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To the state of South Carolina, one hundred and twelve thousand nine hundred and ninety-seven dollars, seventy-three cents and nine mills.

And to the state of Georgia, thirty-eight thousand eight hundred and

fourteen dollars, eighty-seven cents, and five mills. How it shall Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the said tax shall be colbe collected.

lected by the supervisors, inspectors and collectors of the internal revenues of the United States, under the direction of the Secretary of the

Treasury, and pursuant to such regulations as he shall establish; and It shall be as. shall be assessed upon dwelling-houses, lands and slaves, according to sessed on dwell- the valuations and enumerations to be made pursuant to the act, intiing houses,

tuled “An act to provide for the valuation of lands and dwelling-houses, lands and slaves;

and the enumeration of slaves within the United States," and in the fol1798, ch. 70. lowing manner:

At what rate Upon every dwelling-house which, with the out-houses appurtenant upon dwelling thereto, and the lot whereon the same are erected, not exceeding two houses.

acres in any case, shall be valued in manner aforesaid, at more than one hundred, and not more than five hundred dollars, there shall be assessed in the manner herein provided, a sum equal to two tenths of one per centum on the amount of the valuation: upon every dwelling-house which shall be valued as aforesaid, at more than five hundred, and not more than one thousand dollars, there shall be assessed a sum equal to three tenths of one per centum on the amount of the valuation: upon every dwelling-house which shall be valued as aforesaid, at more than one thousand dollars, and not more than three thousand dollars, there shall be assessed a sum equal to four tenths of one per centum on the amount of the valuation: upon every dwelling-house which shall be valued as aforesaid, at more than three thousand, and not more than six thousand dollars, there shall be assessed a sum equal to one half of one per centum on the amount of the valuation: upon every dwelling-house which shall be valued as aforesaid, at more than six, and not more than ten thousand dollars, there shall be assessed a sum equal to six tenths of one per centum on the amount of the valuation: upon every dwelling. house which shall be valued as aforesaid, at more than ten, and not more than fifteen thousand dollars, there shall be assessed a sum equal to seven tenths of one per centum on the amount of the valuation: upon every dwelling-house which shall be valued as aforesaid, at more than fifteen, and not more than twenty-thousand dollars, there shall be assessed a sum equal to eight tenths of one per centum on the amount of the valuation: upon every dwelling-house which shall be valued as aforesaid, at more than twenty, and not more than thirty thousand dollare, there shall be assessed a sum equal to nine tenths of one per centum on the amount of the valuation ; and upon every dwelling-house which shall be valued as aforesaid, at more than thirty thousand dollars, there shall be assessed a

sum equal to one per centum on the amount of the valuation. At what rate And upon every slave which shall be enumerated according to the act upon slaves :

aforesaid, there shall be assessed fifty cents. and the residue And the whole amount of the sums so to be assessed upon dwellingof the appor: tionment shall

houses and slaves within each state respectively, shall be deducted from be assessed up the sum hereby apportioned to such state, and the remainder of the said on lands. sum shall be assessed upon the lands within such state according to the

valuations to be made pursuant to the act aforesaid, and at such rate Saving of lands per centum as will be sufficient to produce the said remainder: Provided, and houses ex. that no part of said tax shall be assessed upon such lands or dwelling, empted by the houses and slaves as at the time of passing this act are especially exlaws of the

empted from taxes by the laws of the states, respectively.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the aforesaid assessments shall be made by the supervisors of the several districts within the United States respectively, and pursuant to instructions from the Secretary of

states.

When the tax

of taxes.

the Treasury; which instructions the said Secretary shall be, and here Assessments by is authorized and required to issue to such supervisors or any of them, to be made by so soon as the valuations and enumerations directed to be made by the

the supervisors. aforesaid act shall have been completed in the state to which such supervisor belongs. And the said tax shall become due and payable from and after the expiration of three months after the instructions aforesaid shall

shall become

due. have been received by the supervisors respectively: Provided, that if, on making the assessments as aforesaid, it should appear that the sums so to be assessed on houses and slaves within any state will exceed the sum What is to be hereby apportioned to such state, then the supervisor shall be, and here done, if assessby is authorized and required to deduct from the sums so to be assessed ments on houses on houses, such rate per centum as shall be sufficient to reduce the whole ceed the appor. amount of the said assessments, to the sum apportioned to such state, ment. as aforesaid. Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the said supervisors shall

Supervisors be, and hereby are authorized and required to appoint such and so many shall appoint suitable persons in each assessment district within their respective disa collectors. tricts, as may be necessary for collecting the said tax, and shall assign to them, respectively, their collection districts therein ; which persons shall be collectors within their respective collection districts, and shall collect the said tax under the direction of the supervisors respectively, and according to the regulations and provisions contained in this act, or to be established pursuant thereto.

Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That so soon as the aforesaid as Surveyor of sessment shall have been completed, the said supervisors shall, by special the revenue to warrants, under their hands, respectively, cause the surveyors of the make out lists revenue within their respective districts, to make out lists containing the sums payable, according to such assessments, for every dwelling-house, tract or lot of land, and slave, within each collection district, respectively; which lists shall contain the name of the proprietor or occupant of each dwelling-house, tract or lot of land and slave, within the collection district, or of the person having the care or superintendence of them, or any of them, where such proprietor, occupant or superintendent is known, and the whole sum payable by each person within the said district, distinguishing what is payable for dwelling-houses, what for slaves, and what for lands. And where there are lands, slaves or dwelling-houses within any collection district, not owned, or occupied by, or under the care or superintendence of any person resident therein, there shall be a separate list of such lands, dwelling-houses and slaves, specifying the sums payable for each, and the names of the proprietors or superintendents, respectively, where known.

Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That each of the collectors, to be Collectors to appointed as aforesaid, shall be furnished by the surveyor of the revenue

be furnished

with lists. for the assessment district within which he shall have been so appointed, with one or more of the said lists, signed and certified by such surveyor. And each collector, on receiving a list as aforesaid, shall subscribe three receipts; one of which shall be given on a full and correct copy of such list, and the other two on aggregate statements thereof, exhibiting the number and valuation of dwelling-houses, the number of slaves, and the amount of the valuation of lands in such collection district, with the amount of the taxes assessed thereon. And the list first mentioned, and receipt, shall remain in the office of the surveyor of the revenue, and shall be opened to the inspection of any person who may apply to inspect the same; and the aggregate statements and receipts aforesaid, shall be transmitted to the inspector of the survey, and one of them shall be by him transmitted to the supervisor of the district.

Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That each collector, before receiv Collectors to ing any list as aforesaid, for collection, shall give bond, with one or give bond.

more good and sufficient sureties, in at least double the amount of the taxes assessed on the collection district for which he may be appointed; which bond shall be payable to the United States, with condition for the true and faithful discharge of the duties of his office, according to law, and particularly, for the due collection and payment of all monies

assessed upon such district. Tax to be a Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That the aforesaid tax shall be, and lien upon the remain a lien upon all lands, and other real estate, and all slaves, of the land, &c.

individuals who may be assessed for the same, during two years after the time when it shall become due and payable according to this act; and the said lien shall extend to each and every part of all tracts or lots of land, or dwelling-houses, which shall be valued according to the aforesaid act, notwithstanding the same may have been divided or alienated, in part, unless an apportionment of the valuation thereof shall have been made and recorded pursuant to the aforesaid act, prior to the time when the collection lists shall have been stated, in manner herein before

prescribed. How the col.

Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That each of the said collectors lectors shall de. shall, immediately after receiving his collection list, advertise, by notifimand and encations, to be posted up in at least four public places in each collection force payment. district, that the said tax has become due and payable and the times and

places at which he will attend to receive the same; and, in respect to persons who shall not attend, according to such notifications, it shall be the duty of each collector to apply once at their respective dwellings, within such district, and there demand the taxes payable by such persons; and if the said taxes shall not be then paid, or within twenty days thereafter, it shall be lawful for such collector to proceed to collect the said taxes, by distress and sale of the goods, chattels or effects of the persons delinquent as aforesaid, with a commission of eight per centum upon the said taxes, to and for the use of such collector : Provided, that it shall not be lawful to make distress of the tools or implements of a trade or profession, beasts of the plough necessary for the cultivation of improved lands, arms, or the household utensils, or apparel necessary for a family.

Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That except, as aforesaid, all goods, chattels, and personal effects whatever, being or remaining on lands, subject to the said tax; and all grass, or produce of farms, standing and growing thereon, shall and may be taken and sold for the payment of the said tax, under such regulations as have been or may be made for the sale of goods or effects taken and sold by distress : Provided, that nothing herein contained shall invalidate or impair any contract or agreement between any landlord, tenant, or other person, relative

to the payment of taxes. Provision for

Sec. 11. And be it further enacted, That in respect to Jands, dwellingthe case where houses and slaves, which shall not be owned by, or in the occupation, Jands, &c. are or under the care or superintendence of some person within the collecnot possessed by a person in tion district where the same shall be situated or found at the time of the collection the assessment aforesaid, the said collectors respectively, upon receiving

lists of such lands, dwelling-houses, or slaves, in manner aforesaid, shall transmit copies of such lists, certified under their hands respectively, to the surveyors of the revenue for the assessment districts respectively within which the persons owning, or having the care and superintendence of such dwelling-houses, lands, or slaves, may reside, if such persons be known, together with a statement of the amount of taxes assessed as aforesaid upon such dwelling-houses, lands or slaves, respectively, and a notification to pay, or cause to be paid the said taxes to the said collectors respectively, within thirty days after such notification shall be served as is herein provided; which copies, statements and notifications

district.

the surveyors receiving the same respectively shall cause to be personally served on the aforesaid persons respectively, or left at their usual places of abode ; and shall cause an affidavit thereof, by the person serving or leaving the same as aforesaid, with the time of such service or leaving, to be immediately transmitted to the aforesaid collector: and if such persons being notified in manner aforesaid, shall not, within sixty days thereafter, pay the said taxes to the collector of the collection district where the said lands, dwelling houses, or slaves, shall be situated, or transmit to him a receipt for the said taxes in the manner herein provided, then the said collector shall proceed to collect the said tax by dis'tress and sale as is herein directed: and if the persons owning or having the care and superintendence of any such lands, dwelling-houses or slaves, shall not be known, then the aforesaid collectors shall cause the said copies, statements and notifications to be published for sixty days in four gazettes of the state, if there be so many; after which publication, if the said taxes all not be paid, the said collectors shall proceed to collect the same by distress and sale in the manner herein provided.

Sec. 12. Provided always, and be it further enacted, That if any per Taxes may be son owning, or having the superintendence or care of any dwelling- paid in the dis

trict where the houses, lands, or slaves, in a collection district other than that in which

possessor re. he resides, and being served with such copy, statement and notification sides. as is aforesaid, shall, within sixty days thereafter, pay the said taxes to the collector of the collection district within which he resides, and transmit a receipt therefor to the collector sending the said copy, statement and notification, such receipt shall be a discharge to the said last mentioned collector for the said taxes, and he shall thereupon forbear to collect them; and the collector giving such receipt shall become chargeable with the said taxes, and shall account therefor in the final settlement of the accounts of his collection.

Sec. 13. And be it further enacted, That when any tax assessed on Lands and lands or houses, shall have remained unpaid for the term of one year,

houses may be

sold for taxes the collector of the collection district within which such land or houses

remaining unmay be situated, having first advertised the same for two months, in six paid for one different public places within the said district, and in two gazettes in the year. state, if there be so many, one of which shall be the gazette in which the laws of such state shall be published by authority if any such there be, shall proceed to sell at public sale, and under the direction of the inspector of the survey, either the dwelling house, or so much of the tract of land, (as the case may be) as may be necessary to satisfy the taxes due thereon; together with costs and charges, not exceeding at the rate of one per centum, for each and every month the said tax shall have remained due and unpaid. Provided, that in all cases, where any lands But the owner or tenements, shall be sold as aforesaid, the owner of the said lands or may redeem

within two tenements, his heirs, executors or administrators, shall have liberty to

years. redeem the same at any time within two years, from the time of sale, upon payment, or tender of payment, to the collector for the time being, for the use of the purchaser, his heirs or assignees of the amount of the said taxes, costs and charges, with interest for the same, at the rate of twelve per cent. per annum; and upon payment or tender of payment as aforesaid such sale shall be void. And no deed shall be given in pursuance of any such sale, until the time of redemption shall have expired.(a)

(a) A collector selling land for taxes, must act in conformity with the law from which his power is derived ; and the purchaser is bound to inquire whether he has so acted. It is incumbent on the vendee to prove the authority to sell. Stead's Ex’rs v. Course, 4 Cranch, 403; 2 Cond. Rep. 151.

Under the act of Congress to lay and collect a direct tax, (July 14, 1798,) before the collector could sell the land of an unknown proprietor, for the non-payment of the tax, it was necessary that he should advertise the copy of the lists of lands, &c., and the statement of the amount due for the tax; and the notification to pay, for sixty days, in four gazettes of the state, if there were so many. Parkcr v. Rule's Lessee, 9 Cranch, 64; 3 Cond. Rep. 271. In the case of a naked power noi coupled with an interest, every prerequisite to the exercise of that VOL. 1.-76

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Supervisors to Sec. 14. And be it further enacted, That the supervisors of the respeckeep accounts tive districts, shall keep true and exact accounts of all taxes due and of taxes due.

payable in each collection district, and shall charge the amount thereof

to the collectors of such districts respectively. And the said collectors Collectors to shall, at the expiration of every month after they shall

, respectively, comaccount month. mence their collections, in manner aforesaid, render to the supervisor of ly.

the district, or the inspector of the survey within which the said collections shall, respectively, be made, a full and true account of the collections made by them, respectively, within the month, and pay over to the said supervisor or inspector, the monies by them respectively collected within the said term. And if any such collector shall fail or neglect to account and pay over, as aforesaid, at any of the periods above prescribed, such collector shall forfeit and pay three hundred dollars, to be recovered to the use of the United States, with costs of suit, in any court having competent jurisdiction. And where any monies shall have been paid, as aforesaid, to the inspector of a survey, by any collector, the receipt of such inspector shall be allowed to such collector, in the final

settlement of his accounts with the supervisor of the district. Collectors to Sec. 15. And be it further enacted, That each of the said collectors complete their shall complete the collection of all sums assigned to him, for collection, duty and pay over the money

as aforesaid, and shall account for, and pay over the same to the superin one year and visor of the district, within one year and one month from and after the one month.

time when the said tax shall have become due and payable, in manner aforesaid; and if any collector shall fail so to collect, account and pay

over, it shall be the duty of the supervisor of the district, and he is hereby How the pay- authorized and required to issue a warrant of distress against such dement shall be enforced.

linquent collector and his sureties, directed to the marshal of the district, therein expressing the amount of the taxes imposed on the district of such collector, and the sums, if any, which have been paid ; and the said marshal shall bimself

, or by his deputy, immediately proceed to levy and collect the sum which may remain due, by distress and sale of the goods and chattels, or any personal effects of the delinquent collector; and for want of goods, chattels or effects, aforesaid, sufficient to satisfy the said warrant, the same may be levied on the person of the collector, who may be committed to prison, there to remain, until discharged in due course of law. And furthermore, notwithstanding the commitment of the collector to prison, as aforesaid, or if he abscond, and goods, chattels and effects cannot be found, sufficient to satisfy the said warrant, the said marshal, or his deputy, shall and may proceed to levy and collect the sum which may remain due, by distress and sale of the goods and chattels, or any personal effects, of the surety or sureties of the delinquent

collector. Lien upon the Sec. 16. And be it further enacted, That the amount of the sums real estate of committed to any collector, for collection as aforesaid, shall

, and the same are hereby declared to be a lien upon the lands and real estate of such collector, and his sureties, until the same shall be discharged, according to law; and for want of goods and chattels, or other personal effects of such collector, or his sureties, sufficient to satisfy any warrant of distress issued pursuant to the preceding section of this act, the lands and real estate of such collector, and his sureties, or so much thereof as may be necessary for satisfying the said warrant, after being advertised for at least three weeks, in not less than three public places in the collection district, and in one newspaper printed in the county, if any there be, prior to the proposed time of sale, may and shall be sold by the marshal or his deputy; and for all lands and real estate sold, in pursuance of the

authority aforesaid, the conveyances of the marshals, or their deputies, power should precede it. In the cases of lands sold for the non-payment of taxes, the marshal's deed is not prima facie evidence that the prerequisites of the law have been complied with ; but the party claim ing under it, must show this positi Williams v. Pey Lessee, 4 Wheat. 77; 4 Cond. Rep. 395.

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