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92

Arrest.

Attorney-General of the United States.
Soldiers, non-commissioned officers, exempted Notes of acts passed in relation to the com-

from arrest for debt, &c., during the time pensation of the attorney-general, - 72
of enlistment, -

- 751 Attorney of the District,
Arsenals,

To be appointed in each district, their duties
Erecting and repairing,

352, 555
and compensation,

92
Articles

Attorneys and Counsel.
Of confederation,

4 In all the courts of the United States, parties
Arts.

may plead and manage their own causes,
Act to promote the progress of the useful or may have the assistance of counsel and
arts,

318 attorneys-at-law,
Notes of laws and cases,

- 318 Auction
Assaults

Duties on property sold by auction, - 397
On ambassadors or other public ministers, 118 Augmenting
Assay

Or increasing the force of any foreign ship or
At the mint,

- 341 vessel of war in the ports of the United
Assessment of Damages

States,

- 381
Shall be by a jury, when the sum for which Notes on decisions on illegal outfit of vessels

the judgment is rendered is uncertain, and in the ports of the United States, - 381
either of the parties to the suit requires it, Authentication.

87 Acts of the legislatures of the States, records,
Assignment

and judicial proceedings of the States,
Of the circuits to the justices of the Supreme when authenticated, shall have the same
Court of the United States,

- 74

faith and credit in the courts of the United
Priority of the United States in cases of as States as they have in the courts of the

signments by insolvents, - - 263, 515 State from whence the records are taken.-
Notes of decisions of the courts of the United Records and judicial proceedings of the
States, on the priority of the United States, courts of the States shall be authenticated

263, 515 by the attestation of the clerk and the sea!
Assignment of Choses in Action.

of the court, if there be a seal, and the cer-
No court of the United States shall have ju tificate of the judge, chief justice, or pre-

risdiction in suits for assigned choses in siding magistrate that the attestation is in
action, or promissory notes, unless a suit due form,

- 122
might have been prosecuted in such court Copies of records of the Court of Appeals
if the assignment had not been made; ex previous to the adoption of the Constitution,
cept in cases of foreign bills of exchange, may be authenticated by the clerk of the

79 Supreme Court with whom the records
Cases decided in the Courts of the United shall be deposited,

• 122
States as to jurisdiction in suits on assigned Baggage und tools of trade.
choses in action,

Personal baggage, &c., exempted from duty, 661
Assignment of Errors.

Bail in Civil Cascs.

- 334
No error shall be assigned in cases removed Clerks of the District and Circuit Courts may,

to the Supreme Court of the United States in the absence or disability of the judges
but errors which appear on the face of the of the courts, take recognisances of bail de
record, or which immediately affect the bene esse, in cases depending in the said
questions of the validity of the statute of a courts,

- 276
State, or construction of the Constitution Bail to be discharged if the defendant arrested
of the United States, treaties, statutes, com on any suit brought against him in any
missions, or authority of the United States, court of the United States, shall be arrested

and committed to jail in any other district
Attachment

of the United States,

• 727
Shall hold the goods or lands of the defendant Proceedings to obtain the discharge of the bail
in the action,
80 in the first suit,

. 727
Attorney-General of the United States.

An exoneratur to be entered upon a return
A meet person learned in the law shall be of the marshal of the commitment of the

appointed Attorney-General of the United defendant in another district - - 727
States, whose duty shall be to prosecute and In suits for duties or pecuniary penalties, de-
conduct all suits in the Supreme Court of fendants may be held to special bail, 676
the United States, in which the United Bail in Criminal Cases.
States shall be concerned, to give advice Bail for appearance in criminal causes, where
and opinions on questions of law when re bail is allowed, may be taken by any judge
quired by the President, or requested by any of the United States, chancellor, judge of a
of the heads of department touching any superior State court, or chief or first judge
matters that may concern their depart of any Court of Common Pleas or mayor
ments,

92 of a city or commissioners appointed by
alary and compensation of the attorney the Circuit Court of Maine and Kentucky,
general,
72

334

79

86

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Bail in Criminal Cases.

Bills of Credit.
On all arrests in criminal cases, bail shall be No State shall issue bills of credit, Constitu-
admitted, except when the punishment may tion of the United States, sect. 10,

· 15
be death ; in which cases it shall not be ad- Bills of Exchange.
mitted, but by the Supreme or Circuit Actions on foreign bills of exchange by as-
Court, or by a justice of the Supreme signee,

79
Court, or a judge of the District Court, Body of Convicts,
who shall exercise their discretion there To be given up for dissection,

113
91 Books, Maps, and Charts,
When a justice of the Supreme or District Copyright by act of May, 31, 1790, (repealed,)
Court shall not be present to take bail, in a

124
case of commitment by a supreme or dis Notes of decisions on the law of copyright, 124
trict judge, for an offence not punished Bonds.
with death, the bail may be entered before Decrees in equity, and judgments at law, on
the supreme or superior judge of the court bonds, with penalties, shall be given for the
of such State,

91 sum due thereon, according to equity; or if
The justices of the Supreme Court and judges either party request it, the damages may be
of the District Courts, and justices and assessed by a jury,

• 87
judges of the State Courts having authority Bonds for Duties,
to take cognisance of offences against the Shall be put in suit immediately on their be-
laws of the United States, authorized to coming due, and judgment shall be rendered
hold security of the peace and good beha at the first term, unless an affidavit be made,
viour in cases arising under the Constitu in the presence of the district attorney, that
tion and laws of the United States, 609

there has been an error in the liquidation
Special bail may be demanded in suits for of the duties,

676
duties and pecuniary penalties by the United Such bonds entitled to a priority of satisfac-
States,

. 676 tion in case of insolvency of the obligor, 676
Bank of the United States,

Surety, paying bond to have the priority of the
Incorporated

191 United States, in case of the insolvency of
Note of acts passed relating to the Bank of the the principal,

- 676
United States, -
· 191 Meaning of insolvency,

- 676
Act supplementary to the act incorporating Bonds of Officers,
the Bank of the United States, · 196 Of the mint,

- 341
Notes of decisions on the act incorporating Of clerks of the Courts of the United States, 76
the Bank of the United States,

· 192
Of marshals,

87
Barbary Powers.

Of consuls,

• 256
Consuls may be appointed to reside on the Bounty,

coast of Barbary, if necessary; and the On exportation of dried or pickled fish and
President may allow an annual salary to salted provisions, acts repealed or expired,
the consuls, not exceeding two thousand

27, 260, 533
dollars each,

256 Act of March 2, 1799, sect. 83, 692
Beacons, Buoys, and Light-houses.

Bribery,
The expenses of the support of, and repairs Of officers of the customs,

• 695
of beacons, buoys, and light-houses, after

Of judges,

117
August 15, 1789, shall be defrayed out of Bullion
the 'Treasury of the United States, 53 At the mint,

• 341
Act of 1789,

53 Buying
Buoys at New London and Providence River, Stolen goods,

· 116
April 5, 1794, -

- 353 Capias ad Satisfaciendum.
Light-house on Gay Head,

- 607 On judgments in any case whatsoever, the
Goat Island, Nassau Island, buoys in or near plaintiff may at his option issue a writ of
the harbour of Nantucket,

540

capias ad satisfaciendum in the first in-
Buoys on rocks off New London and Provi stance, and may pursue the same until a
dence,

353 tender be made of the debt in gold or sil-
Beasts,

ver,

94
Imported for breed,

324, 699 Carriages,
Beer, Ale, and Porter.

Duties upon, (repealed,)

373, 478
Importation allowed only in casks of not less Cattle,

than sixty gallons, or packages not less than Beasts, sheep, and swine imported for breed-
six dozen,

701 ing, to be exempted from duty, 323, 699
Benefit of Clergy.

Census or enumeration of the inhabitants of the
No benefit of clergy shall be allowed upon United States.
conviction of any crime punished with Act of March 1, 1790, (expired.)

101
death,

119 Notes of the acts providing for the enumera-
Bills of Attainder

tion of the inhabitants of the United
Not to be passed, Constitution of the United States,

- 101
States, sect. 9,
15 Act of March 1, 1790,-

. 101
Vol. 1.-96

3 s 2

.

Certificate of reasonable Cause of Seizure. Circuit Courts.

When it shall appear to the court before whom May grant new trials, administer oaths, and
a prosecution on a seizure has been insti punish for contempts,

83
tuted, that there was reasonable cause for The facts on which the decree of the Circuit
the seizure, a certificate shall be given by the Court is given must appear on the record, 83
judge, and the claimant shall not be entitled Judgments and decrees of the Circuit Court

to costs or damages, 1799, chap. 22, - 696 re-examinable in the Supreme Court, 84
Cessions

When a judgment or decree of the District
Of jurisdiction of light-houses,

- 426 Court shall be revised in the Circuit Court,
Challenge to Jurors.

the Circuit Court shall give such judgment
When by reason of challenges to the jury, or decree as should have been rendered in
regularly summoned, there is not sufficient the District Court,

85
jurors, a jury de circumstantibus may be The Circuit Courts may be adjourned from
summoned,

88 day to day by one of the judges present,
Shall not delay the trial of a person indicted and if no one of the judges be present,
for any offence of which the punishment is adjourned by the marshal, -

76
death, or of other offences,

- 119 Special sessions of the Circuit Courts may be
Choses in Action.

held at any other time than that fixed for
No District or Circuit Court shall have juris the regular sessions, in criminal cases, 75

diction of any suit to recover the contents Special sessions of the Circuit Court may be
of any promissory note or chose in action adjourned to any time or times previous to
in favour of any assignce, unless such a the meeting of the court, - - 334
suit might have been prosecuted in such Organization of the Circuit Courts in the dis-
court to recover the contents of the same, tricts of the United States,

- 74
if no assignment had been made, except as Sessions of the Circuit Courts.
to foreign bills of exchange,
79 In Delaware,

74,517
Notes of cases,

79

Connecticut, 74, 217, 253, 517
Circuit Courts

Georgia,

74, 184, 253, 518
The Circuit Court has original cognisance,

Kentucky, -

74
concurrent with the courts of the United

Massachusetts and Maine, 74, 217, 252,
States, of all suits of a civil nature at com-

517
mon law and in equity, where the matter Maryland, -

74, 517
in dispute exceeds 500 dollars, exclusive of New Hampshire, 74, 217, 252, 518
costs, and the United States are plaintiffs or

New Jersey,

74, 515
parties, or an alien is a party, or the suit is

New York -

74, 217, 253, 517
between the citizens of a State where the

North Carolina, 217, 253, 518
suit is brought and a citizen of another

Pennsylvania,

74, 517
State; and concurrent jurisdiction with the

Rhode Island, 127, 217, 335, 575, 517
District Courts of crimes cognisable in that

South Carolina

74, 184, 518
court,

78
Vermont,

74, 217, 475, 517
The Circuit Court shall have original cogni-

Virginia,

74, 217, 252, 517
sance of all crimes cognisable under the Citation on Writs of Error.
laws of the United States, except where A citation to issue with a writ of error, and to
the laws of the United States provide other be left with the adverse party twenty days
wise,

79 before the meeting of the Circuit Court,
Limitation of jurisdiction in cases of assigned and thirty days before the meeting of the
choses in action,

79 Supreme Court,
Suits instituted in the State courts between Every judge signing a citation on a writ of

aliens and citizens may be removed to the error shall take good and sufficient security
Circuit Courts,

. 79 that the plaintiff shall prosecule the writ of
When judges of the District Court have been error, and answer all costs and damages, 85

concerned as counsel of either party, the The security on a writ of error which shall
cause may be forthwith certified to the Cir not be a supersedeas, shall be for costs
cuit Court,
278, 279 only,

• 404
The assignees of a debenture may institute Citizenship. See Naturalization.

actions against the assignor in the Circuit Clerks of Courts.
Court, when the debenture is unpaid by the The Supreme and District Courts to have
collector,-
- 689 power to appoint clerks,

76
Appellate jurisdiction of the Circuit Courts Clerks of the District Courts to be clerks of
from the District Court, in causes of admi the Circuit Courts, -

76
ralty and maritime jurisdiction, -

Note as to clerks of the Circuit Courts, 76
Writs of errors from the District to the Circuit Oaths of the clerks of the Circuit Courts, 76
Courts, -

84 Clerks of the Circuit Courts to give bond with
Power of the Circuit Courts to issue writs of security for $2000 faithfully to discharge

scire facias, habeas corpus, and other writs the duties of office, .
specially provided by statutes, or necessary Clerks of the District and Circuit Courts, in
for the exercise of their jurisdiction, 811 the absence or disability of the judge of the

- 84

83

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Clerks of Courts.

Commissioners for purchasing the public Debt of the
court, to take recognisance of bail de bene United States.
esse, and to administer oaths,

278 Act of May 8, 1792, sect. 6, 7, 8, 9, (obso-
Clerks of the Supreme and Circuit Courts to lete,)

280, 281
frame writs of error, and may issue such To pay the funded debt of the United States
writs,

278 in dividends. Act of April 28, 1796, (ob-
Fees of clerks of courts, obsolete, 217, 277 solete,)

458
Compensation of the clerk of the Supreme May borrow on the credit of the United States
Court,

625
not exceeding ten millions,

488
Compensation of clerks of Circuit and Dis- Compensation of Collectors of Duties.
trict Courts,
625 Act of July 31, 1789, (obsolete,)

24
In case a clerk of a Court of the United Aug. 4, 1790, (obsolete,)

• 145
States shall perform any duties for which May 2, 1796, sect. 3, (obsolete,) · 462
the laws of the United States have made no March 3, 1797,

- 502
provision, the court in which such services March 2, 1799,

- 704
are performed shall make a reasonable com- Compensation of Collectors of Internal Duties.
pensation therefor,

· 625 Act of July 11, 1798, (obsolete,) - - 591
Clerks of the Senate and House of Representatives. Compensation of the Officers of the Government.
Oaths and affirmations,

23 Salary of the President of the United States,
Clerks in the Departments of the Government.

72, 318
Appointments and salaries,

68 To have the use of the furniture and other
Coasting Trade.

effects belonging to the United States in the
Act of Sept. 1789, (obsolete,)

55
possession of the President,

. 318
Sept. 21, 1789, (obsolete,)
94 Salary of the Vice-President,

31, 72
Dec. 31, 1792,

305 Salaries of the heads of Departments, 67, 730
March 2, 1795,

426 Note of the acts relating to the salaries of the
License and enrolment of ships and vessels heads of Departments,

67
engaged in the coasting trade, act of Feb. Chief-Justice and justices of the Supreme
18, 1793,
305 Court,

72
Coins.

Notes of the acts, &c., relating to salaries of
Gold and silver coins,

- 246—248 the Chief-Justice and justices of the Supreme
Copper coins,
248, 283 Court,

72
Foreign Coins,
168, 300, 539 Judges of the District Courts,

72
Estimation of foreign coins at the custom Additional compensation to the judges of the
house,

673

District Courts of Rhode Island and Dela-
Rix-dollar of Denmark,

215
ware,

- 423
Collection of Duties.

District Judge of Tennessee,

496
Act of July 4, 1789, (obsolete,)

Judges of the Western Territory, - 68
July 31, 1789, (obsolete,)

29 Postmaster-General and assistants, 235, 358,
March 2, 1790, (obsolete,)
145

730
March 3, 1791, (obsolete,)

219

Foreign Ministers and Charges des Affaires,
May 2, 1792, (obsolete,)
- 259

128, 129
June 4, 1794, (obsolete,)

372 Attorney-General of the United States, 72,
March 3, 1797, (obsolete,)
502

497, 730
March 2, 1799,

- 627 Governor and Secretary of the Western Ter-
Collectors of the Customs.

29, 145

ritory,
Act of March 2, 1799, sect. 20, 21, 54, 67, Officers of Congress,

• 252
68, 101,
627, 704 Comptroller of the Treasury,

- 730
Columbia, District of.

Treasurer and Register of the Treasury of the
District or territory of ten miles square, on the United States,

67, 34, 730
Potomac, to be located as the permanent

Auditor of the Treasury,

730
seat of the Government of the United Accountants and Clerks in the Departments,
States. Act of July 6, 1790,

130

92, 215, 281, 474, 486
Act of March 3, 1791,
· 214 Marshals,

274, 340, 624
President to appoint commissioners for locat Clerks of courts, -

274, 340, 624
ing the same, who may accept grants of Marshals of the courts,

274
lands,

- 130
Fees to consuls,

255
In December, 1800, the seat of the Government Custom-house officers, 52, 53, 486, 596, 704
to be removed to the district accepted by Officers of revenue cutters,

- 461
- 130 Commissioner of the revenue, 280, 336, 627
Commerce,

Surveyor-General, Register, and Receivers of
Congress to regulate. Constitution of the public money for lands,

468
United States,

13 Concealment of Crimes and Offences.
To be appointed, to take an oath or affirma Misprision of treason and felonies, 112, 113

tion, and give bond with security, (obso- Concealment,
lete,
142 Or buying of smuggled goods,

• 678

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67

this act,

Confederacy with Pirates.

| Consuls.
Aiding and assisting them,

114 Consuls to receive protests of captains of
Confederacy

American ships,

. 257
To become pirates,

115 Copies of consular acts evidence as originals
Confederation,

in the courts of the United States, 256
Articles of, -

4 Jurisdiction of the courts of the United States
Congress.

in actions against foreign consuls, 79
Constitution of the United States, article 1, 10 Duties of consuls under the act of March 2,
Representation and direct taxes to be appor 1799, sect. 81, relative to drawback on ex.
tioned according to respective numbers. ported goods,

• 690
Constitution United States, art 1, sect. 2, 10 Contagious Sickness.
Congress shall consist of a Senate and House Public offices may be removed by order of the

of Representatives, article 1, . . 10 President of the United States, in case of
Contested elections of members of the House contagious sickness at the seat of Govern-
of Representatives, evidence in, - - 537 ment,

- 620
Oaths and affirmations of members of Con Offices of the collectors of duties may be re-
gress,
24 moved,

• 620
Oaths and affirmations to be administered to Prisoners may be removed by order of the
the officers of Congress, and by the chair District Judge, -

• 620
men of select committees, -

- 554 Supreme Court, Circuit, and District Courts
Power of Congress. Constitution of the may adjourn to a different place, · 621

United States, article 1, sect. 8. 12 Contempt of Court.
Congress to assemble once a year. Constitu Courts of the United States have power to
tion of the United States, art. 1, sect. 4, 11 punish for contempt,

. 83
Place of holding sessions of Congress to be Notes of decisions,

83
altered by the President in case of sick-Contested Elections,
ness,

• 533 Of members of the House of Representatives,
Sessions of Congress to be once in every year, evidence how taken,

- 537
on the first Monday in every December. Copies of Bonds.
Constitution of the United States, article 1, Certificates of accounts relating to or connected
sect. 4,

11 with the settlement of accounts with the
Special sessions of Congress,

United States, certified by the Register, &c.,
First Monday in January, 1790, 96

to be evidence,

- 563
First Monday in October, 1791, · 198 Notes of decisions,

563
First Monday in November, 1792, - 267 Copies of records in the Department of State, 69
First Monday in November, 1794, - 370 Copyright of Books.

First Monday in November, 1797, . 507 Act of June 4, 1790, (repealed,) 124
Representation in Congress, under the Consti Notes of decisions on the copyright acts, 124
tution of the United States,

10 Correspondence.
Representation according to the first cen Penalty on citizens of the United States hold-

253 ing correspondence with a foreign govern-
Connecticut.

ment with a purpose of influencing the go
Representatives in Congress. Constitution of vernment in relation to controversies with
the United States,

10
the United States,

- 613
Representation according to the first Cen-Corruption of Blood.
sus,

No conviction for offences shall work corrup-
Constables.

tion of blood or forfeiture of estate, .117
Where, by the laws of States, jurors are drawn Costs.

by constables, fees to be allowed to such The rates of fees on process shall be the same
officers,

276 as allowed by the States respectively in simi-
Constitution of the United States.

10 lar cases. Act of May 8, 1792, 377, 378
Amendments of the Constitution,
21 Fees to clerks of courts,

. 277
Consuls.

Fees to marshals,

. 277
Act concerning consuls and vice-consuls, 254 Costs on prosecutions under Statutes of the
Notes of decisions of the courts of the United United States, -

. 277
States as to the powers and duties of con Costs on writs of error,

· 94
suls,

254 Double costs allowed to the defendant on the
Consuls and vice-consuls to take charge of the failure of suits against officers of the cus-

estates of persons dying within their con toms. Act of March 1799, sect. 71, 678
sulates,

254 Counsel.
Duties as to stranded vessels, and merchandise The parties in suits in the courts of the United
on board of such vessels,

- 255 States may manage their own causes per-
A salary to be allowed to consuls on the coast sonally, or have the aid of counsel, or attor-
of Barbary,

256
neys-at-law,

92
Provision for mariners left in foreign ports to Every person indicted for violating a passport
be made by consuls, ·

256 or safe-conduct, striking or assaulting a pub-

sus,

• 253

.

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