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a reservoir, which other insects have not. In thfsthey deposite the honey which they have collected front flowers.
In the last: place, it is to be remarked, that the females have an ovarium. This organ seems formed of a mass of sibres, which undoubtedly are veins.
What I have now observed, with regard both to the external and internal parts of insects, proclaims,, ip. the most explicit manner, the wisdom, and insinite power of the Creator. When we assist at the dissection of any of the larger animals, with what admiration does not the sight affect us! the different members, their sigure, the muscles, the arterieSj the veins, the lungs, the nerves* the: bowels, every thing furprises and astoniihes, for every where we discover the great and| the wonderful; but the balk of these animals is sufficient, to contain such a variety, of parts, and we are not surprised that they should sind room.: there. What then ought to be our surprise, when, in. dissecting, the minuter insects, such as. we are able tp, dissect, we dilcQver the feme members, the fame . parts as in the most enormpus quadruped! What display os greatness, of wisdom, and: power, in such a heap of parts% all equally persect, and comprised in, so small ar space! Shduld the moll skilful artisicer attempt to work on the same design, be might perhaps: imitate the external parts of the larger insects; but howwould he fail, in forming the small internal- organs !Gould he give his machintt the power of spontaneous motion! Could, he communicate to it the power os! propagarim- its iikr.? All this is beyond the power «£ the most able workman, and can be persormed, only by that insinite wisdom artd power, which is the attribute of the Creator alone, the sirst, and sole cause of all existences.
We shall be the more convinced of this truth, if we observe the wonderful order and arrangem'ent of so many parts. In the animals, different from infects, the head, the eyes, ihe forehead, the mouth, the teeth, the tongue, the brea!I, the belly, the feet, &c. have each a particular place assigned them: is it nos the lame in infects? A few worms alone are destitute of bfeast and feet. But not only are the members situated in the places most convenient for them; the fame arrangement is observable, in the different pans of which each of these members is composed. Does not an onier so pehct announce, that the author of it is a being infinitely wife? If this regularity Were observable only in some of his creatures, if the^hv priety of it were doubtful in others, there woi>13 be some appearance- of reason, in suspecting, that the wisdom of the Creator was not perfect; but it is uhiverial and invariable: it h seen in the disposition of the members in man and quadrupeds; in the feathers of birds; in the flowers of plmts; and in all the parts, both external and internal, of the most loathsome insects.
But the diversity observable in all these members, is a circumstance not less worthy of admiration.— Though their number is vast, yet these is not on* that resembles an ther; they ail differ, either in figure, in dimensions, or in some other character. How boundless must that imagination be, which could form the plan of so many different pa:ts, and dispose them all in such perfect regularity! When, we enter a town,'in which all the houses are disposed in such a manner as to fotm one regular plan, we naturally conclude, that some person superintended the building of the town, who had judgment to pl«n. it, and power to restrain the inclination of individuals trom building every one according to his f.incy. If, notwithstanding the regularity of each particular Y 2 tditict* edisice, it should be observed, that they differed very much from one another, we would not fail to conclude, that the architect was possessed of an inventive, genius, capable of'imagining many plans, subordinate and subservient to the general design. But how great is the difference, between the most persect arrangement. of a town, and that of the members of the smallest insect! How inserior is the genius which can, with a diversity in the parts, preserve the unity of the whole, only in a single thing, to that which can do so alw.iys, and in a multitude of different designs! The former exercises fancy and taste only, in the construction of a town, the other exerts both, a million of times, in the structure of an insinity of the mostPdifferent objects. An artist, whp devises various sigures for the embellishment of his work, exercises his imagination, and discovers genius; and, if be executes what he has conceived, he then shews, that he is possessed, at the fame time, both of power a :d freedom. But how great is the distance between the most perfect imagination of the ablest artisicer, in beautifying his performance, and that which the Creator hath displayed in decorating insects! Surely the deduction from these reflections is clear and natural, that insects have been formed by a Being, supremely free, insinitely wise, and all-powersul.
The diversity which I haye remarked in the numbers of insects does not in the least prevent them from, possessing the most persect harmony and proportion. We see plainly that the body, the head, the legs, the wings of each species have been made for one another ; and destined to form one whole. None of th.jse limbs interrupt the motion of another; on the contrary, they co operate together, and thus facilitate the transportation of the who'e rom place to place. The internal organs are fcr.ned in such p way as to distribute the food easily to every part of
the, body. We find all the vessels necessary for ■the secretion and distribution of the nutritive juices, and for the excretion of what is superfluous, which would otherwise prove hurtful. Can all this be the effect of blind chance? Is it possible that any thinking being can harbour so extravagant a thought ? Is it not more agreeable to reason to attribute the cause of a structure ib wonderful to a being infinitely wise, and infinitely powerful ? What other, not absolutely perfect, could fabricate a machine which displays so many characters of wisdom and power? What other could have bestowed on each insect that exact quantity and proportion of members that are necessary to fit it for the manner of life it is destined to? How could chance give feet to those that run and wings to those that fly, and have to seek their food at the top of the highest trees? How does it happen that chance never mistakes on this head? We find constantly, and without exception, that those insects which are obliged to seek their food in distant places, have the organs of sight and smell so keen and delicate as to discover that food afar off; but the sensibility of these organs would be useless to them without the power of motion: and accordingly^, they are furnished with wings fit to carry them to a distance. Those which are obliged to creep into openings in the ground, have their bodies adapted to the purpose, by being furnished with an oil which facilitates their passage : and they have the apparatus proper for opening it, if it should be hard. Those which jive in more solid substances, as firm earth, roots, wood, &c. have likewise what is necessary for their way of life; their skin and wings arc so hard as not to be injured by attrition. We must therefore return to our first conclusion: A Being all powerful and all-wife is the Creator and Preserver of insects. This is the only way in which we cm sufficiently account for all these wonderful phænomena,
Of Some Siwgular Qualities In Certain
In the number of singular qualities belonging to infects I put the smallness of some of them, which, not only in comparison with other animals are excessively minute, but even in comparison with one another. There is a species of scorpion, one eight'pf a yard long, and Bulbequius assures us that he saw in Turkey an ant from the Easi Indies as big as a middle sized dog. These insects are very large in comparison with most others, and especially with those which are no larger than a grain of millet, the point of a needle or which are even so minute as to be imperceptible, except with the assistance of a microscope. What can the naked eye take in less than the cheese mite? And jet this insect has a head, joints, muscles, antennae, hairs, intestines, &c. Those parti of cheese which it feeds on, must be still more minute. How sine must be the nutritive juice, which circulates in the veirs of so small an animal! From, this circumstance alone we might infer the infinite divisibility of matter.
Some infects shine in the night like fire. Nature hath produced certain bodies erd .wed wi.h an innate property of g'ning light. This light is lively and brilliant in some, as it is seen in sunssiine. In others il is weaker, and ssiines only during night, the great