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abroad admitted advance advantage afford Britain British capital carried cent cial circumstances cloth coins colonies commerce commodities competition consequence considerable corn cotton coun customs cwts dealers demand duce duction duties Edward Edward III Edward IV effect employed employment enacted endeavoured engaged England English equal established exchange expense exported extent favour Flanders foreign trade France French French wine greater Henry VII house of Tudor importation improvement increase individuals industry influence injury intercourse interest invention labour land less London Low Countries manufacture means measures ment merce merchants metals Methuen treaty nations navigation obliged occasioned peculiar period ports Portugal principle produce profit prohibition protection quantity regulations reign render respect restrictions roads Sebastian Cabot sell ships silk sion sort Spain statute sumers supply supposed tain tion towns treaty wealth wine wool woollen
第 28 頁 - ... be so dangerous as in the hands of a man who had folly and presumption enough to fancy himself fit to exercise it.
第 68 頁 - ... a very heavy tax on the community at large, very few are of any ultimate benefit to the classes in whose favour they were originally instituted, and none to the extent of the loss occasioned by them to other classes. "That among the other evils of the restrictive or protective system, not...
第 95 頁 - If an alien could acquire a permanent property in lands, he must owe an allegiance, equally permanent with that property, to the king of England; which would probably be inconsistent with that which he owes to his own natural liege lord : besides that thereby the nation might in time be subject to foreign influence, and feel many other inconveniences.
第 93 頁 - ... if they be of a land making war against us, and such be found in our realm at the beginning of the wars, they shall be attached without harm of body or goods, until it be known...
第 37 頁 - By means of glasses, hotbeds, and hot- walls, very good grapes can be raised in Scotland, and very good wine, too, can be made of them at about thirty times the expense for which at least equally good can be brought from foreign countries.
第 4 頁 - ... greater, and the chance of their combining together, in order to raise the price, just so much the less. Their competition might perhaps ruin some of themselves ; but to take care of this is the business of the parties concerned, and it may safely be trusted to their discretion. It can never hurt either the consumer, or the producer ; on the contrary, it must tend to make the retailers both sell cheaper and buy dearer, than if the whole trade was monopolized by one or two persons.
第 13 頁 - The capital which sends Scotch manufactures to London, and brings back English corn and manufactures to Edinburgh, necessarily replaces, by every such operation, TWO British capitals which had both been employed in the agriculture or manufactures of Great Britain. " The capital employed in purchasing foreign goods for home consumption, when this purchase is made with the produce of domestic industry, replaces ,also by every such operation TWO distinct capitals, but ONE of them only is employed in...
第 109 頁 - A compilation from earlier historical works made, in the form in which we have it, at the end of the thirteenth or the beginning of the fourteenth century and known by the name of WALTER OF COVENTRY (W.
第 37 頁 - ... no consequence. As long as the one country has those advantages, and the other wants them, it will always be more advantageous for the latter rather to buy of the former than to make. It is an acquired advantage only which one artificer has over his neighbour who exercises another trade ; and yet they both find it more advantageous to buy of one another, than to make what does not belong to their particular trades.