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Districts and States northwest of the river Ohio, there shall be six districts, to wit: ports in the N. Erie, Detroit, Michilimakinac, Massac, Illinois and Ohio. Western Terri.

The district of Erie shall include all the waters, shores and inlets of tory.

Lake Erie, within the jurisdiction of the United States, and the rivers and waters connected therewith, from the west line of the state of Pennsylvania unto the west bank of the Miami of Lake Erie, including said river; and the President of the United States is authorized to establish such place at or near Sandusky, or on the said river Miami, to be the port of entry, as he shall judge expedient, and also to establish not exceeding two other places to be ports of delivery only; and a collector shall be appointed, to reside at the port of entry, and surveyors to reside at such ports of delivery as may be established as aforesaid.

The district of Detroit shall include all the waters, shores and inlets of the lakes Erie, St. Clair and Huron, within the jurisdiction of the United States, and the rivers and waters connected therewith, to the westward of the river Miami aforesaid, unto the island of Michilimakinac; and a collector shall be appointed, to reside at Detroit, which shall be the sole port of entry for the district; and the President of the United States is authorized, if he shall judge it expedient, to establish not exceeding two ports of delivery within the said district, and to appoint surveyors to reside thereat.

The district of Michilimakinac shall include the island of that name, the adjoining lands ceded to the United States by the Indian nations at the treaty of Greenville, and all the waters, shores and inlets to the westward and northward of the lakes Michigan and Superior, and the rivers, waters, shores and lakes connected therewith, lying within the jurisdiction of the United States, unto the northern and northwestern boundaries thereof. And the President of the United States is authorized to establish such place at or near Michilimakinac to be the port of entry for the district as he shall deem expedient, and also to establish not exceeding three other places within the said district to be ports of delivery only; and a collector shall be appointed to reside at the port of entry, and surveyors to reside at the ports of delivery, which may be established as aforesaid.

The district of Massac shall include the lands relinquished and ceded to the United States by the Indian nations, at the treaty of Greenville in August, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-five, lying near the confluence of the rivers Ohio and Mississippi, and shall extend from thence to the mouth of the river Ohio, on the northern side of the said river, and up the river Ohio to the eastern side of the river Wabash, including the said river, with all the waters, shores and inlets connected with the rivers Ohio and Wabash, within the boundaries aforesaid. And such place at or near Fort Massac as the President of the United States shall designate for that purpose, shall be the sole port of entry for the district, and a collector shall be appointed, to reside thereat; and it shall be lawful for the President of the United States, if he shall judge expedient, to establish not exceeding two places at or near the river Wabash to be ports of delivery only, and to appoint surveyors to reside thereat.

The district of Illinois shall include all the waters, shores and inlets of the river Mississippi above the mouth of the river Ohio, within the jurisdiction of the United States, and also the river Illinois, with the rivers, shores and waters connected therewith; and a collector shall be appointed to reside at such place as the President of the United States shall designate, to be the port of entry, and not exceeding two surveyors to reside at such places as the President shall see fit to establish as ports of delivery only.

The district of Ohio shall include all the waters, shores and inlets of the river Ohio, on the northern side, with the rivers, shores and waters

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connected therewith, lying to the eastward of the district of Massac as Districts and before described; and a collector shall be appointed to reside at such ports in the N. place as the President of the United States shall designate, at or near

tory. the confluence of the Great Miami river and the river Ohio, which place shall be the sole port of entry or delivery for the district.

And there shall be a district on the river Mississippi, south of the District and state of Tennessee, which shall include all the waters, shores and inlets port south

Tennessee. of the river Mississippi, and other navigable rivers and waters connected therewith, lying within the jurisdiction of the United States and south of the said state; and it shall be lawful for the President of the United States, to designate a proper place, to be the port of entry and delivery within the same, and to appoint a collector to reside thereat.

And in case the appointment of the several collectors and surveyors Appointments for the new districts or ports established, or authorized to be established may be made in hereby, shall not be made during the present session of Congress, the

Congress. President of the United States may, and he is hereby empowered to make such appointments during the recess of the Senate, by granting commissions, which shall expire at the end of their next session; but new appointments shaļl not be necessary to be made to any of the offices heretofore established. Sec. 18. And be it further enacted, That it shall and may be lawful

Where vesto make entry of any ship or vessel, which shall arrive from any foreign sels and port or place within the United States, or of the cargo on board such entered and deship or vessel, elsewhere than at one of the ports of entry herein before livered. established, nor to unlade the said cargo, or any part thereof, elsewhere than at one of the ports of delivery herein established.(a) Provided

Ports of entry

to be ports of always, that every port of entry shall be also a port of delivery: And

delivery. provided further, that none but ships or vessels of the United States Ports to which shall be admitted to unlade at any other than the ports following, to wit: the unlading of Portsmouth, in New Hampshire; Portland and Falmouth, New Bedford, States is restricDighton, Salem and Beverly, Gloucester, Newburyport, Marblehead, ted. Nantucket, Boston and Charlestown, Plymouth, Bath, Frenchman's bay, Wiscasset, Machias and Penobscot, in the state of Massachusetts; Newport and Providence, in the state of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations; New London and New Haven, in the state of Connecticut; New York, in the state of New York; Perth Amboy and Burlington, in the state of New Jersey; Philadelphia, in the state of Pennsylvania; Wilmington, New Castle and Port Penn, in the state of Delaware; Baltimore, Annapolis, Vienna, Oxford, Georgetown, on Potomac, Chestertown, Town Creek, Nottingham, Nanjemoy, Digges's Landing, Snowhill and Carrolsburgh, in the state of Maryland; Alexandria, Kinsale, Newport, Tappahannock, Port Royal, Fredericksburg, Urbanna, Yorktown, West Point, Hampton, Bermuda Hundred, City Point, Rockett's Landing, Norfolk and Portsmouth, in the state of Virginia; Wilmington, Newbern, Beaufort, Washington, Edenton and Plankbridge, in the state of North Carolina; Charleston, Georgetown and Beaufort, in the state of South Carolina; and in either of the ports of Savannah, Sunbury, Brunswick, Fredericka and St. Mary's, in the state of Georgia; or to make entry in any other district than in the one in which they shall be so admitted to unlade. And provided lastly, that no ship or vessel arriving from the Cape of Good Hope, or from any place beyond the same, shall be admitted to make entry at any other than the ports following, to wit: Portsmouth, in the state of New Hampshire; Boston and Charlestown, Newburyport, Salem and Beverly, Marblehead, Gloucester, Portland and Falmouth, in the state of Massachusetts; Newport and Providence, in the state of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations; New London and New Haven, in the state of Connecticut; New York, in the state of New York; Perth Amboy, in the state of New Jersey; Philadelphia, in the state of Pennsylvania;

(a) This is an error in the original roll. Not lawful is intended.-ED.

Wilmington, in the state of Delaware; Baltimore, Annapolis and George town, in the state of Maryland; Alexandria, Norfolk and Portsmouth, in the state of Virginia; Wilmington, Newbern, Washington and Edenton, in the state of North Carolina; Charleston, Georgetown and Beau

fort, in the state of South Carolina; and Sunbury and Savannah, in the Proviso.

state of Georgia. Provided, that nothing herein contained shall prevent the master or commander of any ship or vessel from making entry with the collector of any district in which such ship or vessel may be owned,

or from which she may have sailed on the voyage from which she shall Port of Shell then have returned. Provided also, that if the President of the United Castle or Bea. States shall see fit to establish a port of delivery at Shell Castle, or con Island, and Beacon Island, near Ocracoke Inlet, and to appoint a surveyor to reside officer of the thereat, it shall be the duty of the master or commander of every ship port.

or vessel coming in at Ocracoke Inlet, and intending to unlade her cargo, or any part thereof, at any port connected with the waters of the said inlet, to come to at the port of delivery which may be established as aforesaid, and there exhibit like reports and manifests, and perform all other duties required by this act of masters of vessels when arriving at a port of entry in the United States; but no duties shall be paid or secured at the said port of delivery: and the surveyor who may be appointed to reside at the said port of delivery shall, in addition to other powers and duties granted and prescribed to surveyors by this act, superintend the unlading and discharge of all goods, wares and merchandise from the vessels in which the same may be imported, into the lighters or coasting vessels, which may be employed in the transportation of said goods, wares and merchandise to any port of entry or delivery connected with the said Ocracoke Inlet; and all goods, wares or merchandise which shall be so unladen into lighters or coasting vessels, shall and may be secured with the necessary locks, or fastenings, or under the seal of the said surveyor, and shall be accompanied with permits, describing the said goods, wares and merchandise, the vessel in which imported, the persons to whom belonging, and the port of entry or delivery to which destined. And the masters or commanders of all lighters or coasting vessels who shall receive goods, wares or merchandise to be transported as aforesaid, shall give triplicate receipts describing the casks or packages, containing the same; and in case any goods, wares or merchandise, transported under permits and for which receipts shall have been given as aforesaid, shall not be transported and delivered to the collector or surveyor of the port of entry or delivery, to which the same shall be consigned by the permits aforesaid, the dangers of the seas and unavoidable accidents only excepted, or if any lock, fastening or seal placed on the said goods, wares or merchandise, shall be broken or destroyed, the lighter or vessel employed in transporting the same shall be forfeited, and the master thereof shall forfeit and pay a sum not exceeding five hundred dollars, with costs of suit-And it shall be the duty of the surveyor, who may be appointed to reside at the port of Shell Castle, or Beacon Island, to endorse on the original manifests of vessels arriving at said port, all deliveries which may be made as aforesaid to the masters of lighters or coasting vessels as aforesaid; which manifests shall be exhibited to the collector of the interior port of entry, to which such vessels may be destined, where like entries shall be made and like proceedings had, as are required by the general regulations and provisions of this

act. Vessels bound Sec. 19. And be it further enacted, That the master or commander of to certain ports every ship or vessel bound to a port of delivery only, in any of the folof delivery shall lowing districts, to wit: Portland and Falmouth, except the ports of the port of en. North Yarmouth, Freeport and Harpswell; Bath, except the ports of try, and excep. Georgetown and Brunswick; Newburyport, New London, except the tions.

port of Stonington; Middletown, except the ports of Lyme, Saybrook,

tions.

Killinsworth, Haddam, and East Haddam; Norfolk and Portsmouth, Vessels bound Bermuda Hundred or City Point, Yorktown, Tappahannock, except the to certain ports port of Urbanna, or Edenton ; shall first come to, at the port of entry of first come to at such district, with his ship or vessel, and there make report and entry in the port of en. writing, and pay, or secure to be paid, all legal duties, port fees and try, and excepcharges, in manner provided by this act, before such ship or vessel shall proceed to her port of delivery; and that any ship or vessel bound to a port of delivery in any district other than those above mentioned, or to either of the ports of delivery above mentioned, may first proceed to her port of delivery, and afterwards make report and entry within the time by this act limited; and the master of every vessel arriving from a foreign port, or having goods on board, of which the duties have not been paid or secured, and bound to any port on Connecticut river, shall take an inspector on board at Saybrook, before proceeding to such port; and if any master of a ship or vessel shall proceed to a port of delivery, contrary to the directions aforesaid, he shall forfeit and pay five hundred dollars, to be recovered with costs of suit; that the master or commander of any ship or vessel, bound to any district in Connecticut, through or by the way of Sandy Hook, shall, before he pass by the port of New York, and immediately after his arrival, deposit with the collector for the district of New York, a true manifest of the cargo on board such ship or vessel; if bound to the district of Hudson, shall, before he pass by the port of New York, and immediately after his arrival, deposit with the collector thereof a like manifest; if bound to the district of Bur. lington, shall, before he pass by the port of Philadelphia, and immediately after his arrival, deposit with the collector thereof a like manifest; if bound to the district of Nottingham, shall, before he pass by the port of Town Creek, and immediately after his arrival, deposit with the surveyor of the said port a like manifest ; if bound to the district of Tappahannock, shall, before he pass by the port of Urbanna, and immediately after his arrival, deposit with the surveyor of that port a like manifest; if bound to the district of Bermuda Hundred and City Point, shall, on his arrival in Hampton Road, or at Sewell's Point, and immediately after such arrival, deposit with the collector of Norfolk and Portsmouth, or with the collector of the port of Hampton, a like manifest; and if bound to the district of South Quay, shall, before he pass by the port of Edenton, and immediately after his arrival, deposit with the collector of the port of Edenton a like manifest; and the said collectors and surveyors respectively shall, after registering the manifests, transmit the same, duly certified to have been so deposited, to the officer with whom the entries are to be made; and the said collectors and surveyors respectively, may, whenever they judge it to be necessary for the security of the revenue, put an inspector of the customs on board any ship or vessel as aforesaid, to accompany the same until her arrival at the first port of entry or delivery, in the district to which such ship or vessel may be destined; and if the master or commander of any ship or vessel shall neglect or omit to deposit a manifest in manner aforesaid, or shall refuse to receive an inspector of the customs on board, as the case shall require, he shall forfeit and pay five hundred dollars, to be recovered with costs of suit, one half for the use of the officer with whom such manifest ought to have been deposited, and the other half to the use of the collector of the district to which the said ship or vessel may be bound: Provided, that if the manifest shall, in either of the above cases, have been previously delivered to any officer of the customs, pursuant to the provisions hereinafter to be made in that behalf, the depositing of a manifest as aforesaid shall not be necessary.

Sec. 20. And be it further enacted, That all officers and persons to be appointed pursuant to this act, before they enter upon the duties of pointed under their respective offices, shall severally take and subscribe an oath or an oath, and Vol. 1.-81

3 12

Officers ap

transmit it to affirmation, diligently and faithfully to execute the duties of their said the Comptroller. offices respectively, which oath or affirmation shall be of the form and

tenor following, to wit:

I (A. B.) having been appointed (collector or other officer as the case may be) of the (district or port of) do solemnly, sincerely and truly (swear or affirm) that I will diligently and faithfully execute the duties of the said office of

and will use the best of my endeavours to prevent and detect frauds in relation to the duties imposed by the laws of the United States; I further (swear or affirm) that I will support the constitution of the United States.

(Sworn or affirmed) and subscribed, this day of before me,

And the oath or affirmation aforesaid, if taken by a collector, may be taken before any magistrate authorized to administer oaths within the district to which he belongs; but if taken by another officer, shall be taken before the collector of his district; and being certified under the hand and seal of the person by whom the same shall have been adminis

tered, shall within three months thereafter be transmitted to the compPenalty in de- troller of the treasury, in default of taking of which oath, or transmitting fault thereof. a certificate thereof, the party failing shall forfeit and pay two hundred

dollars, to be recovered with cost of suit in any court of competent jurisdiction, to the use of the United States.

Sec. 21. And be it further enacted, That the several officers of the customs shall respectively perform the duties following, to wit: At such

of the ports to which there shall be appointed a collector, naval officer Duties of the and surveyor, the collector shall receive all reports, manifests and docucollector. ments to be made or exhibited on the entry of any ship or vessel, accord

ing to the regulations of this act; shall record, in books to be kept for that purpose, all manifests; shall receive the entries of all ships or vessels and of the goods, wares and merchandise imported in them; shall, together with the naval officer where there is one, or alone where there is none, estimate the amount of the duties payable thereupon, endorsing the said amount upon the respective entries; shall receive all monies paid for duties, and take all bonds for securing the payment thereof; shall grant all permits for the unlading and delivery of goods; shall, with the approbation of the principal officer of the treasury department, employ proper persons as weighers, gaugers, measurers and inspectors, at the several ports within his district; and also, with the like approbation, provide, at the public expense, storehouses for the safe

keeping of goods, and such scales, weights and measures, as may be Duties of the necessary; the naval officer shall receive copies of all manifests and naval officer.

entries, and shall, together with the collector, estimate the duties on all goods, wares and merchandise subject to duty (and no duties shall be received without such estimate), and shall keep a separate record thereof, and shall countersign all permits, clearances, certificates, debentures, and other documents, to be granted by the collector; he shall also examine the collector's abstracts of duties, and other accounts of receipts,

bonds and expenditures, and if found right, he shall certify the same. Duties of the The surveyor shall superintend and direct all inspectors, weighers, surveyor.

measurers and gaugers, within his port, and shall once every week report to the collector, the name or names of such inspectors, weighers, gaugers or measurers, as may be absent from or neglect to do their duty, shall visit or inspect the ships or vessels which arrive therein, and shall make a return in writing every morning to the collector, if any, at the port where he resides, of all vessels which shall have arrived from foreign ports or places the preceding day, specifying the names and denominations of the vessels, the masters' names, from whence arrived, whether Jaden or in ballast, whether belonging to the United States, or to what other nation belonging, and if American vessels, whether the masters

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