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Hampshire, Sir John, the last royal gov- uated at Harvard College in 1768 ; was adernor, seeing his power depart, and fear- mitted to the bar and began practice in ing popular indignation, shut himself up Dover; member of the legislature in 1776in the fort at Portsmouth, and his house 80; was made judge of probate of Stratwas pillaged by a mob. He prorogued the ford county, which office he held till his Assembly (July, 1775), retired to Boston, death; member of the Continental Consoon afterwards sailed to England, and gress in 1778–79; member of the State remained there until 1792, when he was council in 1780–84; and of the State made lieutenant-governor of Nova Scotia. Senate in 1784–87. He died in Dover, He died in Halifax, N. S., April 8, 1820. N. H., Jan. 10, 1787.

Wentworth, John, journalist; born in Wentworth, Joshua, soldier; born in Sandwich, N. H., March 5, 1815; grad- Portsmouth, N. H., in 1742. He was uated at Dartmouth College in 1836; re- colonel of the 1st New Hampshire Regimoved to Illinois the same year; was ment in 1776; and, after being elected to present at the first meeting for the in- the legislature, served as State Senator corporation of Chicago as a city; admitted for four years. He was appointed a deleto the bar in 1841; and member of Con- gate to the Continental Congress, although gress in 1843-51, and 1853–55. The day he failed to attend. He died in the town after the repeal of the Missouri Com- of his birth, Oct. 19, 1809. promise was adopted in the House he de- Wentworth, TAPPAN, lawyer: born in termined to form an anti-slavery party, Dover, N. H., Sept. 24, 1802; admitted to and out of his organization sprang the Re- the bar in 1828. In 1851 he served in the publican party. He was elected mayor of legislature as a Whig, and, later, as a ReChicago in 1857 and re-elected in 1860; publican. He was elected to Congress, and was the first mayor to urge his fellow- serving from 1853 to 1855. He died in citizens to hasten recruiting for the Na- Boston, Mass., June 12, 1895. tional army. His publications include Wentworth, William, colonist; born Genealogical, Bibliographical, and Bio- in Alford, England, in 1615; accompanied graphical Account of the Descendants of the Rev. John Wheelwright to MassaElder Willia in Wentworth, and History of chusetts in 1636 and was associated with the Wentworth Family (3 volumes). He him during his troubles with the Massadied in Chicago, Ill., Oct. 16, 1888.

chusetts government owing to his AntiWentworth, John, lawyer; born in nomian beliefs. Later he settled in Dover, Somersworth, N. H., July 17, 1745; grad- N. H., and afterwards preached in the church there. He was instrumental in draft beneath the coal, he succeeded in rescuing a garrison from massacre by the producing combustion. Later he invented a Indians in 1689. It is said that all the stove in which he burned coal in his own Wentworths in the United States are his home. He died in Harper's Ferry, Va., descendants. He died in Dover, N. H., Aug. 12, 1843. March 16, 1697.

Wesley, Joun, founder of the MethWerden, REED, naval officer; born in odist Church; born in Epworth, LincolnDelaware county, Pa., Feb. 28, 1818; shire, June 17, 1703; was educated at Oxentered the navy as midshipman in 1834 ford University, and ordained deacon in and the Naval School at Philadelphia in 1725. In 1730 he and his brother Charles, 1840, and served in the war against with a few other students, formed a society Mexico. At the capture of Roanoke Island on principles of greater austerity and mehe commanded the steamer Stars and thodical religious life than then prevailed Stripes; was fleet captain of the East in the university. They obtained the Gulf Squadron in 1864–65; and was pro- name of Methodists, and Wesley became moted commodore in 1871, and rear-ad- the leader of the association. In 1735 the miral in 1875. He died in Newport R. I., celebrated Whitefield joined the society, July 13, 1886.

and he and Wesley accompanied OgleWereat, John, patriot ; born about thorpe to Georgia to preach the Gospel to 1730; was an advocate of colonial rights; the Indians in 1736. Through the arts a member of the Provincial Congress in and falsehoods of two women Charles fell 1775; its speaker in 1776; and president into temporary disgrace. Oglethorpe, of the executive council in 1779. He was satisfied with his explanation, sent him president of the Georgia convention that ratified the Constitution of the United States; and did much to relieve the sufferings of the people west of Augusta in 1782. He died in Bryan county, Ga., in 1798.

Wernwag, LEWIS, civil gineer; born in Alteburg, Germany, Dec. 4, 1769; settled in Philadelphia in 1786. Not long afterwards he constructed machine for manufacturing whetstones. He next became a builder of bridges and powermills. In 1809 he laid the keel of the first United States frigate built in the Philadelphia navy-yard; in 1812 he built wooden bridge

the Schuylkill River at Philadelphia, which became known as the “ Colossus of Fairmount" and which was till that time the longest bridge ever structed, having a single arch with a span of 340 feet. About 1813, when he settled in Phønixville, Pa., he began experiments for the purpose of utilizing anthracite coal. For a time he found to England as bearer of despatches to the it most difficult to ignite it, but later, by trustees. Jchn remained and became closing the furnace doors and making a pastor of the church at Savannah.









was a strict constructionist of the rubrics Methodist Episcopal Church, who could of the prayer-book, for he had not then not agree with the whole polity and the begun his labors as the founder of a new attitude of that Church towards slavery. sect. His zeal and exactions at length In doctrine it is similar to other branchgave offence, and he soon got into other es of Methodism. There is a general controuble by becoming the lover of a young ference, which is the principal legislative woman, who, as he suggests in his journal, body, and meets every four years. It made pretensions to great piety to entrap also has annual conferences. In 1900 the him. By the advice of friends he broke official reports furnished the following the engagement. She immediately mar- statistics: Ministers, 587; churches, 506; ried another. Becoming less attentive to members, 17,201. her religious duties, Wesley, according to Wesleyan University, a co-educational the strict rule he had laid down, after institution in Middletown, Conn.; foundseveral public reproofs, which she re-ed by the Methodist Episcopal Church in sented, refused to admit her to the Lord's 1830; the oldest college of that denomiSupper. Her husband, regarding this as nation in the country. Since 1872 it has an attack upon her religious character, been open to students of both sexes. It claimed damages to the amount of $5,000. contains the buildings of North and South The grand jury found two bills against colleges, Memorial, Rich, and Judd halls, Wesley, charging him with this and eight Observatory Hall, and a gymnasium. It other abuses of his ecclesiastical au- reported in 1900: Professors and instructhority, and also of speaking and writing tors, thirty-five: students, 340; number of to the woman without her husband's con- volumes in the library, 57,000; productive sent. The quarrel grew hot, and finally, funds, $1,370.840: grounds and buildings by advice of the Moravians, he gave notice valued at $531,300 ; benefactions. $100,of his intention to go to England and lay 000; income, $99,540; number of gradthe matter before the trustees. The mag. uates, 2.186; president, B. P. Raymond, istrates demanded a bond for his appear. D.D., LL.D. ance to answer to the suit against him. Wessels, HENRY WALTON, military offiHe refused to give it, and they forbade cer; born in Litchfield, Conn., Feb. 20, his departure. As soon as evening prayer 1809; graduated at West Point in 1833; was over he fled to Charleston, whence he was engaged in the Seminole War and in returned to England, and never went back the war with Mexico. He became a to Georgia. He had stayed six months brigadier-general of volunteers in 1862, there, and on his return to England he serving in the campaign on the Peninsula, began itinerant preaching, often in the and was wounded at Fair Oaks. He open air, and attracted many followers. distinguished himself by his services. The churches of the Establishment were on the coast of North Carolina, and was closed against him, and he had large in command of Plymouth in 1863–64, chapels built in London, Bristol, and other where he was made a prisoner in April, places; and he and Whitefield labored in 1864. He was brevetted brigadier-genunison in building up Methodism. Differ- eral, United States army, in 1865; reences in doctrine finally separated them, tired Jan. 1, 1871. He died in Dover, and they labored separately for the same Del., Jan. 12, 1889. great end. Wesley travelled almost West, BENJAMIN, painter; born near continually over the United Kingdom Springfield, Pa., Oct. 10, 1738. His in promoting his mission, and was parents were Friends.

He served as the most successful preacher of modern private soldier under General Forbes for times. He died in London, March 2, a short time, when, having displayed a 1791.

decided talent for art, he went to PhilaWesleyan Methodists, the name usu- delphia and engaged in portrait-painting. ally applied to a religious body in the In 1760 he visited Italy, and afterwards United States, officially known the remained some time in France. In 1763 WESLEYAN METHODIST CONSECTION OF he went to England, and there, meeting AMERICA. This sect was formed in 1843 with much encouragement in his art, by 6.000 members of the New York State made his permanent residence. He be




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came a favorite of King George III., ships appeared the New England
was a member of the Royal Academy at coasts.
its foundation in 1768, and in 1792 suc- West, LIONEL SACKVILLE. See Sack-
ceeded Sir Joshua Reynolds as its presi- VILLE, BARON LIONEL SACKVILLE SACK-
dent. In his picture of the Death of Gen- VILLE-West.
eral Wolfe he first departed from custom, West, NATIIANIEL, clergyman; born in
and depicted the characters in proper Ulster, Ireland, in September, 1794;

studied theology; ordained in 1820; and
labored for many years as a missionary.
He came to the United States in 1834,
and held pastorates in Meadville, North-
east, Pittsburg, McKeesport, and Phila-
delphia, Pa., and in Monroe, Mich. At the
beginning of the Civil War he was ap-
pointed chaplain of the Satterlee United
States General Hospital in Philadelphia,
where he served till his death, which
took place Sept. 2, 1864. He wrote The
Fugitive Slare-law, and History of the
United States Army General Hospital,
West Philadelphia.

West, SAMUEL, clergyman; born in Yarmouth, Mass., March 1730; graduated at Harvard College in 1754; settled as a minister over a congregation in New Bedford in 1761; and preached the doc., trine that later became known as Unitarianism. He became a chaplain in the American army directly after the battle at Bunker Hill; and interpreted to Washington a treasonable letter written by Dr. Benjamin Church to a British army officer.

He was a delegate to the constitutional costume; and from that time forward convention of Massachusetts, and also there was realism in historical to the convention which adopted the napainting. West received large prices for tional Constitution. His publications inhis paintings. For his Christ Healing clude A Sermon on the Anniversary of the the Sick the British Institution gave him Landing of the Fathers at Plymouth, $15,000. One of his latest works, Death etc. He died in Tiverton, R. I., Sept. 24, on the Pale Horse, is in the Academy of 1807. Fine Arts in Philadelphia. He died in West Indies, islands discovered by London, March 11, 1820.

Columbus; form a long archipelago reachWest, FRANCIS, naval officer; born in ing from Florida and Yucatan to the England; was commissioned admiral of New shores of Venezuela, South America, England in 1623, with power to restrain separating the open Atlantic from the such ships as came upon that coast to Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. fish without the consent of the council of Three great divisions are recognized in Plymouth; but finding the fishermen too this archipelago: stubborn and numerous to be controlled,

I. Greater Antilles : Cuba, Haiti, Porto Rica, and Jaon his arrival in June, 1623, he sailed to

maica. Virginia. This interference with the New

U Bahamas: Extending from about lat. 200 to 270 N., England fisheries called forth a petition forming a British colonial possession, few inhab. to Parliament from the owners of the

ited; Nassau, on Providence Island, the capital.

They form a barrier which throws the Gulf Stream fishingvessels, and an order was issued

upon the Atlantic coast of the United States, thus that the business should be free. In the

greatly modifying the climate of the Eastern spring of 1624 about fifty English fishing- United States and Northern Europe.








St. Eustatinis..





III Lesser



į St. Lucia,
St. Vincent.



Omitting the insignificant islets the formation of a new one, composed of the Lesser Antilles are:

forty or fifty counties of the mountain Names.

region, the inhabitants of which owned Virgin Islands.... British, Danish, very few slaves, and were enterprising and


thrifty. These counties were controlled Anguilla St. Christopher (St.

by, and for the interests of, the great

slave-holding region in eastern Virginia. St. Martin

French, Dutch.
St. Bartholomew'.

There was remarkable unanimity of senti

Dutch. ward

ment in the convention against longer Nevis..

submitting to this control, and in love Barbuda.

for the l'nion. The convention was too in

formal to take action on the momentous Guadeloupe

question of the dismemberment of the Marie Galante.

State. By resolution, it condemned the orMartinique

dinance of secession, and called a proviBritish

sional convention to assemble at the same Grenada..

place on June 11 following, if the ordiBarbadoes. Tobago..

nance should be ratified by the people. Wind- Trinidad

A central committee was appointed, who Oruba.

Dutch. ( Isles. Curaçoa.

issued (May 22) an address to the people Buen Ayre

of northwestern Virginia. The ConfedAves (Bird) Islands Los Roques.

erates were thoroughly alarmed by these Venezuela.

proceedings. Expecting an armed revolt Blanquella...

in that section, the governor (Letcher) See CUBA; Porto Rico.

sent orders to the commander of State West Indies, Danish. See DANISH troops at Grafton to seize arms at WheelWEST INDIES.

ing, arm such men as might rally to his West Point Military Academy. See camp, and cut off telegraphic communiMILITARY ACADEMY, UNITED STATES. cation between Wheeling and Washington.

West Virgina, STATE OF. In the Vir- He was ordered to destroy the Baltimore ginia Secession Convention the members and Ohio Railroad if troops from Ohio from the western or mountainous districts or Pennsylvania should attempt to pass were nearly all Unionists. Before the ad- over it. journment of that convention the inhab- The convention met June 11, with Aritants of the mountain region had met thur J. Boreman president. A commit. at various places to consult upon public tee was appointed to draw up a bill of affairs. At the first of these, at Clarks- rights. All allegiance to the Southern burg. April 22, 1861, John S. Carlile, a Confederacy was totally denied, and it was member of the convention, offered a series declared that all officers in Virginia who of resolutions calling an assembly of dele- adhered to it were suspended and their gates of the people at Wheeling, on May offices vacated. They condemned the or13. They were adopted. At a meeting at dinance of secession, and called upon all Kingwood, in Preston county (May 4), it citizens who had taken up arms for the was declared that the separation of west- Confederacy to lay them down. Measures ern from eastern Virginia was essential were adopted for a provisional government to the maintenance of their liberties. They and for the election of officers for a period also resolved to so far defy the Confeder- of six months. This was not secession ate authorities of the State as to elect from Virginia, but purely revolutionary. a representative in the national Congress. On June 17 a declaration of indepenSimilar sentiments were expressed at other dence of the old government of Virginia was meetings. The convention of delegates adopted, and was signed by the fifty-six met at Wheeling on the appointed day. A members present. On the 20th there was large number of counties were represent a unanimous vote in favor of the separaed by almost 400 delegates.

tion of western from eastern Virginia, and The chief topic discussed in the conven- on that day the provisional government tion was the division of the State and the was organized by the appointment of

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