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Quære, What are the glittering turrets of a man's head? Upon the shore; as frequent as the sand, To meet the prince, the glad Dimetians stand *.
Quære, Where these Dimetians stood ? and of what size they were ? add also to the jargon such as the following: Destruction's empire shall no longer last, And desolation lie for ever waste t. Here Niobe, sad mother, makes her moan, And seems converted to a stone in stone [. But for variegation, nothing is more useful than
3. The PARANOMASIA, or Pun, where a word, like the tongue of a jack-daw, speaks twice as much by being split: as this of Mr. Dennis.
Bullets, that wound, like Parthians as they fly ! :
or this excellent one of Mr. Welsted,
Behold the virgin lye
4. The ANTITHESIS, or SEE-SAW, whereby contraries and oppositions are balanced in such a way, as to cause a reader to remain suspended between them, to his exceeding delight and recreation. Such are these on a lady, who made herself
• Pr. Arthur, p. 157. || Poems 1693, p. 13. Vol. XVII.
+ Job, p. 89. I T. Cook, poems. § Welsted, poems, Acon & Lavin.
appear out of size, by hiding a young princess under her clothes. While the kind nymph, changing her faultless shape, Becomes unhandsome, handsomely to scape *.
On the maids of honour in mourning.
His eyes so bright
The Fairies and their queen,
CHAP. XI. The figures continued : of the magnifying and diminishing
figures. A GENUINE writer of the profund, will take care never to magnify any object without clouding it at the same time; his thought will appear in a true mist, and very unlike what is in nature. It must always be remembered, that darkness is an essential quality of the profund, or if there chance to be a glimmering, it must be, as Milton expresses it, No light, but rather darkness visible.
The chief figure of this sort is, • Waller. + Steel, on Queen Mary. 1 Quarles. || Lee, Alex. Phil. Past. Blackm. Job, p. 176.
The HYPERBOLE, or impossible.
For instance, of a Lion.
Of a Lady at Dinner. The silver whiteness that adorns thy neck, Sullies the plate and makes the napkin black.
Of the same.
Of a Bull-baiting
Of a Scene of Misery.
And that modest request of two absent lovers :
2. The PERIPHRASIS, which the moderns call the circumbendibus, whereof we have given examples in the ninth chapter, and shall again in the twelfth.
To the same class of the magnifying may be referred the following, which are so excellently modern, that
• Vet. Aut.
Blackm. p. 21.
+ Theob. Double Falshood.
we have yet no name for them. In describing a country prospect, I'd call them mountains, but can't call them so, For fear to wrong them with a name too low; While the fair vales beneath so humbly lie, That even humble seems a term tco high *.
III. The last class remains ; of the diminishing. 1. the ANTICLIMAX, and figures where the second line drops quite short of the first, than which nothing creates greater surprize.
On the Extent of the British Arms.
On a Warrior.
And thou Dalloussy the great God of war,
On the Valour of the English.
Nor fortify'd rcdoubt 1l. At other times this figure operates in a larger extent; and when the gentle reader is in expectation of some great image, he either finds it surprisingly imperfect, or is presented with something low, or quite ridiculous : a surprise resembling that of a curious person in a cabinet of antique statues, who beholes on the pedestal the names of Homer, or Cat'); but looking up finds Homer witholt a head, and nothing to • Anon. + 1:09. Anon. || Dern. on Nimr.
be seen of Cato but his privy member. Such are
2. The VULGAR is also a species of the diminishing : by this a spear flying into the air is compared to a boy whistling as he goes on an errand. The mighty Stuffa threw a massy spear, Which, with its errand pleas’d, sung through the air I.
A man raging with grief to a mastiff dog.
And clouds big with water to a woman in great ne-