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prose itself; and nothing is more certain, than that much of the force as well as grace of arguments or instructions, depends on their conciseness. I was unable to treat this part of my subject more in detail, without becoming dry and tedious; or more poetically, without sacrificing perfpicuity to or.. nament, without wandring from the precision, or breaking the chain of reasoning: If any man can unite all these without diminution of any of them, freely confess he will compass a thing above my capacity.

What is now published, is only to be considered as a gea neral Map of Man, marking out no more than the greater parts, their extent, their

limits, and their connection, but leaving the particular to be more fully delineated in the charts which are to follow. Consequently, these Epistles in their progress (if I have health and leisure to make any progress) will be less dry, and more susceptible of poetical ornament. I am here only opening the fountains, and clearing the parsage. To deduce the rivers, to follow them in their course, and to observe their effects, may be a talk more agreeable.

ESSAY on MAN,

IN

FOUR EPISTLES,

то

H. St. John, Lord Bolingbroke.

ARGUMENT OF

EPIST LEI.

Of the Nature and State of Man with respect to

the UNIVERSE.

OF Man in the abstract. I. That we can judge only

with regard to our own fyftem, being ignorant of the relations of Systems and things, ver. 17, etc.

II. That Man is net to be deemed imperfect, but a Being suited to bis place and rank in the creation, agreeable to the general Order of things, and conformable 10 Ends and Relations to him unknown, ver. .35, etc. III. That it is partly upon bis ignorance of future events, and partly upon the hope of a future flate, that all his happiness in the prefent depends, ver. 77, etc. IV. The pride of aiming at more knowledge, and pretending to more Perfection, the cause of Mai's error and misery. The impiety of putting bimself in the place of God, and judging of the fitness or unfitness, perfection or imperfection, justice or injustice, of his dispenjations, ver. 109, etc. V. The absurdity of conceiting himself the final cause of the creation, or expecting that perfection in the moral world, which , not in the natural, ver. 131, etc.

VI. The unreasonableness of his complaints against Providence, while on the one hand he demands the Perfections of the Angels, and on the other the bodily qual fications of the Brutes; though, to poless any of the sensitive faculties in a higher degree, would render him miserable, ver. 173, etc. VII. That throughout the whole vifible world, an universal order and gradation in th Jensual and mental faculties is observed, which caujes a subordination of creatuie to creature, and ojo all creatures to Man. The gradations of sense, instinct, thought, reflection, reason; that Reafon alone countervails all the other faculties, ver. 207. VIII. How much further this order and subordination of living creatures may extend, above and below us ; were any fart of which broken, not that part only, but the whole connected creation must be destroyed, ver. 233. · IX. The extravagance, madness, and pride of such a defire, ver. 250. X. The consequence of all, the abłolute submission due to Providence, both as to our prefent and future ftate. ver. 281, &c. to the end.

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HOPE humbly then;wihtrembling Minions soar, Wait

the great teacher Death; and God, aderea

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