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duties of the officers above mentioned shall be as follow : The Director
Duty of the of the mint shall have the chief management of the business thereof, officers. and shall superintend all other officers and persons who shall be employed therein. The Assayer shall receive and give receipts for all Assayer. metals which may lawfully be brought to the mint to be coined; shall
Act of March assay all such of them as may require it, and shall deliver them to the
3, 1794, ch. 4,
sec. 2. Chief Coiner to be coined. The Chief Coiner shall cause to be coined Chief Coiner. all metals which shall be received by him for that purpose, according to such regulations as shall be prescribed by this or any future law. The Engraver shall sink and prepare the necessary dies for such coinage, Engraver. with the proper devices and inscriptions, but it shall be lawful for the functions and duties of Chief Coiner and Engraver to be performed by one person. The Treasurer shall receive from the Chief Coiner all the Treasurer. coins which shall have been struck, and shall pay or deliver them to the persons respectively to whom the same ought to be paid or delivered : he shall moreover receive and safely keep all monies which shall be for the use, maintenance and support of the mint, and shall disburse the same upon warrants signed by the Director. Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That every officer and clerk of
To take oath, the said mint shall, before he enters upon the execution of his office, take an oath or affirmation before some judge of the United States faithfully and diligently to perform the duties thereof.
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the said assayer, chief coiner And give bond. and treasurer, previously to entering upon the execution of their respec- 3, 1994, ch. 4, live offices, shall each become bound to the United States of America, sec. 2. with one or more sureties to the satisfaction of the Secretary of the Treasury, in the sum of ten thousand dollars, with condition for the faithful and diligent performance of the duties of his office.
Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That there shall be allowed and Salarieg. paid as compensations for their respective services—To the said director, a yearly salary of two thousand dollars, to the said assayer, a yearly salary of one thousand five hundred dollars, to the said chief coiner, a yearly salary of one thousand five hundred dollars, to the said engraver, a yearly salary of one thousand two hundred dollars, to the said treasurer, a yearly salary of one thousand two hundred dollars, to each clerk who may be employed, a yearly salary not exceeding five hundred dollars, and to the several subordinate workmen and servants, such wages and allowances as are customary and reasonable, according to their respective stations and occupations.(a)
Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That the accounts of the officers Accounts how and persons employed in and about the said mint and for services
and where to be per
settled. formed in relation thereto, and all other accounts concerning the business and administration thereof, shall be adjusted and settled in the treasury department of the United States, and a quarter yearly account of the receipts and disbursements of the said mint shall be rendered at the said treasury for settlement according to such forms and regulations as shall have been prescribed by that department; and that once in each year a report of the transactions of the said mint, accompanied by an abstract of the settlements which shall have been from time to time made, duly certified by the comptroller of the treasury, shall be laid before Congress for their information.
Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That in addition to the authority President of vested in the President of the United States by a resolution of the last V. §. to cause
buildings to be session, touching the engaging of artists and the procuring of apparatus
(a) The acts relating to the salaries of the officers of the mint now in force, are: An act to continue the mint in the city of Philadelphia, May 19, 1828, chap. 67, sec. 6; an act supplementary to the act entitled, An act establishing a mint, and regulating the coins of the United States,” January 18, 1837, chap. 3, sec. 7 ; an act to establish branches of the mint of the United States, Feb. 13, 1837, chap. 14, sec, 2.
for the said mint, the President be authorized, and he is hereby authorized to cause to be provided and put in proper condition such buildings, and in such manner as shall appear to him requisite for the purpose of carrying on the business of the said mint; and that as well the expenses which shall have been incurred pursuant to the said resolution as those which may be incurred in providing and preparing the said buildings, and all other expenses which may hereafter accrue for the maintenance and support of the said mint, and in carrying on the business thereof, over and above the sums which may be received by reason
of the rate per centum for coinage herein after mentioned, shall be expense how to defrayed from the treasury of the United States, out of any monies which be defrayed.
from time to time shall be therein, not otherwise appropriated. Species of the Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That there shall be from time to coins to be struck.
time struck and coined at the said mint, coins of gold, silver, and copEagles per, of the following denominations, values and descriptions, viz. EAGLES
--each to be of the value of ten dollars or units, and to contain two
hundred and forty-seven grains and four eighths of a grain of pure, or Half Eagles. two hundred and seventy grains of standard gold. Half Eagles--each to
be of the value of five dollars, and to contain one hundred and twenty
three grains and six eighths of a grain of pure, or one hundred and thirtyQuarter Eagles. five grains of standard gold. QUARTER EAGLES-each to be of the
value of two dollars and a half dollar, and to contain sixty-one grains
and seven eighths of a grain of pure, or sixty-seven grains and four Dollars or eighths of a grain of standard gold. DOLLARS or UNITS-each to be of Units.
the value of a Spanish milled dollar as the same is now current, and to contain three hundred and seventy-one grains and four sixteenth parts
of a grain of pure, or four hundred and sixteen grains of standard silver. Half Dollars. HALF DOLLARS-each to be of half the value of the dollar or unit, and
to contain one hundred and eighty-five grains and ten sixteenth parts of
a grain of pure, or two hundred and eight grains of standard silver. Quarter Dol- QUARTER Dollars_each to be of one fourth the value of the dollar or la s.
unit, and to contain ninety-two grains and thirteen sixteenth parts of a Dismes. grain of pure, or one hundred and four grains of standard silver. Dismes
--each to be of the value of one tenth of a dollar or unit, and to contain thirty-seven grains and two sixteenth parts of a grain of pure, or forty
one grains and three fifth parts of a grain of standard silver. Half Half Dismes. DISMES——each to be of the value of one twentieth of a dollar, and to con
tain eighteen grains and nine sixteenth parts of a grain of pure, or twenty Cents, grains and four fifth parts of a grain of standard silver. Cents-each
to be of the value of the one hundredth part of a dollar, and to contain Half Cents, eleven penny-weights of copper. HALF CENTS-each to be of the value Act of May 8, of half a cent, and to contain five penny-weights and half a penny-weight 1792
of copper.(a) of what de Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That, upon the said coins respectvices.
ively, there shall be the following devices and legends, namely: Upon one
side of each of the said coins there shall be an impression emblematic of liberty, with an inscription of the word Liberty, and the year of the coinage; and upon the reverse of each of the gold and silver coins there shall be the figure or representation of an eagle, with this inscription, “UNITED STATES OF AMERICA” and upon the reverse of each of the copper coins, there shall be an inscription which shall express the denomination of the piece, namely, cent or half cent, as the case may require.
Sec. 11. And be it further enacted, That the proportional value of gold to silver in all coins which shall by law be current as money within
(a) The acts regulating the gold and silver coins of the United States, are: An act establishing a mint and regulating the coins of the United States, April 2, 1792, chap. 16, sec. 9; an act concerning the gold coins of the United States, and for other purposes, June 28, 1834, chap. 9; an act supplementary to the act entitled, “ An act to establish a mint, and regulating the coins of the United States, January 18, 1837, chap. 3, sec. 8, 9, 10,
the United States, shall be as fifteen to one, according to quantity in Proportional weight, of pure gold or pure silver; that is to say, every fifteen pounds value of gold to weight of pure silver shall be of equal value in all payments, with one silver. pound weight of pure gold, and so in proportion as to any greater or less quantities of the respective metals.(a).
Sec. 12. And be it further enacted, T'hat the standard for all gold Standard for coins of the United States shall be eleven parts fine to one part alloy; gold coins, and and accordingly that eleven parts in twelve of the entire weight of each new htex. to be of the said coins shall consist of pure gold, and the remaining one twelfth part of alloy; and the said alloy shall be composed of silver and copper, in such proportions not exceeding one half silver as shall be found convenient; to be regulated by the director of the mint, for the time being, with the approbation of the President of the United States, until further provision shall be made by law. And to the end that the necessary information may be had in order to the making of such further provision, it shall be the duty of the director of the mint, at the expiration Director to of a year after commencing the operations of the said mint, to report to report the prac. Congress the practice thereof during the said year, touching the com- tice of the mint position of the alloy of the said gold coins, the reasons for such prac- alloy of gold tice, and the experiments and observations which shall have been made coins. concerning the effects of different proportions of silver and copper in the said alloy.(6)
Sec. 13. And be it further enacted, That the standard for all silver Standard for coins of the United States, shall be one thousand four hundred and silver coins, eighty-five parts fine to one hundred and seventy-nine parts alloy; and alloy how to be accordingly that one thousand four hundred and eighty-five parts in one thousand six hundred and sixty-four parts of the entire weight of each of the said coins shall consist of pure silver, and the remaining one hundred and seventy-nine parts of alloy; which alloy shall be wholly of Alloy. copper.(c) Sec. 14. And be it further enacted, That it shall be lawful for any
Persons may person or persons to bring to the said mint gold and silver bullion, in bring gold and order to their being coined; and that the bullion so brought shall be silver bullion, there assaved and coined as speedily as may be after the receipt thereof, free of expense; and that free of expense to the person or persons by whom the same shall have been brought. And as soon as the said bullion shall have been coined, the person or persons by whom the same shall have been delivered, shall upon demand receive in lieu thereof coins of the same
Act of April species of bullion which shall have been so delivered, weight for weight, 24, 1800, ch. 34. of the pure gold or pure silver therein contained : Provided neverthe- how the director less, That it shall be at the mutual option of the party or parties bring- may exchange ing such bullion, and of the director of the said mint, to make an deducting hali immediate exchange of coins for standard bullion, with a deduction of per cent. one half per cent. from the weight of the pure gold, or pure silver contained in the said bullion, as an indemnification to the mint for the time which will necessarily be required for coining the said bullion, and for the advance which shall have been so made in coins. And it shall be Duty of Sec. the duty of the Secretary of the Treasury to furnish the said mint from retary of Treas. time to time whenever the state of the treasury will admit thereof, with such sums as may be necessary for effecting the said exchanges, to be replaced as speedily as may be out of the coins which shall have been made of the bullion for which the monies so furnished shall have been exchanged; and the said deduction of one half per cent. shall constitute
The hall a fund towards defraying the expenses of the said mint.
tute a fund, &c. Sec. 15. And be it further enacted, That the bullion which shall be brought as aforesaid to the mint to be coined, shall be coined, and the livering coins to equivalent thereof in coins rendered, if demanded, in the order in which persons bring;
ing bullion, and
per cent. to consti.
Order of de
(a) See note to section 9. Vol. 1.-32
(b) See note to section 9.
(c) See note to section 9.
penalty on giv- the said bullion shall have been brought or delivered, giving priority ing undue pre. according to priority of delivery only, and without preference to any
Act of March person or persons; and if any preference shall be given contrary to the 3, 1795, ch. 86. direction aforesaid, the officer by whom such undue preference shall be
given, shall in each case forfeit and pay one thousand dollars; to be recovered with costs of suit. And to the end that it may be known if such preference shall at any time be given, the assayer or officer to whom the said bullion shall be delivered to be coined, shall give to the person or persons bringing the same, a memorandum in writing under his hand, denoting the weight, fineness and value thereof, together with the day
and order of its delivery into the mint. Coins made a Sec. 16. And be it further enacted, That all the gold and silver coins lawful tender, which shall have been struck at, and issued from the said mint, shail be
a lawful tender in all payments whatsoever, those of full weight according to the respective values herein before declared, and those of less
than full weight at values proportional their respective weights. and to be made Sec. 17. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of the conformable to the standard
respective officers of the said mint, carefully and faithfully to use their weights, &c. best endeavours that all the gold and silver coins which shall be struck
at the said mint shall be, as nearly as may be, conformable to the several standards and weights aforesaid, and that the copper whereof the cents
and half cents aforesaid may be composed, shall be of good quality. The Treasurer Sec. 18. And the better to secure a due conformity of the said gold to reserve, not and silver coins to their respective standards, Be it further enacted, less than three pieces or each That from every separate mass of standard gold or silver, which shall
be made into coins at the said mint, there shall be taken, set apart by assayed;
the treasurer and reserved in his custody a certain number of pieces,
not less than three, and that once in every year the pieces so set apart when and by and reserved, shall be assayed under the inspection of the Chief Justice whom, &c.
of the United States, the Secretary and Comptroller of the Treasury, the Secretary for the department of State, and the Attorney General of the United States, (who are hereby required to attend for that purpose at the said mint, on the last Monday in July in each year,) or under the inspection of any three of them, in such manner as they or a majority of them shall direct, and in the presence of the director, assayer and chief coiner of the said mint; and if it shall be found that the gold and silver so assayed, shall not be inferior to their respective standards herein before declared more than one part in one hundred and forty-four parts, the officer or officers of the said mint whom it may concern shall be held excusable; but if any greater inferiority shall appear, it shall be certified to the President of the United States, and the said officer or
officers shall be deemed disqualified to hold their respective offices. Penalty on Sec. 19. And be it further enacted, That if any of the gold or silver debasing the coins which shall be struck or coined at the said mint shall be debased coins.
or made worse as to the proportion of fine gold or fine silver therein contained, or shall be of less weight or value than the same ought to be pursuant to the directions of this act, through the default or with the connivance of any of the officers or persons who shall be employed at the said mint, for the purpose of profit or gain, or otherwise with a fraudulent intent, and if any of the said officers or persons shall embezzle any of the metals which shall at any time be committed to their charge for the purpose of being coined, or any of the coins which shall be struck or coined at the said mint, every such officer or person who shall commit any or either of the said offences, shall be deemed guilty of felony,
and shall suffer death. Money of ac
Sec. 20. And be it further enacted, That the money of account of count to be expressed in dol
the United States shall be expressed in dollars or units, dismes or tenths, lars, &c. cents or hundredths, and milles or thousandths, a disme being the tenth
part of a dollar, a cent the hundredth part of a dollar, a mille the thcu
sandth part of a dollar, and that all accounts in the public offices and all proceedings in the courts of the United States shall be kept and had in conformity to this regulation.
APPROVED, April 2, 1792.
CHAP. XVII.-An Act supplementary to the act for the establishment and support April 12, 1792.
of lighthouses, beacons, buoys, and public piers. Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa Expenses of tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That all be borne till
beacons, &c. to expenses which shall accrue from the first day of July next, inclusively, July 1793. for the necessary support, maintenance, and repairs of all lighthouses, beacons, buoys, the stakeage of channels, on the sea-coast, and public piers, shall continue to be defrayed by the United States, until the first day of July, in the year one thousand seven hundred and ninety-three, 1793, ch. 27. notwithstanding such lighthouses, beacons, or public piers, with the lands and tenements thereunto belonging, and the jurisdiction of the same, shall not in the mean time be ceded to, or vested in the United States, by the state or states respectively, in which the same may be, and that the said time be further allowed, to the states respectively to make such cession.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the secretary of the treasury Floating bea. be authorized to cause to be provided, erected, and placed, a floating cons to be beacon, and as many buoys, as may be necessary for the security of placed at navigation, at and near the entrance of the harbor of Charleston, in the bor and Chesa. state of South Carolina. And also to have affixed three floating beacons peak bay. in the bay of Chesapeak; one at the north end of Willoughby's Spit, another at the tail of the Horse Shoe; and the third on the shoalest place of the middle ground.
APPROVED, April 12, 1792.
STATUTE I. CHAP, XVIII.-An Act to erect a Lighthouse on Montok Point in the state of New April 12, 1792.
York, Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Lighthouse on United States of America in Congress assembled, That as soon as the
tions to be jurisdiction of such land on Montok Point in the state of New York built on Monas the President of the United States shall deem sufficient and most tok Point in proper for the convenience and accommodation of a lighthouse shall
State of N. Y. have been ceded to the United States it shall be the duty of the secretary of the treasury, to provide by contract which shall be approved by the President of the United States, for building a lighthouse thereon, and for furnishing the same with all necessary supplies, and also to agree for the salaries or wages of the person or persons who may be appointed by the President for the superintendence and care of the same; and the President is hereby authorized to make the said appointments. That the number and disposition of the lights in the said lighthouse shall be such as may tend to distinguish it from others, and as far as is practicable, prevent mistakes.
APPROVED, April 12, 1792.
The following act of Congress, although strictly a private act, has application to so large a body of lands in the state of Ohio, as to justify its insertion in the form of a note.
An act for ascertaining the Bounds of a Tract of Land purchased by John Cleves Symmes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, That the President of the United States be and he hereby is authorized at the request of John Cleves Symmes, or his agent or agents, to alter the contract made between the late board of treasury and the said John Cleves Symmes, for the sale of a tract of land of one million of acres, in such manner that the said tract may extend from the mouth of the Great Miami, to the mouth of the Little Miami, and