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ILLUSTRATIONS, VOLUME II

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The Royal Indian Engineering College, Cooper's Hill. The Training
College of the Indian Forest Service Probationers, 1885-1905 Frontispiece

To face page
Map of India
Bombax malabaricum showing the development of buttresses, North-

West Provinces
Cypress trees (Cupressus torulosa) at Naini Tal, North-West Provinces 28
Donkeys carrying charcoal from the forest to the market, North-West
Provinces

94 Corner of a garden at Labdah, near Mungpoo, Government Cinchona

Plantation, Darjiling District, Bengal, elevation 3000 feet. Mungpoo
Peak is seen in the middle distance. Bamboos, Cryptomeria

japonica and tree ferns in foreground
The 100-foot cleared fire line separating the British and Baroda State
Forests, Bombay

136 The cleared fire line between the forest and village lands, Bombay. The pile of stones is a cheap form of boundary pillar.

136 A typical example of a mixed forest, Burma

182 A typical view of the bamboo forest, Burma A local type of cart termed a sagar." Carries 2-4 sal sleepers

according to whether it is drawn by buffaloes or bullocks. Singbhum, Chota Nagpur

236 A Lalitpur river, North-West Provinces. Owing to the denudation of

the forests on the Catchment Area the river is a raging torrent in the monsoon and almost dry at other seasons. A good example of the waste of water and consequently of hydraulic power

296 Konain Forest Rest House, Jaunsar, North-West Himalaya. The surrounding forest is deodar (Cedrus deodara)

300 The Ramganga Valley, showing the sâl forests, North-West Provinces,

December, 1888
The remnants of an old sâl forest. The trees now stand on waste

savannah land. The Patli Dun, North-West Provinces, April, 1889 320 Looking up the Tons River from Thadiar. The forest on the lower

slopes of the hills is chir pine (Pinus longifolia). The hills in the background are clothed with deodar .

342 Very typical mixed forest in Independent Sikkim. Elevation 4000

7000 feet. The stream is a tributary of the Great Rungeet, not far from the Monastery of Pemionchi. The view is taken lower down between Chakung and Rinchingpong .

372 The Sal Forests in the Tista Valley, looking north up the river. The Bhutan side, now British, is on the right of the picture .

374 View taken at sunrise near Tongloo Bungalow, to the west of Darjiling.

Elevation 9000-10,000 feet. Rhododendrons in the foreground. In the distance is Kinchinjunga, 28,150 feet. The intervening forestclad country is under rolling clouds

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To face page Singbhum Sal Forests, Chota Nagpur, showing type of rough mud or

rock export road through forest. A bullock " sagar" loaded with sleepers taking the declivity into the nulla at full trot; their ordinary pace is a walk-a slow one ! 1897.

392 The Sal Forest on the Great Rungeet River above its junction with the

Tista River. 1500 feet elevation. British Sikkim on the left
The Sål Forest in the Terai at the foot of the Darjiling Hills near Sookna,
Bengal

412 View near Chakung, Sikkim, 4000 feet. With Kinchinjunga, 28,150 feet,

in background. A pahari (hill man) hut with a field of maize in
foreground. Maling bamboos (A. racemosa) on the right

422 View of the Chittagong Hill Tracts and the Karnafuli River from Rungamatti

434 The Imperial Forest School, Dehra Dun, India. The first Forestry School to be inaugurated in the British Empire.

504 A forest scene, Konain, Jaunsar, North-West Himalaya. This photo

graph exhibits the type of Deodar Forest visited by the Dehra Dun

School students on their practical courses
Converting sâl logs into sleepers with the cross-cut saw in the Singbhum
Forests, Chota Nagpur, May, 1897

514 Unloading railway sleepers at a railway depot. The cart is an improved

type of "sagar.” Manharpur, Singbhum, 1897 .
Buffaloes loaded with sâl timber crossing the Ramganga River, North-

West Provinces, en route from forest, January, 1890
Deodar sleeper coming down a steep gradient in a wet slide. Kulni,

Jaunsar, North-West Himalaya. The water in the slide prevents
heating through excessive friction and reduces the danger of the
sleeper jumping " the slide

520 Thadiar on the Tons River in the Tehri Garhwal leased forests (North

West Himalaya) from which great quantities of deodar and chir
timber (scantlings) were floated to the Jumna River, where they
were caught at the boom of Dakhpathar, made into rafts and taken
to Delhi. The suspension bridge is one of the older pattern built
over the Hill Rivers (circa 1888)

524 Typical example of the forest on a hill-side in Sikkim destroyed by fire.

The ground is becoming covered with the Maling bamboo (Arundi-
naria racemosa). Toungloo Ridge, 8800 feet. Rungeet Valley
below

534 The Kalmoi Fire Observation Station, Surat Forests, Bombay. Note

the Observer's post in the tree and the big drum by means of which
warning of an outbreak of fire is sent out. The Notices of Fire

Regulations are posted on the hut
The Nilumbur Teak Plantations, Madras. A plantation about fifty years

old (cf. with plate facing p. 97, Vol. I) Eucalyptus globulus Plantation in the Nilgiri Hills, Madras

568 Changa Manga Plantation, Punjab. Young two-year-old Sissu coppice with standards

572 Portion of a six and a half year old patch of Teak sowings in flowered Dendrocalamus strictus. Bwet Reserve, Burma .

584 Chir Pine (Pinus longifolia) Forest showing natural regeneration in the

foreground. Lodh, Kumaun, North-West Provinces, October, 1890. 590

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