Poland's Last King and English Culture: Stanisław August Poniatowski, 1732-1798

封面
Clarendon Press, 1998 - 376页
The attempt by Stanislaw August Poniatowski (1764-95) 'to create anew the Polish world' was one of the most audacious enterprises of reform undertaken by any enlightened monarch in the eighteenth century. None started in less promising circumstances. Politically the King was trapped between aRussian protectorate and a nobility wedded to its anarchic liberty. The beginnings of the Polish Enlightenment had yet to make more than ripples on the stagnant waters of Polish culture. Yet by 1791, Poland-Lithuania had made a huge cultural advance, and had given herself a constitution admiredacross Europe. Tragically for Poland, her neighbours then destroyed much of these achievements and partitioned the country out of existence. Stanislaw August died in exile, cursed by most of his compatriots to this day. In Poland's Last King', Richard Butterwick reassesses the achievement of Poland's last and most controversial king. He shows how Stanislaw's radical plans for reform of Poland's constitution and culture were profoundly influenced by his love of England, and examines the successes and limitations ofthe Polish Enlightenment.
 

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目录

Sarmatia and England
15
The English Constitution and the First Efforts
146
Sapere Aude
223
From the Confederacy of Bar
245
The Influence of the English Constitution on
289
Conclusion
310
Bibliography
321
Index
353
版权

常见术语和短语

作者简介 (1998)

Richard Butterwick is a British Academy Postdoctoral Research Fellow at Wolfson College, Oxford.

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