Court, 85
of the United States,

81, 93, 335, Death, punishment of.
Amendment of process and proceedings, 91 Treason punished by death,

112
The laws of the State, rules for decisions in Murder in any fort or arsenal of the United
the courts of the United States, where they States,

113
apply,

92 Piracy and felony on the high seas, · 114
Removal of causes from the State courts by Forgery of public securities,

115
aliens or citizens of another State, 79 Debasement of coins and embezzlement, 250
Removal of causes from State Courts, where The manner of inflicting the punishment of

a party claims under a grant of land other death shall be by hanging by the neck until
than a grant from the State in which the the person is dead,

119
action is brought,

80 Debasement
Credits.

Of coins,

250
Limitation of claims to credits from the United Debentures for Drawback.
States,

245, 580 Drawback on goods exported under the act of
Regulation of credits in accounts with the March 2, 1799,

680, 687
United States, -

441, 512 Debts of the United States.
For duties on merchandise imported, 673 Acts making provision for the debts of the
Crimes.

United States, 138, 218, 279, 338, 370,
Act for the punishment of crimes, . 112

410, 433, 478, 488, 512, 562
Treason,

112
To individual States, -

49, 178, 616
Misprision of Treason

113 Limitation of claims on the United States,
Murder,

245, 580
Misprision of Felony,

· 113

Destruction of certificates of public debt, limi-
Manslaughter, -

113
tation of claims for, -

. 353
Piracy and Felony,

. 113

Debts due by individuals to the United States,
Accessories,
114

441, 512
Confederacy to become Pirates, -

115

Acts for the relief of insolvent debtors, 265,
Maiming,
115

370, 482
115 Debtors, Insolvent.
Revolt,

· 115

Persons imprisoned for debt shall have the
Stealing or fying records, - 1151 privilege of jail-yards,

266

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113

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Forgery,

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debt,

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Debtors, Insolvent.

Departments of the Government of the United States.
Allowance to debtors while imprisoned, 266 An act for the more effectual recovery of debts
Discharge of insolvent debtors, 266, 482 due from individuals to the United States, 441
Act of June 6, 1798,

- 562
Duties of the auditor, -

• 441
Priority of the United States in cases of in- Duties of the comptroller,

442
solvency,

263, 515

Remission of forfeitures by the Secretary of the
Notes of decisions of the courts of the Uni- Treasury,

122—275, 425, 506
ted States on the priority of the United Department of the Navy. Established, - 553
States,

263 The secretary of the navy to take possession
Notes of the acts relating to imprisonment for of the books and papers in the war de-

- 2695 partment, appertaining to the navy depart-
Decisions

ment,

553
Of the courts of the United States on trea- Deposits,
sury statements, transcripts, and documents, Of teas imported,

- 674
evidence in suits by the United Depositions,
States,

513 Of witnesses living at a greater distance than
Declaration of Independence,

1 100 miles from the place of trial to be
Dedimus potestatem. See Evidence.

taken,

89
Delaware.

Direct Taxes,
Representatives in Congress. Constitution of Act of July 9, 1798, (obsolete,)

580
the United States,

10 Notes of acts relating to the assessment of
Representation according to the first cen- lands, and for the direct tax, and the acts
sus,

253
for the collection of direct taxes,

- 580
Delaying Letters at the Post-office.

Disability,
(Obsolete,)

236 Of District Judge of the District Courts to sit
Demurrer,

in causes depending in those courts,

277
Under the 31st section of the Judiciary act of Discipline of the Militia. See Militia.
September 24, 1789,

91 | Distilled Spirits,
Departments of the Government of the United States.

Duties on,

199, 267, 376, 503, 539, 547
Department of Foreign Affairs,
28 District attorneys,

92
Resolutions of Congress before the adoption District Courts,
of the Constitution of the United States as Establishment and organization of,

73, 74
to the department of foreign affairs, 28 Jurisdiction and powers,

74
Department of State. Department of foreign Adjournment of the District Courts, 76, 381
affairs to be denominated the Department Notes

76
of State, -

68

The captures made in the waters of the United
Duties of the secretary of state,

68
States,

284
Secretary of state to affix the seal to all acts Four sessions to be held annually, and special
of Congress,

68 sessions at the discretion of the District
To provide an official seal, and to have the Judges,

74
custody of all books and papers relating to Exclusive jurisdiction of,

76
his office, and to the late Congress, 69 Original cognisance in maritime causes, and
Resolution directing the secretary of state to seizures under the laws of the United
procure copies of all state laws, - 97

States,

76
Clerks in the department of state, - 126 Jurisdiction under acts punishing crimes, 112,
Department of War. An act to establish an

381
executive department to be denominated the District Judge,
Department of War,

49 May adjourn the Circuit Court in case of the
Ordinance for ascertaining the duties of the disability of the Judge of the Supreme
department of war, January 7, 1785, 49

Court to attend,

76
An act regulating the treasury and war de- Suits on debentures in the District Court,
partments,
279

688, 699
Act to amend the act entitled an act making Sessions of the District Court of Kentucky,

alterations in the treasury and war depart- 77, 78, 396, 517; Tennessee, 496, 617;
ments,

- 415 Maine, 74, 253; New Hampshire, 74;
In case of a vacancy in the war or treasury Massachusetts, 74; New York, 74; New

departments, the President may authorize a Jersey, 74; Pennsylvania, 74, 396; Dela-
person to perform the duties,

. 415

ware, 74; Virginia, 74; Maryland, 74;
An act to amend the several acts for the esta-

South Carolina, 74, 184; North Carolina,
blishment of the treasury, war, and navy 74; Vermont, 197.
departments,

610 District of Columbia.See Columbia.
Department of the Treasury. An act to esta- Division of Opinion,
blish the treasury department,

65 Of the Judges of the Circuit Court, 334
Notes of acts relating to the treasury depart- Docks,
ment,

65 For the use of the United States, . 622
Act of March 3, 1791, 216. Act of May 2, Domestic Goods,
1792,

279 When brought back, to be free of duty, 662
to enter into foreign service, act of June 5,
gress,
639 1794, (repealed)

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Drawback._See Debentures.

| Duties, Collection of.
Duties on Merchandise Imported.

foreign ports with goods brought in
Act of July 4, 1789, (obsolete,)

24
them,

651
Aug. 10, 1790, (obsolete,)

- 180
Form of bond,

• 651
March 3, 1791, (obsolete,)

- 199
Entries by an agent,

- 657
May 2, 1792, (obsolete,)

- 259

Separate entries of teas and wines, - 658
June 5, 1794, (obsolete,)

- 376
Entries of sea stores,

661
Jan. 29, 1795, (obsolete,)
. 411 Entries of baggage,

661
March 3, 1797, (obsolete,)

. 503 Articles of the growth of the United States
March 2, 1798,

- 627 when brought back to be free from du-
Duties on Tonnage,

ties,

- 662
Act of July 20, 1789, (repealed,)
27 Re-exportation of goods,

663
Sept. 16, 1789, (obsolete,)
69 Landing of goods,

665
June 20, 1790,

135
Damaged goods,

- 665
Dulies, Collection of,

Duty of Inspectors,

. 667
Act of July 31, 1789, (obsolete)

29 Goods on which duties have not been paid to
April 15, 1790, (obsolete,)

112
be sold,

• 667
Aug. 4, 1790, (obsolete,)

- 145 Allowance for draft and for tare, . 671
May 2, 1792, (obsolete,)
259 Vessel in distress, goods from,

- 672
March 3, 1793, (obsolete,)
336 Estimation of foreign coins

- 673
May 27, 1796, (obsolete,)
476 Teas imported from China,

. 673
March 2, 1798,
627 Tonnage duties,

- 675
Regulation of the collection of duties on im- Bonds for duties to be put in suit - 676
posts and tonnage
· 627 Priority of the United States,

676
Collection districts,

Officers may open packages and search the
In New Hampshire,
. 627 goods,

677
Massachusetts,

627 Suits against officers of the customs, - 678
Rhode Island,
629 Weighing of goods,

- 679
New York,

630 Moneys in which duties are to be paid, - 680
Vermont,
· 631 Drawbacks,

68
New Jersey,
. 632 Other regulations,

684—704
Pennsylvania,

- 632
Maryland,

· 633 Embargo.
Virginia,

· 634 The President authorized to lay embargoes, 372
North Carolina,
635 Power continued,

401
South Carolina,

- 636 Embezzlement
Georgia, -
- 636 Of public stores,

· 116
Kentucky,

· 637 Engraver.-See Mint.
Tennessee,

· 637 Enlistment,
North-western Territory,

638 or enticing persons to enlist within the terri-
South Tennessee,

639

tories of the United States with intent
Collectors appointed in the recess of Con-

383
Ports of entry to be ports of delivery, 639 June 14, 1797, (repealed)

520
Ports to which unlading is restricted, 639 Enrolment
Vessels bound to certain ports of delivery Of ships and vessels for the coasting trade,
shall first come to, at the port of entry-

55, 229, 305, 498
(exceptions)
640, 644 Epidemic Diseases,

353, 620
Duties of collector,

642, 644 Equity.
Duties of naval officer,

642, 644

Suits in equity shall not be sustained in either
Duties of surveyor,

• 644

of the courts of the United States, where
Collector may appoint deputies, - 644 there is a plain, adequate, and complete
Masters of vessels from foreign ports to have remedy at law,-

82
manifests of cargo,

644 On judgments in suits on bonds for penalties,
Forms of manifest,

- 645 the sum shall be ascertained by the court
Forfeitures for having no manifest, . 646 according to equity, unless the parties desire
Duties of masters in exhibiting manifests, and a trial by jury,

87
officers of customs to certify,

646 Error.
Forms of manifests,

647 Writs of crror from the District Court of
Penalties on not exhibiting manifests, 647 Maine, (obsolete,)

78
Penalties on omitting to certify manifests, 648 Provisions of the Judiciary act of 1789, on
Penalties on unlading goods without au- the subject of error and writs of error, 83,
thority, &c.,
648

84, 85, 86
Within what time reports to be made, - 649 Notes of decisions, -

83, 84, 85, 88
Forms of reports,

650 Evidence.
Penalties on failing to report-exceptions, 651 Public acts, records of judicial proceedings of
Bonds to be given by vessels proceeding to States, how anthenticated,

. 122
• 506
has been taken out is a supersedeas, 85

.

.

-

122

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Evidence.

Executors and Administrators.
Notes of decisions,

122 States shall abate in case of the death of
Mode of proof by oral testimony and depo- the defendant, if the cause of action sur-
sitions,

88 vives; and executors may prosecute and
Depositions de bene esse,

89
defend suits, -

- 90
Mode of taking depositions to be used in case If executors or administrators neglect to be-

of sickness or death of witnesses, 90 come parties, judgment may be entered, 90
Depositions of witnesses living at a greater Executors and administrators entitled to a con-
distance than one hundred miles from the tinuance to next term,

90
place of trial,

89 Erempts from serving in Militia.–See Militia.
Notes of decisions of the courts of the United Extortion,

States relating to taking depositions, 89 Of greater fees than allowed by law, 278
Accounts, bonds, and all papers relating to the Gratuities to custom-house officers forbid-
settlement of accounts between the United den,

- 680
States and individuals when certified by the

officers of the treasury to be evidence, 513 False Entries,
Notes of decisions on the priority of the United At the custom-house,

. 677
States,
263 For drawback,

· 691
Copies of acts duly certified under the consular False Oaths and Affirmations.-See Perjury.

seal to be equal evidence with the originals, Falsifying Records. See Forgery.

in the courts of the United States, - 256 Fees.
Mode of taking evidence in cases of contested District attorneys,

92, 216, 275, 624
elections of members of the House of Re- Marshals,

216, 275, 333, 624
presentatives,

- 537 Clerks of the courts of the United States, 216
Legislative acts of states to be authenticated

275, 332, 624
under the seal of the state, - - 122 Jurors,

216, 275, 624
Judicial proceedings of the courts of the states Witnesses, -

216, 275, 624
shall have the same faith and credit in the In suits in the Admiralty,

332, 624
courts of the United States, when authenti- Counsellors and attorneys inAdmiralty suits,332
cated, as they have in the courts of the In suits for penalties,

624
states,

Inferior officers of courts,

624
Excises.

Consuls,

255
Duties on snuff and refined sugar (repealed,) Costs to informers,

624
384, 426, 495, 509, 608 Ferrymen.-See Militia.
Duties on stamps, (repealed,) 527, 536, 545 Felony,
Duties on distilled spirits, (repealed,) 180, Misprision of,

- 113
199, 267, 376, 504, 547 Fieri facias.
Duties on carriages, (repealed,)

- 373,478

Appraisement of goods levied upon, - 335
Duties on property sold at auction, (repealed,) Fines and Forfeitures.

397 Remission of fines and forfeitures by the Se-
Duties on selling wines by retail, (repealed,) cretary of the Treasury, (obsolete,) 122, 506

376 Discontinuance of suits by informers, liability
Execution, process of.

for costs,

626
When in the Circuit Court judgment shall be Proceedings before the District Judge, setting

entered in a civil action, execution may be forth the circumstances of the case, . 506
stayed, at the discretion of the court, on The courts of the several States may exercise
motion of the adverse party, to give an op- the powers given to the District Judge, 506
portunity for a writ of error,

83 Claims to part of the forfeitures or penalties,
Shall not issue when a writ of error which (repealed,)

.

Distribution of,

• 695
When a capias ad satisfaciendum may issue, 94 Suits for penalties,

. 626
Against a defendant in confinement in another Special bail in suits for penalties, - 676

district than that in which the judgment is Fisheries.
obtained,

727 Act for registering and clearing vessels and
Writs of execution on judgments in favour regulating the coasting trade, &c., Sept. 1,
of the United States in any court of the 1789,

55
United States in one State may be executed An act for enrolling ships and vessels to be
in any other State or Territory, and shall employed in the coasting trade, &c., Febru-
be returnable to the court from which they ary 18, 1793, .

305
may issue,

- 515 Bounties on exporting salted fish, beef, &c.,
Proceedings to appraise goods taken in execu-

27, 260, 533, 692
tion at the suit of the United States, 335 Seamen engaged in the fisheries. Act of
Arms and accoutrements of militia excepted February 16, 1793, -

• 305
from executions for debts or taxes, 272 Fitting out Vessels
Executors and Administrators.

To cruise against nations with whom the
No suit depending in the courts of the United United States are at peace,

- 381

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Foreign Coins.—See Coins and Currency.

Good Behaviour.
Foreign Intercourse.

In cases arising under the Constitution and
Compensation to ministers.—See Compensation. laws of the United States, the justices of
Penalty on a citizen of the United States for the Supreme Court and the judges of the

holding correspondence with a foreign agent, District Courts shall have power to hold to
or its Government, with intent to influence security of the peace, as is exercised by any
the measures of such Government in rela- judge or justice of the peace of the States
tion to disputes and controversies with the of the United States,

· 609
United States,

· 613 Government of the United States.
Intercourse with France suspended, (ex- Constitution of the United States, - 10
pired)

565 Amendments of the Constitution of the United
Foreign armed ship hovering on the coast for the States,

21
purpose of making depredations on the com- Elections of President and Vice-President of
merce of the United States, (obsolete,) - 561

the United States,

16, 22
Forfeiture.— See Fines and Forfeitures.

An act relative to the election of a Presi-
Forgery of Ship’s Registers,

- 298 dent and Vice-President of the United
Fraudulently copying a certificate of regis- States, and declaring the officer who
try, -

298

shall act as President in case of vacancies
Forgery. See Crimes.

in the offices as President or Vice-Presi-
Fortifications.

dent,

239
Fortification of the harbour of the city of An- Legislative powers.

Constitution of the
napolis,

- 367
United States,

10
Defence of the ports and harbours of the

Notes of decisions,

12, 13
United States, -

554

Judicial powers. Constitution of the United
Expenditures of the States for fortifying places States,

17
ceded to the United States, to be allowed in Notes of decisions,

18
discharge of the debts due by the States
making the expenditures,

- 616 Habeas Corpus.
Franking Privileges.

The courts of the United States shall have
Act of February 20, 1792, sect. 19, (expired,) power to issue writs of habeas corpus,

237, 361, 569 when necessary to the exercise of their
Frauds,

respective jurisdictions and agrecably to the
On the Bank of the United States, (obso- principles of law,

81, 82
lete,)

- 573 Power of issuing writs of habeas corpus given
On the United States.-See Crimes.

to the justices of the Supreme Court, and
Fraudulent Entries at the Custom-house, 666, 667 judges of the District Court 81, 82

Frauds in concealing goods liable to entry, 678 Writ, not to issue for persons committed for
Frontiers of the United States.

trial under the laws of the United States,
British subjects and Indians to enjoy the privi-

81, 82
leges of trade on the frontiers of the United Seamen shall not be discharged by habeas
States, secured to them by treaty,

- 701

corpus, who shall not proceed to sea, until
Fugitives from Justice.

payment of costs and the wages which have
Act of February 12, 1793,
• 302 been advanced,

132
Notes of decisions,

302 Harbouring or Concealing
Fugitives from Labour.

Seamen who neglect to perform ship’s arti-
Act of February 12, 1793,

302
cles,

133
Notes of decisions,

302 Health Laws.

Quarantine laws of the States to be en-
Galleys.

forced,

474
The President authorized to build or fit out An act respecting quarantine and health
small vessels, (obsolete,)
556, 569 laws,

. 619
Galliopolis.

Highways.
An act authorizing a grant of lands to the All navigable rivers within the territories of

French inhabitants of Galliopolis, &c. 442 the United States within the boundaries
Gaols.

of the public lands, disposed of under the
Recommendation on the subject of gaols, to act of May 18, 1796, shall be highways,
the legislatures of the States,
96

468
Gaugers and other Officers of the Customs, 642, 681 Act of June 1, 1796,

• 491
Geneva, duties on.

Horses and Cattle,
Act of March 2, 1799, (obsolete,) 627 Importation of,

• 699
Georgia,

Hospitals.
Representatives under the Constitution of the Hospitals to be erected from funds obtained
United States, -

11
from the wages of seamen,

- 606
Representatives after the first census, 235 Act of March 2, 1799, sect. 9,

- 716
Assent of Congress to acts of the legislature Hostilities,
of Georgia,
- 184—189, 213 Piratical,

113
Vol. I.-97

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