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to thee


as to prove that it must be pronounced K.

kay, or key :

Thou art pandar to me for my wench, and KA ME, AND I'LL KA THEE, prov.,

for thy cousenage. K me, k thee, runs through court

and country. Secur. Well said, my subtle Quickor more commonly, in an abbreviated silver. Those Ks ope the doors to all this world's form, KA ME, KA THEE. A pro


Eastu. Hoe, O. Pl., iv, 221. verbial phrase, considered as parallel

Key itself was often pronounced kay. with the Latin adage, “ Muli mutuò

See Kay.

We cash-keepers scabunt;” but of Scottish origin, in Hold correspondence, supply one another which dialect ca, pronounced caw,

On all occasions. I can borrow for a week

Two hundred pounds of one, as much of a second, means call, or invite; as they use fa A third lays down the rest; and when they want, for fall, a for all, &c. See Jamieson

As my master's money comes in, I do repay it.

ka me, ka thce. Massinger's City Madam, ii, 1. in Call. Ray has it among his Pro- Also act iv, sc. 2. verbs, p. 126, but without notice of Ka ka thee, one good tourne asketh another.

Heywood's Poems, on Proverbs, E, 1 b. its real origin. His illustrations are

Let's be friends; merely these : “ Da mihi mutuum You know the law has tricks; Ka me, ka thee.

Ham Alley, 0. Pl., V, 494. testimonium.” Cic. Orat. pro Flac. To keepe this rule-kawe me, and I kawe thee; Lend me an oath or testimony; swear

To play the saints whereas we divels be.

Lodge, Satire 1st. for me, and I'll do as much for you ;

In one passage we find a ridiculous, or claw me, and I'll claw you ; com- and probably an arbitrary, variation mend me, and I'll commend you. of it: Pro Dello Calauriam. Neptune If you'll be so kind as to ka me one good turn, I'll be changed with Latona “Delos for

so courteous to kub vou another.

Wilch of Edm. by Rowley, &c., ii, 1 Calauria.' But none of these come +But kay me, Ne kay thee; give me an inch to day, exactly to the point: “One good

Ile give thee an ell to morrow.

Armin., Nest of Ninnies, 1608. turn deserves another,” is quite as

+Epig. 6. Ka mee, ka thee.

My muse hath vow'd, revenge shall have her swindge parallel as any of them, and “claw To catch a parret in the woodcocks sprindge, &c. me," &c., much more so. See Claw.

Taylor's Workes, 1630.

+Manus manum fricat: ka me, ka thee, one good turno In Kelly's Scottish Proverbs it stands : requireth another. Kae me, and I'll kae thee. Lett. K 21.

Withals' Dictionary, ed. 1634, p. 565. With the marginal interpretation in- KAM. Crooked. “Kam, in Erse, is vite, and an explanation subjoined, squint-ey'd, and applied to anything "Spoken when great people invite

awry.” Johns.

Thus camock means and feast one another, and neglect the a crooked tree (see CAMOCK); and it poor."

is most probable that they are both In England it was sometimes pro- from the same origin. Minshew has nounced kay; whence, in the follow- carrois, crooked; from which he deing passage, it is printed with the rives kamme, and adds forte a kauletter k alone, and is so punned upon

πύλος. Mr. Steevens says kam is

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also Welch for crooked. Camus, | KATE ARDEN. A female of no good flat, or snub-nosed, in French, is by fame, in Ben Jonson's time, whose Menage derived from camurus, Latin name seems to have been almost profor crooked. Camuris sub corni- verbial. On the burning of the Globe bus.” Virg. Clean kam means all theatre on the Bankside, he says, wrong or crooked, and was corrupted

Nay, sigh'd a sister, 'twas the nun Kate Arlen

Kindled the fire ! bi then, did one return, into kim kam.

No fool would bis own harvest spoil or burn. Sic. This is clean kam.

Erecration upon Vulcan, vol. vi, 410. Brut. Merely awry: when he did love his country,

The meat-hoat of bear's college, Paris garden, It honour'u him.

Coriol., ii, 1. Stunk not so ill; nor, when she kiss'd, Kate Arden. Cotgrave in Contrepoil, or à Contre- KATEXIKENE, more properly KATEX

Id. Epigrams, No. 134. poil. “Against the wooll, the wrong

OCHEEN, signifying, chiefly, or above way, clean contrary, quite kamme.

all others. A Greek expression Kari Kim kam occurs in the following pas- étoxriv, incorrectly represented in sage, and in one cited in Todd's John

English letters, and made into one son.

word. The wavering commons in kym kam sectes are haled.

You are a lover already,
Stanyhurst's Virg.

Be a drunkard too, and after turn small poet, Coles has kim kam, and renders it by And then you are made, Katerikene the nadman. præposterè. Dr. Johnson's remark

Messinger's Guardian, iii, 1. seems to imply that it was still in use

KAY. The word key was often so proin his time, for he says, Clean kam


And commonly the gawdy livery weares is, by vulgar pronunciation, brought Of nice corruptions, which the times doe sway, to kim kam."

And waites ou th'humour of his pulse that beares

llis passions set to such a pleasing kay. +KANGLED. Perhaps an error for

Daniel, Jusuphilus, p. 97. tangled.

Also p. 101.
I parte the kangled locks.

How so, quoth I? the dukes are gone their waies,
Kendall's Flowers of Epigrammes, 1577.

Th' have bar'd the gates, and borne away the kaies.

Mirror for Mag., p. 407. +KANIKER. One who sells ale, to be + T0 KEAKE. To cackle, like a goose. taken away in cans, and not drunk

Helpe, sportfull muse, to tune my gander keaking on the premises.

d Herrings Tayle, 4to, 1598.

base, the tenor, tret;ble, and the meane, Also in townes which are no thorow-fare, the justices All acting various actions in one sceane; shall doe well to be sparing in allowing of any ale- The sober goose (not thinking ought amisse) house, (except it be at the suit of the cliefe inhabi. Amongst the rest did (harshly) krake and hisse; tants there, and to supply the necessary wants of At which the peacocke, and the pyde-coate jay, their poore): and then Kanikers (onely to sell to the Said, take the foolish gaggling goose away. poore, and out of their doores) would suflice, if they

Taylor's It'orkes, 1630. were enabled by a law.

Dalton's Countrey Justice, 1620. TO KECK. To blame? or, perhaps, KARKANET. A necklace. See CAR

to check.

Excuse me, reader, that my muse KANET.

Should such indecent language use. KARROW, or CARROW. An Irsh

I'm fore'd to keck my seli, 'tis true;

I wish you may not do so too; word, thus explained by Spenser:

But beastly words best suit the nature

Of such an ill-look'd beastly creature. There is another much like, but much more lewde and

Hudibras Redirirus, part 12, 1707. dishonest, and that is of their carroirs, which is a kinde of people that wander up and downe to gentle KECKSIES, for kexes. See Kex. men's houses, living only upon cardes and dice, the KEECII. The fat of an ox or cow, which, though they have little or nothing of their owne, yet will they play for much money, which is

rolled up by the butcher in a round they winne, they waste most lightly, and if they lose, lump, a good deal resembling the they pay as slenderly, but make recompense with one stealth or another; whose only hurt is not that they body of a fat man, is called a keech. themselves are idle lossells, but that thorough gaming they draw others to like lewdnesse and idleness.

We are assured by Dr. Percy, that View of Irel., p. 398 Todd. this is the proper term, and still in There is among them a brotherhood of karroves, that prefer to play at chartes all the yere long, and make

use. It is applied by Shakespeare it their onely occupation. Holinsk., vol. i, B 1, col. 2. to a butcher, and to Wolsey, the KASTRIL. A base species of hawk; the reputed son of a butcher.

a called also the stannel, or the wind- Did not goodwife Keech, the butcher's wife, come in hover. See CASTREL and KESTREL.

then, and call me gossip Quickly. 2 Hen. IT, ii, 1.

I womer What a cast of kastrils are these, to hawk after ladies That such a krech us Wolsey) can with his very bulk thus! Tru. I, and to strike at such an eagle as Take up the rays o' the beneficial sun Dauphine.

B. Jons. Epicane, iv, 4. And keep it from the earth. Hen. VIII, i, 1.

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Hence, though not certain, it is highly

Would it not rex thee, where thy sireg did keep,

To see the dunged folds of daz-tail'd sheep? probable that tallow-keech is the right

Hall, Satires, v, 1, p. 86. reading in 1 Hen. IV, ii, 4. See In the university of Cambridge this TALLOW-KEECH.

sense is still preserved ; they say
TO KEEL. To cool; from cælan, to there. Where do you keep? I keep
cool, Saxon. A keel, or keel-vat, was

in such a set of chambers.
the vessel in a brewery now called a +KEEP. To keep counsel, to be discreet.
cooler. See Skinner, Minshew, and First and foremost tell me this: can this fellow keepe

Coles. Dr. Goldsmith says, in a note

Terence in English, 1614.

To keep talk, to converse together.
on Shakespeare, that to keel the pot But whilest we have kept talke, they are left a great
is still used in Ireland for to scum it. way behinde.


KEEP, s.
It may be so, and yet the original

The chief strong hold of an

ancient castle. meaning might be also to cool it, by

But this day their speech was the sooner broken of, scumming, stirring, &c. ; which par- by reason that he who stood as watch upon the top of ticular way of cooling should, as Dr.

the keepe, did not only see a great dust arise, but, &c.

Pembr. Arcad., p. 249. Farmer suggests, be considered as A word now well known, from antiimplied in that phrase.

quarian researches.
While greasy Joan doth keel the pot.

KEEP, s.
Love's L. L., 1, 2,

Care, notice.
Faith, Doricus, thy brain boils, keel it, keel it, or all

For in Baptista's keep my treasure lies.
the fat's in the fire.

Tam. of Shr., i, 2.
Marston's What you will, 1607, Anc. Drama, ii, 199.

Johnson has observed this sense in
Latterly it seems to have been applied

only to the cooling of boiling liquor ;
in Chaucer's time it was more generally

To take keep was to notice, to pay

attention to anything. used :

and unto Morpheus comes, whom drowned deepe
And doune on knees full humbly gan I knele,

In drowsie fit he findes; of nothing he takes keepe.
Besechyng her my fervent wo tó kele.
Court of Love, 775.

Spons. F. 2, 1, 1, 10.

If when this breath from man's frail body flies,
It was used also by Gower. Coles, The soul takes keep, or know the things done here.

Fairf. Tasso, V,

21. in his Dictionary, has, “to kele, frige

And, gazing on the troubled stream, took kerp, facio." Kersey has also, "to keel, How the strong waves together rush and fight. to cool.”

Ibid., xiv, 60. KEEL, KEIL, or KAYLE. A nine-pin;

Also to take care [an early English

from quille, French.

But he forsakes the herd-groom and his flocks,
All the furies are at a game called nine-pins or keils, Nor of his bag-pipes takes at all no keep.
made of old usurers' boues, and their svuls looking on

Drayt, Ecl., viii, p. 1427.
with delight, and betting on the game.

lond man so doteth on this living clay,
B. Jons, Chloridia, a Masque, vi, 216. His carcase dear, and doth its joyes pursue,
And now at keels they try a harmclesse chaunce;

That of his precious soul he takes no keep.
And now their curre they teach to fetch and daunce,

H. More, Cupid's conft., p. 311.
Pembr. Arcadia, Lib. I, p. 83. + Finally not to take suche keepe of their satetie!
Coles has, “a keal, metula lusoria,'

ILolinshed, 1577.

#She takes no keepe of angurs' skill. &c.; and Cotgrave, under Quille,

Lucan, by Sir A. Gorges, 1614.

the keele of a ship; also a To KEEP TOUCH. To be faithful, to
keyle, a big peg, or pin of wood, used be exact to an appointment.
at ninepins or keyles," &c.

I have kept touch, sir, which is the earl, of these.
KEEL. “A kiln.

B. and Pl. Beggar's Bush, v, 1.

He had been appointed to meet them.
Calcaria fornax, Plinio, i vos. A lime keele.

Nomenclator. Coles has, “ to keep touch, facere quod
TO KEEP, v. n. To live, or inhabit; dixeris.” See Touch.
the 5th sense in Todd's Johnson.

*This scene containeth the greife of Pamphilus as
Servile to all the skiey influences

touching the marriage: where likewise he promiseth That do this habitation, where thou keep'st,

to keepe faithfull touch with Glycerie, yca whether his
Hourly afflict.

Meas for M., iii, 1. father will or no, it cause so require.
A plague upon 't! it is in Gloucestershire;

Terence in English, 1611.
'Twas where the mad-cap duke his uncle kept,

+Firmarit fidem. He hath surely kept his promise : His uncle York. --&c.

1 lbh. IV, 1, 3. hee hath made an assurance to keep touch with us :
Here stands the palace of the noblest sense,

hee hath giren an infallible token that he will per.
Here Visus keeps, whose court than crystal smoother, forme promise.
And clearer seems. Fletcher, Purple Isl., v, 25. And that they should keepe touch with me I looke ;
The high top'd firres which on that mountain keepe, Foure thousand and five hundred bookes I gave
Have ever since that time beene seene to weepe.

To many an honest man, and many a knave.
Brown, Brit. Past., I, iv, p. 87.

Taylor's Workes, 1630.

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+ Str. D’ye think we have no religion in us ? ?tis a most KELTER, 8. Order, good condition, or
corrupt time, when such as we cannot keep touch,
and be faithfull one to another.

Cartwright's Royall Slare, 1651.

If the organs of prayer be ont of kelter,-- how can we +TO KEEP CUT.


Barrou, cited by Johnson.
A pretty play-Sellow; chirp it would,

I have not met with it elsewhere. It
Aud hop and fly to fist;
Keep cut, as twere a usurer's gold,

is said to be provincial, and derived
And bill me when I rist.

from the Danish. See Todd. Cotgrare's Wils Interpreter, 1671, p. 176. +KEEP-FRIEND. Sufficiently explained To KEMB. To comb; from cæmban, in the example.

Saxon. And he had besides two iron rings about his neck, the

Yet are the men more loose than they,

More kemo'd and bath'd, &c. one of the chain, and the other of that kind which are

B. Jons. Calil., act i, chorus. called a keep-friend, or the foot of a friend, from whence descended two irons unto his middle.

No impositions, taxes, grievances,

Knots in a state, and whips unto a subject, History of Don Quirole, 1078, f. 45. +KEEPING. Upon my keeping, i.e.,

Lie lurking in this beard, but all kembid out.

B. & Fl. Beggar's Bush, ii, 1. upon my guard.

Dryden has used it. See Johnson.
I doo promes you that I am upon me kypying every * From whenre, the people with much sprinckling of
MIS., letter dated 1562.

water, softening that wbich the trees yeeld and bring KEIGHT, for caught.

forth like unto certaine fleeces, kembe a most fine and Betwixt her feeble armes her quickly keight.

tender matter, mixed of a kind of dou ne and liquid

substance, and spinning thred hereof, make silke. Spens. F. C., III, ii, 30.

Holland's Ammianus Marcellinus, 1609. KEISAR. See KEYSAR.

+Nor any barber did thy tresses pleat; KELL, the same as caul. Of uncertain 'Tis strange; but monsieur I conceive the feat,

When you your hair do kemb, you off it take, origin, but signifying any covering And order 't as you please for fashion sake.

Witt: Recreations, 1654. like net-work, as the omentum in the

*Come, beauteous Mars intestines, a net for hair ; also the I'll kemb thy hair smooth as the ravens feather,

And weave those stubborn locks to amorous bracelets. cones of silkworms, &c.

Randolph's Jealous Lovers, 1646.
Bury himself in every silk-worm's kell,

Is here unravell’d. B. Jons. Deril is an Ass, ii, 6.
Is here, is put for which is here, &c.

KEMP'S SHOES. To throw an old
With caterpillers' kells, and dusky cobwebs hung. shoe after a person, was considered
Drayt Polyolb., Song ii, p. 707.

as sending them off with a lucky Mens bones and horses mixed Being found, I'll find an urn of gold to inclose them, omen. Kemp's shoe is archly men

and betwixt The air and them two kels of fat lay on them.

tioned by Ben Jonson, as if prover

Chapm. II., xxii. bially old. Kemp the actor was doubt-
Also a thin film, grown over the eyes : less meant; and Mr. Gifford conjec-
His wakeful eyes, that, &c., &c.,
Now cover'd over with dim cloudy kels,

tures, not improbably, that he might And shrunken up into their slimy shells.

play the very part in which his shoes

Drayt. Owl, p. 1310
In the following it means the caul are thus mentioned, that of Carlo

covering the intestines :
Jag him, gentlemen,

1 warrant you, I would I had one of Kemp's shoes to

throw after you. I'll have him cut to the kell, then down the seams.

Erery Man out of his H., iv, 8. B. and Fl. Philaster, v, 4. Throwing the shoe is introduced by +KELL. A net.

Jonson elsewhere :
As often as knotts ben knitt on a kell.

Hurl after an old shoc,
Ballad of Childe Maurice, Percy MS.

I'll be merry whatever I do. +KELL. A sort of soup was called

Masque of Malamorph. Gipsies, vol. vi, 84. kell, and may be here alluded to.

About the time when this play of Thy breakfast thowe gott every day,

Every Man out of his Humour was Was but peasc bread and kel full

gray, Is turned nowe to chere full gay,

acted, Kemp bad produced his Nine Served to thy table in riche aray. MS. Lansd., 241. Days' Wonder, and was sufficiently +KELL. A kiln. See KEEL.

popular to make a good-humoured
Yea, as deep as a well,
A furnace, or kell,

jest upon him well received.
A bottomless cell,

KEMPT, for kembed, the participle of
Some think it is hell. Cleveland's Works.
KELD, for kelled. Covered with scales,

KEMB. like net-work; from the preceding.

There is nothing valiant or solid to be loped for from

such as are always kempt, and persumed, and every The otter then that keeps

day smell of the tavlor. In their wild rivers, in their banks, and sleeps,

B. Jons. Discoreries, vol. vii, p. 115.
And feeds on fish, which under water still

The old edition has kemptd, which
He with his keld feet, and keen teeth doth kill.
Drayton, Noah's Flood, p. 1534.

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