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accompany foreign distilled spirits; that the inspectors of the revenue for ports, shall be allowed one cent and one half, for every certificate issued in their ports, respectively, to accompany foreign distilled spirits, and two cents and one half, for every certificate to accompany wines or teas; and to the deputies of such inspectors, the sum of two cents and one half for every cask or package of foreign distilled spirits, wines or teas, by them marked, according to law, and returned to their respective principals; and for gauging wines, whereon the duties are payable according to the value thereof, six cents for every cask actually gauged, and that the collectors of the revenue shall be allowed for measuring and marking, according to law, each still under the capacity of one hundred gallons, sixty cents, and for each still of the capacity of one hundred gallons, or more, seventy-five cents, and for marking each cask of domestic distilled spirits, and for issuing and countersigning a certificate to accompany the same, two and one half cents, and for every cask which they respectively gauge or cause to be gauged, six cents.

Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That it shall be lawful, this act not Fee to collect. withstanding, for the collectors of the revenue to demand of individuals ors under the the fee or extra compensation authorized by the seventh section of the act laying duties

on carriages. act passed on the twenty-eighth day of May, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-six, intituled “An act laying duties upon carriages for the Ante, p. 478. conveyance of persons; and repealing the former act for that purpose;" in the manner and on the conditions thereby prescribed.

Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That from and after the first day Officers emof July, instant, it shall be the duty of the several officers employed or to ployed in the

collection of the be employed in collecting the internal revenues of the United States, to

internal revekeep accurate accounts of their official emoluments and expenditures, nues to keep and the same to transmit annually, on the last day of December, to the accounts of

their emolu. commissioner of the revenue; abstracts of which accounts shall, an

ments, &c. nually, be laid before Congress, by the Secretary of the Treasury.

Sec. 11. And be it further enacted, That the necessary expenses of Allowance for procuring books, stationery, printed forms, certificates, and other docu- books, printing,

&c. ments, necessary for the collection of the internal revenues, shall and may be allowed to the supervisors, inspectors and collectors of the revenue, in the settlement of their accounts. And all letters and packets to Free letters. and from the said supervisors and inspectors of the revenue, on business of their respective offices, shall be received and conveyed by post, free of postage.

Sec. 12. And be it further enacted, That the supervisors of districts, Supervisors, inspectors of surveys, and collectors of the revenue, shall, within three inspectors and months after being thereto required, give bonds, with sureties, for the

give bond. true and faithful execution of their respective offices, and settlement of their accounts, according to law, in manner following, to wit: The supervisors of Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania, and Virginia, in the sum of twenty-five thousand dollars, each; the supervisors of New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Jersey, Maryland, North Carolina and South Carolina, in the sum of fifteen thousand dollars, each; and the supervisors of Vermont, Delaware, Ohio, Tennessee and Georgia, in the sum of ten thousand dollars, each; and the inspectors of the several surveys, in the sum of ten thousand dollars, each; which bonds shall be severally approved by the comptroller of the treasury, and shall be filed in his office, to be by him put in suit for the benefit of the United States, upon any breach of the conditions thereof; and the collectors of the revenue shall severally give like bonds, with suretics, in a sum not less than three thousand dollars; which bonds shall be approved by the supervisors of the respective districts, and shall be filed in their offices to be by them put in suit, upon any breach of the conditions thereof.

Sec. 13. And be it further enacted, That all suits on bonds taken Suits on such in pursuance of this act, shall be instituted and determined in the man- bonds how to be VOL. I.-75

302

collectors to

return term.

instituted and ner prescribed by the act, passed on the third day of March, one thoudetermined.

sand seven hundred and ninety-seven, intituled “An act to provide more

effectually for the settlement of accounts between the United States and Ante, p.512. receivers of public money;" and in all suits instituted against an inspec

tor of any survey, or collector of the revenue, transcripts from the books

of the supervisor of the proper district, or copies of any papers or other What shall be

documents relating to the accounts of such inspector or collector, duly evidence. authenticated, under the seal of the said supervisor, shall have equal

validity, and be entitled to the same credit which would be due to the original papers, if produced in open court; subject nevertheless to the

condition mentioned in the second section of the act above recited. When the Sec. 14. And be it further enacted, That the bond of any supervisor bonds of super, or other officer of the revenue, who shall neglect or refuse, for more visors &c. shall be forfeited.

than six months, to make up, and render to the proper officer, his accounts of all duties collected or secured, pursuant to such forms and regulations as have been, or shall be prescribed, according to law, or to verify such accounts on oath or affirmation, if thereto required, or to

pay over the monies which shall have been collected, shall be deemed Judgment forfeited, and judgment thereon shall and may be taken at the return thereon at the

term, on motion, to be made in open court, by the attorney of the United States, unless sufficient cause to the contrary be shown to, and allowed by the court: Provided always, that the writ or process, in such case, shall have been executed at least fourteen days before the

return day thereof. Lien upon the Sec. 15. And be it further enacted, That the amount of all debts real estate of due to the United States, by any supervisor or other officer of the officers of the

revenue, whether secured by bond or otherwise, shall, and hereby is debts due to the declared to be a lien upon the lands and real estate of such supervisor United States. or other officer of the revenue, and their sureties, from the time when

a suit shall be instituted for recovering the same; and for want of goods and chattels, or other personal effects of such supervisor, or other officer of the revenue, or their sureties, to satisfy any judgment which shall or

may be recovered against them, respectively, such lands and real estates Mode of sale may be sold at public auction, after being advertised for at least three of their real es. weeks, in not less than three public places in the proper district, survey

or division, and in one newspaper printed in the county, if any there be, at least six weeks prior to the proposed time of sale; and for all lands and real estate sold in pursuance of the authority aforesaid, the conveyances of the marshals, or their deputies, executed in due form of law, shall afford a valid title against all persons claiming under such supervi

sor, or other officer of the revenue, or their sureties, respectively. Repeal of laws Sec. 16. And be it further enacted, That from and after the said first authorizing the day of July, instant, so much of any law or laws as authorizes the PresiPresident to fix

dent of the United States to fix or vary the compensation of the officers or vary the compensations, employed in the collection of the internal revenues, or limits the yearly &c.

sums to be allowed to them, be, and the same is hereby repealed.

APPROVED, July 11, 1798.
STATUTE II.
July 11, 1798.

Chap. LXXII.-An Act for the establishing and organizing a Marine Corps.(a)

Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, Î'hat in addi

revenue for

tate.

(a) The acts passed by Congress relating to the marine corps, are: An act for the establishing and organizing a marine corps, June 11, 1798, chap. 72; an act authorizing an augmentation of the marine corps, March 2, 1799, chap. 37; an act authorizing an augmentation of the marine corps, March 3, 1809, chap. 33; an act authorizing an augmentation of the marine corps, and for other purposes, April 16, 1814, chap. 58; resolution in relation to the compensation of officers of the marine corps, May 29, 1830; an act concerning certain officers of the marine corps, July 14, 1832, chap. 223; resolution respecting the pay of the marine corps, May 25, 1832; an act to improve the condition of the non-commissioned officers and privates of the army and marine corps of the United States, and to prevent desertion, March 2, 1833,

President may

cess.

cers how to be

tion to the present military establishment, there shall be raised and organ A corps of ized a corps of marines, which shall consist of one major, four captains, marines to be sixteen first lieutenants, twelve second lieutenants, forty-eight sergeants,

raised. forty-eight corporals, thirty-two drums and fifes, and seven hundred and twenty privates, including the marines who have been enlisted, or are authorized to be raised for the naval armament; and the said corps may Formation of be formed into as many companies or detachments, as the President of it. the United States shall direct, with a proper distribution of the commissioned and non-commissioned officers and musicians to each company or detachment.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the pay and subsistence of Pay and sub. the said officers, privates and musicians, shall be as follows, to wit: To sistence. a major, fifty dollars per month, and four rations per day; to a captain, forty dollars per month, and three rations per day; to a first lieutenant, thirty dollars per month, and three rations per day; to a second lieutenant, twenty-five dollars per month, and two rations per day; and to the non-commissioned officers, privates and musicians, conformably to the Ante, p. 523. act, intituled “An act providing a naval armament,” as shall be fixed by the President of the United States: And the President of the United States shall be, and is hereby authorized to continue the enlistment of commission of

ficers in the remarines, until the said corps shall be complete; and of himself, to appoint the commissioned officers, whenever, in the recess of the Senate, an appointment shall be necessary. And the enlistments, which shall be Enlistments for made by virtue hereof, may be for the term of three years, subject to three years, &c. be discharged by the President of the United States, or by the ceasing or repeal of the laws providing for the naval armament. And if the marine corps, or any part of it, sh be ordered by the President to do duty on If ordered to shore, and it shall become necessary to appoint an adjutant, paymaster, do duty on quartermaster, sergeant-major, quartermaster-sergeant, and drum and shore, staff offi. fife-major, or any of them, the major or commandant of the corps, is appointed. hereby authorized to appoint such staff officer or officers, from the line of subalterns, sergeants and music, respectively, who shall be entitled, during the time they shall do such duty, to the same extra pay and emoluments, which are allowed by law, to officers acting in the same capacities in the infantry. Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the detachments of the corps

Detachments of marines hereby authorized, shall be made in lieu of the respective of the corps to quotas of marines, which have been established or authorized for the be in lieu of the frigates, and other armed vessels and gallies, which shall be employed lished for the in the service of the United States: And the President of the United frigates, &c. States may detach and appoint such of the officers of this marine corps, to act on board the frigates, and any of the armed vessels of the United States, respectively, as he shall, from time to time, judge necessary; any thing in the act "providing a naval armament” to the contrary hereof notwithstanding. Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the officers, non-commis

They shall sioned officers, privates and musicians aforesaid, shall take the same take an oath ;

and how they oath, and shall be governed by the same rules and articles of war, as are

shall be gove prescribed for the military establishment of the United States, and by erned. the rules for the regulation of the navy, heretofore, or which shall be established by law, according to the nature of the service in which they shall be employed, and shall be entitled to the same allowance, in case Allowance in of wounds or disabilities, according to their respective ranks, as are case of wounds, granted by the act "to ascertain and fix the military establishment of

Ante, p. 483. the United States."

Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the non-commissioned ofchap. 68; an act for the better organization of the marine corps of the United States, June 30, 1834, chap. 132; an act making certain allowances, and granting certain arrearages to the captains and subal. terns in the United States corps of marines June 30, 1834, chap. 142.

&c.

Exemption ficers, musicians, seamen and marines, who are or shall be enlisted into from arrest for the service of the United States; and the non-commissioned officers and debts and contracts.

musicians, who are or shall be enlisted into the army of the United States, shall be, and they are hereby exempted, during their term of ser

vice, from all personal arrests for any debt or contract. What duty Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That the marine corps, established they shall be by this act, shall

, at any time, be liable to do duty in the forts and garrisubject to do.

sons of the United States, on the sea-coast, or any other duty on shore, as the President, at his discretion, shall direct.

APPROVED, July 11, 1798.

STATUTE II.

July 14, 1798.

[Obsolete.)

Chap. LXXIII.--An Act establishing an annual salary for the Surveyor of the

port of Gloucester. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That there be allowed to the surveyor of the port of Gloucester, in the state of Massachusetts, the yearly salary of two hundred and fifty dollars; to commence from the last day of March, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and ninety-seven.

APPROVED, July 14, 1798.

STATUTE II.

July 14, 1798. Chap. LXXIV.-An Act in addition to the act, entitled "An act for the pun[Expired.]

ishment of certain crimes against the United States." Penalty on un Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives lawful combina- of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, That if any the measures of persons shall unlawfully combine or conspire together, with intent to government, oppose any measure or measures of the government of the United &c.

States, which are or shall be directed by proper authority, or to impede Ante, p. 112. the operation of any law of the United States, or to intimidate or pre

vent any person holding a place or office in or under the government of

the United States, from undertaking, performing or executing his trust And with such or duty; and if any person or persons, with intent as aforesaid, shall intent counsel counsel, advise or attempt to procure any insurrection, riot, unlawful ling &c. insur.

assembly, or combination, whether such conspiracy, threatening, counsel, &c.

advice, or attempt shall have the proposed effect or not, he or they shall be deemed guilty of a high misdemeanor, and on conviction, before any court of the United States having jurisdiction thereof, shall be punished by a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars, and by imprisonment during a term not less than six months nor exceeding five years; and further, at the discretion of the court may be holden to find sureties for his good behaviour in such sum, and for such time, as the said court may

direct. Penalty on li.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That if any person shall write, bellimenthe go- print, utter or publish, or shall cause or procure to be written, printed,

uttered or published, or shall knowingly and willingly assist or aid in writing, printing, uttering or publishing any false, scandalous and malicious writing or writings against the government of the United States, or either house of the Congress of the United States, or the President of the United States, with intent to defame the said government, or either house of the said Congress, or the said President, or to bring them, or either of them, into contempt or disrepute; or to excite against them, or either or any of them, the hatred of the good people of the United States, or to stir up sedition within the United States, or to excite any unlawful combinations therein, for opposing or resisting any law of the United States, or any act of the President of the United States, done in pursuance of any such law, or of the powers in him vested by

Truth of the

the constitution of the United States, or to resist, oppose, or defeat any such law or act, or to aid, encourage or abet any hostile designs of any foreign nation against the United States, their people or government, then such person, being thereof convicted before any court of the United States having jurisdiction thereof, shall be punished by a fine not exceeding two thousand dollars, and by imprisonment not exceeding two years.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted and declared, That if any person shall be prosecuted under this act, for the writing or publishing any libel matter may be aforesaid, it shall be lawful for the defendant, upon the trial of the cause, given in evi. to give in evidence in his defence, the truth of the matter contained in

The jury shall the publication charged as a libel. And the jury who shall try the cause, determine the shall have a right to determine the law and the fact, under the direction law and the fact,

under the of the court, as in other cases.

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That this act shall continue and tion. be in force until the third day of March, one thousand eight hundred

Limitation. and one, and no longer : Provided, that the expiration of the act shall not prevent or defeat a prosecution and punishment of any offence against the law, during the time it shall be in force.

APPROVED, July 14, 1798.

court's direc.

STATUTE II.

A direct tax

laid.

Chap. LXXV.-An Act to lay and collect a direct tax within the United Stales. July 14, 1798.

Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa [Obsolete.) tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That a

Act of July 9, direct tax of two millions of dollars shall be, and hereby is laid upon the

1798, ch. 70. United States, and apportioned to the states respectively, in the manner of two millions following

1802, ch. 12. To the state of New Hampshire, seventy-seven thousand seven hun

Apportionment. dred and five dollars, thirty-six cents and two mills.

To the state of Massachusetts, two hundred and sixty thousand four hundred and thirty-five dollars, thirty-one cents and two mills.

To the state of Rhode Island, thirty-seven thousand five hundred and two dollars and eight cents.

To the state of Connecticut, one hundred and twenty-nine thousand seven hundred and sixty-seven dollars, and two mills.

To the state of Vermont, forty-six thousand eight hundred and sixtyfour dollars eighteen cents and seven mills.

To the state of New York, one hundred and eighty-one thousand six hundred and eighty dollars, seventy cents and seven mills.

To the state of New Jersey, ninety-eight thousand three hundred and eighty-seven dollars, twenty-five cents, and three mills.

To the state of Pennsylvania, two hundred and thirty-seven thousand one hundred and seventy-seven dollars, seventy-two cents and seven mills.

To the state of Delaware, thirty thousand four hundred and thirty dollars, seventy-nine cents, and two mills.

To the state of Maryland, one hundred and fifty-two thousand five hundred and ninety-nine dollars, ninety-five cents, and four mills.

To the state of Virginia, three hundred and forty-five thousand four hundred and eighty-eight dollars, sixty-six cents, and five mills.

To the state of Kentucky, thirty-seven thousand six hundred and forty-three dollars, ninety-nine cents, and seven mills.

To the state of North Carolina, one hundred and ninety-three thousand six hundred and ninety-seven dollars, ninety-six cents, and five mills.

To the state of Tennessee, eighteen thousand eight hundred and six dollars, thirty-eight cent3, and three mills.

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