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EDUCATIONAL INTELLIGENCE.

PERSONAL.

RIGHT REV. ALONZO POTTER, D. D., LL. D.-The decease of this truly eminent man, whose private worth and public services are too well known to need any biographical notice, recalls his earnest and well directed efforts in our own State, on behalf of public education. As early as 1837 he was vice-president of the Educational Convention which met at Utica, and delivered the introductory address. He was tutor in Union College in 1819; elected professor of mathematics and natural philosophy in 1821; elected president of Hobart College in 1825, which post he declined; became vice-president of Union College, and professor of moral philosophy in 1831. He is the author of several works of merit, among which are The School and Schoolmaster, which he issued in conjunction with Geo. B. Emerson.-New York Teacher.

MR. C. G. G PAINE, recently principal of a military school in Cambridge, says, in a note just received from Fortress Monroe, "My position here is very pleasant, and one of great usefulness. I have one thousand three hundred scholars and twenty teachers under my supervision. I have just opened evening schools, which are already attended by over one hundred and thirty. We teachers board together in the house of President Tyler. There are some excellent scholars in our schools. Many of them are adults, and some are married, and all are most anxious to learn."

FLAVEL MOSELY, of Chicago, who during his life gave much of his heart and time to the cause of popular education, left by his will $10,000 to be added to the Mosely School Fund, for supplying school-books to needy children in the public schools of the city, besides $30,000 in other forms for the education of the "friendless," and $20,000 to other objects of benevolence.

MISS ANNA P. SILL, Principal of the Rockford Female Seminary, Illinois, is in Boston soliciting funds for the erection of new buildings in connection with that institution. It is on the plan of the Mount Holyoke Seminary, and now has two hundred and sixty-three pupils. It has had, during the sixteen years of its existence, more than two thousand connected with it.

PROF. JOHN GOODISON, of the Normal School, has in press a work entitled "Drawing from Objects." He is also now engaged in preparing a series of works on geography and map drawing, based upon the results of the best German teachers, and in harmony with views expressed in his paper read before the State Teachers' Association last Summer.-Michigan Teacher.

H. E SAWYER, formerly superintendent of the schools of Concord, N. H., and recently of Middletown, Conn., has been elected principal of the high school in Springfield, at a salary of $2,000. We give him a cordial welcome to the Bay State, and congratulate our friends in Springfield on the happy selection they have made.

DICTIONARY making appears to be a healthy business. Johnson saw seventy-five years; Walker lived to a good old age; Dr. Worcester was eighty-one; Noah Webster was eighty-five when he passed away; and Dr. Richardson attained the age of ninety years.

SAMUEL P.. BATES, the present Deputy Superintendent of the Common Schools of Pennsylvania, received the honorary degree of LL. D., from Westminster College, at the commencement held in June last. Mr. Bates is a graduate of Brown University.

REV S. R. CALTHROP has accepted an invitation from Gerrit Smith to take charge of the academy, under the patronage of the latter, for physical as well as mental training, to be opened at Peterboro, N. Y.

MR. SIMMONS, the Maine sculptor, has received an order for a colossal statue of President Lincoln, for Independence Square, Phiadelphia. It will be in bronze, and cost $30,000.

PROF. WAYLAND, of Kalamazoo College, is now engaged in preparing for publication a volume of his father's sermons, the late Rev. Francis Wayland, D. D.

HON. LUKE P. POLAND, chief justice of Vermont, who has been appointed U. S. Senator in the place of Collamer, is an earnest friend of common schools.

MR. GLADSTONE, the candidate for the Rectorship of Glasgow University, was defeated by the casting vote of the Chancellor, the Duke of Montrose.

JOSEPH KIMBALL, late teacher in Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass., is Superintendent of the Public Schools of Massillon, O. Salary $1,200.

THOMAS BAILY ALDRICH is to become the editor of Ticknor and Fields' new Weekly of select foreign literature, called "Every Saturday."

THE Principalship of the Normal School, of Michigan, has been tendered to Mr. J. M. Gregory, late Superintendent of Public Instruction.

THOMAS CARLYLE has accepted the office of Rector of Edinburgh University, Scotland.

THE city of Providence appropriated $89,000 last year for public schools, besides $22,000 for the Reform School. How many facts on every hand show that by right education, both moral and mental, it is cheaper and safer to prevent crime than to detect and punish and reform the offenders !-Mass. Teacher.

FREE SCHOOLS IN THE SOUTH.-One of the first needs of the South, after civil reörganization shall have been completed, is a system of free schools similar to that of the Northern States. *** Education, intelligence and refinement make every man a more useful and valuable citizen Viewed in its influence upon industry alone, it is the interest of the State and the community in which he lives, that the laboring man, the agriculturist, the mechanic, the artisan, should be educated. The non-progressive and unenterprising classes are mostly made up of ignorant men and women. They are satisfied to plod on in the old way; contented to earn a subsistence, and caring nothing for development of resources and general prosperity, so long as the necessities of life are supplied. Governor Wise, of Virginia, scolded and fretted at the Virginia farmers because they would persist in the old and slow method of cultivating the soil, and for their lack of energy and enterprise. "Commerce," said he," has long ago spread her sails, and sailed away from you. You have not as yet dug more coal than enough to warm yourselves at your own hearths; you have set no tilt-hammer of Vulcan to strike blows worthy of gods in your own iron founderies; you have not yet spun more than coarse cotton enough, in the way of manufacture, to clothe your own slaves. You have no commerce, no mining, no manufactures. You have relied alone on the single power of agriculture and such agriculture! Your sedge-patches outshine the sun. Your inattention to your only source of wealth has seared the very bosom of mother earth. Instead of having to feed cattle on a thousand hills, you have to chase the stump-tailed deer through the sedge-patches to procure a tough beefsteak." The ex-Governor had not the sagacity to see that this condition of things was a resultant of slavery and prevailing ignorance. He condemned the fruit, but refused to lay the axe at the root of the tree which produced it.

If the Southern laborer is ever to match the Northern, in thrift, energy and enterprise, he must be educated. He is of the same origin, has the same natural qualifications, and lacks nothing but intelligence to make him the equal of the hardy men who have built up these great States of the West, and pushed them forward in their career of prosperity, till, with less favorable climate, soil and resources than Virginia, they have surpassed her in her best days. *** If Southern statesmen want better agriculture, more enterprise, more energy in the development of the unsurpassed resources of the South; if they want diversity of labor and production; if they want trade and commerce, manufactures, and all the thousand and one enterprises that make up a thrifty and progressive community, they must begin at the begining, and establish schools for the general education of the people.-Cincinnati Commerical.

ANN ARBOR has the honor of the seat of the State University, the leading institution of learning in the West, and with no less pride her citizens can call attention to the successful operation of her city schools. Under the supervision of Prof. Lawton, the number of both home and foreign scholars is fast increasing, and the higher department now sends a larger number to the University than any other school in the State, not excepting Detroit. The number in attendance the past year was 1,838; foreign scholars, 100; the income from whom was $1,500. The nmuber in Latin, 99; Greek, 46; Natural Philosophy, 54; French, 20; German, 18. Mr. Everett has resigned as assistant principal in the high school and accepts a similar position at Oskosh, Wis., at an advanced salary. Mr. Jackson resigns as a teacher in the grammar school, the vacancy supplied by Mr. Michols, of Rochester, N. Y.

Miss Hoppin of the grammar has also resigned, and Miss Ormsby takes her place. Miss Bodwell resigns as principal teacher in the higher grade of the second ward. Miss Botsford retires from her position in the fifth ward. The cost of the schools the past year will not fall far short of $12,000-Michigan Teacher.

UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN.-This is now the largest university in this country, containing one thousand and fifty-one students, distributed as follows: Medical department, four hundred and thirty-six; law, three hundred; literary, two hundred sixty-five. Three new assistant professors have been appointed, one in each department. The Institution is well endowed, and tuition is free. The administration of President Haven has been eminently successful.

THE Principals of the Public Schools of Chicago, some seventeen in number, have formed an association for the pupose of mutual improvement in methods of. education and school management. and for the discussion of subjects connected with the cause of education generally. At their last meeting the question of the use of primary text-books, more especially in the studies of Grammar and Geography, was discussed. The result showed an evident inclination in their favor. The Principals, in the order of their schools, preside at the meetings, one upon each evening. Mr. Mahoney, of the Wells School, was chosen Secretary.

PROGRESS IN SPRINGFIELD, ILL.-The citizens of this place will expend during the present year about $100,000 in school improvements. Three of the school-houses are models,—the High School building being one of the best in the West. It is to be furnished with single desks, and no pains will be spared to place every thing desirable in and around the building. Very few of the female teachers receive less than $500 per annum. The people by their acts show a determination to foster their educational interests.-Illinois Teacher.

TEACHERS' SALARIES.-Some time since the teachers of Cincinnati petitioned the School Board for an advance of salary. The advance asked ranged from twenty to forty per cent. The petition was referred to the Committee on Salaries to report. The committee presented a resolution that all salaries should be raised ten per cent. The resolution was passed unanimously. This seems to us to have been a very inadequate advance, especially when we reflect how small has been the remuneration of teachers through the whole of the war, with all its inflated prices.

The increase brings the salaries of the Principal of the Intermediate Schools up to $1,760 per annum; of the District, $1,550; the first male assistants of the District, to $1,100; of the Intermediate, to $1,210. The salaries of the lady teachers range now from $350 to $660,-those only receiving the first named sum who have less than six months' experience.-Ohio Educational Monthly.

ANTIOCH COLLEGE.--The Unitarians of Providence have contributed $29,000 towards the endowment of this institution.

WHICH are lightest men-Scotchmen, Irishmen or Englishmen ? In Ireland there are men of Cork; in Scotland men of Ayr (air); but on the Thames there are lightermen.

PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN ENGLAND.-One great difficulty in establishing free schools in England is the fact that sectarianism (Episcopacy) would be taught in them as state schools. At a late meeting, Mr Handel Cassham advocated the American system. He says: "While I was in America I went into one of the public schools, and there I saw the little son of the late President Lincoln, and at the next desk, competing with him honorably, was a little negro boy, and I felt a thrill of pleasure as I saw it."

COLORED SCHOOLS IN WASHINGTON AND VICINITY.-There are now in operation in Washington twenty-five colored schools, with fifty-eight teachers and three thousand one hundred and sixty-nine pupils; in Georgetown there are four schools, with three hundred and eighty-one pupils; in Alexandria ten schools, with one thousand and thirty-two pupils ; and in the freedmen's village, on Arlington Heights, two schools, with three hundred pupils.

ST. LOUIS. The colored people of this city are doing nobly in the work of education. The night schools, which they established all over the city, are crowded by all ages of colored people. The desire to learn to read and write has become a perfect mania with them, and the second-hand booksellers are driving a profitable trade in old primers and spelling-books.

A COLORED STUDENT IN HARVARD.-Mr. RICHARD GREENER, a young colored man of twenty or twenty-two years of age, who was recently admitted to Harvard College from Phillips Academy, after a very rigid examination, has taken the second prize as a declaimer in the first trial of the Freshman class.

CHARLESTOWN, VA.-There is now a school for colored children in a building close by the famous John Brown engine house. The American Missionary Association intends to open fifty more such schools in the Shenandoah Valley.

SEVEN churches belonging to Methodist colored people have been burned within six months in Maryland, simply because negro schools were held there during the week.

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THE leading New England Colleges are advancing the standard of qualifications for admission. At the first, or commencement examination at Yale College, a majority of the applicants were rejected. Out of one hundred and nineteen, only fifty-two were admitted. After a rigid examination, one hundred and six were admitted &t the opening of the present term. The freshman class numbers one hundred and fifty-eight, the largest number ever admitted to one class in any New England College.

MAXIMILIAN takes radical ground in his communication to the Minister of Public instruction on the subject of popular education. He announces that education must not only be open to all, but that, with respect to elementary education, it must be free of charge, while attendance is made compulsory. Truly, the world moves.

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