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and Old Testament. (1.) From the New :-John the Bap. tist, pointing out this Divine Purifier, said, as he shewed our Lord, · Behold the Lanıb of God, who taketh away the sin of the world ; I indeed baptize you with water, but he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost?' He shali pour out the Spirit promised by Ezekiel. (John i. 29, 33.)-From the Old Testameut : For we read in the next chapter of Ezekiel, “ Thus saith the Lord God, Behold I will gather the children of Israel on every side, and bring them into their own land, and I will make them one nation, and one King shall reign over them all. Neither shall they defile themselves any more with idols, nor with any of their transgressions, but I will save and cleanse them : So shall they be my people, and I will be their God, and David [here comes in our Lord considered as Son of manj my servant shall be King over them, and they all shall have one Shepherd, and [hy his example and help] they shall walk in my judgments.--And my servant David shall be their Prince for ever, and I will set my savctuary in the midst of them for evermore." (Ezek. xxxvii. 21, 26.) And St. John describes this glorious sanctuary, where he saith, “I saw no temple in the New Jerusalem, for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb,' or Jehovah and the divine Mediator, in whom he manifests himself, are the temple of it.' (Rev. xxi. 22.)
It remains now to show that Ezekiel speaks also of our Lord, as Jehovah Quickener : Nor veed I go beyond the chapter last quoted, to find a reasonable proof of it, for, in the beginning of that chapter, the Lord God' shews to the Prophet, the deplorable state of corruption and death, in which were mankind in general and the Jews in particular, by the striking emblem o a valley full of dry bones, and' saith to these bones Behold I will cause breath to enter into you, and y shall live, and know that I am the Lord, when I hav brought you up out of your graves, and put my Spiri in you.' (Ezek. xxvii, 1, 14.) If you ask, Wi not the Lord God do this himself immediately ?
answer in the negative, for three reasons: (1.) Even iu the emblematic vision, God did not raise the dry bones till the Prophet, who was a type of our great Prophet, had prophesied to the Spirit, and called for the quickening breath to come from the four winds, that the slain might live. (Ver. 9 and 10.)--(2.) This mediating and qnickening Prophet is immediately mentioned, and called David, the servant of God, and the Prince of the people for ever. (Ver. 24 and 25.) (3.) It could not be the Son Jesse, David, who had been dead some hundreds of years when Ezekiel prophesied.-(4.) It was then he, whom Daniel calls Messiah the Prince, and whom the Evangelists name Jesus, the Son of David, by the Virgin Mary. And (5.) That oor Lord, considered as Son of Man, is the wonderful agent of Jehovah Quickener, who dwells in him bodily, is evident from his own words : 'I am come that they might have life, and come that they might have it more abundantly. I am the resurrection and the life : The dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God, and they that hear shall live : For as the Father raiseth up the dead, and quickeneth them, even so the Son quickeneth whom he will.' And this Son of God, having joined himself to our vature, that he might raise us from our fall, is now, and for ever will be that Mes. siah the Prince, whose sufferings and glory were fore. told by Daniel, and by Ezekiel, and whom St. Paul calls a quickening Spirit, and the Lord from Heaven.' from these five reasons, we may, I think, safely conclade, that Ezekiel hath foretold the glory of the Mesziah, as the mighty God, and the child born to us. 1 have dwelt the longer on this proof of our Lord's Divinity from this Prophet, because even good Mr. Henry says, that Ezekiel speaks less of Christ, than almost any of the Prophets.
Should you say, Sir, that the Jews, not having the proofs which I adduce from the New Testament, could 10t possibly find out, that the great Shepherd, who is to gather Israel, and the King of David, who shall reign over God's people for ever, is more than man:
I reply, in the language of our Lord, Search the Old
Do you believe, Sir, that all the Jews put a veil upon their faces, when they fathomed the depth of the second Psalm ? Did none make such obvious remarks as these? (1.) Jehovah bath a Kiug, to whom he will give the Heathen [all nations, aud the utmost parts of the earth, all kingdoms.]—(2.) To take counsel against this anointed King, is to take counsel against Jehovah. -(3.) He that sitteth in the heavens shall vex, in his sore displeasure, those judges of the earth, that will not serve him of whom he saith, 'I have set my King upou my holy hill of Zion.'-(4.) So little is the Father jealous of the divine honours paid to his Son, that he says, even to Kings, by the Psalmist, ' Kiss (adore] the Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish from the way of salvation and eternal bliss.-(5.) This Son is not a Son hy creation, as Adam was, nor by adoption, as godly men are, but he is a Sou by nature and real communi. cation of divinity; for the eternal Father says, “Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee.'-(6.) The Prophet, being persuaded that adoration is due to this Son, says, “ Kiss him, lest he be angry' at your ingra.! titude, injustice, and insolence.—(7.) The Father,
declaring his decree,' concerning the proud opposers of his Son's dignity, says, 'in his wrath, Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron ; thou shalt dash them. in pieces like a potter's vessel.'—(8.) So terribly glo-, rious is the Majesty of this divine Son, that his enemies shall be dashed in pieces ‘if his wrath be kindled, yea but a little.'—But (9.) What convinced the humble Jews, that the Messiah would have divine honours paid him by all the nations, was the conclusion of the Psalm, “ Blessed are they that put their trnst in him. For they could not but reason thus, consistently witl the Scriptures, on which they “meditated day anı night: This Son, anointed with so much solemnity King of kings, and Lord of the universe, must be intimately one with the Father, as to be one and th
same Jehovah. Were he a mere man, it would be gross idolatry to rely upon him for salvation ; for, "Cursed is the man that trusteth in man, and maketh flesh his arm ; and whose heart departeth from the Lord.' (Jer. xvii. 5, 7.) But instead of denouncing snch a curse on every one who trusteth in the Messiah, the prophet declares, by a positive cominand, that this wonderful Son is Jehovah : For, the Law and the Prophets agree to say, 'All flesh is grass, Trust ye in the Lord Jehovah, for in him is everlasting strength.' (Isa. xxvi. 4.) From these nine observations, it is erident, that all the spiritual Jews, who had read the second Psalm, with humble attention, must be convinced that the Father hada divine and everlasting Son, who deserved the name of mighty God and Father of eternity. Nor were they surprised at this doctrine; for (1.) They had looked with reverential fear into the mystery dimly seen by Solomon, and by Isaiah, when they asked, “Who shall declare his generation ? Who bath ascended up into heaven, descended ? Who bath established the ends of the earth ? What is his jame, and what is his Son's name, if thou canst fell?" (Isa. liii. 8, and Prov. xxx. 4.)-Moses had intimated to them, in the first line of Genesis, that some diversity of subsistences existed in the unity of the divine Essence : He had positively eclared, that man's creation was the result of the teep counsel of these subsistences : And that, after
fall of man, they [to speak after the manner of en] again consulted about that sad event, Gen. i. 1,
and iii. 22. And they had reason to think that the Tipe subsistence, which their Prophets sometimes aded the Word of the Lord,' and the Son, was that
sing and active' Wisdom, by which God established le heavens and founded the earth, and which speaks 128, in the Book of Proverbs : ' The Lord possessed e in the beginning of his way, before his works of : I was set up from everlasting : When there were i depths, I was brought forth : When he prepared the ciens, I was there ; I was with him, as one brought up with him: And I was daily his delight; rejoicing always before him : And my delights were with the sons of men.' (Prov. iii. 19, and viii. 22, &c.)
Perinit me to lay before you another striking proof of the Messiah's Divinity, when he is considered in his form of God. "How beautiful,' saith Isaiah, (and St. Paul after him,) 'How beautiful are the feet of him that bringeth good tidings, publisheth salvation, and said unto Zion, Thy God reigneth !' (Isa. lii. 7 ; Rom. x. 15.) But who is this King, this reigning God ? The sacred penmen answer, with one accord, It is the wonderful child born to us, whose name shall be the
Mighty God, and the Prince of Peace,' hecause of the increase of his goverument and peace there shall be no end upon the throne of David and upon his kingdom to order it, and to establish it with judgment and justice for ever.' (Isaiah ix. 7.) “Rejoice greatly, () Zion,' saith Zechariah, whose words are echoed by two apostles : Shout, 0 Daughter of Jerusalem, behold, thy King cometh unto thee, he is just, having salvation, lowly, and riding upon a colt, the foal of an ass.-He shall speak peace to the Heathen, and his dominion shall be from sea to sea, and from the river even to the ends of the earth.' (Zech. ix. 9, 10, cited in Matt. xxi. 5, and John xii. 15.) When the Prophet had thus described the coming of the Messiah the King, in his state of humiliation, he immediately describes his glorious advent to destroy those who would not have him to reign over them. "When I have bent Judah for me (saith this Divine King) and raised up thy sons, 0 Zion, against thy sons, O Greece, the Lord [Messiah the Prince in his Divine Majesty] shall be seen over them, and his arrows shall go forth as lightning: The Lord God [heading the Sons of Zion] shall blow the trumpet (or give the warlike signal] and go with whirlwinds of the south [with the most impetuous power) and shall save them in that day, as the flock of his people. For how great is his goodness, and how great is his beauty!' (Zech. ix. 13, 17.)
Though this proof of our Lord's Divinity seems to