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according action advance guard allowed ammunition animals arms army arrangements arrival artillery assigned attack authority belligerent body brigade camp carried cars cavalry charge chief column commanding officer communication consist convoy corps cover defense Department detachments detailed direction distance division duty effective enemy enemy's engagement engineer established field fire flank force formation front ground halts horses hospital hostile important infantry instructions issued main body means miles military mounted necessary night observation occupied operations orders organized outpost party patrols persons picket placed position possible posts practicable prepared prevent prisoners protection rations rear rear guard regimental remain reserve roads rule sent sentinels sergeants ship soon staff strength supply taken tion trains transportation troops units unless usually wagons wounded yards
第 192 頁 - Convention for the adaptation to maritime warfare of the principles of the Geneva Convention of August 22, 1864.
第 203 頁 - All wanton violence committed against persons in the invaded country, all destruction of property not commanded by the authorized officer, all robbery, all pillage or sacking, even after taking a place by main force, all rape, wounding, maiming, or killing of such inhabitants, are prohibited under the penalty of death, or such other severe punishment as may seem adequate for the gravity of the offence.
第 198 頁 - Military necessity admits of all direct destruction of life or limb of armed enemies, and of other persons whose destruction is incidentally unavoidable in the armed contests of the war...
第 200 頁 - The law of war does not allow proclaiming either an individual belonging to the hostile army, or a citizen, or a subject of the hostile government an outlaw, who may be slain without trial by any captor, any more than the modern law of peace allows such international outlawry; on the contrary, it abhors such outrage.
第 201 頁 - The law of war can no more wholly dispense with retaliation than can the law of nations of which it is a branch ; yet civilized nations acknowledge retaliation as the sternest feature of war. A reckless enemy often leaves to his opponent no other means of securing himself against the repetition of barbarous outrage.
第 192 頁 - Power to whom they belong has given them an official commission and has notified their names to the hostile Power at the commencement of or during hostilities, and in any case before they are employed.
第 199 頁 - Commanders, whenever admissible, inform the enemy of their intention to bombard a place, so that the non-combatants, and especially the women and children, may be removed before the bombardment commences ; but it is no infraction of the common law of war to omit thus to inform the enemy. Surprise may be a necessity.
第 217 頁 - ... 140. Commanding officers have the right to conclude armistices binding on the district over which their command extends, but such armistice is subject to the ratification of the superior authority, and ceases so soon as it is made known to the enemy that the armistice is not ratified, even if a certain time for the elapsing between giving notice of cessation and the resumption of hostilities should have been stipulated for.
第 216 頁 - No prisoner of war can be forced by the hostile government to parole himself, and no government is obliged to parole prisoners of war, or to parole all captured officers, if it paroles any. As the pledging of the parole is an individual act, so is paroling, on the other hand, an act of choice on the part of the belligerent.
第 218 頁 - Civil war is war between two or more portions of a country or State, each contending for the mastery of the whole, and each claiming to be the legitimate government. The term is also sometimes applied to war of rebellion, when the rebellious provinces or portions of the State are contiguous to those containing the seat of government.