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Specific appropriations.

For expense of stationery, printing and all other contingent expenses in the office of the Commissioner of the Revenue, four hundred dollars.

For compensation to the Register of the Treasury, clerks and persons employed in his office, sixteen thousand and twenty-five dollars.

For expense of stationery, printing and all other contingent expenses in the register's office (including books for the public stocks and for the arrangement of the marine papers), two thousand eight hundred dollars.

For compensation to the Purveyor of Public Supplies, two thousand dollars; and five hundred dollars for a clerk.

For compensation to the Secretary of the Commissioners of the Sinking Fund, two hundred and fifty dollars.

For the payment of rent for the several houses employed in the Treasury department (except the treasurer's office) two thousand seven hundred and thirty dollars and sixty-six cents.

For the expense of firewood and candles in the several offices of the Treasury department, (except the treasurer's office,) three thousand five hundred dollars.

For defraying the expense incident to the stating and printing the public accounts for the year one thousand seven hundred and ninetynine, (including an increase of two hundred dollars, in consequence of an extension of the revenue and expenditures,) one thousand two hundred dollars.

For defraying the expense incident to the removal of the books and records of the Treasury department from Philadelphia to Trenton, during part of the summer of the year one thousand seven hundred and ninety-eight, including the extra expenses of the several officers, clerks and messengers in each office, four thousand four hundred dollars.

For compensations to the several loan officers, thirteen thousand two hundred and fifty dollars.

For the expense incident to the removal of the loan office of Pennsylvania, from Philadelphia, during part of the summer of the year one thousand seven hundred and ninety-eight, including the extra expenses of the clerks in the said office, one hundred and seventy-eight dollars and seventy cents.

For compensations to the clerks to the Commissioners of Loans, and an allowance to certain loan officers in lieu of clerk hire, and to defray the authorized expenses of the several loan officers, thirteen thousand dollars.

For compensation to the Secretary of State, clerks and persons employed in that department, eleven thousand three hundred dollars.

For incidental and contingent expenses in the said department, eight thousand five hundred dollars.

For the expense incident to the removal of the department of State from Philadelphia to Trenton, during part of the summer of the year one thousand seven hundred and ninety-eight, including the extra expenses of the Secretary for the department, the clerks and messengers therein, four hundred and forty-one dollars and thirty-five cents.

For compensations to the following officers of the mint: the director, two thousand dollars; the treasurer, one thousand two hundred dollars; the assayer, one thousand five hundred dollars; the chief coiner, one thousand five hundred dollars; the melter and refiner, one thousand five hundred dollars; the engraver, one thousand two hundred dollars; one clerk, at seven hundred dollars; and two at five hundred dollars each, one thousand dollars.

For the wages of persons employed at the different branches of melting, refining, coining, carpenters, millwrights, and smiths' work, including the sum of eight hundred dollars per annum, allowed to an assistant coiner and die forger, who also oversees the execution of the iron work, seven thousand dollars.

For the purchase of ironmongery, lead, wood, coals, stationery, office Specific apfurniture, and for all other contingencies of the establishment of the propriations. mint, six thousand three hundred dollars.

For compensation to the Secretary of War, clerks and persons employed in his office, eleven thousand four hundred and fifty dollars.

For expense of firewood, stationery, printing, rent, and other contingent expenses in the office of the Secretary of War, two thousand dollars.

For compensation to the Accountant of the War department, clerks and persons employed in his office, ten thousand eight hundred and fifty dollars.

For contingent expenses in the office of the Accountant of the War department, one thousand dollars.

For the expense incident to the removal of the War department from Philadelphia to Trenton, during part of the summer of the year one thousand seven hundred and ninety-eight, including the extra expenses of the Secretary for the department, the accountant, clerks and messengers in each office, three thousand two hundred and twenty-two dollars and forty-three cents.

For compensation to the Secretary of the Navy, clerks and persons employed in his office, nine thousand and fifty-five dollars.

For expense of firewood, stationery, printing, rent, and all other contingencies in the office of the Secretary of the Navy, two thousand eight hundred and fifty dollars.

For expense of removing the department of the Navy, from Philadelphia to Trenton, during part of the summer of the year one thousand seven hundred and ninety-eight, including the extra expenses of the clerks and messengers in the offices of the Secretary and Accountant for the department, four hundred and twenty-seven dollars and fortyeight cents.

For compensation to the Accountant of the Navy, clerks and persons employed in his office, nine thousand two hundred and fifty dollars.

For contingent expenses in the office of the Accountant of the Navy, seven hundred and fifty dollars.

For compensation to the keeper of the navy store, and his assistant; laborers employed in the store, porterage, and store rent, three thousand eight hundred dollars. For compensation to the Surveyor General, two thousand dollars.

For compensation to the assistant surveyors, chain carriers, axe men, and other persons employed, stationery, and other contingent expenses in the Surveyor General's department in addition to former appropriations) nine thousand five hundred and nineteen dollars.

For compensation to the governor, secretary and judges of the territory northwest of the Ohio, five thousand one hundred and fifty dollars.

For expenses of stationery, printing patents for land, office rent and other contingent expenses in the said territory, three hundred and fifty dollars.

For compensation to the governor of the Mississippi territory, and for discharging the duties of superintendent of Indian affairs, during part of the year one thousand seven hundred and ninety-eight, one thousand three hundred and two dollars and nineteen cents.

For compensation to the secretary of the Mississippi territory, and for discharging the duties of secretary during part of the year one thousand seven hundred and ninety-eight, four hundred and eighty-eight dollars and thirty-three cents.

For compensation to three judges of the Mississippi territory, during part of the year one thousand seven hundred and ninety-eight, one thousand four hundred and forty-eight dollars and thirty-six cents.

For compensation to the governor, secretary and judges of the Mis

Specific ap- sissippi territory, for the year one thousand seven hundred and ninetypropriations. nine, five thousand one hundred and fifty dollars.

For the expenses of stationery, office rent, printing patents for land, and other contingent expenses of the government of the Mississippi territory (including eight months of the year one thousand seven hundred and ninety-eight) five hundred and eighty-three dollars and thirty-three cents.

For the discharge of such miscellaneous demands against the United States, on account of the civil department, not otherwise provided for, as shall have been admitted in a due course of settlement at the treasury, and which are of a nature, according to the usage thereof, to require payment in specie, one thousand dollars.

For the payment of sundry pensions granted by the late government, nine hundred and fifty-three dollars and thirty-three cents.

For the annual allowance to the widow and orphan children of Colonel John Harding, and to the orphan children of Major Alexander Trueman, by the act of Congress of the twenty-seventh of February, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-three, three hundred and seventy-five dollars.

For the maintenance and support of lighthouses, beacons, buoys and public piers, and stakeage of channels, bars and shoals, and for occasional improvement in the construction of lanterns and lamps, and materials used in them, including an allowance for the increased number of lighthouses, forty-four thousand two hundred and eighty-one dollars and eight cents.

For defraying the contingent expenses of the government (the amount of former appropriations unexpended being carried to the credit of the surplus fund) twenty thousand dollars.

For the establishment and maintenance of trading houses with the Indians (the balance unexpended of a former appropriation being carried to the credit of the surplus fund) one hundred and ten thousand dollars.

For the discharge of such miscellaneous demands against the United States, not otherwise provided for, as shall have been admitted, in a due course of settlement at the treasury, and which are of a nature, according to the usage thereof, to require payment in specie, four thousand dollars.

For compensation to the Postmaster General, assistant Postmaster General, clerks and persons employed in the Postmaster General's office, eight thousand nine hundred and fifty dollars.

For expense of firewood, stationery, printing, rent and other contingent expenses, in the office of the Postmaster General, two thousand

dollars. Out of what

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the several appropriations funds the appro- herein before made, shall be paid and discharged out of the fund of six priations are to hundred thousand dollars, reserved by the act "making provision for the be paid.

debt of the United States,” together with so much as may be pecessary Ante, p. 138.

of the proceeds of the duties on imports, and the tonnage of ships and vessels, and the duties on domestic distilled spirits and stills, which shall accrue until the close of the present year.

APPROVED, March 2, 1799.

STATUTE III.

March 2, 1799.

CHAP. XXVI.-An Act respecting Distillers of Geneva. Repealed by Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the act of April 6, United States of America in Congress assembled, That the proprietor or

possessor of any distillery situated in any place other than a city, town or village, and employed solely in the distillation of geneva, where such

proprietor or possessor shall employ in such distillery any one still whose
capacity shall exceed eight hundred gallons, from materials the growth
or produce of the United States, may at his or her option be charged
with and pay duty on the quantity of spirits thereat distilled, at the same
rates, according to the proof thereof, as are now chargeable on such
spirits distilled in cities, towns and villages, subject to the same regula-
tions, provisions, penalties and forfeitures as are established for securing
and collecting the duties on other domestic distilled spirits.
APPROVED, March 2, 1799.

STATUTE III. CHAP. XXVII.-An Act to regulate the Medical Establishment.(a) March 2, 1799. SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of what offi. of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That in the medi- cers the medical cal establishment of the United States, there shall be the following offi

establishment

shall consist. cers: A physician-general, who shall be charged with the superintendence and direction of all military hospitals, and generally of all medical

1802, ch.7. and chirurgical practice or service concerning the army or navy of the United States, and of all persons who shall be employed in and about the same, in camps, garrisons and hospitals. An apothecary-general, and one or more deputies, who shall be charged with the safe-keeping and delivery of all medicines, instruments, dressings and other articles for the use of the hospital and army. A purveyor, who shall be charged with providing medicines, stores, and whatsoever else may be necessary in relation to the said practice or service. A competent number of hospital surgeons, who shall be liable to serve in the field, and who shall have the immediate charge and direction of such military hospitals as may be committed to their care respectively. A suitable number of hospital mates, who are to observe the directions of the hospital surgeons, and shall diligently perform all reasonable duties required of them for the recovery of the sick and wounded.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That each military hospital shall Persons to at have a steward, with a competent number of nurses and other attend- tend military

hospitals. ants; which steward shall be charged with the procuring of such supplies as may not otherwise be furnished, and with the safe-keeping and issuing of all supplies. Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the said physician-general,

How the perhospital surgeons, purveyor, and apothecary and apothecaries, deputy or to the medical

sons belonging deputies, shall be appointed as other officers of the United States; that establishment the said mates and stewards shall be appointed by the authority, and at shall be appoint

ed, &c. the direction of the said physician-general, subject to the eventual approbation and control of the President of the United States, and shall be removable by the authority of the said physician-general; and that the surgeon of each hospital shall appoint, employ and fix the compensations of the nurses and other attendants of such hospital, subject to the control of the said physician-general, or the hospital surgeon, of senior appointment, with a separate army, or in a separate district.

Regimental Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That as often as the regimental surgeons and sick will not suffer by the employing of regimental surgeons or mates

mates may be

employed in the in the temporary or other hospitals of the United States, the physician- hospitals.

(a) The acts relating to the Medical departments of the army and navy, are: An act to regulate the medical establishment, March 2, 1799, chap. 27; an act fixing the military peace establishment of the United States, March 16, 1802, chap. 9, sec. 3; an act further to regulate the medical department of the army, May 8, 1820, chap. 34; an act to reduce and fix the military peace establishment of the United States,

March 2, 1821, chap. 12, sec. 10; an act for the better organization of the medical department of the navy of the United States, May 24, 1828, chap. 121; an act to amend “ an act for the better organ. ization of the medical department of the navy," approved 24th of May, 1828, January 21, 1829, chap. 7; an act to increase the number of surgeons and assistant surgeons, in the army of the United States, June 28, 1832, chap. 150; an act to increase and regulate the pay of the surgeons and assistant surgeons of the arıny, June 30, 1834, chap. 133. VOL. 1.-91

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general, or the hospital surgeon of senior appointment with a separate army, or in a separate district, with the consent of the general and commander in chief, or the officer commanding a separate army, may require the attendance of such surgeons or surgeons' mates, as, in his opinion,

can be with safety so withdrawn from their regiments. The physician Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of the general and hos. physician-general, with two or more hospital surgeons, to frame a system pital surgeons to frame a system

of directions relative to the description of patients to be admitted into of directions. the hospitals; to the means of promoting cleanliness in the hospitals; to

the prevention of idleness, skulking and gambling in the hospitals; to the prevention of the spread of infectious distempers in the camps and hospitals, and the government of nurses, and all others charged with the care of the sick, in camps or hospitals, subject in the first instance to the approbation and revision of the commander in chief, the commander of a separate army, or in a separate district as the case may be, and eventually to the approbation and control of the President of the United States: Provided always, that the said directions, having received the sanction of the commander in chief, or the commander of a separate army, shall be operative, and remain in full force, unless altered or an

nulled by the President of the United States. Compensation Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That the compensations of the and emoluments said several officers shall be as follows: Of the physician-general, one of the officers.

hundred dollars pay per month, and fifty dollars per month, which shall be in full compensation for forage, rations and travelling expenses: of the purveyor, one hundred dollars pay per month, in full compensation for his services and all expenses: of the apothecary-general, eighty dollars pay per month, and thirty dollars per month in full compensation for forage, rations and all expenses : of each of his deputies, fifty dollars pay per month, and sixteen dollars per month in full compensation for forage, rations and all expenses : of each hospital surgeon, eighty dollars pay per month, and forty dollars per month in full compensation for forage, rations and all expenses : of each mate, thirty dollars pay per month, and twenty dollars per month in full compensation for forage, rations and all expenses: of each steward, twenty-five dollars pay per month, and eight dollars per month in full compensation for forage, rations and all expenses.

Provided, that none of the officers aforesaid shall be entitled to any part of the pay or emoluments aforesaid, until they shall respect

ively be called into actual service. Temporary Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That for the accommodation of and permanent the sick of the army and navy of the United States, the physician-genehospitals may be provided.

ral and hospital surgeon of senior appointment, with the approbation of the general commanding the army within the district where he shall be, shall have power to provide temporary hospitals; and the physician-general, with the approbation of the President of the United States, shall

have power to provide and establish permanent hospitals. Rules to which SEC. 8. And be it further enacted, That all the said officers and the said officers others shall, as touching their several offices and duties, be liable to the be subject, &c.rules and regulations for the government and discipline of the army; and

shall be bound to obey, in conformity with law and the usages and customs of armies, the orders and directions of the chief military officers of the respective armies, and within the respective districts in which

they shall respectively serve and be. A medical Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That the physician-general, or in board to exam- his absence, the senior medical officer, with the approbation of the comine candidates.

mander in chief, or commanding officer of a separate army, be, and hereby is authorized and empowered, as often as may be judged necessary, to call a medical board, which shall consist of the three senior medical officers then present, whose duty it shall be to examine all can

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