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On the whole, it is anticipated that this work, which its spirited Publishers have embellished in a suitable manner with Maps and Plates, will be favourably received and patronized by the Public at large. The subjects of which it treats will always command attention, because they are connected with the two great Dispensations revealed to the world—the Mosaic and the CHRISTIAN. The elucidation of the historical events and geographical localities connected with these must, therefore, at all times, possess no ordinary interest. In a word, what Calmet says of his own ponderous undertaking, may be here introduced with propriety as characteristic of this Work :

“ It may be considered as a library for those in common circumstances of life, and a very useful repertory for all others who would read the Scriptures with advantage. Men of learning will here find an epitome of what they have read in different authors, and they who have not many books, will see here a summary of what is generally said on every subject.”



HAVING deemed it expedient in the SCRIPTURE GAZETTEER to follow works of a similar nature, and avoid foot-notes and all references, except when cited or introduced in the text, it is necessary to lay before the reader the List OF AUTHORITIES on which these volumes are based, to show the nature of the work, and the labour bestowed in preparing it for publication. It will be at once apparent, by glancing over the following List, that the Authorities cited or referred to are of the most unexceptionable description—many of them the works of some of the most learned scholars, indefatigable travellers, diligent inquirers, accurate observers, and eloquent writers, in the whole range of ancient and modern literature, connected with the subjects discussed in the GAZETTEER, as tending to illustrate Sacred Geography, and to facilitate researches into the history of the ancient nations mentioned in the Holy Scriptures. So much care, indeed, was exercised, that no author of inferior or doubtful reputation is noticed; and the reader will perceive that the publications of the most recent travellers, as well as those of former times, have been diligently perused, and their observations introduced.

The plan of the following List is extremely simple. It merely gives the names of the authors, their professional avocations, the titles of their works, the number of volumes each work contains, and the dates of their publication, or of the editions referred to in the GAZETTEER. The titles of many of the works are abridged, on account of their length, so characteristic of many of the writers of the 17th and 18th centuries, and the whole are alphabetically arranged for the convenience of the reader. It would be easy to swell out the List to any extent, but the object of it is to lay before the reader a bona fide catalogue of works actually consulted, not to make a vain display, as is sometimes done, by enumerating hooks which have never been read, and many of them probably never seen. Such pedantry, to call it nothing worse, is not only disingenuous, but to a certain extent a most unwarrantable deception. The reader may be assured that every work which follows has to a greater or less degree been consulted, and whatever is connected with the illustration of sacred and ancient history, the habits, customs, manners, traditions, localities, and antiquities, of the Oriental and other ancient nations mentioned in the Scriptures, is quoted or carefully condensed. It will thus appear that, while no work such as the SCRIPTURE GAZETTEER can pretend to be original, in the proper acceptation of the word, it has all the claims to originality, in the general sense, which any work has of a similar nature.

It may be also stated, that all the authorities cited or alluded to in the GAZETTIER are not contained in this List. It was forgotten at the time to enumerate many of them, but the reader will find them all specified throughout the work. As the writers are for the most part quoted in the division of the present work entitled, “ The Natural HistoRY OF THE SCRIPTURES,” the insertion of them in this List is unnecessary.

ALLIX, PETER, D.D. Dean of Ely— Reflections upon the Books of Holy Scripture, &c. in Two

Parts, 8vo. London, 1688.
ANDREWES, LANCELOT, D. D. Bishop of Winchester-Posthumous Sermons, &c. fol. London, 1657.
ANONYMOUS-The Asiatic Journal.

The Biblical Annuals.
The Biblical Cabinel, (as far as published to 1838.) 18mo. Edinburgli.
Scenes and Impressions in Egypt and in Italy, I vol. 8vo. London, 1824.

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ANONYMOUS-A Treatise on the Solar Creation and Universal Deluge of the Earth, by a Native of

Manchester, 1 vol. 8vo. London (without date).
An Universal History from the Earliest Account of Time, 7 vols. fol. London, 1736.
The Modern Part of the Universal History, by the Authors of the Ancient Part, 16

vols. folio, London, 1759, (vols. I. to IV.)
Letters from Palestine, descriptive of a Tour through Galilee and Judea, with some

Account of the Dead Sea, and of the Present State of Jerusalem, 1 vol. 8vo.
London, 1819. (The author of this work, Mr JOLLIFFE, is quoted by name in the

The Mysterious and Prophetic History of Esau considered, in Connection with Nu.

merous Prophecies concerning Edom, &c. I vol. 8vo. London, 1837. ANVILLE, John Baptiste BOURIGNON D'- Dissertation sur l'Entendue de l'Ancienne Jerusa

lem, 8vo. 1747. Memoir sur l’Egypt Ancienne et Moderne, avec une Description de Golphe Arabique,

4to. 1760. Complete Body of Ancient Geography, the wbole improved by inserting the Modern

Names of Places under the Ancient, folio, London, 1775. ARUNDELL, Rev. F. V. J. British Chaplain at Smyrna- A Visit to the Seven Churches of Asia,

with an Excursion into Pisidia, &c. I vol. 8vo. London, 1828. Discoveries in Asia Minor, including a Description of the Ruins of several Ancient

Churches, and especially Antioch of Pisidia, 2 vols. 8vo. London, 1834.

BAGOT, LEWIS, D.C.L., Bishop of St Asaph-Twelve Discourses on the Prophecies at Bishop

Warburton's Lecture, I vol. 8vo. London, 1780. BAYLE, PETER—A General Dictionary, Historical and Critical, English edit. 10 vols. folio, 1734. BELOE- Vide HERODOTUS. BELZONI, G.--Narrative of the Operations and recent Discoveries within the Pyramids, Temples,

Tombs, and Excavations in Egypt and Nubia, &c., 1 vol. 4to. 1820. BIZARE, PETER_Rerum Persicarum Historia, initia Gentis, Mores, &c., 1 vol. fol. Frankfort, 1601. BLANEY, BENJAMIN, D.D., Regius Professor of Hebrew at Oxford— Translation of Jeremiah and

Zachariah, with Notes, 3 vols. 4to. Oxford, 1784, et seq. ann. BOCHART, SAMUEL-Opera Omnia, 3 vols. folio, 1692 and 1707. Bower, ARCHIBALD-History of the Popes, from the Foundation of the See of Rome to the Present

Time, 7 vols. 4to. London, 1750, &c. (Vol. I.) BAUCE, JAMES, of Kinnaird — Trave.s to Discover the Source of the Nile, 2d edition, 8 vols. 8vo.

Edinburgh, 1804. BRYANT, JACOB—- New System, or an Analysis of Ancient Mythology, &c. 3 vols. 4to. London,

1775. Dissertations on the Wind Euroclydon, and on the Island Melita, together with an Ac

count of Egypt in its most early State, and of the Shepherd Kings, &c. 1 vol. 4to.

Cambridge, 1767.

Observations upon the Plagues inflicted upon the Egyptians, 1 vol. 8vo. London, 1794. BUCHANAN, CLAUDIUS, D.D.-Christian Researches in Asia, vol. 8vo. Edinburgh, 1812.

DR FRANCIS-A Journey from Madras through Mysore, &c. 3 vols. 4to. London,

1807. BUCKLAND, WILLIAM, D.D.-Reliquiæ Diluvianæ, or Observations on the Organic Remains

contained in Caves, Fissures, and Deluvial Ground, and on other Geological Pheno

mena, attesting the Truth of an Universal Deluge, 1 vol. 4to. London, 1823. BUCKINGHAM, JAMES SILK_Travels in Palestine through the Countries of Bashan and Gilead east

of the River Jordan, including a Visit to the Cities of Geraza and Gamala in the De

capolis, I vol. 4to. London, 1821.
Travels among the Arab Tribes inhabiting the Countries east of Syria and Palestine,

I vol. 4to. London, 1825.
Travels in Mesopotamia, 2 vols. 8vo. London, 1827.
Travels in Assyria, Media, and Persia, including a Journey to Hamadan, the ancient

Ecbatana, 2 vols. Svo. London, 1830. BUFFON, COUNT DE— Natural History, General and Particular, translated by William Smellie, 9

vols. 8vo. London, 1785. BURCKHARDT, JOHN LEWIS-(under the name of Ali Bey)Travels in Morocco, Tripoli, Cyprus,

Egypt, Arabia, Syria, and Turkey, between the Years 1803 and 1807, 2 vols. 410.

London, 1816.
Travels in Nubia, 1 vol. 4to. London, 1819.
Travels in Syria and the Holy Land, 4to. London, 1822.

Notes on the Bedouin Arabs and Wahab, 2 vols. 8vo. London, 1830.
BURDER, SAMUEL, M.A.-Oriental Customs, or an Illustration of the Sacred Scriptures by an

Explanatory Application of the Customs and Manners of the Eastern Nations, 2 vols.
Svo. London, 1816.

BUTLER, JOSEPH, D.C.L., Bishop of Durham-Sermons preached at the Rolls Chapel, 8vo. Lon.

don, 1726.

CALMET, AUGUSTINE—Historical, Critical, and Chronological Dictionary of the Bible, &c. 3 vols.

folio, London, 1732. New Edition, to which have been added, Fragments illustrative of the Manners, In

cidents, and Phraseology of the Holy Scriptures, 2 vols. 4to. London, 1798-1800. CARNE, JOHN, Esq.—Letters from the East, I vol. 8vo. London, 1826.

Travels in the East, I vol. 8vo. London, 1830.
CELLARIUS, CHRISTOPHER— Asiam et Africam Antiquam exponens, 4to. Amsterdam, 1706.

Historia Antiqua, Multis Accessionibus aucta, 1 vol. 12mo, Jenas, 1698.
CHANDLER, RICHARD, D.D.— Travels in Asia Minor and Greece, made at the Expense of the

Dilettanti Society, 4to. London, 1764–76.
SAMUEL, D.D.- A Critical History of the Life of David, 2 vols. 8vo. London, 1766–

1782. CHAPPELOW, LEONARD, B.D., Profes of Arabic at Cambridge-Commentary the Book of

Job, 2 vols. 4to. Cambridge, 1752. CRARDIN, SIR JOHN_Travels into Persia and the East Indies, 1 vol. folio, London, 1689. CHATEAUBRIAND, VISCOUNT-Itineraire de Paris à Jerusalem, et de Jerusalem à Paris, &c. 2 vols.

8vo. 1812. (English edition.) CLARKE, EDWARD DANIEL, LL.D.-— Travels in Various Countries of Europe, Asia, and Africa,

8vo. edition, 8 vols. London, 1816. COLLYER, David, Vicar of Great Coxwell, Berks-- The Sacred Interpeter, (last edition,) 2 vols.

8vo. Oxford, 1815. CORY, Isaac PRESTON, Esq. of Caius College, Cambridge-Ancient Fragments of the Phæni

cians, Chaldeans, Egyptians, Tyrians, Carthaginians, Indians, Persians, and other

Writers, 1 vol. 8vo. London, 1832.

The Ancient Fragments of Sanchoniatho, &c. 1 vol. 8vo. London, 1828. CRICHTON, ANDREW, LL.D.-The History of Arabia, (EDINBURGA CABINET LIBRARY,) 2 vols.

16mo. 1833.

De Loc, M.-A Treatise on Elementary Geology, edited by the Rev. HENRY DE LA FITE, M. A.

8vo. I vol. 1809. DELAVY, PATRICK, D. D. Dean of DownLife and Reign of David, King of Israel, 3 vols. 8vo.

1740-42. DERHAM, WILLIAM, F.R.S.--Miscellanea Curiosa, containing a Collection of some of the Prin.

cipal Phenomena of Nature, of Travels, Antiquities, and Natural Histories of Coun

tries, 3 vols. 8vo. London, 1726, et seq. ann. DOODRIDGE, PHILIP, D.D.— The Family Expositor, 6 vols. 4to. London, 1760–62. D'Orly, GEORGE, D. D. Rector of Lambeth, and Richard Mant, D. D. Bishop of Down and

Connor-- The Holy Bible, with Notes Explanatory and Practical, taken principally from the most Eminent Writers of the United Church of England and Ireland. Published under the Direction of the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 4 vols.

4to. Oxford, 1817. Durell, David, D.D. Principal of Hertford College, OxfordThe Prophecies of Jacob and Moses

explained, and Critical Remarks on the Books of Job, Psalms, &c. 4to. Oxford, 1764.

EGMONT, J. Æ. VAN AND JOHN HEYMANN— Travels through Part of Europe, Asia Minor, the

Islands of the Archipelago, Syria, Palestine, Egypt, Mount Sinai, &c. translated

from the Dutch, 2 vols. 8vo. London, 1759. ELWOOD, MKS COLONEL_Narrative of a Journey over Land from England, by the Continent of Eu

rope, Egypt, and the Red Sea, to India, 2 vols. 8vo. London, 1830. ERSKINE, MR-On the Sacred Books of the Parsees, or Fire-Worshippers of Persia, in the BOMBAY

EUSTACE, JOHN CHETWODE-A Classical Tour through Italy, 2 vols. 4to. London, 1813.

FABLR, GEORGE STANLEY, B.D. Master of Sherborne Hospital— The Origin of Pagan Idolatry

ascertained from Historical Testimony and Circumstantial Evidence, 3 vols. 4to.

London, 1816. FAIRHOLME, GEORGF, Esq.- A General View of the Geology of Scripture, in which the unerring

Truth of the Inspired Narrative of the early Events of the World is exbibited, 1 vol.

8vo. London, 1833. FRASER, JAMES BAILLIE, Esq. - Journal of a Tour through Part of the Snowy Range of the Hi

mālā Mountains, 1 vol. 4to. London, 1820. Narrative of a Journey into Khorasan, in the Years 1821 and 1822, 1 vol. 4to. London,


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