ePub 版

to the neighborhood of Europe, to wait for barbarities inflicted on his race by war. the exchange of couriers, and the then The Count d'Artois, afterwards Charles X. often long passage to and from Great Brit- was residing in the British metropolis, and ain, they embarked on board a small vessel his abode was the rendezvous of those who for New-York, and afterwards obtained in were the most determined opponents of the a packet-ship a passage for England. But new order of things in France. Some were of who, save Louis Philippe himself

, can re- opinion that the Duke of Orleans had secret count all the annoyances and vexations, objects which he wished to accomplish; deprivations and sorrows, to which himself that he desired to ascend the throne of and his brothers were exposed before they France, or at least to prepare his way for so could secure their passage, so small were doing; and that he had a party in France their resources ?

secretly at work for him. 'Others thought They, whose private fortunes were im- that his great desire was to obtain the patmense, often found themselves without a ronage of the British government in the dollar between them, and knew not where event of a general peace, or of some other to obtain the next. They arrived, however, arrangement by which he might, with its at Falmouth in February, 1800. That fond aid, be put in possession of the Orleans and faithful Adelaide had prepared the family estates. Whilst those who knew way by correspondence with the English him best were quite certain that he had government for their reception; and the only one straightforward course in view, good and gracious George the Third di- and that was to reside quietly in England, rected that no impediment should be thrown without listening to intrigues, or being in the way of their residence in or near mixed up in plots or conspiracies, to asLondon.

sociate with the English gentry, to “bide The arrival of the three sons of “Egal- his time,” to take his chance in coming itėat Twickenham, was an event of some events, and to be (as he hoped) one day importance, not merely in the opinion of again a prince and a gentleman in his own the diplomatic circles of London, but also country. When he settled down in Twick. in that of the princes of the elder branch enham, his intentions were as honorable as of the house of Bourbon. The emigrants they were open and public. He lived entertained, of course, a cordial hatred for without ostentation and display ; spoke but the Orleans family, in consequence of the little of politics or political events; sought political principles and conduct of its late the society of the best English families; head. This was natural ; and it led to the and would not on any occasion deviate separation of the eldest branch from the from the line he had marked out of acting Orleans race up to the period at which I in a foreign country as a private individual, have now arrived in the history of Louis and not as a political personage. Philippe. That the brothers and the child During the absence of the Duke de Montof Louis XVI. should feel an aversion even pensier and the Count Beaujolais at Clifton, to the offspring of “Egalité,” cannot ex. for the benefit of the health of the former, cite surprise. He had voted for the death the Count d'Artois invited the Duke of Or. of their brother and father, and that was leans to visit him at his residence in Wel. a crime which could not be forgiven. But, beck-street, Cavendish Square. That inviin addition to this, the peculiar circum- tation was accepted, and led to a reconcilistances in which the young Duke of Oration with Louis XVIII., by means of a leans was placed at the time of the defec- correspondence, in which the Duke of Or. tion of Dumouriez, and his entire separa- leans expressed his deep regret at the fatal tion from the eldest branch of the Bourbons, vote of his father, and his own horror at the as well as his known political opinions enormities perpetrated by the regicide facbeing those of a constitutional and not oftions in France; but, at the same time, an absolute character, rendered him an avowed that to the early and original prin. object of suspicion and mistrust on the ciples of the Revolution of 1788, before part of both the Bourbons and the emi. they were stained by bloodshed and crime, grants. “What is the object of the Duke he was as warmly as ever attached. It was of Orleans in coming to London ?" was a on that occasion that the Count d'Artois question everywhere put, and which ex- |(afterwards Charles X.) reproached him cited great interest and attention. The with his “errors ;” and oh, strange coincinext heir to the French throne was Louis dence! that same Charles X. just thirty XVIII. He was at Mitteau. The Prince years afterwards, wrote to the same Duke de Condé endeavored to wreak his ven- of Orleans to entreat him to become regent geance on France for the cruelties and I of France, and to rule for, and in the name

[ocr errors]

of, his grandson the Duke of Bordeaux, dur-were not allowed to proceed into the ining his minority. How little did either terior of the kingdom, and they returned to the Count d'Artois or the Duke of Orleans England without enjoying the satisfaction think when, in February, 1800, the former of an interview with their mother. They had reproached the latter with his “er- succeeded, however, by their correspondrors,” that thirty years subsequently the ence, in prevailing upon the duchess to real “errors” of Charles X. would lead to send for her daughter Mademoiselle, now his abdication ; that he would himself ap- Madame Adelaide, from Hungary, where ply to the Duke of Orleans to step between she was then residing with the Princess of the eldest branch of the French people, as Conti, and to cause her to become her coma sort of third party or hostage, and that panion in her Spanish exile. Most unsucthe throne of the Capets should afterwards cessful were all the efforts of the French become that of the family of Orleans!! princes once more to clasp in their arms

Mr. Pitt soon satisfied himself of the iheir beloved mother; and to England they purity of the intentions of the duke, intro- returned, fully resolved to reside at Twickduced him to George the Third, who held enham in complete isolation, and the most a special levee to receive him and his retired and private manner. brother, and, from that moment, they were From this period, 1802, when, with but invited during the whole of that season to one servant the princes resided in England, the most elevated and fashionable circles. living a life of seclusion on the banks of Still the eldest branch of the house of Bour- the Thames, to the year 1807, when the bon was not satisfied. The members of beloved Montpensier was separated by that branch desired to see the duke and death from the Duke of Orleans, the days his brother at the head of an army with the of the princes were calm and peaceful. “ Drapeau blanc" as their emblem, to an- The Duke of Orleans studied the constinounce their principles, marching against tution and laws of Great Britain ; MontFrance. Numerous were the efforts made pensier distinguished himself as a painter; by the Count d'Artois, by the Prince of and Beaujolais watched with intense interest Bourbon, and by the emigrants, to prevail the affairs of France and of the Continent; on the duke to identify himself completely and kept his brothers " au courantwith the with the emigrant party; but neither their events of each day. They were indeed adefforts, nor those of the court of Louis mirably formed for each other, and never XVIII., in Courland, could prevail on the was a brighter example given of fraternal Orleans family to follow their counsels; affection. But, alas! the healths of both and although they associated with the eldest Beaujolais and Montpensier were too deepbranch, and wished success to the cause of ly affected by the imprisonment and sufferthe Bourbons, they resolved not to become ings of their earlier days ever really to reparties to a counter-revolution.

cover; and, notwithstanding the best medIn order, then, to get rid of impor. ical aid was resorted to, the Duke de Monttunities which were disagreeable, and to pensier died in his thirty-second year, at put an end to unprofitable negotiations, Salthill, near Windsor, to the inexpressible the Duke of Orleans requested Mr. Pitt to grief of his surviving and most disconsolate grant him and his brother a free passage to brothers. Of that prince much has been Minorca, hoping from that island to be written of a commendatory nature, but not enabled to pass over to Spain, and enjoy one word too much. He had a noble and the long-desired interview with their royal tender heart, a fine elevated mind, a high mother. The duchess was then living in sense of honor and virtue, and a great love comparative comfort in Spain, since Buona- of order, truth, and obedience. His ashes parte had caused her to receive a large repose in that Westminster Abbey, beneath portion of the produce of the sale of the whose roof are entombed the great, the Orleans estates. To her sons she was kind, learned, and the good; and, in 1829, when attentive, and even generous; but the diffi- the present King of the French visited for culties which then existed in the way the last time this country, he caused to be of safely transmitting money were much erected to the memory of his beloved brogreater than is generally imagined. ther a monument worthy of his name.

The voyage to Minorca was unfortunate. The Count de Beaujolais soon followed, Time and money were consumed without though in another land, his beloved Montany result being obtained. Although they pensier to the world of spirits. Prevailed arrived at the Spanish coast, so great was on by the Duke of Orleans to accompany the aversion of the government of that him to Malta, for the benefit of a milder country even to their names, that they and more genial atmosphere, they took up




their residence at Valetta ; but only a few Queen of Sicily hoped that the moment weeks afterwards, this adventurous, refined, would arrive when Napoleon might favor and courageous prince existed no longer. It the claims of her second son prince Leo. was in the month of October, 1808, that pold, and besides which she hoped that the the Duke of Orleans truly found himself Duke of Orleans might be induced to apalone in the world; and although the mem- pear in the field and rally round him all bers of the eldest branch had acted with the royalist emigrants. She, therefore, much of kindness and sympathy, yet no- desired to postpone the marriage of her thing could compensate him for the loss of daughter with the Duke of Orleans until two brothers with whom he had spent so she should be perfectly convinced that Namany years of devoted and mutual love. poleon would despise her machinations. Broken-hearted and alone, he now sought That was a striking event, and an ex. in change of scene some mitigation of his traordinary moment in the life of Louis sorrows; and having received from Fer- Philippe, when in August, 1808, prevailed dinand IV., the King of the Two Sicilies, on by the mother of his future wife and an invitation to visit himself and his family, queen, he accompanied Prince Leopold, bis he proceeded to his majesty's dominions, future brother-in-law, to Gibraltar, in order and landed at the port of Messina. to propose from thence to the senate of Se. At Palermo the Duke of Orleans was re-ville to adopt the former as regent.

Such ceived with noble hospitality and affection- a line of proceeding was so unlike his ate sympathy, and there he became ac- former prudent and wise policy, that noquainted with that most admirable and thing can explain its adoption but the inamiable princess who is now the Queen of fluence exercised over his mind by the the French, and whose virtue, maternal and mother of that princess to whom he so conjugal love, and unaffected piety, cannot ardently desired to unite his future des. possibly be too highly extolled. Indeed, tinies. But although, for the moment, his her devotedness, her sweet counsels, and mind had been unduly influenced and his unbounded attachment, her good sense, heart had lent itself to the deception, it admirable prudence, and yet cheerful and was only for a moment, and as soon as the resigned conduct on occasions of the deep. duke had conferred with Lord Collingwood, est trial, and almost unheard-of anxiety this strange adventure was wisely termin. and sorrows, have been to the duke and ated. The whole of the previous life of the king the charm of his life, and have the Duke of Orleans supplied so great a rendered him one of the happiest of hus- mass of evidence that this momentary in. bands and of fathers. Their views have so trigue was not his own invention, tbat Lord completely harmonized with regard to the Collingwood therefore took great pains to education of their children; their domestic convince his royal highness that the proand family arrangements have been adopted ject was senseless, and had not the smallest so wholly with each other's full consent chance of success. Convinced by the unand approbation; and they have on all oc- answerable arguments of his lordship, the casions so entirely acted in concert on all Duke of Orleans returned on board the important questions, that notwithstanding “ Thunderer" to England, although, to gratithe various attempts made since 1830 to fy his future mother-in-law, he sent in a assassinate the king and his offspring, as protest to the British government and a well as the political convulsions of the complaint against the governor of Gibral. kingdom and the deaths of two beloved tar, but pursued them no farther than was children, her uniform and devoted love, requisite to fulfil the promise he had made pious resignation, and practical religion, to the Queen of Sicily. have made life almost charmful, and miti- The project, long conceived, but so often gated the severity of their mutual sorrows. frustrated by unexpected events, of once

It was soon after the period when the more beholding his venerable mother, he Duke of Orleans first saw the princess was now resolved to prosecute until suc. Marie Amelia that Napoleon had decided cess should crown his efforts. He accordupon becoming arbitrator_between the ingly applied to the British government for King of Spain and his son Ferdinand, and permission to proceed to the Mediterranean had resolved to deprive one of the present, and to correspond with the Duchess of Orthe other of his prospective right to the leans, who was residing at Port Mahon; throne. He had formed the project of and he was on the very eve of embarking placing the diadem of the peninsula on the when he had the happiness of meeting at brow of Joseph Buonaparte his brother. Portsmouth (to which place he had proThis led to the Peninsular War. The ceeded for the purpose of finding out her

abode) his beloved and devoted sister Made-great,) and is very happy in the choice moiselle d'Orlears. After a few days' re. which her son has made of a wife.” sidence in England, they left for Malta, The marriage in question, if looked at and reached Valetta in February, 1809. To solely from the point of time at which it the Chevalier de Broval were intrusted the was celebrated, and the then prospects negotiation for an interview, but that mis- both of Louis Philippe and the Sicilian dysion, unknown to the duke, assumed a po- nasty, was any thing but fortunate. For litical character, and the Duke of Orleans he was an exiled prince without wealth or was appointed to the command of a corps power, and she was the daughter of a of the Spanish army destined to act on the prince who was compelled to seek safety frontiers of Catalonia. This measure, how in an insular portion of his dominions, proever, was instantly frustrated by Napoleon tected, indeed, by the British navy, but, by the sudden invasion of Andalusia by a without such protection, weak and helppowerful French force. The project, how less. ever, brought suspicion on the duke, and But a few months had passed over his its failure deprived him of some of the head before the Duke of Orleans received fame he had acquired for his “ ability” and an urgent solicitation on the part of the courage.

Spanish provisional government to enter At the court of the Queen of Sicily he the Peninsula, and the proposal was rewas of course libelled by his foes, and his ceived by him with pleasure and adopted chances of success in his matrimonial pro- with delight. Why was this? The strug. jects became but small, when he deter- gle was between liberty and tyranny, and mined on facing his enemies and on pro. involved the independence or the subjecceeding without delay to Palermo. Theretion of the Spanish nation. But the duke the frankness of his manners, the charms arrived too late, (May, 1810,) and he reof his society and conversation, and the embarked, aud sailed for Cadiz. sincere and avowed attachment of the Si. The Duke of Wellington disapproved of cilian princess for him, removed all obsta- the invitation which had been sent to the cles, and the Duchess of Orleans having Duke of Orleans, and anxiously hoped for given her consent to the union, em. his own honor, that he would reject it. barked on board an English vessel, and The Duke of Wellington also regretted the arrived at Palermo on the 15th of Octo difficulties in which the misfortunes and ber, 1809.

the intrigues of Spain had involved so And was not that a memorable moment amiable a person as the subject of this mein the life of Louis Philippe when, after so moir. More than this, the Duke of Welmany years of persecution, poverty, exile, lington stated in a letter to Dumouriez, “I and misery,—when, after having lost his have often lamented the lot of the Duke of Montpensier and his Beaujolais, his two Orleans. He is a prince of the most estimfaithful and devoted brothers, he once more able character, great talents, and deserved pressed to his heart his beloved and long reputation ; he will one day prove a great absent mother? How sad had been her benefactor to his unhappy country. destinies! Her husband had first deserted That the Duke of Orleans did not go unher, and then had been put to death; her bidden to Spain, and that the regency had children bad been banished from her; her pressed upon him the acceptance of the property had been confiscated and sold ; command of the troops, cannot be doubther own peaceful asylum at Figueiras had ed; but the Cortes supplanted the regency, been laid in ruins by a Catalonian army; and the Duke of Wellington sought to and she had become a miserable wanderer dissuade the Duke of Orleans from taking on the face of the earth! But once more up arms against France, even in so noble ere she died she beheld herself in the so- and just a cause as that of Spanish indeciety of two of her children, and one month pendence. after her arrival at Palermo, she witnessed And, surely, that was an interesting mothe execution of the marriage contract of ment in the life of Louis Philippe when, on her son and Princess Maria Amelia of Si- the 30th of September, 1810, full of honest cily. On the 25th of November of that year indignation at the conduct both of the rethe illustrious pair received the church's gency and the Cortes towards him, he prebenediction in the old Norman chapel of sented himself unbidden before that assemthe Palazzo Reale. “The old Duchess,” bly, alighted at the principal door of enwrote Lord Collingwood, “who is a de trance, and demanded to be heard. He lightful old woman, seems to have forgot was so; but the Cortes would not retract ten all her misfortunes, (and they have been its decision, and three deputies waited on him to state that his withdrawal had be some hopes that he might obtain employcome necessary for the safety of that very ment and secure honor in the army of his country he had arrived to defend. His pro- father-in-law; but the king and queen could tests were fruitless, his retirement was en- never agree either upon the objects to be forced, and on the 3d of October he em- pursued, or on the mode of carrying them barked for Palermo.

into effect. The queen insisted that the On the Duke of Orleans arriving at Paler- English were opposed to the restoration of mo in October, 1810, he learned that on the Ferdinand to the throne of Naples, and her 2d of the previous month his duchess son-in-law in vain tried to persuade her to had given birth to that noble prince the abandon the notion of rescuing Italy, and Duke of Chartres, and afterwards the Duke employ all her resources in defending Si. of Orleans, whose premature and melan- cily. He urged her also to cultivate by all choly death all Europe and the civilized the means in her power the alliance of Great world have not yet ceased to deplore. Britain. His advice both as to foreign and Brave, generous, well instructed, amiable, domestic policy was disregarded; and the chivalrous, loyal, and patriotic, the late unfortunate revolution confirmed the acDuke of Orleans was the charm of every curacy of his counsels, and demonstrated society in which he mingled, the idol of the folly of the queen's decision. The his family, and the hope of every man of duke foresaw the approaching storm, lived sense and moderation in France. His ad- with his duchess and the young Duke of mirable temper, his great good sense, his Chartres in comparative seclusion, secured love of his native land, his moderate but to himself and his family by his admirable well.guarded ambition, his attachment to conduct the respect and confidence of the French constitutional institutions, his aver. Sicilians, and there remained not far from sion to extreme principles and measures, Palermo, a spectator rather than an actor and his excellent tact and discrimination, on the great arena of political contest, unpointed him out as a man from whom til aroused from his state of comparative France had much to expect, and the world indolence by the thrilling news of the ABat large much to hope. Foremost in the DICATION OF NAPOLEON! field of battle when his country called him That was another striking moment in the to attack her foes, he was, nevertheless, a life of Louis Philippe, when on the 23d of lover of peace, of the fine arts, of his family April, 1814, he entered the Marine Hotel at circle, and of domestic life. He has left a Palermo, occupied by the British Ambaswidow who still sorrows for his loss as one sador, and received from him the startling who cannot be consoled, but wbo will edu- intelligence that Napoleon had fallen, and cate his children with wisdom, love, pru. that the race of the Bourbons was restored dence, and virtue.

to the throne of their forefathers ! SurThere is a story told of him in familiar prise, incredulity, amazement, were all circles which is not generally known, but marked on his countenance, and alternatewhich is greatly to his honor and praise. ly he rejoiced at the result, whilst, as a On one occasion after the birth of the Frenchman, he could not but deplore the Count de Paris, a lady whose attachment defeat, disgrace, and subjugation of his to the Church of Rome was far greater country. And was not that a moment of than that of the late duke, expressed her the deepest and even inconceivable interest fears that as his duchess was a Protestant, when, on the 18th of May, 1814, he re-enthe count might receive some bias towards tered that city of Paris in which his father that religion. The duke listened with atten- had been guillotined amidst the acclamation to all the observations of the illustrious tions of the populace, and in which barlady, and then replied, “ The first thing ne- barities and horrors had been perpetrated, cessary for a prince, in the days in which which would have disgraced even the sav. we live, is to be an honest man, and to love ages and cannibals of New Zealand ? Yet above and before all things truth; then to there stood the same Tuileries in which be prepared to live and to die for his coun- he had seen collected so much of pomp, try, and then to govern according to its and wit, and beauty, and gorgeousness, and laws and constitution. If my son does all all that was glittering and gay. And there this, I care not whether he be called a stood the same palace of the Palais Royal, Catholic or a Huguenot. He will be in though debased and degraded by repubboth cases an honest man, a good king, lican and imperial governments; and there and I hope a true Christian.” But to re- were the same Boulevards, conducting to turn to Louis Philippe.

that same Place de la Bastille, to which The then Duke of Orleans entertained Madame de Genlis had conducted him to

« 上一頁繼續 »