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similar cases, devoured one another. Jealousy is often the cause of their fatal contentions; the male grafshoppers, and thoseof most other insects, sight together for the possession of a -semale. The ichneumons, which deposite their eggs in the bodies of caterpillars, and which, for this purpose, pierce them deeply with their stings, excite them by the pain to desend themselves.
It is said, that some insects have an aversion, ajid natural antipathy to certain animals, and many examples of this kind are related. No fly, it is said, ever enters into a house, where the head or tail of a wolf is suspended. Scorpions have an aversion at crocodiles, spiJers at toads, and when these animals appear, they dart upon, and kill them.
Some insects are subject to the stone. It is not doubted, but that this is the case with some spiders; but the question is, whether the stones can be found, and in what manner. Doctor Sennertus fays, that the insect must be put into a glass, full of Valerian root bruised. Others fay, that it will be sufficicient to put that root under their webs. However this may be, Doctor Simon Pauli being at Wittemberg, found a spider, as large as a nutmeg, which he put into a glass with the above mentioned preparation; but, contrary to his expectation, the animal yielded no stone- From this experiment he concludes, with too much precipitation, that what ha$ been said of the stone in spiders, is a fable: for Doctor John Franck inclosed sifteen spiders in a glass, with the prescribed precautions; they left there a stone of an ash colour, with small black specks. This experiment shews, that though all these insects are not affected with the stone, some are. Lastly, it appears from the mufæum of Olaus Wormius, that a Brazilian insect, called the sea, louse, which sucks the fish called Jcarambitamba, is subject to the same disease. Worinius himself had one of the stones.
The regularity observable in the different members of insects, gave me an opportunity, in the last; chapter, of remarking the infinite power, the wisdom, and the liberty of the Creator. The subject treated of in the present, is a no less fruitful source of reflection. Man, accustomed to see the same objects every day, beholds them without regard; the most striking proofs of the unlimited power and wisdom of the Deity, make no impression on his mind, when they become familiar to it. To draw him from his lethargy, he must be roused by some appearance extraordinary, singular or important. All Nature teems with instances of the power, the wisdom, the goodness of God, which bear also a character of novelty; it is necessary, only to develope them, and to present them to the understanding. The singular qualities of many animals, and of diverse insects in particular, are of this number. It would appear, that the divine wisdom has endowed them with these perfections, fbtely with the view os' 'exciting our attention, and of elevating our minds to the contemplation of the wonders of Nature. The duty of a true Christian is to conform to those invitations, and to acknowledge, in those singular productions, the power and wisdom of a divine Author,
Let us six our attention, in the first place, on the wonderful and almost infinite minuteness of many infects. Because they do not approach to the size of an elephant or a whale, or some other animal of great bulk, are they less the production of a divine hand? I own that these large animals are Cololfules, and deserve a marked attention; but insects^ those minute inhabitants of the world, bear still more
admirable admirable marks of power and wisdom. Is thfre not more art discoverable in the structure of the teeth of a Dermestes than in that of the tusks of a boar? Is thete not more beauty in the wings of some butterflies, thnn in those of the peacock? How does the little excell the great, when we compare the head of a graf-hopper with that of a horse, the trunk of a flea, with the proboscis of an elephant! Whoever frail reflect seriously on MI this, will sind that the powerful hand of the Creator is in ewers thing worthy of the highest admiration; that it is no less conspicuous, to fay no more, in the structure of a mite than in the formation of a Behemoth. We admire the skill of a workman who can execute a piece of mechanism so minute as to be hardly discernible by the eye, and with iustice. It is more difficult to make a chain so small hat a flea may be bound by it, than one sit to drag along a waggon; there is more dexterity required in moulding the sigure of a small fly than ii carving the >rnage of an elephant. Let us therefore admire with deep humiliation the wisdom os Gca which is grand in great things, but which is nc" less so in small, f low great is the difference between his works and those of the most skilsul artists! We have already had occasion to make the r- mark Can they give to the masterpieces of their hands those internal organs by which the works of nature execute all their motions? Can they polish the external surface of their production so as to make them any way comparable io those of the Creator? However polished theirs maybe, in comparison with his they will alwiys appear rough and rugged. Let us likewise compare the smallness of the things most artisicially constiucted by human hands, with those small machines endowed with lise and motion Let us compare them wiih the bo.'ies ot those minute animals of which Leeuaihoeck discovered many mil ims in a single
drop drop of warer; and his discovery we cannot discredit, sor many learned men after him have made the fame experiments. Robert Hook, and many others allure us, that in one drop ot water, of the size of a grain of millet, there have been discovered sometimes ten, sometimes thirty and sometimes sive and forty thousand of these animalculæ Do these owe their existence to chance? It would be ridiculous to suppose it; for chance cannot bestow i regular sigure, nor arrange members in just proportion, nor center the faculty of propagatii n. Shall it hi said that they have been formed by other creatufes ? But have these that insinite power which is neceflaryfor creation: Let it be our dutyto acknowledge that no cause for their ex* istencecanbeassignedbutGod alone. He who hath divert the Sun its light to shine by day ; he who haih commanded the Moon and Stars to enlighten the niaht, is the same who hath bestowed on certain insects, for certain purposes, the faculty of appearing luminous in the dark. The fame Creator who hath given to man the power of speech, to quadrupeds and birds their different voices, has given to insects the power of producing certain sounds. He who hath given to musk its slavour, and to the animal we mentioned above, the power of disseminating its offensive efsluvia, is also the cause of the different smells which exhale from the bodies of insects. In short, the same hand that hath impressed upon minerals, on sislies and on plants, the quality of yielding different colours for dying, is the fame who hath bestowed the fame qualities on different insects. And as we see that' there is not one of those particular qualities but what is bestow ed for some purpose, and a certain end, we cannot but acknowledge that the whole is directed' by a wise being, who has formed one plan and pursued one dtlipn, and who hath executed the whole with persect precision.
C H A P. IV.
Of The Beauty or Most Insects.
Nature furnishes everything which can contribute to the gratification of our fenses. There arc creatures which it gives us pleasure to touch; we are delighted with the voices of others; there are some which exhale the most agreeable perfumes, the taste of some pleases our palate, and the beauty of many charms the eye. Insects, otherwise so despised, are well fitted to minister to our gratification in this last respect. I have had occasion, in some of the former Chapters, to treat of that particular beauty . which consists in the just proportion and judicious adaptation of their several members. Not to fall into useless repetitions, I shall confine myself here to the beauty of their colours, to the skill with which they are arranged, to the delicacy of each particular tint, and in general, to the admirable disposition of the ■whole.
The brilliancy of those colours is particularly remarkable on their bodies and wings. It is true that we often find but one colour on the bodies of insects, but in some it is so beautiful and mining that it surpasses t>he finest varnish. Each part of the body has its particular colour, but all equally beautiful. I mean, for example, a certain fly, whose back is like