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raised his arm against the liberties or inde- that Beaujolais and Montpensier would pendence of his country!” And but for have been condemned to an ignominious such just and most efficient praise his ma- death. When he heard of the death of the jesty Louis Poilippe would most certainly Duke of Byron, so true and devoted a not now have been reigning in that country friend to the Orleans family, his heart also as King of the French.
quailed within him, and he felt how few The Directory, in order to accomplish were now left in the wide world who could its plan of procuring the expatriation of the and who dared to raise their voices for the Duke of Orleans from Europe to America, sons of him to whom they yet owed nearly resorted to the expedient of offering to his all that they possessed of station and innmother, the Duchess of Orleans, to remove portance. from her property the sequestration which Sometimes when travelling alone in the affected it, as well as to grant the liberation wild scenery of Scandinavia, bis heart of her sons Montpensier and Beaujolais would sicken and sigh as he thought of the from their captivity in the castle of St. declaration of one of the sovereign people Jean, at Marseilles, provided the whole at Aix, made in the hearing of Montpensier, three would embark for the United States. “Ah! we have cut down the tree, the old In the little town of Frederickstadt the trunk, but that is only doing half the work. Duke of Orleans was sojourning when news We must cut up the roots, or the tree may of these negotiations first reached him, and be seen sprouting at some future time." Mr. Westford, a Hamburg merchant, was And how often did he think of that wretch. the intervening party. The duke felt, ed small cell of nine feet square into which when he received the application of his his beloved Montpensier had been thrust, mother to consent to leave Europe for though no crime, either mural or political, America, that to her he owed this proof of could be laid at his door. Nor less often obedience and respect; and when with did he weep over that horrid scene, the that sentiment he connected the fact that description of which had reached him, his brothers, by his consent to depart, when the Convention, having ordered that would obtain an immediate liberation from all the Bourbons remaining in France prison, he did not hesitate as to the course should be at once imprisoned in the Castle he should pursue. Besides all this, he of Marseilles, at the dark hour of midnight, knew that a refusal on his part would first Montpensier's cell-door was opened, a mube followed by more arbitrary measuresnicipal officer desiring him to rise from his against his mother and brethren; then by straw couch, dress, and descend without an active system of espionage exercised delay, and when he was thence conducted against himself; and, finally, by applica- to the fortress of Notre Dame de la Garde, tions from the then French government to where his father Egalité, the young Beauforeign powers to surrender him into their jolais, the Duchess of Bourbon, and the hands, under threats of vengeance and war Prince Conti, were all likewise incarcein the event of refusal. The negotiations rated. That was a striking moment, inwith the Directory were continued, the deed, in the history of the Orleans' family, conditions were fulfilled, and on the 24th and often did the young duke turn to it September, 1796, the duke took leave of with emotions of the strongest and most Europe on board " The America,” an Amer. honorable nature. can vessel, and after a narrow escape of And how could he forget the question capture, arrived at Philadelphia on the 21st which was put to Montpensier, or rather October.
the reproach addressed to him, by one of The fate of his brothers, the Duke of the presidents of a revolutionary tribunal Montpensier and the Count of Beaujolais, before which he was arraigned: “You had long occupied the attention and excited could not but have been well informed of the deepest interest of the Duke of Orleans the liberticidal intentions of your brother their brother. He had often thanked God | Louis Philippe, since you were always that the letters he had addressed to the about him, and you ought to know that the former, in which he had inveighed against moment you did not denounce him you the Terrorists of France, had been provi- became his accomplice.” Oh! how did dentially destroyed by La Barre just a few that threat, at once so cruel, insolent, and moments previous to the arrival of munici- false, distress and annoy the Duke of Orpal officers to seize his brother's papers. leans ! And how often did he apprehend Often, too, had he apprehended that blind lest the mere circumstance of Montpensier and mad political fanaticism and crime being related to him should be the cause, if would have demanded new victims, and not of his death, at least of bitter and un
the country in which his lot had been cast; there he was, expatriated only for his name, and condemned to poverty and disgrace, whilst his noble qualities entitled him to respect and love. "We will not repine," he said to Beaujolais; "we will do our duty, fear God, and have confidence in our fortunes and our courage.
merited persecutions! And, finally, how |ington and to the American government, his heart loathed the wretched, wretched he received into his arms, and welcomed tyrants who had condemned his two inno- with rapture to the stranger land, the brocent brothers to separation as well as to thers he loved so well, and who had suffered confinement, and whose myrmidons, when so intensely. There were they, the three appealed to by Montpensier, who asked sons of a deceased regicide, without titles, with impetuosity as the bolts of his solitary property, or home; without rights, or privcell closed heavily upon him, "Citizens, ileges, or any interests to defend; and poscitizens by what order, and for what of sessing scarcely any thing more than the fence, am I sentenced to be placed in this right to live, except, indeed, the good horrible dungeon?" received only for re- wishes of all who became acquainted with ply, "It is by the orders of the Convention; their characters, and who could appreciate and the duration of your imprisonment is their hearts. There was the Duke of Orwholly unknown!" leans, the chief of his small house, the mas At length the moment of deliverance ar-ter of his modest establishment, a model of rived for the young, innocent, and unfortu-private virtue and fraternal love, of respect nate captives, and the Duchess of Orleans for the government, at least "de facto" of having consented to the expatriation of her younger sons, the Directory gave orders for their removal from Fort St. Jean, and for their immediate embarkation for America. To General Willot was confided the pleasing task of communicating to the young princes the news that they were once more to be free, and that that freedom was to have its value enhanced by the It was in February, 1797, that the meetcheering fact of their elder brother being ing took place to which I have just reabout to meet them on the shores of Amer- ferred, and of which Louis Philippe often ica. The 5th of November, 1796, at length discourses with evident delight. Small arrived, and the brothers of Louis Philippe were their resources, frugal was their left the port of Marseilles for that far-dis. board, they lived wholly free from all ostant land in which they hoped to enjoy the tentation, visited the principal points of atblessings of freedom and repose. Oh! how traction in the northern states of America, their young hearts leapt within them when and, accompanied by that dear, faithful, General Willot asked of them in their mel-affectionate Baudoin, who had been the ancholy prison, "What would you say, young gentlemen, if I came at this moment to release you?" Montpensier afterwards described their sensations in the following graphic language: "When the general pronounced the unexpected happy sounds, You shall quit this prison for ever, unless you desire to return to it,' Beaujolais and myself looked steadfastly at each other, then, throwing ourselves into each other's arms, began to cry, laugh, leap about the room, and exhibit signs even of temporary derangement."
companion of the Duke of Orleans during many a long day of fatigue, heat, cold, and of insufficient supplies of nourishment, visited Baltimore, the falls of the Potomac, Alexandria, and Mount Vernon, where Washington received them with parental kindness and noble hospitality. With that great man the young dukes formed a friendship which was alike honorable to all parties, but which was eminently serviceable to the French princes. Letters of introduction were given, and many acts of courtesy performed, by the American general, and they profited greatly from his almost parental attention.
The past was, however, forgotten. Even the long voyage of ninety-three days, with all its ports and annoyances, seemed luxu- Amongst the varied qualifications of the ries to them, and heartily did they thank King of the French none, perhaps, are more God that they were once more spared to striking than his love of order. He has press to their hearts a brother whose vir- essentially an orderly mind. All his pecutues, even more than his relative ties, enti- niary arrangements, all his distribution of tled him to their admiration and affection. property, all his expenditure, all the manThat was another striking moment in the agement of his estates, all the provisions life of Louis Philippe when in the city made for his children, all the matrimonial of Philadelphia, surrounded by American negotiations he has entered into for them— citizens, himself living in comparative re-all his military plans, all his diplomatic tirement, but endeared to General Wash-measures, all his senatorial acts, all his
conduct as a citizen, as a subject, as a son, present to his kindliest recollections; and as a brother, as a prince, as an exile,—all on many occasions in after years, when enwere stamped with a love and a principle joying all that this world possesses of good of order. Thus it was in America, when at Neuilly and in the Palais Royal, did he possessed of but a very small income for testify to hundreds of American citizens the support of himself and his brothers, he the interest he took in themselves and in kept a minute account of the expenditure their country. of every dollar, and that account is still in Winchester, Stanton, Abingdon, Knoxhis possession. This principle of order it ville, Nashville, Louisville, Lexington, is which enabled him out of his civil list to Maysville, Lancaster, Zanesville, Wheelfound those glorious galleries of Versailles ing, and Washington, were respectively which are indeed noble memorials of his visited and examined by the duke and his taste, of his love of the fine arts, of his just companions; and at last they remained, sense of all that is national and grand, and for some time, at Pittsburg. There the which will continue during many genera- health of the Count de Beaujolais considertions to add lustre to his great name, and ably suffered; and the effects of three to mark with just and deserved fame the years' excitement, bad treatment, and image in which he flourished. Louis Phil. prisonment in the damp prison of Marippe has been accused of parsimony, of seilles, began to display themselves. Then meanness, and of love of money, not for it was that the duke his brother proved all the sake of applying it to great and wise the tenderness of his character, by perends, but of a love of money for the plea- forming the duties of a nurse, and endeav. sure of hoarding up wealth. The charge is ored to soothe his “dear Beaujolais” by unjust. No prince has contributed more his affectionate devotedness and fraternal than the King of the French has done, of love. His own turn, however, soon after his own private wealth, to adorn the pal- arrived, and at Bairdstown the party were aces, improve the parks and gardens, en- detained in consequence of his illness. rich the galleries and museums, encourage When Louis Philippe afterwards ascended the arts, manufactures, sciences, and agri- the throne of France, he sent to that same culture of his people. But he is economi- Bairdstown a handsome clock as a memocal, prudent, and just, as well as liberal, rial of his kind and generous recollection. generous, and noble ; and it is this union Of General Neville and Judge Brackenof excellencies which constitutes his grand burg, whom he met at Pittsburg, the king characteristic of order.
relates some curious and amusing inciThat was also another interesting mo- dents; one of which, relating to the judge, ment in the life of Louis Philippe when, is well worth recounting. Conversing on accompanied by his brothers, and placing one occasion with that individual, on the their saddle-bags on their horses, in which advantage of living even under bad laws, they had deposited their wearing apparel, provided they are written, known, and money, arms, and all other requisites for a faithfully executed, than of living in a state protracted journey, they embraced General of society where democracy in full riot Washington, and set out as pilgrims in sets up its own tribunals, and subjects its search of knowledge and of improvement. victims to its own caprices and decisions, “We will know this country well,” said often under the pretence of favoring poputhe young duke on one occasion, to Mont. lar rights and popular liberties, the judge pensier; “who can tell but that it may one looked severely, and then broke out as fol. day become a powerful ally of our own lows: "I guess that Nero was no better beloved France ? It has vast powers and than Robespierre, nor Caligula than Marat; a wide territory; and surely we shall live but it is quite true that obedience and subto see an end to exile, proscription, and mission might secure the people from the the scaffold at home.”
edicts of the one, whilst that very obediLouis Philippe possesses another virtue, ence and that very submission would subwhich is frequently displayed,--the mem-ject them to the vengeance of the other. ory of the heart, or gratitude. He forgets Democracy without laws is the most horno favor, and will carry to the grave with rible of despotisms.” him a sense of every kindness conferred on That was again another striking moment him by the Norwegian fishermen and the in the life of the Duke of Orleans, when, Lapland whalers, as well as by the hum- after reaching the margin of the lake of blest citizens of the United States. Thus Erie, arriving at Buffalo, and beholding the names of Law and Bingham, of Willing Cattaraugus, he found himself the compuland Dallas, of Gallatin and Powell, are all sory guest of a tribe of the Seneca Indians.
During his brief stay among them, or, ra-Igua, he met that persevering and admirable ther, at his departure, a circumstance oc inan, Mr. A. Baring, who recently as Lord curred which evinced that cool, calm, col. Ashburton has effected the treaty between lected mind for which the duke has ever Great Britain and America which bears bis been distinguished. His brother Beaujo- name. Little did the exiled duke then lais bad lost, whilst among the tribe, a think, whilst listening to the relation of the favorite dog. What was to be done? Cow- endurances he had had to submit to during ardice would have said, “We are but his long and most wearisome journey, that three,-they are a tribe ; if they had not at some future period he, the young exile, stolen the dog, he would have been with us would be King of the French; and that still; and since they have stolen him, it is during his reign Lord Ashburton would be not probable they will return him.” But selected by the British government to terfar different was the conduct of the duke. minate differences with America which With all the dignity of his character he re- should have existed more than a quarter of turned to the tribe, sought out the chief, a century. and demanded restitution; and his resolu- Unintimidated by Mr. Baring's description and sang froid secured the restoration tions, faithful and correct as they were, the of Beaujolais' favorite and companion. duke and his companions ascended the
To Buffalo, Fort Erie, and the Canadian Seneca Lake, proceeded to Tioga Point, side of the Falls of Niagara, the princes and during the last twenty-five miles of also proceeded, and during their approach their journey, each carried on his back to Niagara they visited the Chippewa In his own baggage. From Tioga through dians, and passed some hours in their ex. Wilkesbarre they proceeded to Philadeltraordinary and original village. Louis phia; and, having visited the American Philippe often describes in graphic terms Cincinnatus, travelled through several of the curious appearance of their cavalcade the States, passed some days among the as they entered this primitive spot, and Cherokee Indians; and finally, in June, contrasts it with the splendor of a levee at 1797, regained Philadelphia. They had St. James's or a ball at the Tuileries; and scarcely returned a month when the yellow then points out to his family and his list- fever broke out with violence, and they eners how mistaken is the notion that men were counselled to follow the example of can only be virtuous or happy, useful or all persons of respectability, and to leave good, under one particular form of govern. the city. But this was impossible. Their ment, or subject to one description of means were nearly exhausted; they had to forms, usages, and customs.
wait for supplies from Europe ; to borrow, The absent Mademoiselle Orleans, now to beg, or to go into debt, the Duke of Orthat admirable Madame Adelaide, to whom leans would not do; and with the utmost our brilliant young queen bas of late been economy, therefore, he directed the dofor the first time introduced at the château mestic arrangements of their small estabof Eu, was not forgotten by the Duke of lishment, until, in the autumn of the year Orleans or his brothers. From nearly just mentioned, they were enabled by the every new spot and scene of importance duchess, their mother, to proceed to the and interest they wrote to her descriptions Eastern States. New-York, Rhode Island, of scenery, manners, and life, and assured Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and the her of their unabated and abiding love. Maine, they deliberately examined, and And as they wended their way, or some finally they arrived at Boston, the metropotimes lost their track through uninhabited lis of New England. regions, immense forests, and green savan- That was a sad and sorrowing moment nahs, they conversed of their hapless and for this group of affectionate and devoted widowed mother, of their young and far- sons, when, whilst staying at New York, removed Adelaide, of the scenes of their they learned for the first time, from the earliest associations, and of that France public papers, that after the eighteenth which, in spite of all the crimes of her gov- Fructidor a law bad passed expelling from ernment, and the fierce despotism of her France all the members of the Bourbon rulers, was still the land of their birih, family. “My poor mother, my beloved their family, and of their tenderest and mother!” exclaimed the Duke of Orleans; dearest associations.
" she also is included in this unjust and seThat was another event of a striking vere decree! What has she done to France character in the life of Louis Philippe but love it, cherish it, plead for it, weep when, whilst traversing the untamed do- over it, suffer for it. We will speedily mains of nature from Buffalo to Canandai-ljoin her. She is gone to Spain! Dearest mother, thou shalt not remain sonless as send them immediately to New Orleans. well as a widow whilst we are alive!” During their fourteen months' residence at From that moment their resolution was Cuba iheir resources had been extremely taken ; but how long it was before it could limited, and their hardships ill fitting their be carried into effect! England and Spain rank and real patrimony. 'But they did not were at war. The communications between repine at their lot, and waited patiently for the United States and the Peninsula were, the issue of events. therefore, either interrupted or dangerous, The life of Louis Philippe is so replete and many difficulties opposed themselves with extraordinary coincidences, that one to the realization of their filial enterprise. Jis struck at almost every new step of his
The duke and his brothers arrived at existence with something memorable and New Orleans on the 17th of Feb., 1798, exciting. Little did he think when prohaving resolved to proceed at once to scribed by France and Spain, and nearly Cuba. Whilst crossing the Gulf of Mexico, the whole of Europe, and after having rethey were met by an English frigate sail. paired to the Bahama Islands, and passed ing under the republican flag of France. (over to Halifax, where he was received by How singular a coincidence is this, that the Duke of Kent, the father of our beloved that tricolored flag which was then the Victoria, that forty-three years afterwards subject of horror and detestation on the he should receive at the old Normandy part of the duke and his brothers, was af- family château of his race the daughter of terwards the very flag which Louis Philippe that same duke, who is now the Queen of adopted when called by the revolution of England. And little did he imagine, when 1830 to the throne of France. “France her father showed to him so much of honreadopts her colors with enthusiasm,” said est politeness and unaffected sympathy, in the Duke of Orleans at the Hotel de Ville ; the North American provinces, that he and yet, thirty-two years previously, with should have it in his power at a future what very different feelings those colors period to return all the kindness and athad been beheld, may be gathered from the tention displayed to himself and his brofollowing incident! When the frigate had thers, by greeting, in his best, most hospidischarged several guns, the vessel in table, and regal manner, the Queen of Eng. which were the duke and his brothers came land, and the eldest daughter of that Duke to, and soon a voice was heard, “Come, my of Kent. Such are the chances and changes lads, you must follow us !" Poor Moni- of this varied world! pensier was au désespoir.
To England, the nation of the brave and knows,” he said, “ where they are now the free, the duke and his associates now about to conduct us; perhaps we shall turned their attention, since wearied by have to sail round the world !” The Duke the half-savage, half-civilized life of the of Orleans was not so easily intimidated; North American provinces, and disgusted but, advancing to the lieutenant of the with the shameful persecution to which the frigate, said, “Sir, have the goodness to royal wanderers had been exposed at the inform your captain that I am the Duke of Havannah, they now abandoned the hope Orleans; that my companions are my bro- of seeing their mother, the Duchess of Or. thers, the Duke of Montpensier and the leans in Spain ; but resolved to proceed to Count Beaujolais, and that we are proceed-Great Britain, and there adopt plans which ing to the Havannah.” Captain Cochrane should conduce to that result. For it is a received them with politeness, conveyed fact which cannot be 100 broadly or fully them safely to Cuba, and there landed stated, that the Orleans family, both of the lhem on the last day of March, 1798. last and present generations, were, and are,
The spirit of persecution against the Or. amongst the most affectionate and devoted leans family which had only for a while of their class. Their family affection was relaxed, now again displayed itself; and, and is boundless; and a better father, husalthough in the Havannah, the duke and band, and son, does not breathe on the his brothers lived in the most regular, re-earth than Louis Philippe. tired, and virtuous manner, not expressing The Duke of Kent was applied to by the any political opinions in public or even pri then Duke of Orleans to grant to himself vate, but confining themselves to study and and his brothers a free passage to England. exercise; yet an order, dated Aranjuez, the With that request his royal highness felt he 21st of May, 1799, directed the captain could not comply without first obtaining general of the Isle of Cuba no longer to permission from the government at home; allow the three princes to remain in that and as the French princes were too impaportion of the Spanish territory; but to tient to leave America, and get back at least