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whole of them know without having experienced it, that they cannot support the rigour of winter without making the requisite preparations for putting themselves in security from the cold? In the school of what sportsman have they been trained to seize their prey with so much address? Who hath made them so cunning in the art of laying snares for their entmies? What master have some had to teach them to spin threads finer or coarser according to their necessities ? Who hath furnished their bodies with the matter these threads are composed of? Who hath discovered to them that they are provided withj a substance proper to be employed for this use ? What weaver hath taught them to form with it a web so exquisite? Whence comes the vast variety there is between the webs of the different species? What dyer hath taught them to give their threads sometimes one colour and sometimes another? Of what profound politician have those been taught who live in Society? What Lawgiver hath formed .their constitution? What General hath taught them the art of war? But I am tired with asking so many questions; questions which cannot be answered bnt by admitting the operation of a being all powerful and infinitely wise and good, who hath given insects the necessary powers aud faculties for performing those functions which make the object of our admiration.
Let us now make it our duty to admit a truth founded on such strong and convincing proofs, and let us fay with the wife man, "The Lord by his *' wisdom hath founded theearth, bv understanding he , *' hath established the Heavens, and by bis knowledge "the depths are broken up." Pkov. iii. 19. 20. May we not fay without exaggeration, that God haih acted with regard to insects as he formerly did to Btzaleel. "He hath silled them with the spirit of God, *' in wisdom, in understanding, in knowledge, and Hjl *' all manner of workmanship, to devise cunning '* works and in cutting of stones, and in carving of *' timber to work in all manner of workmanship." Exon. xxxi. 3-5. As it was he who enriched that skilful artisicer with such excellent and various talents we cannot doubt but it is also he who hath giv*. en iimilai talents to insects. He who gave to" £>o*' lomon wisdom and understanding and largeness of *' heart, even as the sand that is on the lea shore, ** and excelling the wisdom of all the children of the "east, and all the wisdom of Egypt, and that of all *' the wife men of his time," Kings iv. 29. 3i, has given toinsects that sagacity, foresight and industry, which we have observed in their economy. Every persect gift originates from the fame cause, and desfends from the father of lights,.
Insects, though unendowed with reason exhibit the strongest prooss of a particular wisdom; while men often transgress its rules, and disobey the laws it prescribes to them. How disgraceful to human nature is this humiliating parallel? Shall despicable animals conduct themselves with more prudence than intelligent beings ; shall they consult their instinct and .never wander from its dictates: and shall man, proud of the faculty which distinguishes him from the brutes, shall he not deign to consult his reason ? what culpable, insensate conduct! But this is not all: the young of insects are guided by a natural movement, and without any other education, to pursue the conduct of their parents : but it is quite otherwise with children.; the faculties of their mind must bs cultivated by a good'education, the reason which God hath given them is a rough diamond, which their parents are obliged to polish, and to set, if they would answer the purposes of their creation. But .is this done by the generality of roankind? It is but too common with many to abandon their children to their own wills and totally to neglect their education. Can we then be otherwise than surprised to see so many intelligent creatures conducting themselves with less reason than brutes? What are we to inser from these reflections? Is it not that as inlects answer exactly the purpose of their creation by making the proper use of their faculties, men ought also to second the views of the supreme Being by employing their reason to the advancement of hi» glory, ana to that of their own selicity? They ought to cultivate with care the inestimable gift of reason, and endeavour earnestly to make their chilclren follow their example.
Of THE SENSES OF INSECTS.
The fenses are indispensably necessary to all animals. How could they escape danger if they did not see I How discern the food that is agreeable to them if they had not the faculties of taste and smell ? How avoid their enemy if they did not hear, by the noise he makes, on what fide he approaches them ? If deprived of touch, how could they distinguish pleasure from pain? How know health from disease?
When I say that the senses are indispensably necessary to animals, I do not mean that they must possess the whole which we enjoy. It is sufficient that the Creator has bestowed on them as many as are. necessary for their preservation in their respective situations tuatibns. This is the cafe with infects; they have not always five fenses like man. Some are deprived bf fight, some of smell, others of hearing ; but never except when the manner of life they lead renders these unnecessary or useless.
Feeling or touch is common to all animals as Pliny observes. The fense depends on the motion of the hervous fluid communicated to the brain, and affecting the soul. This motion is excited under the skin by the impulse of some external body j it communicates itself to the nerves, is by them instantaneously carried to the brain, and there causes a fenfa* tion of pleasure or of paim The nerves which have all an immediate connection with the head, are affected in the fame manner as a cord well stretched: the smallest motion made in it is communicated at once to the two extremities. It is remarkable of this sense that it resides in all parts of the body •whereas the others have each a particular organ seated in the head. By this means animals are informed of all the derangements, exterior as well _ as interior* which can happen to them*
What I have said, in the last Chapter, evidently shews that insects are endowed with the sense of touch. It must have been remarked how careful they are to secure themselves agaist wind, rainj hear, Cold &c. which certainly they would not do were they deprived of this sense. The dclieacy of the organs of touch, is not the fame in all. There are some which are sensible to the smallest impression, while others do not seem to feel even a pretty smart stroke, as if endowed with an almost stoical insensibility. There is reason to believe that some insects are to be found, destitute of all other senses but that of feel
S i Sight