图书图片
PDF
ePub

DEMOCRACY

The Service, Told in Song and Story, of
Those Who Gave Us Freedom o o o The
New Crisis and How It Must Be Met DOO
And the Greater Freedom That Is to Come

BY

EDWIN GREENLAW

KENAN PROFESSOR OF ENGLISH IN THE UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA

SCOTT, FORESMAN AND COMPANY
CHICAGO

NEW YORK

COPYRIGHT, 1918

BY

SCOTT, FORESMAN AND COMPANY

Gift
R D.LINQUIST
EDUCATION DEPT.

PREFACE

a

This book may be used as a supplementary text in history and English classes, or as an independent text. The selections, taken from a wide variety of sources, constitute a body of patriotic literature that will not fail to appeal to boys and girls to whom love of country, in these stirring times, is becoming a very real thing. The study helps and questions and the glossary will serve to connect the selections with each other and also to provide material for class-room discussions.

But the book is designed also to serve several purposes not included in the usual idea of a mere reader. The first of these may be defined as a propaganda for good citizenship which is approached from a somewhat new angle. The chief purpose of the book is this presentation of a definite conception of democratic citizenship, but interest and concreteness are gained through the poems, stories, extracts from histories of high literary value, and even state papers which are used as illustrations of this conception. The selections have been chosen in such a way as to present, concretely and cumulatively, a conception of patriotism that is founded on doing as well as believing, on conduct as well as emotion, on coöperation of all for the good of all as the ideal of democracy. The pupil will see how this combination of self-activity and coöperation has been the vital principle of democracy from the earliest times, and how we may test the spiritual quality of any age or generation by the presence or absence of this principle as an active force in society.

To bring out this conception, the three parts of the book are named THE CALL TO THE COLORS, THE BUILDERS AND

575816

THEIR WORK, and SOLDIERS OF FREEDOM. In Part I, which is largely a matter of definition, the selections, with the explanatory matter that accompanies them, bring out the difference between patriotic emotion and coöperative service. Concreteness is further gained through the application of the whole matter to the present war, both national, involving America's relation to it, and individual, including school children as well as soldiers. The whole conception gains dramatic value through the vision of the Nation responding to the Call to the Colors, while the idea that the flag not only represents the glorious history of the nation, but also depends, for its meaning, on what each generation makes of it, leads naturally to the subject treated in the second part of the book.

In this second part, a series of twelve pictures, or dramatic moments in the history of English and American democracy, is given. These constitute what may be called the epic story of our democracy. Besides their fundamental interest, they have an advantage through concentration, so that the imagination of the pupil can grasp something of the splendid sweep of the history of democracy through a long period of time. This appeal to the historical imagination of the child is a valuable aid in developing sound ideals of patriotism, and this mighty drama, presented through the words and deeds of those who in many centuries have won victories for humanity, will inspire and uplift all who look upon it. In fact, teachers may find it possible to present these twelve scenes, with necessary omissions and condensations, as a Masque or Ritual of Democracy. Throughout Part II, as in Part I, the application to present conditions is constant, and the section closes once more with the idea that liberty is a heritage

1

that is to be prized, but that it is also something to be won, by each generation, according to a definition which each generation must work out for itself.

In Part III there is less expository matter, or propaganda of patriotism, partly because the foundations have been laid and there can be no mistake in interpretation, and partly because of the nature of the selections. The spirit that unites the free peoples of the world in this newold conflict with the monster of tyranny, finds illustration in song and story, with further definition in several prose pieces, while the application to the theme of the book is shown by the pledge of America in response to the call of the Allies, by the account of the making of our youth into defenders of this pledge, and by President Wilson's benediction

the Soldiers of Freedom. The second of the special purposes proposed in the book is to give to boys and girls a clear idea of the relationship between England and America as the joint founders of free government and now its co-defenders. We have singularly missed, in our history teaching, the full meaning of this stupendous achievement. Too often England has been seen as a monarchy, the hereditary enemy of the United States. Too often national vainglory has turned upon the idea of the punishment England underwent at the hands of our forefathers. The old quarrel has been kept up, the old battles fought over and over, in a clumsy and dangerous manner, for generation after generation. But to see the American Revolution as a stage in the development of free government for England as well as for America; to see that our institutions have grown from English institutions and are of the same organic texture, and finally to see that now at last the two great English-speaking peoples are shoulder

upon

« 上一页继续 »