The Theory of Moral Sentiments: Or, An Essay Towards an Analysis of the Principles by which Men Naturally Judge Concerning the Conduct and Character, First of Their Neighbours, and Afterwards of Themselves : to which is Added, A Dissertation on the Origin of Languages
A. Finley, 1817 - 598 頁
讀者評論 - 撰寫評論
according actions admiration affections agreeable altogether appear approbation Aristotle attention aversion beauty behaviour beneficence benevolence body breast Caesar Borgia called casuistry casuists cerning character Cicero commonly conceive concerning conduct consider contempt contrary declensions degree deserve desire disagreeable disapprove dread emotions endeavour Epictetus Epicurus esteem excite express feel fellow-feeling fortune frequently friends gratitude greater greatest happiness honour human human nature imagination impartial spectator impersonal verbs indignation injustice judge justice kind language mankind manner ment merit mind misfortune moral motives natural neral ness never noun substantive observed occasions ourselves pain particular passions pathy perfect perhaps person Plato pleasure praise prepositions principle proper object propriety prudence punishment qualities regard render resentment respect rules savage nations seems seldom self-command sense sensibility sentiments sions situation society sometimes sorrow sort spect Stoics suffer superior sympathy thing tion tranquillity turally vanity verb virtue virtuous weakness word
第 4 頁 - By the imagination we place ourselves in his situation, we conceive ourselves enduring all the same torments, we enter as it were into his body, and become in some measure the same person with him, and thence form some idea of his sensations, and even feel something which, though weaker in degree, is not altogether unlike them.
第 5 頁 - When we see a stroke aimed and just ready to fall upon the leg or arm of another person, we naturally shrink and draw back our own leg or our own arm...
第 380 頁 - He will accommodate as well as he can his public arrangements to the confirmed habits and prejudices of the people, and will remedy as well as he can the inconveniences which may flow from the want of those regulations which the people are averse to submit to.
第 292 頁 - The poor man's son, whom heaven in its anger has visited with ambition, when he begins to look around him, admires the condition of the rich. He finds the cottage of his father too small for his accommodation, and fancies he should be lodged more at his ease in a palace. He is displeased with being obliged to walk afoot, or to endure the fatigue of riding on horseback.
第 349 頁 - In the steadiness of his industry and frugality, in his steadily sacrificing the ease and enjoyment of the present moment for the probable expectation of the still greater ease and enjoyment of a more distant but more lasting period of time, the prudent man is always both supported and rewarded by the entire approbation of the impartial spectator, and of the representative of the impartial spectator, — the man within the breast.
第 191 頁 - Nature, when she formed man for society, endowed him with an original desire to please, and an original aversion to offend his brethren. She taught him to feel pleasure in their favourable, and pain in their unfavourable regard.
第 253 頁 - Our continual observations upon the conduct of others insensibly lead us to form to ourselves certain general rules concerning what is fit and proper either to be done or to be avoided.
第 181 頁 - We can never survey our own sentiments and motives, we can never form any judgment concerning them ; unless we remove ourselves, as it were, from our own natural station, and endeavour to view them as at a certain distance from us. But we can do this in no other way than by endeavouring to view them with the eyes of other people, or as other people are likely to view them.
第 511 頁 - ... conclusion, that private vices are public benefits. If the love of magnificence, a taste for the elegant arts and improvements of human life, for whatever is agreeable in dress, furniture, or equipage, for architecture, statuary, painting, and music, is to be regarded as luxury, sensuality, and ostentation, even in those whose situation allows, without any inconveniency, the indulgence of those passions, it is certain that luxury, sensuality, and ostentation are public benefits...