網頁圖片
PDF
ePub 版

that glorious day in which four thousand some other power to give up the island ! Protestants, their fellow-citizens, were its dominion. mallacred, without distinction of age or In regard to SPAIN we have the three sex, in their city. The year 1762, in following articles. which Calas was executed, was the fecu: " Madrid, Feb. 28. Our ministry is bu lar ģear of that horrible massacre ; and as fy in seeing the land-forces kept up com the festival above mentioned was just ap- plete, and in augmenting the marine proaching, when this unfortunate man and at the same time do not neglect wha' was cast into prison, Voltaire thinks that regards our trade. It is for this reasor this circumstance might have contributed that our court has made treaties with th to his condemnation. It was, indeed, northern powers, which have ftipulate agreeable to the spirit of such a holiday to furnih us with a certain number of lig to have a Protestant victim to facrifice to of war in case of need." the fanguinary genius of Popery. I shall “ London, March 15. They write fros conclude this letter by observing, that as cadiz,'that near a hundred religious has the tears of the widow Calas, and her lately imbarked at that port, on board fatherless children, have made their way. some vellels bound for America, the great to the throne, the humanity and justice est part of them brethren of the periecu of the King are engaged to give both her ted order of Jesuits, who are going to see and Europe fatisfaction for this horrid a happier fortune in a distant country." deed, (or, to use Voltaire's expression), “ London, March 15. A ship faile for this bar barous murder committed at from Cadiz for Buenos Ayres the 7th ul Toulouse by the sword of justice.” on board of which were about eighty Je

London, March 6. Letters from Paris suits." advise, that the lieutenant-criminal had We have received the following article conducted to Brie, near that city, four- in relation to NORTH AMERICA. teen persons condemned to be burnt there, Landon, March 8. Since our peop for having poisoned the cattle of that can have been in poffeflion of the guif andr ton; and that preparations were making ver of St Lawrence, they have discovere for the trial of several others concerned in a very valuable whale-fillery there, whic that infernal practice.”.

was unknown to the French. Upon th According to the public papers, the in discovery, the people of New Englar : fection among the horned cattle in some fitted out ten veliels, of near 100 tunsbu places has much abated, in censequence den each, for that filhery, in 1761 ; ar of hanging four or five onions about the had such success, that in 1762 they set necks of the beasts, directly after they are out fifty vessels for the same purpose. La taken ill, and will not eat. Those onions year were employed upwards of eight); draw the infection out, and look the next and we are assured a Itill larger numb day as if they had been boiled. This ap will be employed the ensuing season. Tt plication is to be repeated several times, quantity of whalebone imported fra and the onions which have been used, are New England within these two years hi to be buried deep in the earth. In a few already reduced that commodity from sou days after the application, the cattle are to 330 1. the tun." taken with a running at the nose, which Quebec, Oct 28. We had yesterday carries off the distemper. It is also pro vifit from an Indian chief, the fachem « per, during the process, to hang up tone the Christian Hurons, and his fquat onions in the distempered cattle's Itables. They were neatly dressed, and spoke goo

As to affairs in ITA Y, Paoli, general French. The fachem is a man of seal of the CORSICAN malecontents, has ta. and probity; and, what you would scarce ken the castle of Figari in that illand, on ly believe, is well bred. He is by ni the sea-coast; and reduced Calvi, another means a bigot ; and, if proper methods wer maritime place, to great straits, through vied, might easily be made entirely Eng want of provisions. Letters from Leg. lith. I made a fhift to muster a little ba bom, of Feb. 7 express great surprise at French, to make him fensible, that thi the little care taken by the GENOESE, to English are free, though under a King preserve their several posts in Corsica, that we are governed by just laws of ou which they observe can be accounted for own making, to which the King himsel only by the certainty. they have of being is subject, as well as his people. Speak asisted in the recovery of them by a fo- ing of the French King, he thought 1 reign force, or their being in treaty with calied bim (the fachem) one of his lus.

jeets;

sds; on which his eyes sparkled, and lie mity, a war with Colim Aly was unavoida2, with fome indignation, That the In ble. Mefl. Amyatt and Hay were recalled, cans were not governed by French, but and measures were taken at the presidency, sere free all over the world. He toldus, to carry it on in the most effectual manner. De would gladly cro's the great lake, to

Mr Amyatt having taken leave of the nabob te the great King, if the general would

the 24th of June, and received the usual sue bien leave. I doubt we are apt to passports, he set out in boats for Calcutta, accapile the Indians too much.”

companied with Mefl. Amphlett, Wollaston, A gentleman lately returned from the Cooper; and Dr Crooke ; (Mess

. Hay and

and Hutchinson ; Lieut' Jones, Gordon, and EAST INDIES, who was very curious in sobservations there, informs, that some ges). As the boats were palling the city of

Gulston remaining with the nabob as hostayears ago there was a republic of Jews at Moorshedabad, they were attacked on the e city of Patna, capital of the kingdom 3d of July by a number of troops, afembled ci Bahar, who were once so numerous, for that purpose, on both sides the river, and mar shey could reckon about 60,000 fa- some of the gentlemen, were killed in the Pas, but are now reduced to 4000. They boats. Mr Amyatt immediately landed with a * a fynagogue near the nabub's palace, few Seapoys, which he forbid to fire, and a stich their records are kept, engraven endeavoured to make the enemy's troops una copperplates in Hebrew characters; so derstand that he was furnished with the na* thole Jews pretend they can fheic bob's passports, and had no design of con

soen history from the reign of Nebu- mitting any hostilities : but the enemy's horse walaezzar to the present tine. They advancing, fome of the Scapoys fired, not

ziare themselves to be of the tribe of withdtanding Mr Amyatt's orders; and a geMaaleh, a part of which was, by order most of the small party who were with him,

neral confulion ensuing, that gentleman, and bat baughty conqueror, carried to the

were cut to pieces. at easterly province of his large empire, By the faid letters it further appears, That pich extended to the Indus; from whence Mr Ellis and his council at Patna, having, ble Jews removed to the Ganges ; and with the approbation of Capt. Carstairs, ase journey 20,000 of them travelled greed to attack that city early in the morn

ring three years after their setting out ing of the 25th of Junc, it was accordingly fan Babylon. An abstract of their histo- executed and carries; that they were in enpaas been translated from the Hebrew, tire poffcflion of the city for four hours, the a may perhaps be of use to the learned. Moorish governor and most of his people ha2 S. London, April 5. The following ving fled as far as Cutwa; that he ihere

came to a resolution to return, and attempt relation is published by authority of the sredors of the East-India company.

to regain the city, and having got in at the

water-lide gate of the fort, he succeeded in Ezft-India House, April 4. 1704. difpoffesling our troops, owing to the EuroRr the company's ship Royal George, peans and Seapoys being morily dispersed in

which arrived at Spithead from Bengal plundering: That upon their retiring into 2 he ist instant, the court of directors have the factory, on account of this dispiritedncis sved letters from that presidency, to the of the men, and a great defertion among the

siksving purport: That the disputes be- Seapoys, it was found impracticable to make prea the company's servants there, and the any stand there; and a refolution was theremating pabob, Cofim Aly Clwn, had been fore taken to proceed to Sujah Dowla's counpractive of such animolities and jealousies try; that they accordingly crossed the river

the part of the latter, that it was judged the 20th in the evening, and met with no is deceitary to use every means to allay obtruction until they passed Churpa ; that 3. For this purpose Mefl. Amyatt and then they were attacked on the 30th by

to gentlenen of the council, were de- the l'houldar, with about 2000 men, whom pred to wait upon the nabob, with instruc- they easily routed; but he being that even

73 D endeavour to adjust the differences ing joined from Budgepore with 4 or sco - A anicable manner. They accordingly Scapoys, and five or six field-pieces, he atzaved at Monghcet, the place of his reli- tacked the party on the next evening, the 1st Asce, on the 12th of May, and had many of july, and entirely routed them, the Euvaskerences with him; in which he evidently ropeans having quitted their ranks at the first Ered a great averleners to an accommoda- onfct; that in the whole there were aliout

upon the terms offered to him. About titty Europeans killed, and about eight or

time, a supply of sou stands of arins, nine onlicers, amongst the last Capt. Carstairs, ang to Patna, was stopped by the nabob's who was killed by a cannon-ball is the mornsticers

, and other acts of hostility were come ing of the ift; that on the second Nir Ellis, Luxed; and affaits being come to an extre with the oflicers and private iner, were taken Fos. XXVI.

prifoncis,

prisoners, and by the last advices were all at remarkable bravery of the officers and med Mongheer, excepting Capt. Wilson, Enligas the enemy sustained a total defeat. The loro Mackay and Armstrong, Mr Anderfon lure on our side was not so confiderable as might geon, and Mr Peter Campbell, who then re- have been expected from so severe an action, mained prisoners at Patna.

confisting only of fix officers and 40 EuroUpon these and other acts of hostility a. peans, and 292 Seapoys and black horse, kill. gainst several of the company's settlements ed and wounded. On the side of the este committed by Coffim Aly, it was determined my, a great number of men were killed and to declare war against him, and to restore the wounded, 23 pieces of cannon, and about former nabob, Meer Jaffier, to the subah- 150 boats laden with military and other Thip, upon his entering into a new treaty stores, taken. Amongst these laft were found with the company. War was accordingly all the artillery, and most of the Patna de declared, and an advantageous treaty was tachment's fores; and within some days af concluded; the most material articles whereof ter the action, between 60 and 79 of the are a confirmation of his former treaty, and men who were taken prisoners at Patna, and also of the provinces of Burdwan, Nidna- had been engaged by foul means and fair to poor, and Chittagong, granted by the late serve the enemy's guns, returned to their ok nabob Coslim Aly, engaging to give thirty lours. Iacks (xx. 38.' of rupees to defray the expences Immediately after this battle the Major and loss accruing to the company from the advanced with the army near to Rajamaul;. war, and engaging also to reimburse the a- bout three or four miles from which place the Dount of private persons loffes.

enemy had thrown up a strong intrenchmen Meer Jaffier set out a few days after to from the hills to the river, and for the for join the army under Major Adams, which cing of which, it was judged most proper, for was then on its march towards Moorsheda- insuring the safety of the troops, to carry co bad. The first action which happened, was regular approaches. Every thing having been on the 16th of July, opposite to Cutwa, on accordingly prepared, the works were begur the Cossimbuzar fide of the river. The Ma- upon the 29th of August, and continued til jor having crossed the army the night before, the sth of September, when the Major refub in the morning came up with a large body of ved upon an affault; which was executed with the enemy's troops, who were strongly posted very little loss, and their whole works wett to oppofé his progress to the city; and having in our possession that morning. This fuccek, attacked them, they were routed, after a we have great reason to believe, will be decismall resistance, and with an inconsiderable five of the fate of the war, as the enemy lofs on our side. A detached party, under seemed to repose their chief confidence in the the command of Capt. Long, at the same strength of these works, and now by the loss time poffered themselves of the fort of Cut- of them are deprived of all fupplies of prop wa, on the other side of the river ; and all fion from the province of Bengal, which is the artillery they had there, as well as what entirely secured to us. they had brought into the field, fell into our Major Adams, in his letters, where he hands. In this action Mahomed Tucky gives an account of his several engagement Cawn, who, it is said, commanded the at with the enemy, has given just prailes.com tack on Mr Amyatt's party, was mortally Major Carnac, Major Knox, and other offe wounded, and died a few days after. cers who have distinguished themselves, a

The good effects of this success were dif- well as to the officers and troops in general played in the caly conquest that followed of for their gallant behaviour. To Major Cas the city of Moorshedabad, which the army nac he ascribes particular merit

, for the y entered with a trifling opposition the 24th a gorous attack which he led against the main night. Here the Major established and pro- body of the enemy in the general achieno claimed the Nabob Meer Jafficr in due form, the żd of August, and which made the fall and halted fome days to refresh the army. impreslion, contributing thereby in great

On the 28th of July, the Major continued measure to the victory his march towards Mongheer ; and on the The same justice is due to Major Adatos, id of August, having arrived near a place which he has done to the officers and troopas called Sooty, at the hcad of the Collimbuzar under his cominand, and the highest prak iiver, a very obstinate engagement ensued is due to him from the company for his good with’a numerous army of the enemy's best conduct in this campaign, which has been troops and artillery, who there occupied a attended with

extraordinary difficulties and very strong and advantageous post. The fatigues, on account of the rainy season, and common for troops of this country, having his ability in forming the plans of attack in ftand that they made was resolute and un- the badness of the roads ; and in which, b. four Yourse. However, by the intrepidity tuation of the enemy admitted, he has in the closely engaged our forces for no less than such manner to take every advantage the link and good condua of ti ajor Adams, and the red the fuccess of his operations with the

we had obtained

raallelt loss of men poflible; and to which fure many papers were produced and read, soft valuable qualification, he adds a cool. and others called for, tending to lay open its mes and intrepidity unfhaken in the midst of pernicious consequences.

All which were ction.

read, and much time was taken up in tedious Governor Vanfittart, after the close of the and trifling debates, which ended io nothing Foregoing advices, writes, that as the friends fatisfactory. of the gentlemen prisoners with the late na The management of the company's ferwab, Coffim Ally, would be anxious to have vants at Calcutta came next to be examined,

certain account of them, he transmitted and many papers were produced relating to be copy of a letter to Maj. Adams from Meff. the demand of the majority of the council of Ellis and Hay, dated at Fatna, the 4th of Oc- exorbitant fums from the new Nabob, on friober laft, mentioning, that the number of volous and unjust pretences, with the Govervridaners was forty-nine, who were taking nor's protest against them, the Nabob's refumeasures for the purchase of their deliverance fal, and the reasons for his non-compliance ; on the Major's ncarer approach towards Pat- from which nothing more could be gathered, na; that officer was also endeavouring to ef- but that the council meant to obtain as many a lo defireable an event. The Governor exemptions from ducics as poflible, and even dsds, as Meff. Ellis and Hay take notice of to trade for themselves duiy-free, and add a de death of Capt. Turner only, it was pre profit to their own gains,' by covering the istmed that all the rest were well. Gov. Van- goods of other merchants, tart afterwards advises the reduction of Thc undue preference in the appointment Mangheer on the rrth of October by the of the company's principal fervants came next Major, without the loss of one man bcfore before the court, in which the friends of those the town.

promoted, and those rejected, cxerted theme Gov. Vanfittart further acquaints the court Telves with cqual zeal, and much recriminade directors, in a letter dated Oct. 8. 1963, tion; but those who had only the company's ut if the war should not be brought to a interest at heart, could cafily perceive, that fuccessful end, he will stay in Bengal till the to reinstate the company's affairs, and to reSubwing year at all risks ; although it is the mody the disorders that had happened, other mpinion of the physicians he is very incapable men and other measures were necessary; and ot going through another hot season; but if this naturally led many of the most temperate the troubles should be fo far quieted that he among them to cart their eyes on their former can leave the company's poffeffions in safety, deliverer, Lord Clive, as the only person be bopes to be in London about September that could restore the credit of the company aext.

in that diftant part of the world, give weight The court of directors having a due fenfe to their measures, and reconcile the differenof tlie gallint behaviour and great services of ces of a divided council. At a fubfequent Major Camac, as noticed in the before-men- meeting a motion was accordingly, made, inned advices, have unanimously agreed to That Lord Clive bé requested to take upon retore him to the command of the company's him the presidency of Bengal, and the comForces in Bengal.

mand of the military forces there, upon his

arrival in that province: LONDON.

Upon which his

Lordship stood up, and said, That if matters Eemary of the proceedings at the general courts could be settled, so that he could proceed of the proprietors of East India fock.

with vigour, supported by a friendly and HE first general court, held Feb. 27. united direction, he would again stand forth en declared, the business of their meeting recover their affairs. In consequence of this to be, to inquire into the present condition favourable declaration, a resolution was formon the company's affairs abroad; to endea- ed on the preceding motion, and a letter was voor to discover the causes of the misfortunes fent in form to his Lordship, signifying the that had happened at Bengal; to learn what fame. To which his Lordihip returned a keps had been taken by the directors to re- suitable answer. This letter, and the answer medy thefe misfortunes ; and their reasons to it, was the subject of another meeting; Por dismiffing many of their old fervants, when some very warm altercations pafled beed appointing a gentleman seventh in coun- tween his Lordship and the deputy-chair4 at Bombay, to be governor at Bengal, in man, which at lal terminated, on the part of preference to another gentleman who ihould the latter, with expressions of the greatest regularly have fucceeded to that trust. cordiality: of the fincerity of which, howca

The first inquiry naturally brought on the ver, his Lordship expressed fome doubt ; tevolution in favour of Coffim Aly Cawn, and went even fo far as to intimate, that it which was afcribed principally to Governor was indifferent to him who were in the direcVanfinart, in direct opposition to the advice tion, provided one gentleman was not in it; * his council; in vindication of which mea. and that tho court might conjder, whether ic

WAS

was more for their interest, that Mr Deputy- with white inhabitants, shall be in genera Chairman should continue to assume the lead from fifty to one hundred acres. in the court of directors, or that he should And whereas we have thought fit to declare proceed to India ? This altercation was di to our parliament at the opening of the pre verted by a respectable member, who desired sent session, our gracious intention of refer his Lordship to name the terms on which, at ving for the public use, whatever sums thal this critical juncture, he would engage in the be produced by the sale of any of the land company's service, to which he made no belonging to us in the islands of the West in doubt the court would agree, if in any de- dies, which were ceded to us by the lat gree reasonable.

His Lordiliip pavled a treaty [xxv. 612.]; We do further publit little, and desired a few days to consult his and declare, That when these allotments, c friends. Gent. Mag.

a sufficient part of them, thall have bee

laid out, the same fliall be set up to fale b By the KING, A PROCLAMATION. auction, at a price per acre, to be fixed cher

on by commillioners appointed for that pu GEORGE R.

pose, under our great feal of G. Britain, wl; Hereas we have taken into our confi- ihall give public notice of the time and plai

deration, the great benefit which will of such sale. arise to the commerce of our kingdoms, and the And we do hereby further publish and d interests of our fubjects, from the speedy let. clare, That the lands fo fet up to sale by au tlement of our islands of Grenada, the Gre- tion, shall not be sold, but upon the followii nadines, Dominica, St Vincent, and To- terms, and under the following conditio bago; We do therefore think fit, with the and reservations: that is to say, advice of our privy council, to issue this our That each purchaser shall inimediately p; royal proclamation, to publish and declare to into the hands of such person as we shall a our loving subjects, That we have, with the point to receive the same, twenty per ce. advice of our faid privy council, given the of the whole purchase-money. necessary powers and directions for an imme That the remainder of the purchase-mon diate survey, and division into proper parishes shall be paid by different installments, 2, and districts, of such of the said islands as ten per cent. within the first year after the pa have not hitherto been so surveyed and divi- chase, ten per cent. more within the seco ded, and for laying out fuch + ods in the said year after such purchase, and twenty i iNands as are in our power to dispose of, intocent. within every succellive year, until i allotments for plantations of ditlerent size and whole is paid. extent, according as the nature of the land That each purchaser of lands which ha shall be more or less adapted to the growth of been clcared and improved, small, within sugar, coffee, cocoa, ton, or other arti- fpace of three months from the date of ! cles of beneficial culture; reserving to us, grant, settle and constantly keep upon i our heirs, and succeilors, such parts of the lot purchased, one white man or two wh faid inlands as fhall be necesary for erecting women for every hundred acres contained fortiñcations thereon, and for all other naili- the faid lot; and, in default thereof, th tary purposes, for glebes for ministers, allot- be subject to the payment of 201. per a ments for schoolmaiters, for woodlands, high- for every white woman, and 401. for en Toals, and all other public purposes; and also white man, that shall be wanting to compl Teterving sich lands in our islands of Dominica the number. and St Vincent, as, at the time of the surrender That the purchaser of uncleared la of those iliands, were and Nill are in the pos- shall clear and cultivate one acre in eve feflion of the French inhabitants of those in twenty in cach year, until half the land llards; which lands it is our will and plea- purchased fall be cleared; and, in defa fure should be granted to such of the said in- thereof, shall pay sl. per ann, for every al habitants as fhall be inclined to accept the not cleared, pursuant to such condition; a fame, upon leases for terms absolute, or for such purchaser ihall also be obliged to set renewablc terms, upon certain conditions, and constantly keep upon the lot so purch and under proper restrictions. And we do fed, one white man or two white women for

hereby further publiflı and declare, That the very hundred acres, as the same thall be clear allotments for plantations in our islands of That each purchaser shall, besides the pi Grenada, the Grenadines, Tobago, and St chase-money, be subject to the payment Vincent, shall contain to three hundred a an annual quic-rent to us, cur heirs, and fi cres, with some few allotinents in each island ceffors, of lixpence per acre, under the f of five hundred acres ; anil that the allot nalty of 5 l. per acre upon non-payme ments in our island of Dominica, which is thereof; fuch quit-rents, in the case of u represented to be not to well adapted to the purchase of cleared lands, to commence fro cultivation of sugar, and which from its fie the date of the grant; and the first payme cuation requires in policy to bę well peopled to be made as the expiration of the dirt yea

« 上一頁繼續 »