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either an entire exemption, or a remission of any part of any duty, or Officers of in. sum demanded under authority, derived from this act, which may be spection to send
allegations to presented to them, in manner and form before prescribed, shall forth
supervisors for with transmit the same to the supervisors of their respective districts, their decision. for their consideration and decision, with such proofs and evidence in relation thereto, as they shall judge proper. And the supervisors shall forthwith, on receiving the statements and allegations before mentioned, with the proofs and evidence accompanying the same, decide thereon, according to the true intent and meaning of this act.
Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That the decisions of the super Decisiong of visors in the cases referred to them, in manner before prescribed, shall supervisors to be forthwith communicated to the officers of inspection, whom the same
be final. may concern; and such decisions shall be final and conclusive, when rendered against the demand of any officer of inspection, for any duties imposed by this act: And in cases, where the said supervisors shall decide, that the duties in question, any part thereof, are justly payable according to this act, the proper officer of inspection shall forthwith collect the same, by distress and sale of the goods and chattels of the persons charged with such duties: Provided nevertheless, that any person Proviso. aggrieved by the decision of a supervisor, may, within two months, by application in writing to such supervisor, require that the statements and proofs, on which such decision was founded, be transmitted to the Secretary of the Treasury, who shall have power to determine thereon, and if he judge proper, to direct the duty or duties, which shall have been collected in consequence of such decision, to be returned; and if any such person shall be aggrieved by the decision of the Secretary of the Treasury, he shall be allowed, within four months, to institute a suit in the proper district court of the United States, against the supervisor of the district, for the recovery of any duties collected in pursuance of any decision rendered in manner aforesaid; but the parties maintaining such suits shall, in all such cases, be confined to the assignment and proof of such facts and matters, as may have been previously stated to the said supervisors, in manner before provided.
Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That in all cases, where any duty Certificates to shall be collected, pursuant to this act, whether by distress or otherwise, be given for the certificates shall be granted for each carriage, in manner, as before prescribed.
Sec. 11. And be it further enacted, That the supervisors of the reve Power to su. nue, and inspectors of surveys, shall have power, from time to time, to pervisors and examine, upon oath or affirmation, any officers or persons employed
inspectors to ex. under them in the collection and receipt of the duties imposed by this the officers emact: And any officer or person, who shall swear or affirm falsely, touch- pioyed by them. ing any matter hereby required to be verified on oath or affirmation, shall, on conviction thereof, suffer the pains and penalties, which are prescribed for wilful and corrupt perjury.
Sec. 12. And be it further enacted, That it shall be lawful for the President of President of the United States, and he is hereby empowered to make U. States to alsuch allowances for compensation to the officers of inspection employed tion of the duin the collection of the duties aforesaid, and for incidental expenses, as ties not exceed. he shall judge reasonable, not exceeding, in the whole, five per centum ing five per cent. of the total amount of the said duties collected.
on the whole Sec. 13. And be it further enacted, That the act, intituled “An
Certain act and act laying duties on carriages for the conveyance of persons,” and so parts of act remuch of the fifteenth section of the act, intituled “An act to alter and pealed. amend the act, intituled An act laying certain duties upon snuff and 1794, ch. 45. refined sugar," as authorizes the President of the United States to apply
1795, ch. 43. a sum not exceeding five per centum on the total amount of duties collected on carriages for the conveyance of persons, shall cease, and be repealed, from and after the last day of August next; except for the Exception. VOL 1.-61
amine on oath
recovery of any duties or penalties, which shall have accrued, and remain
unpaid; any thing in the last section of the act of the last session, intituled 1795, ch. 46. "An act making further provision for the support of public credit, and
for the redemption of the public debt,” to the contrary notwithstanding: Limitation of And that this act shall continue in force, until the last day of August, this act.
in the year one thousand eight hundred and one, and no longer.
APPROVED, May 28, 1796. STATUTE I. May 28, 1796. Chap. XXXVIII.-An Act for the relief of persons imprisoned for Debt. [Expired.) Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa
tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That per1798, ch. 50. 1792, ch. 29. sons imprisoned on process issuing from any court of the United States
Privileges of in civil actions, shall be entitled to like privileges of the yards or limits persons impris- of the respective gaols, as persons confined in like cases, on process tions under u. from the courts of the respective states, are entitled to, and under the States.
like regulations and restrictions. Oath to be ad Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That any person imprisoned as ministered to aforesaid, may have the oath or affirmation herein after expressed, ad
ministered to him by any judge of the United States ; and in case there shall be no judge of the United States residing within twenty miles of the gaol wherein such debtor may be confined, such oath or affirmation may be administered by any two persons, who may be commissioned for that purpose by the judge of the district court of the United States within whose jurisdiction the debtor may be confined; the creditor, his agent
or attorney, if either live within one hundred miles of the place of imOath to be ade prisonment, or within the district in which the judgment was rendered, persons impris. having had at least thirty days previous notice by a citation served on oned for debt, him, issued by the district judge to appear at the time therein mentioned and by whom. at the said gaol, if he see fit, to shew cause, why the said oath or affirma
tion should not be so administered : at which time and place, if no sufficient cause, in the opinion of the judge, (or the commissioners appointed as aforesaid) be shewn, or doth, from examination, appear to the contrary, he (or they) may, at the request of the debtor, proceed to administer to him the following oath or affirmation, as the case may be, viz: “ You,
, solemnly swear (or affirm) that you have not estate, real or personal, nor is any, to your knowledge, holden in trust for you, (necessary wearing apparel excepted) to the amount or value of thirty dollars, nor sufficient to pay the debt for which you are imprisoned.” Which oath or affirmation being administered, the judge or commissioners shall certify the same under his or their hands to the prison keeper, and the debtor shall be discharged from his imprisonment on such judgment, and shall not be liable to be imprisoned again for the said debt, but the judgment shall remain good and sufficient in law, and may be satisfied out of any estate which may then or at any time afterwards belong to the debtor. And whenever the oath aforesaid shall be administered by commissioners, in addition to the certificate by them made and delivered to the prison keeper, they shall make return of their doings to the district court with the commission to them issued to be kept upon the files and records of the same court.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That if any person shall falsely Penalty on
take the oath or affirmation aforesaid, such person shall be deemed guilty swearing falsely.
of perjury, and upon conviction thereof, shall suffer the pains and penalties in that case provided. And the court, upon the motion of the creditor, shall recommit the debtor to the prison from whence he was liberated, there to be detained for the said debt, in the same manner as
if such oath or affirmation had not been taken. 1794, ch. 34.
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the act, entitled “An act
to continue in force the act for the relief of persons imprisoned for Former act debt," be and the same is hereby repealed.
repealed. Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That this act shall continue in Limitation of force for the term of three years.
this act for three
years. APPROVED, May 28, 1796.
STATUTE I. Chap. XXXIX.-An Act to ascertain and fix the Military Establishment of the May 30, 1796. United Stales.
[Repealed.) Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives Military estabof the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the mili- lishment
31st of October tary establishment of the United States, from and after the last day of October next, be composed of the corps of artillerists and engineers, as Page 507, post. established by the act, intituled “An act providing for raising and organizing a corps of artillerists and engineers;" two companies of light 1794, ch. 24. dragoons, who shall do duty on horse or foot, at the discretion of the President of the United States; and four regiments of infantry, of eight companies each; the company of dragoons shall consist of one captain, two lieutenants, one cornet, four sergeants, four corporals, one farrier, one saddler, one trumpeter, and fifty-two privates; and shall be armed and accoutred in such manner as the President of the United States may direct.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That each regiment of infantry Number of shall consist of one lieutenant colonel commandant, two majors, one officers and men adjutant, one paymaster, one quartermaster, one surgeon, two surgeon's ment of infanmates, eight captains, eight lieutenants, eight ensigns, two sergeant ma- try. jors, two quartermaster-sergeants, two senior musicians, thirty-two sergeants, thirty-two corporals, sixteen musicians, and four hundred and sixteen privates: Provided always, that the President of the United Page 507, post. States may; in his discretion, appoint an additional number of surgeon's mates, pot exceeding ten, and distribute the same, according to the necessity of the service.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That there shall be one major- To be one niageneral, with two aids-de-camp, one brigadier-general, who may choose jor general with his brigade-major from the captains or subalterns of the line; which two aids, &c. brigade-major shall receive the monthly pay of twenty-four dollars, in addition to his pay in the line, be entitled to four rations of provisions, Allowance to for his daily subsistence; and whenever forage shall not be furnished by certain officers the public, to ten dollars per month in lieu thereof: one quartermaster their pay in the general; one inspector, who shall do the duty of adjutant-general; and line. one paymaster-general: and that the adjutants, quartermasters and paymasters of regiments shall be appointed from the subalterns of their Page 507, post. respective regiments. Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the President of the United
to States cause to be arranged, the officers, non-commissioned officers, cause to be aro privates and musicians of the legion of the United States, and light ranged the ledragoons, in such manner, as to form and complete out of the same, the gion and light
dragoons. four regiments aforesaid, and two companies of light dragoons: And the
Supernumersupernumerary officers, privates and musicians shall be considered, from aries to be disand after the last day of October next, discharged from the service of charged on 31st
October next. the United States.
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the corps of artillerists and Artillerists and engineers be completed, conformably to the act of the eighth day of May, engineers to be
completed. one thousand seven hundred and ninety-four, establishing the same, and prescribing the number and term of enlistments, and the method of organization.
Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That the commissioned officers, Two dollars who shall be employed in the recruiting service, to keep up, by enlist- each recruit.
allowance to ments, the corps of artillerists, infantry and dragoons aforesaid, shall be
entitled to receive, for every able-bodied recruit, duly enlisted and mustered, of at least five feet six inches in height, and not under the age of
eighteen, nor above the age of forty-six years, the sum of two dollars. Bounty to cer. Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That there shall be allowed and tain soldiers on paid to each soldier now in the service of the United States, or disfive years.
charged therefrom, subsequent to the third day of March, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-four, who shall re-enlist, for the term of five years, unless sooner discharged, a bounty of sixteen dollars; and to each person not now in the army of the United States, or discharged, as above, who shall hereafter enlist for the term aforesaid, a bounty of fourteen dollars; but the payment of four dollars of the bounty of each and every man so enlisting, shall be deferred, until he shall have joined
the corps, in which he is to serve. Uniform cloth Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That every non-commissioned ing for artillery officer, private and musician of the artillery and infantry, shall receive, and infantry.
annually, the following articles of uniform clothing, to wit: one hat, one coat, one vest, two pair of woollen, and two pair of linen overalls, four pair of shoes, four shirts, four pair of socks, one blanket, one stock and
clasp, and one pair of buckles. For dragoons. Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That suitable clothing be provided
for the dragoons, adapted to the nature of the service, and conformed, as near as may be, to the value of the clothing, allowed to the infantry
and artillery. Rations.
Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That every non-commissioned officer, private and musician shall receive, daily, the following rations of provisions, to wit: one pound of beef, or three quarters of a pound of pork, one pound of bread or flour, half a gill of rum, brandy or whiskey; and at the rate of one quart of salt, two quarts of vinegar,
two pounds of soap, and one pound of candles, to every hundred rations. Additional al Sec. 11. Provided always, and be it further enacted, That to those lowance to those in the military service of the United States, who are, or shall be ememployed on the frontiers. ployed on the western frontiers, there shall be allowed, during the time
of their being so employed, two ounces of flour or bread, and two ounces Page 507, post. of beef or pork, in addition to each of the rations, and half a pint of
salt, in addition to every hundred of their rations. Monthly pay, Sec. 12. And be it further enacted, That the monthly pay of the
officers, non-commissioned officers, musicians and privates, of the military establishment, be as follows: a major-general, one hundred and sixty-six dollars; a brigadier-general, one hundred and four dollars; quartermaster, inspector, and paymaster-generals, each, in addition to their pay in the line, twenty-five dollars; principal artificer, forty dollars; second artificer, twenty-six dollars; lieutenant-colonel-commandant, seventy-five dollars; major of artillery and of dragoons, fifty-five dollars; major of infantry fifty dollars; paymaster, adjutant and regimental quartermaster, in addition to their pay in the line, ten dollars; captain, forty dollars; lieutenants, twenty-six dollars; ensigns and cornets, twenty dollars; surgeons, forty-five dollars; surgeon's mates, thirty dollars; sergeant-majors, and quartermaster-sergeants, eight dollars; senior musicians, seven dollars; sergeants, seven dollars; corporals, six dollars; musicians, five dollars; privates, four dollars; artificers allowed to the infantry and artillery, farriers and saddlers to the dragoons, each, nine
dollars; matrons and nurses in the hospital, eight dollars. Subsistence, Sec. 13. And be it further enacted, that the commissioned officers
aforesaid, shall be entitled to receive, for their daily subsistence, the following number of rations of provisons: a major-general, fifteen rations; a brigadier-general, twelve rations; a lieutenant-colonel-commandant, six rations; a quartermaster, inspector, and paymaster-generals, each, six rations; and each aid-de-camp shall receive the monthly pay of twenty-four dollars, in addition to his pay in the line, be entitled
to four rations of provisions for his daily subsistence; and whenever forage shall not be furnished by the public, to ten dollars per month, in lieu thereof; a captain, three rations; a lieutenant, ensign, and cornet, Page 507, post. each, two rations; a surgeon, three rations; a surgeon's mate, two rations; a principal, and second artificer, each, two rations, or money in lieu thereof, at the option of the said officers, at the posts respectively,
where the rations shall become due; and if at such posts, supplies are • not furnished by contract, then such allowance, as shall be deemed
equitable, having reference to former contracts, and the position of the place in question.
Sec. 14. And be it further enacted, That the officers herein after Allowance in described shall, whenever forage shall not be furnished by the public, lieu of forage. receive at the rate of the following enumerated sums, per month, instead thereof, to wit: a major-general, twenty dollars; a brigadier-general, sixteen dollars; quartermaster, inspector and paymaster generals, each, twelve dollars; lieutenant-colonel commandant, twelve dollars; major, ten dollars; captain of dragoous, eight dollars; lieutenant and cornet, each, six dollars; surgeon, ten dollars; surgeon's mate, six dollars; principal artificer, paymaster, adjutant and regimental quartermaster, each, six dollars.
Sec. 15. And be it further enacted, That every person, who shall Penalty on enprocure or entice a soldier in the service of the United States, to desert, ticing a soldier or who shall purchase, from any soldier, his arms, uniform clothing, or purchasing his any part thereof; and every captain or commanding officer of any ship arms, &c. or vessel, who shall enter on board such ship or vessel, as one of his crew, knowing him to have deserted, or otherwise carry away any such soldier, or shall refuse to deliver him up to the orders of his commanding officer, shall, upon legal conviction, be fined, at the discretion of the court, in any sum not exceeding three hundred dollars, or be imprisoned, for any term, not exceeding one year.
Sec. 16. And be it further enacted, That no non-commissioned offi Soldier not to cer, or private, shall be arrested, or subject to arrest, for any debt under be arrested for
debt less than the sum of twenty dollars.
Sec. 17. And be it further enacted, That if any non-commissioned officer, musician or private, shall desert from the service of the United make good their States, he shall, in addition to the penalties mentioned in the rules and articles of war, be liable to serve, for and during such a period, as shall, with the time he may have served, previous to his desertion, amount to the full term of his enlistment, and such soldier shall and may be tried and sentenced by a regimental, or garrison court martial, although the term of his enlistment may have elapsed, previous to his being apprehended or tried.
Sec. 18. And be it further enacted, That the sentences of general Sentence of courts martial, in time of peace, extending to the loss of life, the dismis- general courts sion of a commissioned officer; or which shall, either in time of peace sent to the Preor war, respect a general officer, shall, with the whole of the proceedings sident of United in such cases, respectively, be laid before the President of the United States; who is hereby authorized to direct the same to be carried into execution, or otherwise, as he shall judge proper.
Sec. 19. And be it further enacted, That if any officer, non-commis Wounded sol. sioned officer, private or musician aforesaid, shall be wounded or dis- diers to be abled, while in the line of his duty, in public service, he shall be placed sion list:
placed on pen. on the list of the invalids of the United States, at such rate of pay, and under such regulations, as shall be directed by the President of the United States for the time being : Provided always, that the rate of compensation to be allowed for such wounds or disabilities, to a commissioned officer, shall never exceed for the highest disability, half the monthly pay of such officer, at the time of his being so disabled or Rate of com. wounded; and that the rate of compensation to non-commissioned officers, pensation.
terin of enlist. ment.