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a plan fo wise, are so eviden:ly discernible, that one must shut one's eyes against the light not to acknow. ledge in the whole the hand of a God all wise, and almighty.
If we consult the Scriptures they will fully con firm this truth. “ The Lord says the Píalmist, cau. “ seth grass to grow for the cattle, and herbs for the " service of man. All creatures wait upon thee, 66 that thou mayest give them their meat in due sea" son. What thou givest them they gather : thou $6 openest thine hand, and they are filled with good. " Thou hidest thy face ; they are troubled ; thou ta. “ kelt away their breath, they die and return to 6o their duit. Thou lendest forih shy spirit, they are 66 created, and thou renewest the face of the earth.” Ps. civ. 14,27,30. And in another place, “ The “ eyes of all wait upon thee, and thou givest them 61 their food in due season. Thou openest thine 66 hand, and satisfielt the desire of every liv Ps. cxlv: 15,16,
The care which God takes of infects carries with it so many diftine marks of paternal solicitude as ought to induce mankind to place their confidence in his bounty. If we have not always every thing that it is necessary for us, and if even common resources fail us, we ought not to lose all hope. The wise riler of the world, who feeds with such abund. ance all those animals, will not forfake us his rational offspring. This sovereign monarch of the universe, who provides for the necessities of ihe meanest of his creatures, who leaves not defitute the smallest worm, will he allow to perish with hunger, the beings he hath designed to call his children? This reasoning is not mine, it is that of the Saviour of she world himself. “ Behold the fowls of heaven, said he to his disciples, they fow not, neither do they reap, nor
“ gather into barns, and yet your heavenly father " feedeth them. Are ye not much better than they?" Mat. vi. 26.-It is our duty then, that our trust in him may not be vain, to conduct ourselves fo that we may gain the favour aad protection of the supreme being. His blessings will then be renewed to us every morning ; for the Lord will never forfake those who put their trust in him.
OF THE ARMS WITH WHICH INSECTS DEFEND
THEMSELVES AGAINST THEIR ENEMIES; AND OF THE MEANS THEY EMPLOY FOR AVOIDING OTHER DANGERS.
In this Chapter I propose to treat not only of the fagacity of inst ets in guarding aginst danger ; 'but of the organs with'which divine Providence hath furnished them, both for securing themselves against the inclemency of the seasons, and for escaping the pursuits of their enemies. Galen, long ago, made the following judicious remarks usen ihis subject : For The body of all animals, lays that great man, iş always proportioned to the faculties and inclinations of the mind. The horse, ibat ac ise, fierce, and noble animal has the hicfs of his feet bard and strong, and his reck is adorned wiih a mane, which
contributes not a little to give him that majestic air which we so much admire in him. The teethi -and claws of the Lion correspond exactly to his natural disposition, which is daring and fanguinary. The fame may be faid of the horns of the bull, and the tulks of the boar. Timid animals such as the ftag and the hare, have only for their defence the swiftness of their feet.”
This reflection may be jülly applied to insects: God has not been at less pains to provide for their safety, than for that of other animals. Sume are endowed with such velocity as to escape danger by .. the suddennels of their fight. Sorne creep with a good deal of speed, but others fly most rapidly ; 0thers allow themselves to drop from the place of their ordinary abode upon being disturbed. Those which cannot move with the same facility; make use of addrefs. Some not being able to change their coa lour like the Camelion, choo!e for their abode, pla- ! ces of the same colour as their bodies, that their e. nemies may not be able easily to discover them. Others wrap themselves up like a hedge-hog to put in fiety their heads, and the more delicate parts of of their body. Some seem willing to intimidate their enemies by an appearance of anger which they testify by a violent motion of the head : and lastly; fome when they are touched, discharge a fetid lia quor which disgusts their enemy, and forces him to retire.
liigusts their hed, dischares and lady:
But the goodness of the Creator does not rest, here. Many of them, have arms for their defence. The skin of some is hard enough to secure theni from ordinary injuries; the teeth of others are ex. ceedingly formidable. Some are invested with fine and sharp hairs which oblige their enemies to quit them, from the piercing pain these darts occasion. Others 02
have horns with which they seize and crush their ago gressors. Some have stings that pierce the hardest. substances; and others putting the anterior part of their body into holes, leave the other exposed which serves to defend them by the sharp points or pincers, with which it is armed.
All these are so many visible marks of the wise and provident care, which God hath had of these despised aniinals. It appeared so great to some phi. lofophers, that tħey imagined nature had been more kind to them than to man, and that she acted as a Step-mother to him, by denying him those weapons of defence she hath bestowed on other animals. The consequence however does not follow from the pre.. mises. Reason, which God hath given to man, is of more use to his preservation, than all the means of defence' he hath given to oi her creatures. He is capable of fabricating arms to himself for resisting the most ferocious and best armed animals : he can invent the means of taming the most savage, and those that seem the must ungovernable. But without enlarging further on this circumstance let us ftate the answer which Galen gave to the fame objection. “ Naure, says he, hath given hands to “ man. Directed by his fagacity they are the in"c strument by which he executes whatever he finds “ necessary eii her for peace or war. He therefore " had no use for horns ; his hands can form a “ sword or a lance which are weapons much longer " and more destructive than horns. The feet, the “ claws and horns are of no use at a distance; but o the arms of man's invention can annoy at a dif" tance as well as near. Would the horns of a bull 6 be as useful to a man, as bows and arrows ? We 66 can not only procure arms for ourselves by our " own industry, but we can wrap ourselves up in a « coat of mail, which renders us more invulnerable
- “ than
$6 than the hardest skin. Besides cannot man build « himself a house, raise walls around him, enclose 6 himself in a tower &c. ?”
This reflection of Galen's shews that God has not been less attentive to the fatety of man than to that of other animals. Exposed to so many dangers, naked and destitute of every sort of defence, what would have become of us had not the Creator endowed us with reason, a gift so precious, that it serves us instead of all the arms bestowed on other animals. We must not imagine however that even with this we are in a condition to resist all our enemies; they are in too great numbers, and are incessantly laying shares for our body and our soul. In this case we should be miserable indeed, did God forsake us ; but will he do fo? Will he who leaves not without defence the vileft worm, will he suffer man to become the prey of his cruel adversaries ? Assuredly not. He is too beneficent, and has given us too many marks of his kindness to allow us to entertain such a thought. Let us then cry out boldly with David, the Lord is a refuge in time of trouble for the op. pressed. Ps. xi. 9. This that holy man had of ten experienced, and accordingly he fays in ano. ther place, “ the Lord has been my defence, “ and the rock of my refuge." Ps. xciv. 22.Let us therefore rely more on the powerful assistance of our Creator than on our own strength, being affured that our trust shall not be in vain. “ The eyes “ of the Lord,” says the wise son of Sirach “ are on “ those who love him ; he is their mighty protection “ and strong stay, a defence from heat, and a cover " from the Sun at noon, a preservation from stumb. " ling, and an help from follies. He raiseth up the 66 soul, and lighteneth the eves; he giveth health, life " and blelling."
CH A P. XIII.