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drift." _“You have been so," said I, “to fearful picture of savage cruelty. Young very little purpose. Your hirsel is on the Benjie I have heard sung, or rather chanted, wrong side of the hill.”

by the late Dr. John Leyden, with whom He ordered some ham, and bread and it was a great favorite. The air is beautibutter; but it came through such handsful and wild, and will be found in Alexander that I could not eat. Over our glass of Campbell's “ Albyn's Anthology." The whisky we had a long conversation. I ballad was given by Leyden to Mr. Scott, strongly recommended him to give up his and may have received some dressing up. farm, and come into Edinburgh, and attend Mr. Leyden's style of singing Young to the publication of the “Mountain Bard,” Benjie was particularly wild. The tune is which he said agreed with his own opinion, not a little obliged to Allaster Dhu, (Mr. for that he had in contemplation a long po. Campbell,) whose taste for the old ballad em about Queen Mary.

music was exquisitely delicate. I likewise As Mr. Scott had warned me to keep a found a different edition of Johnie of Braisharp look-out, particularly if his farming dislee : – was doing any good, on giving him this

• Johnie sat his back against a aik, account, he entirely agreed with the advice His foot against a stane, which I had given, and said that he would He sbot seven arrows all at once, write him to that purpose. “Or why should

And killed them all but ane;

He broke three ribs frae that ane's back, he not engage again as a shepherd ?”—

But and his collar-bane ; “That,” said I, “is now impossible. One

Then fingers five came on belyre, who neglected his own flocks is not likely 0, true heart, fail me not! to manage well those of another, unless And, gallant bow, do thou prove true,


For in London thou was coft ; you can get him appointed one of the king's

And the silken strings that stenten thee, shepherds in Hyde Park or Windsor For

Were by my true-love wrought.' est. It would be a glorious sight to see him with his checkered plaid round his On my return to Edinburgh, and showing shoulders, and his dog, Lion, lounging be- my sketches and scraps, Mr. Scott wished hind him! On his first appointment I much that I would return and explore every

! should like to have the keeping of the Park cottage and corner of Upper Clydesdale ; gates for one week, at a shilling a head;" where," said he, “I suspect there is much it would be worth ten thousand pounds. valuable wreck still floating down the One half of London would be out to see stream of Time.” him. One day of it would make Hogg's This expedition never took place; as I fortune.”

was engaged to go, early in the spring, to Soon after this Mr. Hogg came into Ed. meet Mr. Telford in North Wales, and en. inburgh, and was at first received into the gaged in a survey of the Holyhead, Chester, house of his friend Mr. Grieve, where I often and London roads. met him, as well as at the house of Mr. Scott. On mentioning the Holyhead expedition

In the Upper Ward of Clydesdal I efell in to Mr. Scott, he gave me several letters of with some old editions of some of those introduction. “Draw every old castle and ballads given in the Minstrelsy of the Scot. glen that comes in your way; Keep a tish Border, and obtained two additional regular Journal, which, if you bring it up verses to the Twa Corbies.

every night, will be, so far from any trouble,

rather an amusement. Wales is particu• My mither cleket me of an egg, And brought me out wi' feathers gray,

larly rich in castles; but the old towers of And bad me flee where'er I wad

the Welsh, prior to the ravages of Edward, Winter would be my dying day.

are by far the most interesting, and have But winter it is gane past,

been much neglected. The Welsh have And a' the birds are bigging their nest, famous memories, hate the English, and But I'll flee heigh aboon them a',

are partial to the Scots. There are no And sing a sang for summer's sake.'

parts of Wales, I suppose, where the EngI also got another edition of Young lish language is not understood. You may, Benjie ; and the pool was pointed out to therefore, have translations; and the more me where the Lady Marjorie was drowned ; literal the better." her struggles to gain the bank are described With respect to understanding English, but the relentless Benjie

Mr. Scott had been misinformed. I found • Took a fouw and fouwed her in,

many places where the Welsh language And Bodell banks are bonny.'

only was spoken and understood.

Among the Welsh superstitions is the Fouw is pitchfork, and the image gives a Mort Bird, or Bird of Death, which appears


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at the window of every person about to die. spot. The public road from Melrose to The Bird of Death, Black or white, is seen Selkirk passes within fifty yards of the front flapping its wings at the window or door. of his house, and is on a level with the chim

On mentioning this to Mr. Scott,—“The ney tops. I have read somewhere, by some warning bird we have also in our own coun- dashing Syntax, the following description try.

of Abbotsford :

“Beyond the gates you had an extensive • The Lady of Ellerslee wept for her Lord ; A death-watch had beat in her lonely room;

park, laid out on the best and boldest prinHer curtain had shook of its own accord, ciples of landscape gardening, as applicaAnd the Raven had Aapped at her window-board, ble to forest scenery !” The gates are very To tell of her Warrior's doom?"

simple affairs; and the park, a field of eight When at Bangor Ferry, I received from English acres

, rising up the shoulder of a Mr. Scott " The Lady of the Lake." This steep brae, with the public road passing be

twixt it and the mansion-house. Before book I regret much having lost. I vent it to building his garden walls, and construct a lady, who refused to return it. You may ing a very expensive screen, as it is called, spare, said she, “yourself the further trouble of asking it; give it to me, there or remove the whole to a more eligible sit

I seriously recommended that he would lift fore, with a good grace, and write your uation, and, being built of hewn stone, the own name under your friend's, Mr. Scott: and I will keep it for both your sakes

, example, the House of Glasserton,

in Gallo.

affair could be easily done ; and cited, for besides making you a handsome present.” On mentioning this to Mr. Scott," I way, which was removed, stone by stone,

from a distance of, at least, fifteen miles, - wonder,” said he, “you hesitated one moment to give the lady the book. I will re- botsford. “You require no architect, or

and it was of treble the magnitude of Abplace it. Pray, what was the present she

new plan ; the stones are numbered as you made you ?” “It was," said I, “a handsome


take them down ; and if you have comBible, in two volumes, accompanied by a mitted any mistake, you will have an oppor; letter of good advice, with a request that I never would sketch views on the Sabbath: Itunity of correcting it in the new erection.” day, and to make her a solemn promise to steads, or Turnagain ; but it has cost me

“I wish,” said he, that it stood on Castlethat effect.”

so much to place it where it now stands, “Well; and did you promise ?”—“ No. I answered her with a story of Sir Joshua Drumlanrig, who built that castle, expect

that I feel something like a duke or lord of Reynolds and Dr. Johnson. When the lat. ing, it is said, to marry Queen Ann; and, ter was on his death-bed, he sent for Rey, when disappointed in that plan of ambition, nolds, and desired him to promise three locked up, in an iron box, the accounts of things : ‘First, you are not to ask me to the expense of the building, pronouncing a repay the thirty pounds that I borrowed of you long ago; second, you are to read a ants who should uncover the nakedness of

curse on the head of any of his descend. portion of your Bible every Sabbath-day ; their father." and third, never use your pencil on Sun

While I was engaged in surveying the day.'

To the first two Sir Joshua readily estate of Abbotsford, Sir Walter was much consented, but bolted at the third. The with me in the fields. He used to come, Lady wrote me back that Reynolds con- leaning on his favorite, Tam Purdy, and sented to all the three requests.

tell me tales connected with the spot I might Alas! she has been several years dead.

be surveying I would give any thing for the book ; and

“ This” said he, “is Turnagain ; and the have some thoughts of making a pilgrim-field below is Castlesteads, where, between age into Wales to endeavor to recover it. the Scotts and Kerrs, a battle was fought in

I was often at a loss to reconcile Sir 1526. Buccleuch fied, pursued by the Walter Scott's descriptions of scenery, Kerrs, when one of Scott's men, an Elliot, which were excellent, to his practical taste, turned again, and killed Kerr of Cessford, which was not always in good keeping ; for, which was the cause of a bloody feud beafter all, Abbotsford is a strange jumble. tween the families for many a day.”' If he had searched all over his property, he

One day a large wagon arrived, drawn could not have built on a less interesting by eight oxen, loaded with an obelisk from

Forfarshire, or some of the distant eastern * The Bible was accompanied with other things, counties, covered with Danish or Norwe.

handsome shirts, six neckcloths, and three pairs of Welsh stockings, wrought by her gian hieroglyphics, animals, and so forth;

and was erected, with great ceremony,



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own fair hand.

on the rising ground above Turnagain. was written in a style to meet the acquireHaving, no doubt, been erected to commem.ments of the country people. It was disorate some battle field, it was of little value tributed in the villages around, Galashiels, out of its original place. My opinion being Selkirk, Darnick, Melrose ; and a large asked, I said that it had better be taken parcel was despatched to Jedburgh, Kelso, home again; for such monuments having &c. A Conservative acquaintance of mine been raised to commemorate some victory boasted that not a single copy of the Edinover the Scotch, were rather a disgrace to burgh Review, or Scotsman was received on the country. Sir Walter pointed out to the banks of the Jed. Mr. Harper, a great me, with considerable triumph, the door of favorite with Sir Walter, and a very large, the Heart of Mid-Lothian—that is, the old powerful man, was fixed on to distribute, prison-door of Edinburgh-which he had read, and explain the Visionary to his neighprocured, and erected as the gateway from bors. I asked Harper what success he had, his mansion-house to the offices. I ob- and what he himself thought of the pamserved that its grim aspect gave me a disa- phlet. “O! man,” said he, “it's waesome greeable feeling, to think how many human to see so good a man in other respects, in beings had passed through it, never to return such a state of bewilderment.” but to the scaffold and death. How many Sir Walter presented me with some of our noble martyrs and patriots !-"Yes,"copies, and said, “They may be useful to said he; “but many a traitor has passed some of your Galloway friends.” After also to receive his doom!”—“Yes,” said having perused a copy, I returned the I; “your friend Montrose passed through parcel and said, that it was my business to it.”—“Noble martyr !” said Sir Walter, prevent such principles being circulated in with great emotion. “As he passed to my native country. “Why,” said he, “I prison, up the Canongate,--placed back. have been endeavoring to prevent the ras. wards, with his face to the horse's tail, the cals from pulling down the old house about hurdle drawn by an old white horse, and their ears; and some of my best friends driven by the common hangman,-on pass will render me no assistance." ing the Chancellor's house, his head uncovered, the ladies, the Chancellor's wife and danghters, leaned over the balcony, and

AFRICAN DISCOVERY. We have the satisfaction

to announce the arrival in England of Captain Bespat on his sacred head-the b--$!”

croft, a gentleman well known for his recent exploWe entertained very different sentiments rations in the Delta of the Niger, and by whom part respecting the character of Montrose. of the late Niger expedition-H. M. steamer, Al

Abbotsford is intersected by foot.paths bert-was so courageously saved, at the time when in every direction ; and he was particularly all the officers and crew of that ship, with the exanxious that none of these paths should be Stange), were wholly unfitted for duty by fever,

ception of two individuals (Drs. MacWilliam add interfered with, although the road commis- and were in extreme danger of perishing on the sioners offered to close some of the least sand-banks in the lower course of the Niger. Capimportant up:

“Remove not the ancient tain Becroft, in the Ethiope steamer, nobly came to landmarks," he would say. The conse

their rescue, and towed them to Fernando Po; for

which service her Majesty's Government awarded quence was, that he never received any in him £100. Captain Becroft but recently sailed jury in the way of trespass; and the people from Fernando Po for the Old Calabar river, on the declined of themselves to walk on many of "pposite African coast, previously unknown, exthese paths, restricting themselves to those cepting embouchures. Having entered that magnifithat were least offensive ; such was the meeting everywhere with an intelligent and indus

cent river, be steamed up a distance of 400 miles, effect of his forbearance. “ If I was to stop trious race of Negroes, who received and treated up any of these footpaths, which I might him hospitably. At length he reached a rapid in be able to do as unnecessary, the people, if the river, where, although there was plenty of they took it in their heads, would waik over with the strength of the current. Captain Becroft

water, he had not steam power sufficient to contend them in spite of both the law and myself ; returned to Fernando Po; and we are gratified to so far, then, my indulgence is good policy.” add that he has been appointed Governor of that His attention to the lower orders of the island by the Spanish Government, and at the same country people but ill accorded with his time they have given him the rank of Lieutenant in high aristocratical visions; and his polit- hardihood and activity-and from what he has

the Spanish navy. From Captain Becrofi's known ical principles were as ill digested. He already accomplished for geographical science is an wrote and distributed the Visionary,t a

earnest for the future-we have little doubt of his poor ridiculous pamphlet, which he said adding greatly to our knowledge of that part of the

west coast of Arica, to which he will shortly pro

eed, and will venture to predict that his explora* During the heat of the Reform Bill agitation.— tions will have the most beneficial results as regards E. T. M.

the slave-trade of that part of Africa.-Colon. Gaz.


made no objection to sign it, as it was not exclu.

sively directed against the Bavarians, but included Spain. The appointment of General Mazaredo, all foreigners. Three Frenchmen were included the Military Governor of Madrid, to the post of Po- in the measure. Adhesions from the provinces litical Chief, was a concession made by the Ministry

were daily received, and no differences bad arisen to General Narvaez, to save the capital from being on any point of the country. The Palichares, who declared in a state of siege. The liberty of the in- were marching on the capital, had halted on hearhabitants was thereby entirely placed at the mercy ing of the success of the revolution, and returned to of the latter. Senor Caballero, the Home Minister, their respective quarters. M. Petzali

, who presided leaves Madrid for Saragossa. There remains in the at the movement of Chalcis, had been appointed Cabinet but one hapless Liberal, Senor Ayllon, the Secretary of the Council of State; and a number of only representative of this parliamentary, party,

other persons belonging to the national party had which Senor Olozaga led against the Regent's Gov- been invested with public functions. On the 17th ernment. Senor Ölozaga himself has escaped to the King, Queen, and the Princess of Oldenburgh Paris. Senor Caballero is now off to Saragossa, or drove out in an open caleche, without any escort, some village near it, and both Queen and Govern

and were everywhere received with loud acclama

tions.-Ibid. ment are left in the uncontrolled hands of the men who made the ruffianly attack on the Palace of Ma

GENERAL BOYER.-General Boyer, ex-President drid some time back. The following was received late on Tuesday by day, with his family and suite, and took up his tem

of the republic of Hayti, arrived in Paris on Saturthe French Government :-“ Madrid, October 1.The deputies elected at Madrid are Cortina, Mar-) Chauveau la Garde. The general's mother, an in

porary residence at the Hotel Victoria, in the Rue tinez de la Rosa, Gonzalez Bravo, Montalva, Can- teresting personage, more than 80 years of age, and tero, Morena, and Arraliet, all Moderados or Gov- his nephew, accompany him; his wife, as has been ernment men." Madrid letters of the 27th mention that the exam

already announced, died about six weeks ago. The ination of the votes on the election for Madrid took ex-president appears to be in deep aflliction at this place on that day, under the presidency of Mazaredo: titude. The Minister of Finances, and M. Odilon

loss, but bears his political reverses with great forAs this officer fills the situation of political chief, Barrot, had interviews on Monday with General he of course presided over the elections; and in the

Boyer, at his hotel.—Colon. Gaz. operation of examining the votes the tellers set aside any number of votes contrary to their opinions. MANIFESTO OF Belgian Bishops.—The bishops The Liberals have protested, beforehand, against of Belgium have issued a manifesto against the the validity of the Madrid elections.

swarm of books of bad moral tendency daily reprintThe French Government had received the fol- ed (chiefly from the French) by the Belgian press. lowing telegraphic despatches :-“Bayonne, Octo- The extraordinary cheapness of these works has ber 3.–The elections of the provinces hitherto given them a wide circulation, and the evil seems known are favorable to the parliamentary party.” to be rapidly spreading. The bishops also call up

Perpignan, October 4:-Prim entered Figueras on the clergy of the country to form libraries for yesterday with 5,000 infantry, 300 cavalry, and six free circulation among the people. One library, pieces of artillery. He was there received with which has been already formed, by donations ex enthusiasm by the inhabitants." Great hopes are clusively, in Brussels, for this purpose, is said to entertained of Saragossa submitting. Should it not have lent during the past year upwards of 30,000 do so, fears are entertained that some of the milita- volumes.-Athenæum. ry will pronounce. At Vittoria and at Seville, too, there'have been attempts at revolt. Barcelona The SCULPTOR SCHWANTHALER.—The sçulptor pers of the 26th ult. announce that the patriot Pa- Schwanthaler is now occupied on two statues, of blo Por was advancing to the assistance of that city the size of life, of Huss and Ziska. They are to be with four pieces of artillery. The division of cast in bronze, and deposited in a Bohemian WalAmetler was at Arengs de Mar, and was to have halla, which is to contain statues of famous Bohe. marched to Mataro with reinforcements sent by the mians, and is being formed by a private gentleman junta of Girona. It consisted of about 6,000 men. at Lobich near Prague.-Ibid. The junta had discovered a conspiracy, haviog for its object to deliver the city into the bands of the this week been received at our county gao!, from

Prison DisciPLINE-A new scale of dietaries has troops.

the Secretary of State. By accounts from Madrid it appears that some

The present dietaries are extraordinary precautions, adopted by the authori- more nourishing than those previously in use ; and ies on the 25th, were observed on the preceding prisoners sentenced to long periods of imprisonment.

an important change has been made in those for evening

Several pieces of artillery had been Under the old system a prisoner sentenced to a term brought into the capital. The military authorities, of 18 months or two years, for instance, was treated whenever any disturbance should occur, were not to wait for the political chief to claim their assist- from the commencement similarly to prisoners who

were only sentenced for short periods. It has been ance, but to repress the attempts themselves without delay. The troops are directed " to fight to the found, however, that the strength declines as the last extremity." Narvaez has been confined to his period of incarceration proceeds ; and it will be bed by indisposition. He, who is resolved to place

seen from the details of class 5, that convicted prishimself on the ex-Regent's pedestal, is to be crea- three months, will in future be placed on a better

oners employed at hard labor for terms exceeding ted Duke de la Concord.— Examiner.

allowance than others. This change is most just

and judicious.- Gloucester Chronicle. GREECE.-Letters from Athens, of the 19th ult., state that the revolutionary movement was devel- ATTEMPT TO ASSASSINATE THE EMPEROR OF oping itself with perfect order and regularity: The Russia.—Considerable sensation has been created royal decree excluding foreigners from public offi- throughout Poland and at the Court of St. Petersces had given universal satisfaction. The King burgh, by the attempt of a body of armed con

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spirators — supposed to be Poles -- to assassinate

SCIENCE AND ARTS. the Emperor of Russia on his return from the Prussian capital to Warsaw. According to the Augs. Mosaic Rooms At DIEPPE. — We hear from burgh Gazette, the murderous intent was frustrated Dieppe that the excavations at St. Marguerite, unby a singular accident, the Emperor having preceded der the direction of M. Feret, the librarian, have bis usual travelling-carriage by eight hours. The brought to light six rooms in mosaic, and some skelshots intended for the heart of the Emperor were etons of Saxon warriors, near which were found consequently fired at his aides-de-camp, but fortu- pieces of armor, coins, and fragments of vases. A nately without effect, each having escaped without complete Roman villa, in fact, has been laid bare. injury, although it is said that several balls were the size of the skeletons is small, and it is conjecfound in the carriage, and in the officers' cloaks. tured that they were young men of from 16 to 18 The Journal des Débats states that the Emperor years of age.--Court Journal. was insulted on his passage through Posen by the people, who were at the moment much grieved at

COPPER IN THE Human Body.—This subject is ihe death of General de Grohnan. According to again canvassed, and M. Rossignon insists that in letters from Warsaw, several persons have been ar- the organized tissues both in man and animals it rested in that city, but the most profound obscurity exists. He grounds his assertion on recent expericovered the transaction, and no trace of the conspir. ments. — Examiner. ators could be discovered. In opposition to the above intelligence, the

Statistics of EUROPE.–At a recent meeting of Frankfort Journal denies positively that the Em- the Academy of Sciences, M. Moreau de Jounes peror had been tired at, and states, as the origin of presented some new statistical researches as to the the alleged occurrence, that a footman, seated be- population of Europe. According to his calcula. bind a carriage, conveying a part of the Emperor's tion, the entire population amounted in 1788 to 144 suite, drew a musket from under his cloak and fired millions, and in 1838 to 153 millions, which shows it in an obscure street in Posen. Now this story is an increase of about 75 per cent. in a period of fifty in itself extremely improbable, (although our con

The countries in which this augmentation temporaries choose to accept it'as true ;) and, more has been the most rapid are, we believe, Great Briover, it is the custom to endeavor to mystify the tain and Ireland, (particularly the latter,) and Prus. public upon all matters connected with Russia and sia and Austria. The increase of the population in her ruler. The Augsburgh Gazette follows up its France is by no means in the same ratio.-16. original statement by additional particulars which Flying MACHINE.—The ill-success of the inventinduce a belief that, however much it may suit the or of the flying machine in England has not discourpolicy of certain parties to deny the existence of a aged similar attempts elsewhere. A letter from conspiracy against the life of the Emperor, such an Nuremberg, in the Journal de Francfort, informs us attempt was made, although, owing to the extreme that M. Leinberger, of that place, has recently been darkness, it was found impossible to seize any of exhibiting a model of a flying steam machine, or the offenders. We therefore preserve our credence balloon, which has excited so much interest, that in the previous statement, that the shot was fired he is now constructing one 12 feet long, and 4 at, and not from, the Emperor's carriage.-Court feet in diameter, with which he hopes to be able to Journal.

perform experiments which will prove the practica

bility of the invention.-16. Algiers.—The Moniteur Algérien announces the discovery at Orleanville, in preparing the founda

A Volcano.—According to letters from Ancona, tions for some new buildings, of the ruins of an old a volcano appeared last month in the rocky island Christian church. On the porch of the edifice was of Melada, situated in the Adriatic, near Ragusa. found an inscription in Latin, of which the follow. On the night of the 14th the crew of a Roman resing is a translation : “Here reposes our father Re- sel saw lava issue from the centre of the island, and paratus, Bishop, of sacred memory, who for eight flow over an extent of half a mile. The night after years and eleven months performed the sacerdotal seven distinct craters were seen to send forth dark. functions, and who has passed before us in peace,

ish inflamed matters.- Atheneum. the 11th day of the calends of August, in the 436th

Rich LEGACY.—The town of Tournay, in France, year of the birth of Jesus Christ.-Atheneum.

has recently received a valuable legacy. M. FauEmigration in Russia.-A letter from St. Pe legacy of 410 pictures, some of which are of great

quez, one of its oldest inhabitants, has left to it a tersburgh gives some account of an emigration, on value ; 40,000 medals, 3,000 of which are gold, 15,a large scale, which is going on in the heart of the 1000 in silver, and 22,000'in bronze; and the whole Russian empire ; and presents, as the writer ob- of his extensive library, chiefly composed of works serves, a great resemblance to the migrations of the on numismatics, several of which are extremely primitive races of the world. The movement in

rare.-Court Journal. question aims at distribụting the crown peasants, amounting to about twelve millions in number, and RAILWAYS.—The Journal des Chemins de Fer constituting thus a fifth of the entire Russian popu- says-“ An inventor announces that he has found a lation, over those vast tracts of uncultivated land composition which will reduce to a mere trifle the which are held, as yet, by a thin and scattered pop- price of rails for railroads. He replaces the iron by ulation. The emigrants of the best character are

a combination of Kaolin clay (that used for making sent into the Transcaucasian provinces, where the potiery and china) with a certain metallic substance, climate is mild and the soil fertile. “But, in truth," which gives a body so hard as to wear out iron, says the writer, “none of these unfortunate beings withoui being injured by it in turn. Two hundred are voluntary emigrants. They are all, more or pounds of this substance will cost less than 12 shil less, the victims of a system of despotism which lings, and would furnish two and a half metres of disposes, at its caprice, of the human species, as of rail. The Kaolin clay is abundant in France, and catile who are driven in herds wherever their own the valley of the Somme contains immense quantiers will."'-Athenæum.

ties of it. --Atheneum.

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