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all for a lust, for nothing! But claim them, by promise, through the blood and righteousness of Christ.


Now the Spirit speaketh expressly, that in the latter times some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils; speaking lies in hypocrisy; having their conscience seared with a hot iron; forbidding to marry, and commanding to abstain from meats, which God hath created to be received with thanksgiving of them which believe and know the truth.-1 TIM. iv. 1, 2, 3.

INTRODUCTION,-1. The Spirit speaks expressly!' Where? (Dan. vii. 25; and xi. 36; 2 Thess. ii. 4.)

2. In the latter times.


From Christ's first to second

3. Some shall depart from the faith' apostolic.

4. Giving heed to seducing spirits,'-Popes and Priests, Jesuits and Friars, seducing from the faith.— (Rom. xvi. 17.)

5. Doctrines of devils,'-Popish doctrines. 'Forbidding to marry and to use meats.'

6. Conscience seared with a hot iron.'

What is the apostolic faith? and how have Papists departed from it, and given place to doctrines of devils?

1. By maintaining that the Holy Scripture is not a sufficient rule of faith.

"To the law and to the testimony: If they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them.' (Isa. viii. 20.)—' But though we, or an angel from heaven, preach any other gospel unto you than that which we have preached unto you, let him be accursed.' (Gal. i. 8.)- And that from a child thou hast known the Holy Scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto salvation, through faith which is in Christ Jesus. All scripture is given by inspiration of

God, and it is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness; that the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good works.' (2 Tim. iii. 15, 16, 17.)- For I testify unto every mau that heareth the words of the prophecy of this book. If any man shall add unto these things, God shall add unto him the plagues that are written in this book.' (Rev. xxii. 18.)

II. The Apostolic Faith is-One God.

Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve.'-(Matt. iv. 10.)


Whereas the Papists worship, (1) The Host. Mary. (3) Angels.-(Col. ii. 18; Rev. xxii. 8, 9.) (4) Saints.

III. Christ is the only Saviour, Mediator, and Advocate.

(Matt. i. 21; Isa. xlv.)

For there is one God, and

one Mediator between God and men, the man Christ

Jesus.' (1 Tim. ii. 5.)

If any man sin, we have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous.' (1 John ii. 1.)

No merit but in Christ.

'Unprofitable servants.' (Luke xvii. 10.)-Works, grace. (Rom. xi. 6.)—Iudulgences, penances, works of supererogation.

No purgatory but in his blood and Spirit.

The blood of Christ cleanseth.' (1 John i. 7.)— 'Blessed are the dead,-Robes washed in the Lamb's blood.' (Rev. i. 5.)

No propitiatory sacrifice, but that of the cross. That of the mass an abomination. (Heb. i. 3.) 'He hath appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of Himself.' (Heb. ix. 26.) By his own blood entered in once, having obtained eternal redemption.'-Without shedding of blood, no remission.

IV. Holy Ghost.

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This proposition heretical :-Nothing good, certain knowledge of salvation," though the Spirit bear witness, can be done without the grace of Christ, or Holy Ghost.-Bull Unigenitus.

V. The first commandment mangled; the second cut off, and openly broken; and the tenth violated. "Cursed who say that concupiscence is sin." (Coun. Trent, 5th Session.)

VI. Prayer to God.

Perverted, or ridiculously addressed to saints. Prayer made to angels, saints, and Mary.

Elijah asks Elisha,

Ask what I shall do for thee be

fore I am taken!' (2 Kings ii. 9.)- Abraham ignorant

of us.' (Isa. lxiii. 16.)

God the searcher of hearts.

Prayer in Latin.—(1 Cor. xiv. 14.)

Prayer by beads and strings.

Prayer for the dead.

VII. Two Sacraments spoiled or vilified.

1. Transubstantiation.-Door, Rock, Corner Stone. 2. Adoration of the Host.

3. Sacrifice of Christ's body.

4. With-holding the cup from the community.

5. Baptism of Bells.-Marriage a sacrament forbidden.

Pope Liberius subscribed Arianism. John XXII. denied the inmateriality of the soul. Council of Arimini was Arian. Helena, A. D. 320. Monks, Anthony.

Married POPES, Boniface I., Felix III., Gelasius. BISHOPS, Hilary, Gregory, Nyssa, Nazianzen ; the Fathers down to Basil.

Gregory, Mass, Virgin, Saints, A. D. 600.
First true Pope, Boniface III. A. D. 605.

Universal Bishop, Phocas, Mauritius; Boniface IV. Pantheon.

Wafer, Priests, Masses, A. D. 700.

Images worshipped, A. D. 790.-" If any one doubt whether they are to be worshipped, let him be accursed." Second Coun. of Nice.-"Let him not see Christ's face that will not adore his image." Coun. of Constantinople.-Council of Trent confirmed them. "We kiss, salute, prostrate before them."

Saints canonized, Adrian, A. D. 880.

Bells baptized, John XIV. A. D. 965.

Beads, Peter the Hermit, A. D. 1090. Transubstantiation, Article of Faith, Innocent III, Council Lateran, A. D. 1215.

Honorius III. worships Gregory IX. bell.

Cup with-held, A. D. 1250.

Corpus Christi, Urban IV. A. D. 1260.

Berengarius, Valdo, John Huss, Jerome of Prague.

The Occasion of the preceding Discourse, is thus explained by one of Mr. Fletcher's Biographers.

"When he was on the eve of his departure, the Roman Catholics opened a chapel at Madeley, and drew over to their communion some individuals of his flock. Under these circumstances he considered it his duty to oppose them, and for that purpose to delay his journey for a few weeks. He accordingly preached a sermon in which he ably contrasted the doctrines of the apostles with the errors of the Papists. The apostles, he observed, represent the Holy Scriptures as a sufficient rule of faith and practice; but the Papist maintain that tradition is to be received with the same veneration, and that those are accursed who knowingly contemn it. The apostles declare that the one living and true God is the sole Object of religious worship; whereas the Papists enjoin the worship of the host, and of angels, saints, images, and relics. The apostles affirm that Christ is the only Mediator between God and man; but the Papists assert that there are many mediators to whom they are wont to have recourse, as the Virgin Mary, St. Peter, and departed saints in general. The apostles teach us that there is no merit, strictly speaking, in us, or in our works or sufferings; that at the best we are unprofitable servants and that all merit is in Christ, His life and death, His atonement and intercession ;-that there is no propitiatory sacrifice but that of His cross, and no purgatory but His blood and Spirit; whereas the Church of Rome, by her doctrine of indulgences, penances, and works of


supererogation, as well as by that of the sacrifice of the mass and of purgatory, evidently departs from that faith, affirming that the works of justified persons do truly deserve eternal life, and pronouncing him accursed who denies that such works merit an increase of grace here, and eternal life hereafter. The apostles declare that the Holy Spirit is the only Source of all inward or outward holiness; but the Papists maintain that the Virgin Mary is also a source of grace to the faithful,— being accustomed to address her in these wo ds, Hail, Mary, full of grace; the Lord be with thee, thy grace with me.' As to the commandments, he said,-the Papists mangle the first; curtail, or openly break the second; aud evidently contradict and violate the tenth, the Council of Trent having pronounced them accursed who say that concupiscence is sin. As to prayer, it is perverted by them, being ridiculously addressed to saints, and angels, and that by means of beads and strings; as well as frequently offered for the dead; and, when in public, generally uttered in an unknown tongue. The two sacraments, he continued, are corrupted and abused by them ;-that of the Lord's Supper by their doctrine of transubstantiation, by their considering it as a sacrifice for the dead, and also by their denying the cup to the laity. The other sacra. ment is rendered ridiculous, partly by their baptism of bells, and partly by their joining it with sundry foolish and unscriptural ceremonies. Marriage, he continued, is constituted a sacrament without any authority from Scripture; and yet is forbidden to their clergy.

"The Romanists, who were previously sufficiently irritated, now openly professed their indignation. A man, who acted as their spokesman, cried out several times to the people, as they were leaving church, that there was not a word of truth in the whole sermon; and then, turning to Mr. Fletcher, assured him, that he would shortly produce a gentleman who would refute it, as well as a pamphlet which Mr. Fletcher had distributed. These threats, however, they never thought proper to realize, whilst the bold and well-timed re10 EMTOR Dúfat waldy t

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